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A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled
vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device molecular machine A molecular machine, nanite, or ...

vehicle
pulled by
draught animal A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secu ...
s or on occasion by humans, used for
transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and ...

transport
ing
goods In economics Economics () is a social science Social science is the branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant ...
, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Wagons are immediately distinguished from
cart A cart or dray (Aus. & NZ) is a vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action. Machines can be driven by animals and peo ...

cart
s (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as
carriage A carriage is a private four-wheeled vehicle for people and is most commonly horse-drawn A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses. These vehicles typically had two or four wheels an ...

carriage
s. Animals such as
horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to ...

horse
s,
mule A mule is the of a male (jack) and a female (). Horses and donkeys are different species, with different numbers of s. Of the two between these two species, a mule is easier to obtain than a , which is the offspring of a female donkey () a ...

mule
s, or
ox
ox
en usually pull wagons. One animal or several, often in pairs or teams may pull wagons. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a
wainwright Image:Noe wainwright.jpg, A wainwright's workshop A wainwright or cartwright is a trades person skilled in the making and repairing of wagons and carts. The word ''wainwright'' is the combination of the archaic words "wain" (a large wagon for farm ...
. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled; for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slightly poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctness. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. ''Wain'' is also an archaic term for a chariot. ''Wain'' can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of
metal A metal (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

metal
instead of
wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, stem, or trunk (botany), trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. ...

wood
and have regular
wheel File:Roue primitive.png, An early wheel made of a solid piece of wood A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle An axle or axletree is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. On wheeled vehicles, the ...

wheel
s with
rubber tire A tire (American English) or tyre (British English) is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a Rim (wheel), wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide Traction (engineering), t ...
s instead of traditional wagon wheels. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner", a "
teamster Lydia Vargo and Teamster with delivery wagon in Toledo, Ohio A teamster is the American term for a truck driver or a person who drives teams of draft animals. Further, the term often refers to a member of the International Brotherhood of Teamst ...
", a "
bullocky A bullocky is an Australian English term for the driver of a Bullock cart, bullock team. The American term is bullwhacker. Bullock drivers were also known as teamsters or carriers. History Bullock teams were in use in Sydney, New South Wales ...
" (Australia), a "
muleteer A muleteer, or more informally a muleskinner ( es, arriero; pt, tropeiro; ca, traginer) is a person who transports goods using pack animals, especially mules. In South America, muleskinners transport coffee, maize, maize (corn), cork (material), ...
", or simply a "driver".


Terminology and design

The exact name and terminology used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or
float Float may refer to: Arts and entertainment Music Albums * ''Float'' (Aesop Rock album), 2000 * ''Float'' (Flogging Molly album), 2008 * ''Float'' (Styles P album), 2013 Songs * "Float", by Bush from '' Golden State'', 2001 * "Float," by Eden ...
. When traveling over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with fat to protect their contents from the elements; these are "
covered wagon The covered wagon, also called the prairie schooner, was a vehicle usually made out of wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the Plant stem, stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. It is an organic material ...

covered wagon
s". If it has a permanent top enclosing it, it may be called a "
van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses), railed vehicles (trains, trams), watercraf ...

van
".


Front axle assembly

A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short
beam Beam may refer to: Streams of particles or energy *Light beam, or beam of light, a directional projection of light energy **Laser beam *Particle beam, a stream of charged or neutral particles **Charged particle beam, a spatially localized group ...
with a
pivot Pivot may refer to: *Pivot, the point of rotation in a lever A lever ( or ) is a simple machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge, or '':wikt:fulcrum, fulcrum''. A lever is a rigid body capable of rotating on a point on i ...

pivot
plate, two
wagon wheels Wagon Wheels are a snack food A snack is a small portion of food generally Eating, eaten between meals. Snacks come in a variety of forms including packaged snack foods and other processed foods, as well as items made from fresh ingredient ...
and spindles as well as a drawbar attached to this. A pin attaches the device to a
chariot A chariot is a type of carriage A carriage is a private four-wheeled vehicle for people and is most commonly horse-drawn A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses. These vehicles ...

chariot
, a wagon or a
coach Coach may refer to: Guidance/instruction * Coach (sport), a director of athletes' training and activities ** Coach (basketball) * Coaching, the practice of guiding an individual through a process ** Acting coach, a teacher who trains performers T ...
, making the
turning radius Diagram of turning vehicle. The turning diameter of a vehicle is the minimum diameter In geometry Geometry (from the grc, γεωμετρία; ''wikt:γῆ, geo-'' "earth", ''wikt:μέτρον, -metron'' "measurement") is, with arithmet ...
smaller.


