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A wat ( km, វត្ត, ; lo, ວັດ, ; th, วัด, ; khb, 「ᩅᨯ᩠ᨰ」(waD+Dha); nod, 「ᩅ᩠ᨯ᩶」 (w+Da2)) is a type of
Buddhist temple A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in Cenobitic monasticism, communities or alone (hermits) ...

Buddhist temple
and Brahminical temple in
Cambodia Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; km, កម្ពុជា, ), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is in area, bordered by Thailand to Cambodia–T ...

Cambodia
,
Laos , national_anthem = "Pheng Xat Lao "Pheng Sat Lāo" () is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Laos
,
East Shan State , native_name_lang = my , settlement_type = Administrative divisions of Myanmar, State , image_skyline = , image_alt = , image_caption = , image_flag ...
,
Yunnan Yunnan () is a landlocked Provinces of China, province in Southwest China, the southwest of the People's Republic of China. The province spans approximately and has a population of 48.3 million (as of 2018). The capital of the province is Ku ...

Yunnan
and
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
. The word ''wat'' is a thai word that was borrowed from
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
''vāṭa'' (
Devanāgarī Devanagari ( ; , , Sanskrit pronunciation: ), also called Nagari (),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, , page 83 is a left-to-right abugida An abugida (, from : አቡጊዳ), sometimes ...
: वाट), meaning 'enclosure'. The term has varying meanings in each region, sometimes referring to a specific type of government-recognised or large temple, other times referring to any Buddhist or Brahminical temple.


Overview

Strictly speaking, a ''wat'' is a
Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, an ...

Buddhist
sacred precinct with vihara (quarters for
bhikkhu A ''bhikkhu'' (Pali: भिक्खु, Sanskrit: भिक्षु, ''bhikṣu'') is an ordained male monastic ("monk") in Buddhism. Male and female monastics ("nun", ''bhikkhunī'', Sanskrit ''bhikṣuṇī'') are members of the Sangha, Budd ...
s), a temple, an edifice housing a large image of Buddha and a facility for lessons. A site without a minimum of three resident ''bhikkhu''s cannot correctly be described as a wat although the term is frequently used more loosely, even for ruins of ancient temples. As a transitive or intransitive verb, ''
wat A wat ( km, វត្ត, ; lo, ວັດ, ; th, วัด, ; khb, 「ᩅᨯ᩠ᨰ」(waD+Dha); nod, 「ᩅ᩠ᨯ᩶」 (w+Da2)) is a type of Buddhist temple and Brahminical temple in Cambodia, Laos, East Shan State, Yunnan and Thailand. ...
'' means to measure, to take measurements; compare ''
templum The vocabulary of ancient Roman religion Religion in ancient Rome includes the ethnic religion of Ancient Rome that the ancient Romans, Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought unde ...
'', from which ''
temple A temple (from the Latin ) is a building reserved for spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice. Religions which erect temples include Christianity (whose temples are typically called church (building), churches), Hinduism (w ...
'' derives, having the same root as ''
template Template may refer to: Tools * Die (manufacturing) A die is a specialized machine tool A machine tool is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action. Machines can be ...
''. In
Cambodia Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; km, កម្ពុជា, ), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is in area, bordered by Thailand to Cambodia–T ...

Cambodia
, a ''wat'' is any place of worship. "''Wat''" generally refers to a Buddhist place of worship, but the precise term is ''vôtt pŭtthsasnéa'' () meaning "Buddhist pagoda". "
Angkor Wat Angkor Wat (; km, អង្គរវត្ត "Temple city/city of temples") is the largest religious structure (temple complex) in the world by land area, measuring , located in Cambodia. Originally constructed as a personal mausoleum for ...

Angkor Wat
" ( ) means 'city of temples'. In everyday language in Thailand, a "wat" is any place of worship except a
mosque A mosque (; from ar, مَسْجِد, masjid, ; literally "place of ritual prostration"), also called masjid, is a place of worship for Muslims. Any act of worship that follows the Salah, Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, w ...

mosque
( th, สุเหร่า; ; or th, มัสยิด; ) or a
synagogue A synagogue, ', 'house of assembly', or ', "house of prayer"; Yiddish Yiddish (, or , ''yidish'' or ''idish'', , ; , ''Yidish-Taytsh'', ) is a West Germanic The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches ...

synagogue
( th, สุเหร่ายิว; ). Thus, a ''wat chin'' () or ''san chao'' () is a Chinese temple (either
Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, an ...

