The ''Commentary on the Water Classic'' (), or ''Commentaries on the Water Classic'',
commonly known as ''Shui Jing Zhu'', is a work on the Chinese geography
in ancient times
describing the traditional understanding of its waterways
and ancient canals
, compiled by Li Daoyuan
during the Northern Wei Dynasty
(386-534 AD). The book is divided into sections by river, each described with its source, course, and major tributaries, including cultural and historical notes.
The work is much expanded from its source text, the older (and now lost) ''Water Classic'' (''Shuijing'' 水經). The original text described 137 different rivers in China and was traditionally credited to Eastern Han scholar
and geographer Sang Qin
(桑钦) during the Three Kingdoms Period
scholars gave it a later date (during the Three Kingdoms Period) because of the names of the counties and commanderies
. Its authorship was then attributed to Jin dynasty
scholar Guo Pu
. Li Daoyuan's 40-volume, 300,000-character version includes 1252 rivers.
Although very thorough for its time, it did repeat the earlier mistake of the "Tribute of Yu
" in viewing the Min
as the headwaters of the Yangtze
. It was not until the Ming dynasty
that Xu Xiake
correctly listed the Jinsha
as the principal source.
and Xiong Huizhen
, authors of the 19th-century annotation ''Shui Jing Zhu Shu'' (水經註疏)
*Needham, Joseph (1986). ''Science and Civilization in China: Volume 3''. Taipei: Caves Books, Ltd.
*Strassberg, Richard E.: ''Inscribed Landscapes: Travel Writing from Imperial China.'' University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif. 1994
'', Shanghai cishu chubanshe, Shanghai 2002,
Chinese Literature: ''Shuijingzhu'' 水經注 "Commentary to the River Classic"
at ''China Knowledge''
Unter dem Himmel
Category:Geographic history of China