Types of wagons

Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links.


Beach wagon

Beach wagons are collapsible folding wagons for general multi-purpose usage on outdoor sand beaches.


Farm wagon

Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an agricultural or rural setting. These include gathering
hay Hay is grass Poaceae () or Gramineae () is a large and nearly ubiquitous family In human society, family (from la, familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth) or affinity (by marriage or ...

hay
,
crop A crop is a plant that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence. Crops may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state. Most crops are cultivated in agriculture or aquaculture. A crop ma ...

crop
s and
wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, stem, or trunk (botany), trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. ...

wood
, and delivering them to the
farmstead A homestead is an isolated dwelling In law, a dwelling (also residence, abode) is a self-contained unit of accommodation used by one or more households as a home A home, or domicile, is a space used as a permanent or semi-permanent r ...

farmstead
or
market Market may refer to: *Market (economics) *Market economy *Marketplace, a physical marketplace or public market Geography *Märket, an island shared by Finland and Sweden Art, entertainment, and media Films *Market (1965 film), ''Market'' (1965 ...

market
. A common form found throughout Europe is the , a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of
ladder A ladder is a vertical Vertical may refer to: * Vertical direction In astronomy Astronomy (from el, ἀστρονομία, literally meaning the science that studies the laws of the stars) is a natural science that studies astronomic ...

ladder
s
strap A strap, sometimes also called strop, is an elongated flap Flap may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media * ''Flap'' (film), a 1970 American film * Flap, a boss character in the arcade game ''Gaiapolis'' * Flap, a minor character in the fi ...

strap
ped in place to hold in hay or
grain A grain is a small, hard, dry seed A seed is an embryonic ''Embryonic'' is the twelfth studio album by experimental rock band the Flaming Lips released on October 13, 2009, on Warner Bros. Records, Warner Bros. The band's first double album ...

grain
, though these could be removed to serve other needs. A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the
buckboard Duke's cigarettes advertising insert card, 1850-1920 A buckboard is a four-wheeled wagon of simple construction meant to be drawn by a horse or other large animal. A distinctly American utility vehicle, the buckboard has no springs between the body ...

buckboard
.


Freight wagon

Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. In the United States and Canada, the
Conestoga wagon The Conestoga wagon is a specific design of heavy covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century, and the nineteenth century, in the eastern United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 short ...

Conestoga wagon
was a predominant form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the
Great Wagon Road Great may refer to: Descriptions or measurements * Great, a relative measurement in physical space, see Size * Greatness, being divine, majestic, superior, majestic, or transcendent People with the name * "The Great", a historical suffix to people ...
in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. Even larger freight wagons existed. For instance, the "
twenty-mule team Twenty-mule teams were teams of eighteen mules and two horses attached to large wagons that transported borax out of Death Valley from 1883 to 1889. They traveled from mining, mines across the Mojave Desert to the nearest Rail transport, railroad ...
" wagons, used for hauling borax from
Death Valley Death Valley is a desert valley in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert, bordering the Great Basin Desert. It is one of the hottest places on Earth, along with deserts in the Middle East and the Sahara. Death Valley's Badwater Ba ...

Death Valley
, could haul per pair. The wagons’ bodies were long and deep; the rear wheels were in diameter.


Delivery wagon

A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to
commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Television advertisement * (adjective for:) commerce, a system of voluntary exchange of products and se ...

commercial
customers, often in urban settings. The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advertisement for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. Special forms of delivery wagon include an
ice wagon An iceman is someone who sells or delivers ice Ice is water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Color of water, nearly colorless chemical substance, which i ...
and a milk wagon.


Nomadic wagons

Some wagons are intended to serve as
mobile home A mobile home (also known as a park home, trailer, or trailer home) is a prefabricated Prefabrication is the practice of assembling components of a structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a m ...

mobile home
s or mobile
workshop Beginning with the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Great Britain, continental Europe Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent ...

workshop
s. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British
Romani people The Romani (also spelled Romany , ), colloquially known as Roma, are an Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these ...

Romani people
.


Living van


Steam wagon

The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the horse-drawn wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century.


Irrigation tank wagon

In the city center of
Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Gmünd (, until 1934: Gmünd) is a city in the eastern part of the German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For cit ...
, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a
water tank A water tank is a container for storing water. Water tanks are used to provide storage of water for use in many applications, drinking water, irrigation agriculture, fire suppression, agricultural farming, both for plants and livestock, chemic ...

water tank
.