Buddhist
or
Taoist Taoism (), or Daoism (), is a philosophical and spiritual tradition of Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of c ...
), ''wat khaek'' () or ''thewasathan'' () is a
Hindu temple A Mandir or Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of divinity for Hindus Hindus (; ) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism Hinduism () is an Ind ...

Hindu temple
and ''bot khrit'' () or ''wat farang'' () is a
Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian'' derive from the Koi ...

Christian
church, though Thai () may be used descriptively as with mosques.


Types

According to Thai law, there are two types of Thai Buddhist temples: * Wats (วัด; ''wat'') are temples which have been endorsed by the state and have been granted '' wisungkhammasima'' (วิสุงคามสีมา), or the land for establishing central hall, by the king. These temples are divided into:ราชกิจจานุเบกษ
ประกาศกระทรวงธรรมการ แผนกกรมสังฆการี เรื่อง จัดระเบียบพระอารามหลวง
เล่ม ๓๒, ตอน ๐ ก, ๓ ตุลาคม พ.ศ.๒๔๕๘, หน้า ๒๘๔
** Royal temples ( th, พระอารามหลวง; ): established or patronised by the king or his family members. ** Public temples ( th, วัดราษฎร์; ): established by private citizens. Despite the term "private", private temples are open to the public and are sites of public religious activities. * ''Samnak song'' ( th, สำนักสงฆ์): are temples without state endorsement and ''wisungkhamasima''.


Structure

A typical Buddhist wat consists of the following buildings: *
Bell tower A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none. Such a tower commonly serves as part of a church (building), church, and will contain church bells, but there are also many secular b ...
( km, ប៉មជួង, ; lo, ຫໍລະຄັງ; th, หอระฆัง) * Bot ( th, โบสถ์) or
ubosot The ordination hall is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social wh ...

ubosot
( lo, ອຸໂປສົດ; th, อุโบสถ; from
Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these languages See also *Aryan invasion theory (disambiguat ...
''
uposatha The Uposatha ( sa, Upavasatha) is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, belie ...
'') or ''sim'' ( lo, ສິມ): the holiest prayer room, also called the "ordination hall" as it is where new monks take their vows. Architecturally it is similar to the vihara. The main difference is the eight cornerstones placed around the bot to ward off evil. The bot is usually more decorated than the wihan. In Cambodia nowadays, this type of building is considered to be
Vihear A wat ( km, វត្ត, ; lo, ວັດ, ; th, วัด, ; khb, 「ᩅᨯ᩠ᨰ」(waD+Dha); nod, 「ᩅ᩠ᨯ᩶」 (w+Da2)) is a type of Buddhist temple A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery A monastery is a building or com ...
. It was previously called ''Ubaosathakea'' or ''Rorng Ubaosoth'' ( km, ឧបោសថាគារ ឬ រោងឧបោសថ). *
Chedei
Chedei
( km, ចេតិយ) or
Chedi
Chedi
( th, เจดีย์; lo, ເຈດີ) from
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
: ''chaitya'', temple or ''that'' ( lo, ທາດ): It is also known as a ''
stupa A stupa ( sa, स्तूप, lit=heap, ) is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics.(such as ''śarīra'' – typically the remains of Bhikkhu, Buddhist monks or Bhikkhuni, nuns) that is used as a place of meditation. A rel ...

stupa
''. Usually conical or bell-shaped buildings, but many Cambodian stupas are constructed in the style of temple shrine. They often contain relics of Buddha. The urns containing the ashes of the cremated dead are kept here and serve as memorials for those ancestors. * Chantakhara ( th, ชันตาฆร): a room in which fire and water are kept. * Drum tower ( km, រោងស្គរ; lo, ຫໍກອງ; th, หอกลอง) * Hong Song Nam ( th, ห้องสรงน้ำ): toilet. *
Ho trai A ho trai ( th, หอไตร) is the library A library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or electronic media, di ...
( km, ហោត្រ័យ; lo, ຫໍໄຕ; th, หอไตร): library where
Buddhist texts Buddhist texts are those religious texts which are part of the Buddhism, Buddhist tradition. The first Buddhist texts were initially passed on orally by Buddhist monastics, but were later written down and composed as manuscripts in various Ind ...
are kept. * Kappapiya Kudi ( th, กัปปิยกุฎี) utility and storage room. * Kod ( km, កុដិ), Kut, Kutti, Kuti or Kati ( lo, ກຸຕິ, ກະຕິ; th, กุฏิ): the living quarters of monks separated from the sacred buildings. * Mondop ( km, មណ្ឌប; th, มณฑป; from Sanskrit: ''
Mandapa ''Mandapa'' (also spelled ''mantapa'' or ''mandapam'') in Indian architecture The architecture of India India, officially the Republic of India (: ), is a country in . It is the by area, the country, and the most populous in the ...

