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The
White House The White House is the official residence and workplace of the president of the United States. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest, Washington, D.C., NW in Washington, D.C., and has been the residence of every U.S. preside ...

White House
National Security Council (NSC) is the principal forum used by the
president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

president of the United States
for consideration of
national security National security or national defence is the security and Defence (military), defence of a sovereign state, nation state, including its Citizenship, citizens, economy, and institutions, which is regarded as a duty of government. Originally c ...
, military, and
foreign policy ''Foreign Policy'' is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy. It produces content daily on its website, and in six print issues annually. ''Foreign Poli ...
matters with senior national security advisors and
Cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transparent glass sheets or transparent polycarbonate sheets * Filing ...
officials, and is part of the
Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the president at the center of the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Mor ...
. Since its inception in 1947 under
Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the ...

Harry S. Truman
, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. The Council has counterparts in the
national security councils A National Security Council (NSC) is usually an executive branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief executives on matters related to national security. An NSC is often headed by a nat ...
of many other nations.


History

The immediate predecessor to the National Security Council was the National Intelligence Authority (NIA), which was established by President
Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the ...

Harry S. Truman
's Executive Letter of January 22, 1946, to oversee the Central Intelligence Group, the CIA's predecessor. The NIA was composed of the Secretary of State, the
Secretary of War The secretary of war was a member of the U.S. president The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foak ...
, the
Secretary of the Navy The secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer () and the head (chief executive officer) of the United States Department of the Navy, Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the United States D ...
, and the
Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief Chief may refer to: Title or rank Military and law enforcement * Chief master sergeant Chief Master Sergeant (CMSgt) is the ninth, and highest, United States Air Force enlisted rank insignia, enlisted rank in the United States Air Force, ...
. The National Security Council was created in 1947 by the National Security Act. It was created because policymakers felt that the diplomacy of the State Department was no longer adequate to contain the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
, in light of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States. The intent was to ensure coordination and concurrence among the
Army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via Old French ''armée'', "armed" eminine, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch Military branch ...
,
Marine Corps Marines, or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate in in support of naval operations. Historically, tasks undertaken by marines have included helping maintain discipline and order aboard the ship (reflecting the natu ...
,
Navy A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense ...
,
Air Force
Air Force
and other instruments of national security policy such as the
Central Intelligence Agency The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA; ), known informally as the Agency and the Company, is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States The federal government of the United States (U.S. fed ...
(CIA), also created in the National Security Act. In 2004, the position of Director of National Intelligence (DNI) was created, taking over the responsibilities previously held by the head of CIA, the Director of Central Intelligence, as a cabinet-level position to oversee and coordinate activities of the Intelligence Community. On May 26, 2009, President
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government ...

Barack Obama
merged the White House staff supporting the
Homeland Security Council The Homeland Security Council (HSC) is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the president at the ...
(HSC) and the National Security Council into one National Security Staff (NSS). The HSC and NSC each continue to exist by statute as bodies supporting the President. The name of the staff organization was changed back to National Security Council Staff in 2014. The Directorate of Global Health Security and Biodefense was formed in 2016 under the
Obama administration Barack Obama's tenure as the List of presidents of the United States, 44th president of the United States began with First inauguration of Barack Obama, his first inauguration on January 20, 2009, and ended on January 20, 2017. Obama, a Democr ...
, disbanded in 2018 under the
Trump Administration Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American Political career of Donald Trump, politician, Media career of Donald Trump, media personality, and Business career of Donald Trump, businessman who served as the 45th ...
, and reinstated in January 2021 during the
presidency of Joe Biden The presidency of Joe Biden began at noon Eastern Time Zone, EST (17:00 Coordinated Universal Time, UTC) on January 20, 2021, when Joe Biden, Biden Inauguration of Joe Biden, was inaugurated as the List of presidents of the United States, 46 ...
. On January 29, 2017, President Donald Trump restructured the Principals Committee (a subset of the full National Security Council), while at the same time altering the attendance of the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the presiding officer of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is the body of the most senior uniformed leaders within the United States Department of D ...
and
Director of National Intelligence The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), ...
. According to ''National Security Presidential Memorandum 2'', the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the presiding officer of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is the body of the most senior uniformed leaders within the United States Department of D ...
and
Director of National Intelligence The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), ...
were to sit on the Principals Committee as and when matters pertaining to them arise, but will remain part of the full National Security Council. However, Chief of Staff
Reince Priebus Reinhold Richard "Reince" Priebus ( ; born March 18, 1972) is an American lawyer and politician who served as White House The White House is the official residence and workplace of the president of the United States. It is located a ...