Horse drawn wooden tank wagon

A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. It can carry water, liquid
manure Animal manure is often a mixture of animal feces and bedding straw, as in this example from a stable.">stable.html" ;"title="feces and bedding straw, as in this example from a stable">feces and bedding straw, as in this example from a stable. ...

manure
or other liquids, but not in turn in the same


War wagon


Gravity wagon


Chuckwagon


Ox wagon


Pageant wagon


Gallery

File:Hay wagons - geograph.org.uk - 977600.jpg, Hay wagons in the UK File:Senator John Heinz History Center - IMG 7649.JPG, A
Conestoga wagon The Conestoga wagon is a specific design of heavy covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century, and the nineteenth century, in the eastern United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 short ...

Conestoga wagon
, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling File:Baker's-van-r.jpg, A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia File:Gipsy caravan, Fishers Farm - geograph.org.uk - 238741.jpg, A Romani Vardo from England File:Circus parade wagon.jpg, The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904 File:Bewässerungsfuhrwerk Gmünd.jpeg, Horse wagon, with
metal A metal (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

metal
water tank A water tank is a container for storing water. Water tanks are used to provide storage of water for use in many applications, drinking water, irrigation agriculture, fire suppression, agricultural farming, both for plants and livestock, chemic ...

water tank
, for irrigation, 2018. The illustration shows regular
wheel File:Roue primitive.png, An early wheel made of a solid piece of wood A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle An axle or axletree is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. On wheeled vehicles, the ...

wheel
s with
tire A tire (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of the English language native to the United States ...

tire
s, instead of traditional wagon wheels File:Traction engine at Coln St Aldwyns - geograph.org.uk - 629732.jpg,
Traction engine A traction engine is a steam-powered from Stott Park Bobbin Mill, Cumbria, England A steam engine is a heat engine In thermodynamics Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that deals with heat, Work (thermodynamics), work, and ...
with living van File:Reconstruction of a Roman traveling carriage richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne (8115675659).jpg, Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum,
Cologne Cologne ( ; german: Köln ; ksh, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany, Germany's most populous States of Germany, state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) and the List of cities in Germany by population, fourth-most populous city and one of t ...

Cologne
File:Brockhampton Estate - horse-drawn fire pump.jpg, Horse-drawn given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818 File:Slant wagon.jpg, Gravity wagon File:Chuckwagon.jpg, A historical recreation of a
chuckwagon A chuckwagon is a type of field kitchen 200px, A Soviet field kitchen KP-2-49 A field kitchen is a mobile kitchen, mobile canteens or food truck Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism In b ...

chuckwagon
at the Texas Parks and Wildlife Exposition in
Austin, Texas Austin (, ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usuall ...

Austin, Texas
File:Chuckwagon in Girvin, TX SCN1077.JPG, Chuckwagon still used to prepare food at gatherings in
Pecos County Pecos County is a County (United States), county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, its population was 15,507. The county seat is Fort Stockton, Texas, Fort Stockton. The county was created in 187 ...
,
Texas Texas (, ; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambigu ...

Texas
File:John Constable carro de feno.jpg, A detail of ''The Hay Wain'' by
John Constable John Constable (; 11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English landscape painter in the Romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centu ...

John Constable
, alt=An oil painting of a large steerable cart being drawn by two strong horses through a river File:Roger Fenton's waggon.jpg,
Roger Fenton Roger Fenton (28 March 1819 – 8 August 1869) was a British photographer, noted as one of the first war photographers War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, governments, Society, societies, or paramilitary gr ...

Roger Fenton
's photographic
van A van is a type of road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses), railed vehicles (trains, trams), watercraf ...
,
Crimea Crimea; crh, Къырым, translit=Kirim/Qırım; grc, Κιμμερία/Ταυρική, translit=Kimmería/Taurikḗ is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural ...

Crimea
, 1855 File:Bullock Team Wool Wagon.jpg, Bullock (ox) wagon carrying wool in New Zealand, c1880. File:Husitsky bojovy vuz replika.jpg, Modern reconstruction of a
Hussite File:The Bohemian Realm during the Hussite Wars.png, upright=1.2, The Lands of the Bohemian Crown during the Hussite Wars. The movement began in Prague and quickly spread south and then through the rest of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Eventually, it ex ...
war wagon


Wagon train

In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called
wagon train ''Wagon Train'' is an American Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junction, Tasmania, a locality in A ...

wagon train
s. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". During the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
, these wagon trains would often be accompanied by the wagons of private merchants, known as
sutler A sutler or victualer is a civilian merchant who sells provisions to an army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via Old French ''armée'', "armed" eminine, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land ...