Mandapa
''): usually an open, square building with four arches and a pyramidal roof, used to worship religious texts or objects. * Pond ( km, ស្រះ - ''Srah''; lo, ສະນ້ໍາ ''Sa Nam''; th, สระน้ำ ''Sa Nam''): is rectangular in shape and sometimes decorated with
lotus Lotus may refer to: Plants *Lotus (plant), various botanical taxa commonly known as lotus **Lotus (genus), ''Lotus'' (genus), a genus of terrestrial plants in the family Fabaceae **Lotus flower, a symbolically important aquatic Asian plant also k ...

lotus
flowers, the emblematic flower of Buddhism. In addition, some wats illustrate the figure of
Buddha Gautama Buddha, popularly known as the Buddha (also known as Siddhattha Gotama or Siddhārtha Gautama or Buddha Shakyamuni), was an ascetic Asceticism (; from the el, ἄσκησις ''áskesis'', "exercise, training") is a lifestyle ...

Buddha
being sheltered by a seven headed
naga Naga or NAGA may refer to: Mythology * Nāga The Nāga (IAST The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanisation Romanization or romanisation, in linguistic ...

naga
, named
Mucalinda alt=, 12th century Khmer bronze Naga-enthroned Buddha from Banteay Chhmar, Cambodia. Cleveland Museum of Art. Mucalinda, Muchalinda or Mucilinda is the name of a nāga, a snake-like being, who protected the Gautama Buddha from the elements after ...
( km, មុជ្ជលិន្ទ), in the middle of the pond. The pond itself is called Mucalinda Pond. * Sala ( km, សាលា; lo, ສາລາ; th, ศาลา; from the Sanskrit word (
IAST The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanisation Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It ...
: śālā), cognate of
Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, North India. Hindi has been described as a Standard la ...

