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Marine architecture is the design of architectural and engineering structures which support coastal design, near-shore and off-shore or deep-water planning for many projects such as
shipyard A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep Sea lane, waterways, carrying goods or passengers, or in support of specialized missions, ...

shipyard
s,
ship transport Maritime transport (or ocean transport) and hydrolyc effluvial transport, or more generally waterborne transport, is the transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard languag ...
,
coastal management Coastal management is defence against flooding A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry. In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide Tides are the rise an ...
or other marine and/or hydroscape activities. These structures include
harbor A harbor (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of the English language native to the United States. C ...

harbor
s,
lighthouse A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses A lens is a transmissive optics, optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction. A simple ...

lighthouse
s,
marina A marina (from Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambig ...

marina
s,
oil platform An oil platform, offshore platform, or offshore drilling rig is a large structure with facilities for well drilling to explore, extract, store, and process petroleum and natural gas that lies in rock formations beneath the seabed. Many oil pla ...

oil platform
s,
offshore drilling Offshore drilling is a mechanical process where a wellbore A borehole is a narrow shaft bored in the ground, either vertically or horizontally. A borehole may be constructed for many different purposes, including the extraction of water ...
s,
accommodation platform An accommodation platform is an offshore platform which supports living quarters for offshore personnel. These are often associated with the petroleum industry, although other industries use them as well, such as the wind farm Horns Rev 2.
s and
offshore wind farm Offshore wind power or offshore wind energy is the deployment of wind farms sited in bodies of water. Higher wind speeds are available offshore compared to on land, so offshore farms' electricity generation is higher per amount of capacity inst ...

offshore wind farm
s, floating engineering structures and building architectures or civil seascape developments. Floating structures in deep water may use
suction caisson Suction caissons (also referred to as suction anchors, suction piles or suction buckets) are a form of fixed platform anchor in the form of an open bottomed tube embedded in the sediment and sealed at the top while in use so that lifting forces ...
for
anchor An anchor is a device, normally made of metal, used to connect a Watercraft, vessel to the Seabed, bed of a body of water to prevent the craft from drifting due to Leeway, wind or Ocean current, current. The word derives from Latin ''ancora'' ...

anchor
ing.A History of Naval Architecture, By John Fincham


See also

*, a temporary water-excluding structure built in place, sometimes surrounding a working area as does an open caisson. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


Photo gallery

File:VolturnUS 1-8 in Castine ME.jpg, University of Maine's
Floating wind turbine A floating wind turbine is an offshore wind turbine A wind turbine is a device that converts Religious conversion is the adoption of a set of beliefs identified with one particular religious denomination A religious denomination is a ...
VolturnUS 1:8 was the first grid-connected offshore wind turbine in the Americas. File:Floating loose mooring catenary plain.svg, A single floating cylindrical spar buoy moored by
catenary In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regula ...
cables. Hywind uses a ''ballasted catenary'' layout that adds 60 tonne weights hanging from the midpoint of each anchor cable to provide additional tension. Image:Clevedon Victorian pier.jpg, Victorian pier at Clevedon, Somerset, England Image:Pier Blankenberge R01.jpg, The pier of
Blankenberge :''This article relates to the Belgian Belgians ( nl, Belgen, french: Belges, german: Belgier) are people identified with the Belgium, Kingdom of Belgium, a federation, federal state in Western Europe. As Belgium is a multinational state, thi ...

Blankenberge
, Belgium Image:Surfer at Huntington Beach Pier.jpg,
Huntington Beach Pier The Huntington Beach Pier is a municipal pier Seaside pleasure pier in Brighton, England. The first seaside piers were built in England in the early 19th century.">England.html" ;"title="Brighton, England">Brighton, England. The first seas ...