sutler
s, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation ballooning. In migration settings, such as the
emigrant trailIn the American Old West The American frontier, also known as the Old West or the Wild West, includes the geography, history, folklore, and culture in the forward wave of American expansion that began with European colonial settlements in the e ...
s of the American West and the
Great Trek The Great Trek ( af, Die Groot Trek; nl, De Grote Trek) was an eastward migration of Dutch-speaking settlers who travelled by wagon train ''Wagon Train'' is an American Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a vil ...
of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and protection. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised
fort A fortification is a military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, g ...
called a
laager A wagon fort, wagon fortress, or corral, often referred to as Circle the wagons (idiom), circling the wagons, is a temporary fortification made of wagons arranged into a rectangle, circle, or other shape and possibly joined with each other to prod ...
, made by circling them to form an enclosure. In these settings, a
chuckwagon A chuckwagon is a type of field kitchen 200px, A Soviet field kitchen KP-2-49 A field kitchen is a mobile kitchen, mobile canteens or food truck Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism In b ...

chuckwagon
is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen.


Wagons in art

As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Some examples are the paintings ''
The Hay Wain ''The Hay Wain'' – originally titled ''Landscape: Noon'' – is a painting by John Constable John Constable (; 11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English landscape painter in the Romanticism, Romantic tradition. Born in Suffolk, he is ...
'' and ''
The Haywain Triptych The ''Haywain Triptych'' is a panel painting by Hieronymus Bosch, now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. A date of around 1516 has been established by means of dendrochronology, dendrochronological research. The central panel, signed "Jheronimu ...
'', and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar.


Motorized wagons

During a transition to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the
Duryea Motor Wagon 250px, Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895 The Duryea Motor Wagon was among the first standardization, standardized automobiles and among the first powered by gasoline. Fifteen examples were built by the Duryea Motor Wagon Company o ...
. In modern times the term
station wagon A station wagon ( US, also wagon) or estate car ( UK, also estate), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (th ...
survives as a type of automobile. It describes a car with a passenger compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailgate or liftgate. File:George B Selden driving automobile in 1905.jpg, George B. Selden driving an automobile in 1905 File:Lenoir Hippomobile.jpg, Lenoir File:Corbillard 3.JPG, Ancient
hearse A hearse is a large vehicle, especially an automobile A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle A motor vehicle, also known as motorized vehicle or automotive vehicle, is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not ...

hearse
(France) File:1911 International Wagon.JPG, 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (
High wheeler A high wheeler is a car which uses large diameter wheels that are similar to those used by Horse-drawn vehicle, horse-drawn vehicles. These cars were produced until about 1915, predominantly in the United States. Design High wheelers were deriv ...

High wheeler
) File:International Torpedo - Coupe Florio 2015 01.jpg,
International Harvester Auto-BuggyThe International Harvester Auto-Buggy is a 2-cylinder air-cooled motor car made by International Harvester, International Harvester Corporation. First announced in February 1907 the Auto Buggy was dropped from their range of products in early 1912 b ...
File:Vintage International Harvester Auto Buggy (5043226321) (cropped).jpg, International Harvester Auto Wagon File:Patent, Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895.png,
Patent drawing A patent application A patent application is a request pending at a patent office for the grant of a patent for an invention described in the patent specification and a set of one or more claim (patent), claims stated in a formal document, includi ...
for the
Duryea Duryea may refer to: * Duryea (surname) *Duryea Motor Wagon Company The Duryea Motor Wagon Company, established in 1895 in Springfield, Massachusetts Springfield is a city in the Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for ...
Road Vehicle, 1895 File:Sears Model L.JPG, Sears Model L


See also

*
Ackermann steering geometry Ackermann steering geometry is a geometric arrangement of linkages in the steering of a automobile, car or other vehicle designed to solve the problem of wheels on the inside and outside of a turn needing to trace out circles of different radius, ra ...
* Animal powered vehicles *
Araba (carriage) An araba (from tr, araba "araba."
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. MICRA, Inc. 28 Feb. 2009.) (also ''arba ...
*
Bronocice pot The Bronocice pot, discovered in a village in Gmina Działoszyce, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Świetokrzyskie Voivodeship in Lesser Poland, Małopolska, near Nida (river), Nida River, Poland, is a ceramic vase incised with one of the earliest ...
*
Cart A cart or dray (Aus. & NZ) is a vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an action. Machines can be driven by animals and peo ...