Reince Priebus
clarified the next day that they still are invited to attend meetings. With ''National Security Presidential Memorandum 4'' in April 2017, the
Director of National Intelligence The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), ...
and the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the presiding officer of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is the body of the most senior uniformed leaders within the United States Department of D ...
"shall" attend Principals Committee meetings and included the
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency The director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is a statutory office () that functions as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, which in turn is a part of the United States Intelligence Community. Beginning February 2017, the D/ ...
as a regular attendee.
Lawfare Blog ''Lawfare'' is an American blog A blog (a truncation In mathematics and computer science, truncation is limiting the number of numerical digit, digits right of the decimal point. Truncation and floor function Truncation of positive rea ...
NSPM-4: "Organization of the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, and Subcommittees": A Summary
The reorganization also placed the
Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development The administrator of the United States Agency for International Development is the head of the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It ...
as a permanent member of the Deputies Committee, winning moderate praise, while the White House Chief Strategist was removed.


Authority and powers

The National Security Council was established by the
National Security Act of 1947 The National Security Act of 1947 (Act of Congress, Pub.L.]80-253 61 United States Statutes at Large, Stat.]495 enacted July 26, 1947) was a law enacting major restructuring of the Federal government of the United States, United States government' ...
(PL 235 – 61 Stat. 496; U.S.C. 402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949, as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President. The High-Value Interrogation Group, High Value Detainee Interrogation Group also reports to the NSC.


Kill authorizations

A secret National Security Council panel pursues the killing of an individual, including American citizens, who has been called a suspected terrorist. In this case, no public record of this decision or any operation to kill the suspect will be made available. The panel's actions are justified by "two principal legal theories": They "were permitted by Congress when it authorized the use of military forces against militants in the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001; and they are permitted under international law if a country is defending itself." Homeland Security Advisor John O. Brennan, who helped codify targeted killing criteria by creating the
Disposition Matrix The Disposition Matrix, informally known as a kill list, is a database A database is an organized collection of data Data are units of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the ques ...
database, has described the
Obama Administration Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and ...
targeted killing policy by stating that "in order to ensure that our counterterrorism operations involving the use of lethal force are legal, ethical, and wise, President Obama has demanded that we hold ourselves to the highest possible standards and processes". Reuters reported that Anwar al-Awlaki, an American citizen, was on such a kill list and was killed accordingly. On February 4, 2013, NBC published a leaked Department of Justice memo providing a summary of the rationale used to justify targeted killing of US citizens who are senior operational leaders of Al-Qa'ida or associated forces.


Membership

The National Security Council, as of 2020 and as per statute and National Security Presidential Memorandum–4, is chaired by the
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...