Hindi
शाल, meaning hall, large room or shed. A pavilion for relaxation and miscellaneous activities. In Cambodia, the sala also serves as the Buddhist educational center in a wat, but not every wat has one. It can be found outside the wat proper. ** Oupadthan Sala or Sala Bonn ( km, ឧបដ្ឋានសាលា ឬ សាលាបុណ្យ) or Sala Wat ( th, ศาลาวัด): a hall for people gathering together to make a donation or for ceremonies. ** Sala Baley or Sala Putthikakseksa ( km, សាលាបាលី ឬ សាលាពុទ្ធិកសិក្សា): literally means '
Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these languages See also *Aryan invasion theory (disambiguat ...
school' or 'Buddhist educational school', is the place to teach Buddhist
Dharma Dharma (; sa, धर्म, dharma, ; pi, dhamma, italic=yes; ta, aṟam, italic=yes) is a key concept with multiple meanings in Indian religions Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the s ...
and other subjects in both
Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these languages See also *Aryan invasion theory (disambiguat ...
and
Khmer
Khmer
languages. Sala Baley is divided into three levels. They are: Buddhist elementary school ( km, ពុទ្ធិកបឋមសិក្សា ''Putthikakpathamaseksa''); Buddhist high school ( km, ពុទ្ធិកវិទ្យាល័យ - ''Putthikakvityealay''); and Buddhist university ( km, ពុទ្ធិកសកលវិទ្យាល័យ ''Putthikaksakalvityealay''). Beside Buddhist Dharma, Buddhist university includes subjects such as philosophy, science, information technology,
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
, and other foreign languages. These schools may be constructed outside the wat and laypersons are also permitted to study there. ** Sala Chhann ( km, សាលាឆាន់), Sala Bat ( th, ศาลาบาตร), or Ho Chan ( th, หอฉัน): cafeteria for monks. ** Sala Chhatean ( km, សាលាឆទាន), Sala Klang Yan ( th, ศาลากลางย่าน) or Sala Rong Tham ( lo, ສາລາໂຮງທໍາ; th, ศาลาโรงธรรม): is usually smaller than other halls and can be built outside the wat, especially along the roads or even in the center of villages. It is used to celebrate Buddhist events as well as for dining and relaxation. **
Sala Kan Parian Sala kan parian ( th, ศาลาการเปรียญ) is the highest form of a Thai temple '' sala'' (pavilion). This pavilion is traditionally built as a hall in which clerics can instruct lay people in Buddhist doctrine, and is sometime ...
( th, ศาลาการเปรียญ) or Ho Chaek ( lo, ຫໍແຈກ; th, หอแจก): study hall, ** Sala Song ( th, ศาลาสรง): the room where monks receive holy water blessings. ** Sala Thormmasaphear or Thormmasala ( km, សាលាធម្មសភា ឬ ធម្មសាលា), Sala Fang Tham ( th, ศาลาฟังธรรม):
Dharma Dharma (; sa, धर्म, dharma, ; pi, dhamma, italic=yes; ta, aṟam, italic=yes) is a key concept with multiple meanings in Indian religions Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the s ...
assembly pavilion, however some assume this hall to be Sala Bonn. ** Sala Tha Nam ( th, ศาลาท่าน้ำ): pier pavilion. * Vihear ( km, វិហារ) or wihan ( lo, ວິຫານ; th, วิหาร) from Sanskrit: '' vihara'': a meeting and prayer room. * Wachak Kod ( km, វច្ចកុដិ) or Watcha Kudi ( th, วัจจกุฎี) or ''than'' ( lo, ຖານ; th, ถาน): toilet. Almost all Buddhist temples in Cambodia were built in
Khmer architectural style
Khmer architectural style
. Most temples were finely decorated with a spiked tower (bosbok) ( km, បុស្បុក)(some temples have three or five spiked towers; some have none) on the rooftop along with
pediment Pediments are gablesGables may refer to: * The plural of gable, portion of walls between the lines of sloping roofs * Ken Gables (1919-1960), Major League Baseball pitcher * Gables, Nebraska, an unincorporated community in the United States * Ga ...

pediment
s,
naga Naga or NAGA may refer to: Mythology * Nāga The Nāga (IAST The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanisation Romanization or romanisation, in linguistic ...

naga
heads, and chovear ( km, ជហ្វា) (a decorative ridge-piece that is placed at each topmost edge of the roof, just above the tip of each pediment). Below the edge of the roof and at the top of external columns,
garuda Garuda (Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; , , ) is a of that belongs to the branch of the . It arose in South Asia after its predecessor languages had there from the northwest in the late . Sanskrit is the of , the language of ...

garuda
or
kinnari In the Buddhist mythology, a kinnara is a celestial musician, part human and part bird, while in the Hindu mythology Hindu mythology are myths found in Hindu texts such as the Vedic FIle:Atharva-Veda samhita page 471 illustratio ...

kinnari
figures are depicted supporting the roof. There are a pair of guardian lions and one head or several (three, five, seven, or nine).
naga Naga or NAGA may refer to: Mythology * Nāga The Nāga (IAST The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanisation Romanization or romanisation, in linguistic ...

naga
sculptures are beside each entrance of the temple. Inside the main temple ( vihara) and the multipurpose hall (lunch hall), mural paintings depict the life of
Gautama Buddha Gautama Buddha, popularly known as the Buddha (also known as Siddhattha Gotama or Siddhārtha Gautama or Buddha Shakyamuni), was an , a religious leader and teacher who lived in (c. 6th to 5th century BCE or c. 5th to 4th century BCE). He ...

Gautama Buddha
and his previous life. The roofs of Thai temples are often adorned with chofas.


