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The Victorian Government is the executive administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria. As a parliamentary
constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution. Constitutional monarchies differ from absolute monarchies (in which a monarch holds absolute ...
, the State Government was first formed in 1851 when Victoria first gained the right to
responsible government Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy A parliamentary system or parliamentary demo ...
. Since the federation of Australia in 1901, Victoria has been a state, to which the
Constitution of Australia The Constitution of Australia (or Australian Constitution) is a written constitution that is the supreme law of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the main ...

Constitution of Australia
regulates its relationship with the
Australian Government The Australian Government, also known as the Commonwealth Government, is the national government of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the ...
. Under the Constitution, all states ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the federal government but retain powers in matters not in conflict with federal law. The Victoria State Government enforces acts of Parliament passed by the Parliament of Victoria through government departments, statutory authorities, and other public agencies. The Government is formally presided over by the Governor of Victoria, who exercises their executive authority granted by the Constitution of Victoria through the Executive Council, a body consisting of senior cabinet ministers. In reality, both the governor and the Executive Council are largely ceremonial, with the
premier Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments. A second in command to a premier is designated as a vice-premier or deputy premier. Examples by country The word comes from french "Premier mi ...
and ministers having most authority over policy, appointments, and other executive orders made by the Governor-in-Council. The current
head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other government who often presides over a cabinet (gover ...
is Premier
Daniel Andrews Daniel Michael Andrews (born 6 July 1972) is an Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the isla ...
of the Labor Party, and the current
head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head of statebeing an embodiment of the State itself or representatitve of its international perso ...
is Governor
Linda Dessau
Linda Dessau
.


Executive branch

Government in Victoria operates under the principles of the Westminster system as adapted in the Australian Constitution and of
responsible government Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy A parliamentary system or parliamentary demo ...
. Both systems and principles of governance have developed out of the United Kingdom, to which Victoria was previously a colony. Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the governor and senior ministers. In practice, executive power is exercised by the premier, appointed by the governor, provided they can Confidence and supply, command the support of a majority of members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, Legislative Assembly. The Cabinet is the de facto chief policy making organ and consists of the premier and all ministers.


Legislative branch

Legislative power rests with the Parliament of Victoria, which consists of Elizabeth II, Monarchy of Australia, Queen of Australia, represented by the Governor of Victoria, and the two Houses, the Victorian Legislative Council (the upper house) and the Victorian Legislative Assembly (the lower house).


Judicial power

Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of Victoria and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution.


First Peoples' Assembly

In November 2019, the First People's Assembly (FPA) was elected, consisting of 21 members representing Aboriginal Victorians, elected from five different regions in the state, and 10 members to represent each of the state's formally recognised traditional owner corporations, excluding the Yorta Yorta Nation Aboriginal Corporation, who declined to participate in 2019 Victorian First Peoples' Assembly election, the election process. The main aim of the Assembly is to work out the rules by which individual Treaty#Treaties and indigenous peoples, treaties will be negotiated between the Victorian Government, Victoria State Government and individual Aboriginal peoples. It will also establish an independent "umpire", the Treaty Authority, to oversee the negotiations between the Aboriginal groups and the Victoria State Government and ensure fairness. It will also establish a fund to help negotiations are take place on an even financial footing among the various groups, and debate and decide which ideas, laws, policies and rights will be the subject of treaty negotiations. The Assembly meets Upper House, seat of the Legislative Assembly. It met for the first time on 10 December 2019, and again met over two days in February 2020. The Assembly hopes to agree upon a framework, umpire and process before November 2022, the date of the next state election. The current Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch), Labor government under
Daniel Andrews Daniel Michael Andrews (born 6 July 1972) is an Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the isla ...
is supportive, but the Coalition (Australia), Coalition had not made a clear commitment to supporting the treaty process. On 11 July 2020, the Victoria State Government announced that it would establish a truth and reconciliation commission for Aboriginal Australians in Victoria, the first ever in Australia, with the terms of reference to be worked out collaboratively. The 21 elected members of the Assembly would consult with their communities and work with the Victoria State Government to design the process. The announcement was welcomed by the community. The 2017 Uluru Statement from the Heart recommended that such a commission should be established across all of Australia. On 3 August 2020, the FPA held its first official negotiation meeting with Aboriginal Affairs Minister Gabrielle Williams.


See also

* Second Andrews Ministry, Victorian Ministry * List of Victorian government agencies * Local government areas of Victoria * Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities (2006)


References


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Victoria State Government Victoria State Government, *