President
. Its members are the
Vice President A vice president, also director in British English, is an officer An officer is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously apply ...
(statutory), the Secretary of State (statutory), the
Secretary of Defense A defence minister or minister of defence is a cabinet official position in charge of a ministry of defense, which regulates the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force ...
(statutory), the
Secretary of Energy The United States secretary of energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and fifteenth in the United States presidential line of succession, presidential line of succession. The pos ...
(statutory), the National Security Advisor (non-statutory), the
Attorney General #REDIRECT Attorney general In most common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinio ...
(non-statutory), the
Secretary of Homeland Security The United States secretary of homeland security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for public sec ...
(non-statutory), the Representative of the United States to the United Nations (non-statutory), and the
Secretary of the Treasury The United States secretary of the treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is the national treasury A treasury is either *A government department related to finance and t ...
(statutory). The
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the presiding officer of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is the body of the most senior uniformed leaders within the United States Department of D ...
is the military advisor to the Council, the
Director of National Intelligence The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), ...
is the intelligence advisor, and the Director of National Drug Control Policy is the drug control policy advisor. The
Chief of Staff to the President The White House chief of staff position is the successor to the earlier role of the Secretary to the President of the United States. The role was formalized as the assistant to the president in 1946 and acquired its current title in 1961. The curr ...
,
White House Counsel The White House counsel is a senior staff appointee of the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (pl ...
, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy are also regularly invited to attend NSC meetings. The Attorney General, the Director of the
Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent function is to produce the president's budget, but it also examines agency programs, poli ...
and The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency are invited to attend meetings pertaining to their responsibilities. The heads of other executive departments and agencies, as well as other senior officials, are invited to attend meetings of the NSC when appropriate.


Principals Committee

The Principals Committee of the National Security Council is the Cabinet-level senior interagency forum for consideration of national security policy issues. The Principals Committee is convened and chaired by the National Security Advisor. The regular attendees of the Principals Committee are the Secretary of State, the
Secretary of the Treasury The United States secretary of the treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is the national treasury A treasury is either *A government department related to finance and t ...
, the
Secretary of Defense A defence minister or minister of defence is a cabinet official position in charge of a ministry of defense, which regulates the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force ...
, the
Attorney General #REDIRECT Attorney general In most common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinio ...
, the
Secretary of Energy The United States secretary of energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and fifteenth in the United States presidential line of succession, presidential line of succession. The pos ...
, the
Secretary of Homeland Security The United States secretary of homeland security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for public sec ...
, the
White House Chief of Staff The White House chief of staff position is the successor to the earlier role of the Secretary to the President of the United States, secretary to the president of the United States. The role was formalized as the assistant to the president in 194 ...
, the
Director of National Intelligence The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), ...
, the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the presiding officer of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is the body of the most senior uniformed leaders within the United States Department of D ...
, the
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency The director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is a statutory office () that functions as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, which in turn is a part of the United States Intelligence Community. Beginning February 2017, the D/ ...
, the Homeland Security Advisor, and the
United States Ambassador to the United Nations The United States ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and int ...
. The
White House Counsel The White House counsel is a senior staff appointee of the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (pl ...
, the Deputy Counsel to the President for National Security Affairs, the
Director of the Office of Management and Budget Director may refer to: Literature * ''Director'' (magazine), a British magazine * ''The Director'' (novel), a 1971 novel by Henry Denker * ''The Director'' (play), a 2000 play by Nancy Hasty Music * Director (band), an Irish rock band * ''Di ...
, the
Deputy National Security Advisor The United States Deputy National Security Advisor is a member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the president ...
, the Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategy, the National Security Advisor to the Vice President, and the NSC Executive Secretary may also attend all meetings of the Principals Committee. When considering international economic issues, the Principals Committee's regular attendees will include the
Secretary of Commerce The United States secretary of commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce The United States Department of Commerce is an executive department The United States federal executive departments are the princi ...
, the
United States Trade Representative 230px, The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is an agency of the United States federal government responsible for developing and promoting American trade policy. Part of the Executive Office of the President, it is h ...
, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy.
Federal Register The ''Federal Register'' (FR or sometimes Fed. Reg.) is the official journal A government gazette (also known as official gazette, official journal, official newspaper, official monitor or official bulletin) is a periodical publication that h ...
National Security Presidential Memorandum (NSPM-4)