Examples

Some well-known wats include:


Cambodia

At the end of 2017, there were 4,872 wats with 69,199 Buddhist monks supporting
Buddhism in Cambodia Buddhism in Cambodia ( km, ព្រះពុទ្ធសាសនានៅកម្ពុជា) has existed since at least the 5th century. In its earliest form it was a type of Mahāyāna Buddhism Mahāyāna (; "Great Vehicle") is a term f ...
. By 2019, it was illustrated that 97.1 percent of the Cambodian population was Buddhist, making Cambodia to be one of the most predominant Buddhist nations in the world. *
Angkor Wat Angkor Wat (; km, អង្គរវត្ត "Temple city/city of temples") is the largest religious structure (temple complex) in the world by land area, measuring , located in Cambodia. Originally constructed as a personal mausoleum for ...

Angkor Wat
,
Siem Reap Siem Reap ( km, សៀមរាប, ) is the second largest city of Cambodia, as well as the capital and largest city of Siem Reap Province in northwestern Cambodia. Siem Reap has French Protectorate of Cambodia, French colonial and Chinese ...

Siem Reap
*
Wat Preah Keo
Wat Preah Keo
,
Phnom Penh Phnom Penh (; km, ភ្នំពេញ, ; lit. "Penh's Hill") is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Phnom Penh
* Wat Botum Vattey,
Phnom Penh Phnom Penh (; km, ភ្នំពេញ, ; lit. "Penh's Hill") is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Phnom Penh
* Wat Moha Montrey,
Phnom Penh Phnom Penh (; km, ភ្នំពេញ, ; lit. "Penh's Hill") is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Phnom Penh
*
Wat Ounalaom
Wat Ounalaom
,
Phnom Penh Phnom Penh (; km, ភ្នំពេញ, ; lit. "Penh's Hill") is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Phnom Penh
*
Wat Phnom Wat Phnom ( km, វត្តភ្នំ, ; "Mountain Pagoda") is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and ...

Wat Phnom
,
Phnom Penh Phnom Penh (; km, ភ្នំពេញ, ; lit. "Penh's Hill") is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Phnom Penh
* Wat Bakan,
Pursat Pursat ( ; ) is the capital of Pursat Province, Cambodia. Its name derived from a type of tree. It lies on the Stung Pouthisat River, Pursat River. Culture People native to Pursat speak Khmer Language, Khmer. The city of Pursat is famous as th ...


Laos

*
Pha That Luang Pha That Luang ( lo, ວຽງຈັນ or ທາດຫຼວງ, 'Great Stupa') is a gold-covered large Buddhist stupa in the centre of the city of Vientiane, Laos. Since its initial establishment, suggested to be in the 3rd century AD, the stupa ...
,
Vientiane Vientiane ( , ; lo, wikt:ວຽງຈັນ, ວຽງຈັນ, ) is the capital city, capital and largest city of Laos, on the banks of the Mekong River near the border with Thailand. Vientiane became the capital in 1573, due to fears of a ...

Vientiane
,
Laos , national_anthem = "Pheng Xat Lao "Pheng Sat Lāo" () is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Laos
*
Wat Xieng Thong Wat Xieng Thong ( lo, ວັດຊຽງທອງ; "Temple of the Golden City") is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour ...

Wat Xieng Thong
,
Luang Prabang Luang Phabang, (Lao language, Lao: wikt:ຫລວງພະບາງ, ຫລວງພະບາງ/wikt:ຫຼວງພະບາງ, ຫຼວງພະບາງ) or ''Louangphabang'' (pronounced ), commonly Transliteration, transliterated into We ...

Luang Prabang


Malaysia

* Wat Buppharam,
Penang Penang, officially the State of Penang, is a States and federal territories of Malaysia, Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Strait of Malacca, Malacca Strait. It has two parts: Penang Island, where t ...

Penang
*
Wat Chayamangkalaram Wat Chayamangkalaram ( th, วัดไชยมังคลาราม; ) (also called as the Chayamangkalaram Buddhist Temple) is a Thai architecture, Thai temple in Pulau Tikus suburb of George Town, Penang, George Town, Penang, Malaysia. Sit ...
,
Penang Penang, officially the State of Penang, is a States and federal territories of Malaysia, Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Strait of Malacca, Malacca Strait. It has two parts: Penang Island, where t ...

Penang
*
Wat Chetawan
Wat Chetawan
,
Selangor Selangor (; ), also known by its Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transc ...

Selangor
* Wat Phothivihan,
Kelantan Kelantan (; JawiJawi may refer to: People and languages *Australia: **Jawi dialect, a nearly extinct Australian aboriginal language **Jawi people, an Australian Aboriginal people of the Kimberley coast of Western Australia, who speak or spok ...