Cart
*
Carriage A carriage is a private four-wheeled vehicle for people and is most commonly horse-drawn A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses. These vehicles typically had two or four wheels an ...

Carriage
*
Cart wheel New Salem (Menard County), Illinois, New Salem, Illinois , West Sussex, England A wheelwright is a Artisan, craftsman who builds or repairs wooden wheels. The word is the combination of "wheel" and the word "wright", (which comes from the Old Eng ...
*
Chariot A chariot is a type of carriage A carriage is a private four-wheeled vehicle for people and is most commonly horse-drawn A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses. These vehicles ...

Chariot
*
Chuckwagon A chuckwagon is a type of field kitchen 200px, A Soviet field kitchen KP-2-49 A field kitchen is a mobile kitchen, mobile canteens or food truck Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism In b ...

Chuckwagon
*
Chuckwagon racing Chuckwagon racing is an equestrianism, equestrian rodeo sport in which drivers in a chuckwagon led by a team of Thoroughbred horses race around a track. The sport is most popular in the Prairie Provinces of Canada, where the World Professional Ch ...

Chuckwagon racing
*
Circle the wagons A wagon fort, wagon fortress, or corral, often referred to as circling the wagons, is a temporary fortification A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to e ...
*
Coach (carriage) A coach is a large closed four-wheeled passenger-carrying vehicle or carriage A carriage is a private four-wheeled vehicle for people and is most commonly Horse-drawn vehicle, horse-drawn. Second-hand private carriages were common public tr ...
*
Horsebus A horse-bus or horse-drawn omnibus was a large, enclosed, and sprung horse-drawn vehicle used for passenger transport before the introduction of motor vehicles. It was mainly used in the late 19th century in both the United States and Europe, a ...
*
Horse-drawn vehicle A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a sig ...
*
Horse harness Horse harness is a device that connects a horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence ov ...
* Lorry (horse-drawn) *
Millwright A millwright is a craftsperson or skilled tradesperson who installs, dismantles, maintains, repairs, reassembles, and moves machinery in factories, power plants, and construction sites. The term ''millwright'' (also known as ''industrial mechan ...
, an industrial mechanic *
Omnibus Omnibus may refer to: Film and television * Omnibus (film), ''Omnibus'' (film) * Omnibus (broadcast), a compilation of TV episodes * Omnibus (UK TV series), ''Omnibus'' (UK TV series), an arts-based documentary programme * Omnibus (U.S. TV series ...

Omnibus
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Pageant wagonA pageant wagon is a movable stage or wagon used to accommodate the mystery and miracle play cycles of the 10th through the 16th century. These religious plays were developed from biblical texts; at the height of their popularity, they were allow ...
*
Scenery wagon A scenery wagon, also known as a ''stage wagon'', is a mobile platform (theatre), platform that is used to support and transport movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage (theatre), stage. In most cases, the scenery is constr ...
*
Stage wagon Stage wagons are light horse-drawn or mule-drawn public passenger vehicles often referred to as stagecoaches A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a chan ...
*
Telega Telega ( rus, теле́га, p=tʲɪˈlʲɛgə) is a type of four-wheel horse-drawn vehicle, whose primary purpose is to carry Cargo, loads, similar to a wain, known in Russia and other countries. It has been defined as "a special type commonly ...

Telega
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Toy wagon A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top. An average wagon is able to seat one child, and is generally propelled by human power through a handle at the front. Some famous brands ...
* Trolley * Types of carriages *
Vardo (Romani wagon) A vardo (also wag(g)on, living wagon, van, and caravan) is a traditional horse-drawn vehicle, horse-drawn wagon used by British Romanichal, Romanichal Travellers as their home. The vehicle is typically highly decorated, intricately carved, brightl ...
* Wagon brake *
Wagonette A wagonette (''little wagon'') is a small horse-drawn vehicle with leaf spring, springs, which has two benches along the right and left side of the platform, people facing each other. The driver sits on a separate, front-facing bench. A wagonette ...
*
Wagon wheel#REDIRECT Wagon wheel Wagon wheel may refer to: Transport * The wheel of a wagon, made by a wheelwright. Business * Wagon Wheels, a brand of biscuits in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia * Wagon Wheel, Oxnard, California, a motel and resta ...
*
Wagon-wheel effect The wagon-wheel effect (alternatively called stagecoach-wheel effect or stroboscopic effect) is an optical illusion in which a spoked wheel File:Roue primitive.png, An early wheel made of a solid piece of wood In its primitive form, a wh ...

Wagon-wheel effect


References


External links

* * *{{Cite EB1911, wstitle=Wagon