Wenling (Wenling dialect
: Ueng-ling Zy ; ) is a coastal county-level city
in the municipal region of Taizhou
, in southeastern Zhejiang province
, China. It borders Luqiao
to the north, Yuhuan
to the south, Yueqing
to the west, looks out to the East China Sea
to the east. Wenling locates on 28°22'N, 121°21'E, approximately south of Shanghai
Jiangxia Tidal Power Station
is located there as well as a number of e-waste
recycling centers which have contributed to soil contamination
in the region.
Because of its geographical location, Wenling has long suffered from typhoons. On August 12, 2004, Typhoon Rananim
, the sixth strongest typhoon in PRC history, landed in Shitang Town, Wenling. On 10 August 2019, Typhoon Lekima
, the third strongest in PRC history, came ashore at Chengnan Town, Wenling.
The county-level city
of Wenling currently administers 5 subdistricts
and 11 towns
Like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Wenling speak a dialect of Wu Chinese
, known as Wenling Hua
. It is not mutually intelligible
with Mandarin Chinese
, and partially intelligible with (also Wu) Shanghainese
. There is also a small portion of Min Nan
speakers in the southeastern regions, especially in Shitang Town. The linguistic diversity of some regions has resulted in a segment of the population becoming fluent in speaking up to three languages, when Mandarin is included.
During the Xia
, and Zhou dynasties
, Wenling was not part of the Chinese state
but rather part of the separate culture of Dong'ou
. Following the 3rd-century BC conquests of the Qin Empire
, it was incorporated into the Minzhong Prefecture
before being moved to Kuaiji
under the Han
. From the Tang
to the Ming
, Wenling was divided between Taizhou
's Huangyan District
In 1469, Taiping County
was formed in the area from Fangyan, Taiping, and Fanchang, three villages formerly incorporated into Huangyan
. Yueqing County
's Shanmen and Yuhuan villages were ceded in 1476.
In 1513, the county seat built of city wall, roughly squared, giving it the name of "Square Castle".
In 1914, the county was renamed Wenling to distinguish it from counties with same name in Shanxi
, and Anhui
. Wenling ("warm mountain") was once another name of Wenqiao Town
Wenling was conquered by Communist
forces on May 28, 1949, and the county government was created. In March 1994, Wenling was made a county-level "city".
Wenling Railway Station is located in Daxi Town, North-West of Wenling. It is part of the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Railway, and has connected to high speed rail lines that runs in 300 km/h. In 2017, its annual ridership is about 8.5 million.
Wenling is 26 km (16 miles) away from the Taizhou Luqiao Airport, located in the city centre of Taizhou.
Wenling also connects to the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou expressway.
The economy of Wenling is relatively developed. In 2018, its nominal GDP exceeds 100 billion, becoming the first city (or county, district) in Taizhou to have 100 billion GDP. Its GDP per capita is about 83,300 RMB (12,607 US dollar).
On 13 June 2020, a fuel truck crashed and exploded, killing 19 and injuring over 170 people in Liangshan Village, close to the city of Wenling.
Category:Cities in Zhejiang