Kelantan
Despite having only 3.8 percent Buddhists in Kelantan, the northern Malaysian state of
Kelantan Kelantan (; JawiJawi may refer to: People and languages *Australia: **Jawi dialect, a nearly extinct Australian aboriginal language **Jawi people, an Australian Aboriginal people of the Kimberley coast of Western Australia, who speak or spok ...

Kelantan
has numerous Thai wats.


Singapore

*
Wat Ananda
Wat Ananda
* Wat Palelai


Thailand

Thailand had 39,883 wats. Three hundred-ten were royal wats, the remainder were private (public). There were 298,580 Thai Buddhist monks, 264,442 of the
Maha Nikaya The Mahā Nikāya (literal translation: "great Sangha, order") is one of the two principal monastic orders, or fraternities, of modern Thai and Cambodian Buddhism. The term is used to refer to any Theravada monks not within the Dhammayuttika Nikay ...
order and 34,138 of the
Dhammayuttika Nikaya Dhammayuttika Nikaya (Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these languages See also *Aryan ...
order. There were 59,587 Buddhist novice monks. *
Wat Suthat Wat Suthat Thepwararam ( th, วัดสุทัศนเทพวราราม, ) is a Buddhist temple in Bangkok, Thailand. It is a royal temple of the first grade, one of ten such temples in Bangkok (23 in Thailand). Construction was begun ...

Wat Suthat
,
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern ...

Bangkok
,
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
*
Wat Benchamabophit Wat Benchamabophit Dusitvanaram ( th, วัดเบญจมบพิตรดุสิตวนาราม; ) is a Buddhist temple (wat) in the Dusit District of Bangkok, Thailand. Also known as the marble temple, it is one of Bangkok's best-k ...

Wat Benchamabophit
(The Marble Temple) *
Wat Ratchanatdaram
Wat Ratchanatdaram
*
Wat Phra Kaew Wat Phra Kaew ( th, วัดพระแก้ว, , ), commonly known in English as the Temple of the Emerald Buddha and officially as Wat Phra Si Rattana Satsadaram, is regarded as the most sacred Wat, Buddhist temple in Thailand. The compl ...

Wat Phra Kaew
*
Wat Arun Wat Arun Ratchawararam Ratchawaramahawihan ( th, วัดอรุณราชวราราม ราชวรมหาวิหาร ) or Wat Arun (, "Temple of Dawn") is a Buddhist temple A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery A mon ...

Wat Arun
*
Wat Bowonniwet Vihara Wat Pavaranivesh Vihara Ratchawarawihan ( th, วัดบวรนิเวศวิหารราชวรวิหาร; , ) is a major Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social system, so ...
*
Wat Pho Wat Pho ( th, วัดโพธิ์, ), also spelled Wat Po, is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and ...

Wat Pho
* Wat Saket *
Wat Phra That Doi Suthep , Doi Suthep Wat Phra That Doi Suthep ( th, วัดพระธาตุดอยสุเทพ, , ) is a Theravada Buddhist temple (wat) in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. The temple is often referred to as "Doi Suthep" although this is actually ...
,
Chiang Mai Chiang Mai (, from th, เชียงใหม่ , nod, ), sometimes written as Chiengmai or Chiangmai, is the largest city in northern Thailand Northern Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify ...

Chiang Mai
*
Wat Chiang Man Wat Chiang Man ( th, วัดเชียงมั่น − sometimes also written as ''Wat Chiang Mun'') is a Buddhist temple A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery, is the place of worship for Buddhism, Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism. ...

Wat Chiang Man
, Chiang Mai *
Wat Chedi Luang File:LN-Wat Chediluang.png, ''Wat Chedi Luang Wora Wihan'' written in Lanna script Wat Chedi Luang ( th, วัดเจดีย์หลวง, lit. ''temple of the big stupa'' or ''temple of the royal stupa'') is a Thai temple art and architectu ...

Wat Chedi Luang
, Chiang Mai *
Wat Phra Singh Wat Phra Singh (full name: Wat Phra Singh Woramahaviharn; th, วัดพระสิงห์วรมหาวิหาร; ;pronunciation; nod, ) is a Buddhist temple A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery, is the place of worship f ...