Deputies Committee

The National Security Council Deputies Committee is the senior sub-Cabinet interagency forum for consideration of national security policy issues. The Deputies Committee is also responsible for reviewing and monitoring the interagency national security process including for establishing and directing the Policy Coordination Committees. The Deputies Committee is convened and chaired by the
Deputy National Security Advisor The United States Deputy National Security Advisor is a member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the president ...
or the Deputy Homeland Security Advisor. Regular members of the Deputies Committee are the Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategy, the
Deputy Secretary of State The Deputy Secretary of State of the United States is the principal deputy to the United States Secretary of State, secretary of state. The current deputy Secretary of State is Wendy Ruth Sherman, serving since April 2021 under United States Secreta ...
, Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, the
Deputy Secretary of Defense The deputy secretary of defense (acronym An acronym is a word or name formed from the initial components of a longer name or phrase, usually using individual initial letters, as in NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) or European Union, ...
, the
Deputy Attorney General The Deputy Attorney General (DAG) is the second-highest-ranking official in a department of justice or of law, in various governments of the world. In those governments, the Deputy Attorney General oversees the day-to-day operation of the departmen ...
, the Deputy Secretary of Energy, the
Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security The deputy secretary of homeland security is the chief operating officer A chief operating officer (COO), also called a chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, composing part of the " C-suit ...
, the Deputy Director of the
Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent function is to produce the president's budget, but it also examines agency programs, poli ...
, the Deputy
Director of National Intelligence The director of national intelligence (DNI) is a United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), ...
, the
Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (VJCS) is, by U.S. law, the second highest-ranking military officer in the United States Armed Forces The United States Armed Forces are the of the . The armed forces consists of six : the , ...
, the National Security Advisor to the Vice President, the
Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development The administrator of the United States Agency for International Development is the head of the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It ...
, and the
Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency The Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (DD/CIA) is a statutory office () and the second-highest official of the Central Intelligence Agency The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA; ), known informally as "The Agency" and "The Co ...
. Invitations to participate in or attend specific meetings are extended to Deputy or Under Secretary level of executive departments and agencies and to other senior officials when relevant issues are discussed. The Executive Secretary and the Deputy White House Counsel also attend. The relevant Senior Director on the National Security Council staff is also invited to attend when relevant.


Policy Coordination Committees

The Policy Coordination Committees of the National Security Council, established and directed by the Deputies Committee, are responsible for the management of the development and implementation of national security policies through interagency coordination. Policy Coordination Committees are the main day-to-day for interagency coordination of national security policy development, implementation and analysis in aide of the Deputies Committee and the Principals Committee. Policy Coordination Committees are chaired by Senior Directors on the National Security Council staff, or sometimes National Economic Council staff, with Assistant Secretary-level officials from the relevant executive department or agency acting as co-chairs.


Directorate of Global Health Security and Biodefense

The Directorate of Global Health Security and Biodefense, created by Barack Obama in 2016 in response to the 2014 Ebola outbreak, was responsible "to prepare for the next disease outbreak and prevent it from becoming an epidemic or pandemic."Cameron, Beth
"I ran the White House pandemic office. Trump closed it"
Washington Post
op-ed An op-ed, short for "opposite the editorial page" or as a backronym A backronym, or bacronym, is an acronym formed from a word that existed prior to the invention of the backronym. Unlike a typical acronym, in which a new word is constructed fro ...
, March 13, 2020. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
The directorate was disbanded when a May 2018 change in organizational structure by John Bolton, Trump's recently appointed head of the National Security Council, resulted in the effective elimination of the office then led by Rear Admiral Tim Ziemer, Sr. Director for Global Health Security and Biothreats. Remaining staff were moved to other NSC departments, prompting Ziemer's resignation, thus completing the elimination of the office. The responsibilities that formerly belonged to the directorate, along with those of arms control and nonproliferation, and of weapons of mass destruction terrorism, were absorbed into a single new directorate, counterproliferation and biodefense, and assigned to Tim Morrison in July 2018 as director. Morrison characterized the consolidation as part of an overall NSC "reduction of force" and called it "specious" to say the office was "dissolved," describing the previous size of the organization as "bloat," and stating "That is why Trump began streamlining the NSC staff in 2017."Kessler, Glenn and Kelly, Meg. (20 March 2020). "Was the White House office for global pandemics eliminated?"
Washington Post website
Retrieved 20 March 2020.
Trump defended the 2018 cuts, describing the financial motivation, when questioned in a February 2020 press conference, suggesting that people on a pandemic response team are unnecessary between pandemics, saying "Some of the people we cut, they haven't been used for many, many years." No source of information could be found to support the president's statement, likely because the team was created in 2016 and disbanded in 2018. He continued: "And rather than spending the money — and I'm a business person — I don't like having thousands of people around when you don't need them." The size of the team before cuts was estimated at 430 people, but the "thousands" referenced by the president also included reduction in the staff numbers of the CDC. In January 2021, the directorate was reinstated by President
Joe Biden Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. ( ; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of th ...