Huntington Beach Pier
, California Image:Suontee in Joutsa.jpg, A typical Finnish pier with a table, chair and ladders for swimmers in
Joutsa Joutsa is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordina ...
,
Central Finland Central Finland ( fi, Keski-Suomi; sv, Mellersta Finland) is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interact ...
File:USS Port Royal (CG 73) aft elevated drydock view.jpg, USS Port Royal (CG-73) in
drydock A dry dock (sometimes drydock or dry-dock) is a narrow basin or vessel that can be flooded to allow a load to be floated in, then drained to allow that load to come to rest on a dry platform. Dry docks are used for the construction, maintenance, ...
. File:Duxbury Pier light house in Plymouth harbor.jpg,
Duxbury Pier Light Duxbury Pier lighthouse also called Duxbury Light (nicknamed the "Bug Light") is a lighthouse located in Plymouth Harbor, Massachusetts. Duxbury Pier Light was built in 1871 on the north side of the main channel in Plymouth Harbor to mark the dang ...

Duxbury Pier Light
in Plymouth harbor. File:AereaPuertoSherry.JPG, Aerial view of a typical marina (harbor dredge and lighthouse in lower right) File:Oil platform P-51 (Brazil).jpg,
Oil platform P-51 off the
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 mill ...

Brazil
ian coast is a
semi-submersible platform A semi-submersible platform is a specialised marine vessel used in offshore roles including as offshore drilling rigs, safety vessels, oil production platforms, and heavy lift cranes. They have good ship stability and seakeeping, better than dri ...
File:Off Shore Drilling Rig, Santa Barbara, CA, 6 December, 2011.JPG, An oil drilling platform off the coast of Santa Barbara, CA File:11-09-fotofluege-cux-allg-25a.jpg, Oil platform
Mittelplate Mittelplate is Germany's largest oil field, from the shore, in the environmentally important Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Parks tidal flats. The development of the field was done by a consortium of RWE Dea and Wintershall. By the 20th a ...
includes an
accommodation platform An accommodation platform is an offshore platform which supports living quarters for offshore personnel. These are often associated with the petroleum industry, although other industries use them as well, such as the wind farm Horns Rev 2.
. File:Jawaharlal Nehru Trust Port.jpg, Harbour cranes unload cargo from a container ship at the
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Jawaharlal Nehru Port NPT'' or JLN Port, also known as Nhava Sheva Port, is the largest container port in India. Located east of Mumbai Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay , List of renamed Indian cities and states#Maharashtra, the officia ...
in
Navi Mumbai Navi Mumbai (, is a planned community, planned city situated on the west coast of the Indian subcontinent, lies in Konkan division of Maharashtra state, on the mainland of India. The city is divided into two, North Navi Mumbai and South Navi M ...

Navi Mumbai
,
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
. File:Oosterscheldekering, Netherlands.JPG,
Oosterscheldekering The Oosterscheldekering ( English: Eastern Scheldt storm surge barrier), between the islands Schouwen-Duiveland Schouwen-Duiveland () is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, ...

Oosterscheldekering
sea wall A seawall (or sea wall) is a form of coastal defence constructed where the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers appro ...
, the Netherlands. File:Oosterscheldekering-pohled.jpg, One of the three movable barrier sections of the Oosterscheldekering File:Saipem 7000.jpg, The ''
Saipem 7000 The ''Saipem 7000'' is the world's third largest semi-submersible platform, semi-submersible crane vessel, after the and the . It is owned by the oil and gas industry contractor Saipem, Saipem S.p.A. Construction The vessel was designed by Gust ...

Saipem 7000
'', a semi-submersible crane vessel equipped with a J-lay pipe-laying system. File:Allseas' Solitaire, pijplegschip.jpg, The ''
Solitaire Solitaire is any tabletop game which one can play by oneself, usually with cards, but also with dominoes. The term "solitaire" is also used for single-player games of concentration and skill using a set layout tiles Tiles are thin objects ...
'', one of the largest pipe-laying ships in the world.


References


External links

* {{coastal geography Water and the environment Offshore engineering