Wat Phra Singh
, Chiang Mai *
Wat Phra That Lampang Luang
Wat Phra That Lampang Luang
,
Lampang Lampang, also called Nakhon Lampang ( th, นครลำปาง, ) to differentiate from Lampang Province Lampang ( th, ลำปาง, ; Northern Thai language, Northern Thai: ) is one of Thailand's seventy-six Provinces of Thailand, pr ...

Lampang
*
Wat Phumin
Wat Phumin
,
Nan, Thailand Nan ( th, น่าน, ) is a town in northern Thailand Northern Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Bangkok , coordina ...
*
Phra Pathommachedi
Phra Pathommachedi
,
Nakhon Pathom Nakhon Pathom ( th, นครปฐม, ) is a city (''thesaban nakhon Thesaban ( th, เทศบาล, , ) are the municipalities of Thailand. There are three levels of municipalities: city, town, and sub-district. Bangkok and Pattaya are sp ...
Wat Pah Nanachat Wat Pah Nanachat ( th, วัดป่านานาชาติ; ''Bung Wai International Forest Monastery'') is a Thai Theravada Buddhist Monastery in northeast Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify ...
(Bung Wai International Forest Monastery), established in 1975 by
Ajahn Chah Chah Subhaddo ( th, ชา สุภัทโท, known in English as Ajahn Chah, occasionally with honorific titles ''Luang Por'' and ''Phra'') also known by his honorific name "Phra Bodhiñāṇathera" ( th, พระโพธิญาณเถ ...
as a training community for non-Thais and foreigners, the primary language of instruction is English.


Gallery


Cambodia

File:Angkor Wat.jpg,
Angkor Wat Angkor Wat (; km, អង្គរវត្ត "Temple city/city of temples") is the largest religious structure (temple complex) in the world by land area, measuring , located in Cambodia. Originally constructed as a personal mausoleum for ...

Angkor Wat
2016 Phnom Penh, Pałac Królewski, Srebrna Pagoda (05).jpg, Image:Wat Peapahd.Battambang.2009.jpg, Vihear of Wat Peapet, Battambang,
Cambodia Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; km, កម្ពុជា, ), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is in area, bordered by Thailand to Cambodia–T ...

Cambodia
Image:2016 Phnom Penh, Wat Botum (09).jpg, Vihear of Wat Botum Wattey, Phnom Penh,
Cambodia Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; km, កម្ពុជា, ), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is in area, bordered by Thailand to Cambodia–T ...

Cambodia
Image:Phnom Penh Wat Unalom 01.jpg, Wat Ounalom Image:2016 Phnom Penh, Wat Langka (22).jpg, Wat Langka


Laos

Image:Wat Xieng Thong (Luang Prabang, Laos).JPG, Wat Xieng Thong, Luang Prabang Image:SiSaket Temple.JPG, Wat Sisaket


Thailand

Image:Wat Phra That Chang Kham, bôt, chedi et viharn, Nan.jpg, Two wihans and a chedi at Wat Phra That Chang Kham, Nan Image:Wat Mahathard - panoramio.jpg, Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat, Phitsanulok Image:Photo from Bangkok by Roman Kharkovski (20).jpg, Wat Phra Kaew Image:วัดราชนัดดารามวรวิหาร เขตพระนคร กรุงเทพมหานคร (27).JPG, Wat Ratchadatdaram Image:Phra That Doi Suthep 01.jpg, Wat Phra That Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Image:Bangkok Wat Arun P1130161.JPG, Mondop and Chedi of Wat Arun Image:Wat Niwet Thamaprawat - panoramio (3).jpg, Wat Niwet Thammaprawat, Ayutthaya


Other countries

Image:Buddharama Nukari.jpg, Interior of the Thai Buddhist wat in Nukari,
Nurmijärvi Nurmijärvi () is the most populated rural municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational enti ...
,
Finland Finland ( fi, Suomi ; sv, Finland ), officially the Republic of Finland (; ), is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the Gulf of B ...

Finland

Some Tai Khun monasteries in East Shan State, Myanmar are in wat-style
but may be called
kyaung A ''kyaung'' (, ) is a monastery ( vihara), comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of Buddhist monks A ''bhikkhu'' (Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent. It is widely stu ...
, while some may be called wat but in kyaung style.