Joe Biden
, who appointed as Senior Director for Global Health Security and Biodefense, a position she had previously held under the Obama administration and briefly under the Trump administration.


New members

During his presidential transition, President-elect Joe Biden announced the creation of the position of
U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate The United States special presidential envoy for climate is a position in the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the p ...
, the occupant of which will be a member of the National Security Council.


Key staff

* Assistant to the President and National Security Advisor:
Jake Sullivan Jacob Jeremiah Sullivan (born November 28, 1976) is an American political advisor who serves as the United States National Security Advisor The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (APNSA), commonly referred to as the Nat ...
** Senior Advisor to the National Security Advisor: Ariana Berengaut **Chief of Staff and Executive Secretary for the National Security Council: Yohannes Abraham ****Advisor to the Chief of Staff and Executive Secretary for the National Security Council: Medha Raj ***Deputy Chief of Staff and Deputy Executive Secretary: Ryan Harper ***Deputy Executive Secretary: Dilpreet Sidhu ****Deputy Director for Visits and Diplomatic Affairs: Darius Edgerton ****Associate Director for Visits and Diplomatic Affairs: Nicole Fasano ***Director of Operations Gelila Teshome ** Assistant to the President and Principal
Deputy National Security Advisor The United States Deputy National Security Advisor is a member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the president ...
:
Jonathan Finer Jonathan Finer (born 1976) is an Americans, American journalist and diplomat who serves as Deputy National Security Advisor (United States), Deputy National Security Advisor under National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan, in the presidency of Joe B ...

Jonathan Finer
*** Senior Advisor to the Principal Deputy National Security Advisor: Ella Lipin ** Assistant to the President and Homeland Security Advisor and Deputy National Security Advisor: ***Senior Deputy Homeland Security Advisor: Russell Travers ***Deputy Homeland Security Advisor: Joshua Geltzer ***Senior Advisor to the Homeland Security Advisor: Hilary Hurd ***Senior Advisor to the Homeland Security Advisor: John MacWilliams ** Deputy Assistant to the President & Deputy National Security Advisor for Cyber and Emerging Technology: Anne Neuberger ** Deputy Assistant to the President, Deputy Director of the National Economic Council and Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economics:
Daleep Singh Daleep Singh is an American economic advisor who is a Deputy National Security Advisor The United States Deputy National Security Advisor is a member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the P ...
** Assistant to the President, Deputy Counsel to the President and National Security Council Legal Advisor: Johnathan Cedarbaum *** Associate Counsel and Deputy Legal Advisor to the NSC: Ashley Deeks ***Deputy Legal Advisor to the NSC: Capt. Florencio Yuzon (
US Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = Blue and gold  , colors_label = Colors , march = "Anchors Aweigh "Anchors Aweigh" is the fight song of the United States Naval A ...
) ***Director for Global Criminal Justice: Steven Hill ** Senior Director for Defense: Cara Abercrombie ***Director for Defense Innovation and Cyber Policy: Lt. Col. Nadine Nally (
US Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...