See also

*
Three Refuges In Buddhism Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of ...
*
Five Precepts #REDIRECT Five precepts The Five precepts ( sa, pañcaśīla, italic=yes; pi, pañcasīla, italic=yes) or five rules of training ( sa, pañcaśikṣapada, italic=yes; pi, pañcasikkhapada, italic=yes) is the most important system of morality ...
*
Eight Precepts #REDIRECT Eight precepts In Buddhism Buddhism (, ) is the Major religious groups#Largest religions, world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasse ...
*
Four Noble Truths In Buddhism Buddhism (, ) is the Major religious groups#Largest religions, world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditi ...
*
Noble Eightfold Path The Noble Eightfold Path (Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent. It is widely studied because it is the language of the ''Pāli Canon The Pāli Canon is the standard collection ...
*
Pāli Canon The Pāli Canon is the standard collection of scripture Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy writ, or holy books, are the texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred Sacred describes something ...
*
Samatha ''Samatha'' (Pāli Pali () is a Middle Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent. It is widely studied because it is the language of the ''Pāli Canon'' or ''Tripiṭaka, Tipiṭaka'' as well ...
&
Vipassanā ''Vipassanā'' (Pāli Pali () is a Middle Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent. It is widely studied because it is the language of the ''Pāli Canon'' or ''Tripiṭaka, Tipiṭaka'' as we ...
*
Cetiya Phra Pathom Chedi, one of the biggest Chedis in Thailand; in Thai, the term Chedi (cetiya) is used interchangeably with the term Stupa Cetiya, "reminders" or "memorials" (Sanskrit ''caitya''), are objects and places used by Theravada, Theravada ...
*
Vassa The ''Vassa'' ( pi, vassa-, script=Latn, sa, varṣa-, script=Latn, both "rain") is the three-month annual retreat observed by Theravada Theravāda (; , lit. "School of the ", borrowed from Sanskrit स्थविरवाद (sthavirav ...
*
Kathina Kathina is a Buddhist festival which comes at the end of Vassa, the three-month rainy season retreat for Theravada, Theravada Buddhists in Bangladesh (known as Kaṭhina Cībar Dān), Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India and Thaila ...
*
Uposatha The Uposatha ( sa, Upavasatha) is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, belie ...
* Patimokkha *
Upasampadā Upasampadā (Pali) literally denotes "approaching or nearing the ascetic tradition." In more common parlance it specifically refers to the rite and ritual of ascetic vetting (ordination) by which a candidate, if deemed acceptable, enters the co ...
* Bai Sema *
Ordination hall The ordination hall is a Buddhist building specifically consecrated and designated for the performance of the Buddhist ordination ritual (''upasampada'') and other ritual ceremonies, such as the recitation of the Patimokkha. The ordination hall i ...
* Theravāda Buddhism *
Buddhism in Cambodia Buddhism in Cambodia ( km, ព្រះពុទ្ធសាសនានៅកម្ពុជា) has existed since at least the 5th century. In its earliest form it was a type of Mahāyāna Buddhism Mahāyāna (; "Great Vehicle") is a term f ...
*
Buddhism in Laos Theravada Theravāda (; Pāli, lit. "School of the Elders") is the most commonly accepted name of Buddhism's oldest existing school. The school's adherents, termed Theravādins, have preserved their version of Gautama Buddha's teaching or ...
*
Buddhism in Thailand Buddhism (, ) is the Major religious groups#Largest religions, world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and ...
*
Kyaung A ''kyaung'' (, ) is a monastery ( vihara), comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of Buddhist monks A ''bhikkhu'' (Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent. It is widely stu ...
, Burmese Monasteries *
Pura Pura may refer to: Places * Pura, Kushtagi Pura is a village in the Kushtagi taluk of Koppal district in Karnataka state, India. Pura is famous for the Shiva, Somanatheshwara Temple which is also known as Kotilinga temple located in the village ...
, Balinese Hindu temples * Candi, Hindu-Buddha temples of ancient
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is t ...

Indonesia
, especially
Java Java ( id, Jawa, ; jv, ꦗꦮ; su, ) is one of the Greater Sunda Islands in Indonesia. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south and the Java Sea to the north. With a population of 147.7 million people, Java is the world's List of ...

Java


References

{{Religion in Thailand Buddhist temples in Cambodia, Buddhist temples in Laos, Buddhist architecture