US Army
) ***Director for Space Policy: Audrey Schaffer ***Director for Strategic Capabilities:
Brigadier General #REDIRECT Brigadier general #REDIRECT Brigadier general Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) or brigade general is a military rank used in many countries. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of co ...
Ty Neuman (
US Air Force The United States Air Force (USAF) is the air File:Atmosphere gas proportions.svg, Composition of Earth's atmosphere by volume, excluding water vapor. Lower pie represents trace gases that together compose about 0.043391% of the atmosphe ...
) ***Director for Military Personnel & Readiness/ Senior Advisor, Gender Policy Council: Cailin Crockett ** Senior Director for Strategic Planning: Sasha Baker ***Director for Strategic Planning: Alexander Bick ***Director for Strategic Planning: Rebecca Lissner ***Director for Strategic Planning: Brett Rosenberg ** Senior Director for Partnerships and Global Engagement: Amanda Mansour ***Director for Partnerships: Jim Thompson ** Senior Director for Legislative Affairs: Rebecca Brocato ***Director for Legislative Affairs: Amanda Lorman ***Director for Legislative Affairs: Nicole Tisdale ****Chief of Staff & Policy Advisor for Legislative Affairs: Gershom Sacks ** Senior Director for Global Health Security and Biodefense: Elizabeth Cameron ***Director for Biodefense: Daniel Gastfriend ***Director for Biotechnology Risks and Biological Weapon Nonproliferation: Megan Frisk ***Director for Countering Biological Threats & Global Health Security: Mark Lucera ***Director for Medical and Biodefense Preparedness/ Director for International COVID Response: Hilary Marston ***Senior Advisor and Director for Emerging Biological Threats: Maureen Bartee ** Co-ordinator for the Indo-Pacific: ***Senior Director for East Asia and Oceania: Edgard Kagan ****Director for East Asia: Christopher Johnstone ****Director for Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands: Kathryn Paik ***Senior Director for South Asia: Sumona Guha ***Senior Director for China: Laura Rosenberger ****Director for China: Rush Doshi ****Director for China: Julian Gewirtz ***Special Assistant, National Security Council Indo-Pacific Directorate: Sarah Donilon ** Co-ordinator for Technology and National Security: Jason Matheny ***Senior Director for Technology and National Security: Tarun Chhabra ****Director for Technology and National Security: Saif M. Khan ****Director for Technology and National Security: Michelle Rozo ****Director for Technology and National Security: Sarah Stalker-Lehoux ****Director for Technology and Democracy: Chanan Weissman ** Senior Director for Resilience and Response: Caitlin Durkovich ***Director for Resilience and Response: Nabeela Barbari ***Director for Resilience and Response: Capt. Jason Tama (
US Coast Guard The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is the maritime security, search and rescue, and law enforcement service branch of the United States Armed Forces The United States Armed Forces are the Military, military forces of the United States ...

US Coast Guard
) ** Senior Director for Intelligence Programs: Maher Bitar ***Director for Information Sharing and Identity Intelligence: Lauren Hartje **Senior Director for Development, Global Health & Humanitarian Response: Linda Etim ***Director for Global Health: Ladan Fakory ***Director for Global Health Response: Nidhi Bouri ***Director for Humanitarian Coordination: Rachel Grant ***Director for Refugees: Jacqui Pilch ** Senior Director for Western Hemisphere Affairs: Juan Gonzalez ****Special Assistant to the Senior Director for Western Hemisphere Affairs: Alejandra Gonzalez ***Director for the Caribbean and Summit of the Americas: Neda Brown ***Director for Central America and Haiti: Megan Oates ***Director for North America: Isabel Rioja-Scott ***Director for Regional Protection and Migration Management: Eric Sigmon ** Senior Director for International Economics and Competitiveness: Peter Harrell ***Director for International Economics and Competitiveness: Adam Deutsch ***Director for International Economics and Competitiveness: Jessica McBroom ***Director for Digital Technology Policy and International Economics: Ruth Berry ** Senior Director for International Economics and Labor: ***Director for International Economics: Brian Janovitz ***Director for International Economics: Mimi Wang ***Director for Strategic Workforce Planning: Leila Elmergawi ** Senior Director for Press & NSC Spokesperson: Emily Horne ***Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Patrick Evans ***Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Dean Lieberman ***Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Kedenard Raymond ***Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Sean Savett ***Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Saloni Sharma ****Policy Advisor, Office of the Spokesperson and Senior Director for Press/ Strategic Communications: Jasmine Williams ** Co-ordinator for the Southern Border: TBC **Senior Director for Africa: Dana L. Banks ***Director for African Affairs: F. David Diaz ***Director for African Affairs: Peter Quaranto ***Director for Africa: Deniece Laurent-Mantey ***Special Advisor for Africa Strategy: Judd Devermont ** Co-ordinator for Democracy and Human Rights: Shanthi Kalathil ***Senior Director for Democracy and Human Rights: Rob Berschinski ****Director for Democracy and Human Rights: Tess McEnery ****Director for Democracy and Human Rights: Brian Vogt ****Director for Human Rights and Civil Society: Jesse Bernstein ****Director for Anticorruption: Chandana Ravi ** Senior Director for Russia and Central Asia: Eric Green ***Director for Afghanistan: Allison Varricchio ***Director for Russia: Katrina Elledge ** Senior Director for Counter-terrorism: Clare Linkins ***Director for Counter-terrorism: Caitlin Conley ***Director for Counter-terrorism: Alexandra Miller ***Director for Counter-terrorism: Annie Rohroff ***Director for Threat Finance & Sanctions: Samantha Sultoon ** Senior Director for Europe: Amanda Sloat ***Director for Balkans and Central Europe: Robin Brooks **Co-ordinator for Middle East and North Africa: Brett McGurk ***Senior Director for Middle East and North Africa: Ambassador ****Director for the Arabian Peninsula: Evyenia Sidereas ****Director for Iran: Sam Martin ****Director for Iraq and Syria: Zehra Bell ****Director for Israeli-Palestinian Affairs: Julie Sawyer ****Director for Jordan and Lebanon: Maxwell Martin ****Director for North African Affairs: Josh Harris ****Director for Political-Military Affairs and Yemen: K.C. Evans ****Director for Political-Military Affairs:
Col. Colonel (; abbreviated as Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer An officer is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously ...
Daniel Mouton (
US Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...

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) ** Senior Director for Energy & Climate Change: Melaine Nakagawa ***Director for Climate Diplomacy and Energy Transformation: Helaina Matza ***Director for Climate Investment, Trade, and Environment: Victoria Orero ***Director for Climate Security and Resilience: Jennifer DeCesaro ** Senior Director for Speechwriting and Strategic Initiatives: Carlyn Reichel ** Senior Director for Multilateral Affairs: Curtis Ried ***Director for Global Engagement and Multilateral Diplomacy at the NSC and NEC: Andy Rabens ***Director for Multilateral Initiatives: Negah Angha ** Senior Director for Arms Control, Disarmament & Non-Proliferation: Mallory Stewart ** Senior Director for Cyber: Andrew Scott ***Director for International Cyber Policy: Teddy Nemeroff ** Senior Director for Cybersecurity and Policy: Amit Mital ***Director for Cybersecurity and Emerging Technology Policy: Jonah Force Hill ***Director for Cybersecurity and Secure Digital Innovation: Carole House ***Director for Cyber Response and Policy: Jeff Greene **Senior Director for Trans-border: Katie Tobin ***Director for Trans-border Security: Ashley Feasley


See also

* Homeland Security Advisor *
Iran–Contra affair The Iran–Contra affair ( fa, ماجرای ایران-کنترا, es, Caso Irán–Contra), often referred to as the Iran–Contra scandal, the McFarlane affair (in Iran), or simply Iran–Contra, was a political scandal in the United States ...
*
National Security Medal The National Security Medal is a decoration of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North ...

National Security Medal
* National Security Advisor * National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection and Counter-Terrorism *
Targeted killing Targeted killing is defined as a form of List of types of killing, killing carried out by governments. Some analysts believe that it is a modern euphemism for the assassination (prominent premeditated killing) of an individual by a state organizat ...
*
Title 32 of the Code of Federal Regulations CFR Title 32 – National Defense is one of fifty titles comprising the United States Code of Federal Regulations The ''Code of Federal Regulations'' (''CFR'') is the codification of the general and permanent regulations published in the ''Feder ...
*
Tower Commission The Tower Commission was a United States presidential commission established on December 1, 1986 by president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, cl ...
*
Trump–Ukraine scandal The Trump–Ukraine scandal was a political scandal in the United States involving efforts by then-U.S. president Donald Trump to coerce Ukraine and other foreign countries into providing damaging narratives about then-2020 Democratic Party p ...
*
Homeland Security Council The Homeland Security Council (HSC) is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies that support the work of the president at the ...


References


Further reading

* Bahadir, Sanli
"Arzin Merkezine Seyahat: ABD Ulusal Güvenlik Konseyi"
Journey to the Center of the World: U.S. National Security Council" Article on US NSC . * Best, Richard A., Jr. "The National Security Council: An Organizational Assessment". (Congressional Research Service, 2009
online
* Bolton, M. Kent. ''U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11: Present at the Re-Creation'', Rowman & Littlefield; 2007, . * Brown, Cody M
''The National Security Council: A Legal History of the President's Most Powerful Advisers''
Project on National Security Reform (2008). * Cutler, Robert. "The Development of the National Security Council". ''Foreign Affairs'' 34.3 (1956): 441-458. . * Daalder, Ivo H. and I. M. Destler
''In the Shadow of the Oval Office: Profiles of the National Security Advisers and the Presidents They Served—From JFK to George W. Bush''
Simon & Schuster; 2009, .
Annual Report to Congress on White House Office Staff
Executive Office of the President The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies Agency may refer to: * a governmental or other institution * the abstract principle that autonomous beings, agents, are capable of acting by themselves; see autonom ...
, Wednesday, July 1, 2009 * Falk, Stanley L. "The National Security Council Under Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy". ''Political Science Quarterly'' 79.3 (1964): 403–434. . * Gans, John. ''White House Warriors: How the National Security Council Transformed the American Way of War'' (Liveright, 2019)
online review
* Karl F. Inderfurth and Loch K. Johnson, eds. ''Fateful Decisions: Inside the National Security Council''. Oxford University Press, 2004. . * Nelson, Anna Kasten. "President Truman and the Evolution of the National Security Council". ''Journal of American History'' 72.2 (1985): 360–378. . * Nelson, Anna Kasten. "The 'top of policy hill': President Eisenhower and the National Security Council". ''Diplomatic History'' 7.4 (1983): 307–326. . * * Rothkopf, David J. (March/April 2005)
"Inside the Committee that Runs the World"Archived copyincluding missing image
. ''Foreign Policy''. * David J. Rothkopf, ''Running The World: the Inside Story of the National Security Council and the Architects of American Power'', PublicAffairs; 2006, . * Sander, Alfred D. "Truman and the National Security Council: 1945–1947". ''Journal of American History'' (1972): 369–388. . * Advocates for a "National Board of Strategy". * Whittaker, Alan G., Frederick C. Smith, and Elizabeth McKune
''The national security policy process: The national security council and interagency system''
(Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 2008).


External links


Official National Security Council website




in the National Archives

* [https://web.archive.org/web/20080109151900/http://www.hlswatch.com/ Homeland Security Watch (www.HLSwatch.com) provides current details on the NSC as it pertains to homeland security.] * * {{DEFAULTSORT:National Security Council United States National Security Council, Anti-communism in the United States Executive Office of the President of the United States National security councils 1947 establishments in the United States United States diplomacy