HOME

TheInfoList




The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE or UNECE) is one of the five regional commissions under the jurisdiction of the
United Nations Economic and Social Council The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC; french: links=no, Conseil économique et social des Nations unies, ) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental org ...

United Nations Economic and Social Council
. It was established in order to promote economic cooperation and integrations among its
member State A member state is a state that is a member of an international organization An international organization (also known as an international institution or intergovernmental organization) is a stable set of norms and rules meant to govern the be ...
s. The commission is composed of 56 member States, most of which are based in Europe, as well as a few outside of Europe. Its transcontinental Eurasian or non-European member States include:
Armenia Armenia (; hy, Հայաստան, translit=Hayastan, ), officially the Republic of Armenia,, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is ...

Armenia
,
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (, ; az, Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan ( az, Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a country in the Transcaucasia, Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is boun ...

Azerbaijan
,
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
,
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
,
Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
,
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan ( kk, Қазақстан, Qazaqstan; russian: Казахстан, Kazakhstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan,; russian: Республика Казахстан, Respublika Kazakhstan, link=no) is a country located mainly in ...

Kazakhstan
,
Kyrgyzstan russian: Киргизская Республика, Kirgizskaya Respublika , image_flag = Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg , image_coat = Emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg , symbol_type = Emblem , motto = " ...

Kyrgyzstan
, the
Russian Federation Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, largest country in the world, covering over , and encom ...

Russian Federation
,
Tajikistan ) , image_map = Tajikistan (orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , capital = Dushanbe Dushanbe ( tg, Душанбе, ; ; russian: Душанбе) is the Capital city, capital and largest ...

Tajikistan
,
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
,
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan ( or ; tk, Türkmenistan, ), also known as Turkmenia, is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basin, endorheic basins. There ar ...

Turkmenistan
, the
United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States of America
and
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan (, ; uz, Ozbekiston, italic=yes, ), officially the Republic of Uzbekistan ( uz, Ozbekiston Respublikasi, italic=yes), is a doubly landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, ter ...

Uzbekistan
.


History

The commission was established by the Economic and Social Council on 28 March 1947 in order to "Initiate and participate in measures for facilitating concerted action for the economic reconstruction of Europe," as well as to "maintain and strengthen the economic relations of the European countries, both among themselves and with other countries of the world." It was established at the request of the
United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; french: link=no, Assemblée générale, AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations System consists of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) ...
who called on the Economic and Social Council to create the commission, as well as the Commission for Asia and the Far East, in order to "give effective aid to countries devastated by war." ECE absorbed the function and resources of the European Central Inland Transport Organization upon its founding. As the commission was established towards the beginning of the
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
, it faced difficulties in achieving its mandate of economic reconstruction of Europe due to the
Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain was a political boundary dividing Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geo ...
. The work of the commission had to concern itself only with questions that were of common interest to East and West, as to not cause confrontation. However, since the fall of the Soviet Union, the economic commissions of the United Nations have been expanding their activities in the former Soviet republics.


Member states

The following are the member states of the commission, along with their date of admission: (*) At that moment was not a UN member. Switzerland joined the United Nations in 2002. (**) Belarus and Ukraine were already UN members in 1947, even though they were not independent. (***) Joined UNECE as USSR, then the Russian Federation took over its membership.


Committees and programmes


Committee on Environmental Policy

The concern of UNECE with problems of the environment dates back at least to 1971, when the group of Senior Advisors to the UNECE governments on environmental issues was created which led to the establishment of the Committee on Environmental Policy, which now meets annually. The Committee provides collective policy direction in the area of environment and sustainable development, prepares ministerial meetings, develops international environmental law and supports international initiatives in the region. CEP works to support countries to enhance their environmental governance and transboundary cooperation as well as strengthen implementation of the UNECE regional environmental commitments and advance sustainable development in the region. Its main aim is to assess countries' efforts to reduce their overall pollution burden and manage their natural resources, to integrate environmental and socioeconomic policies, to strengthen cooperation with the international community, to harmonize environmental conditions and policies throughout the region and to stimulate greater involvement of the public and environmental discussions and decision-making. CEP is the overall governing body of UNECE environmental activities. The Committee's work is based on several strategic pillars: * Providing the secretariat to the "Environment for Europe" process and participating in the regional promotion of Agenda 21; * Developing and carrying-out of
UNECE Environmental Performance Reviews The UNECE Environmental Performance Review (EPR) (French: Examen des performances environnementales – EPE) is an assessment process to evaluate the progress made by individual countries in improving their environmental policies. The EPRs are car ...
in the UNECE countries non-members of OECD; * Overseeing UNECE activities on
environmental monitoring Environmental monitoring describes the processes and activities that need to take place to characterize and monitor the quality of the environment. Environmental monitoring is used in the preparation of environmental impact assessment Environmen ...
, assessment and reporting; * Increasing the overall effectiveness of UNECE multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and facilitating the exchange of experience on MEAs' implementation. See UNECE
Espoo Convention The Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (informally called the Espoo Convention) is a United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) convention signed in Espoo, Finland, in 1991 that entered into force in ...
,
Aarhus Convention The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, usually known as the Aarhus Convention, was signed on 25 June 199 ...
,
Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution The Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, often abbreviated as Air Convention or CLRTAP, is intended to protect the human environment against air pollution Air pollution is the presence of substances in the atmosphere that ...

Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
,
Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes, also known as the Water Convention, is an international environmental agreement An international environmental agreement or sometimes environmental ...
and
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial AccidentsThe Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents is a United Nations Economic Commission for Europe The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE or UNECE) is one of the five regional commissions under the jurisdiction o ...
. * Participating and/or facilitating the exchange of experience in a number of cross-sectoral activities undertaken under the leadership of UNECE (e.g.
education for sustainable development #REDIRECT Education for sustainable development Education for sustainable development (ESD) was a United Nations program that defined as education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, sk ...
, transport, health and environment, green building), or in partnership with other organizations (e.g. environment and security initiative, European environment and health process).


Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry

The first task of UNECE after the Second World War was to coordinate reconstruction effort in Europe. Timber was crucial for construction, and energy, but the forests had been heavily overcut and production and trade were at a standstill. The ECE Timber Committee emerged from the International Timber Conference held in 1947 in
Mariánské Lázně Mariánské Lázně (; german: Marienbad) is a spa town in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic The Czech Republic (; cs, Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia (; cz, Česko ), is a ...
in the former
Czechoslovakia , , yi, טשעכאסלאוואקיי, , common_name = Czechoslovakia , life_span = 1918–19391945–1992 , p1 = Austria-Hungary , image_p1 = , s1 = Czech Re ...

Czechoslovakia
. The main pillars of the Committee's activities have been: the collection and publication of the best available staistics on forests, wood production and trade; the exchange of information on forest working techniques and training of forest workers; periodic surveys of the long-term outlook on forests; technical work on the rational use of wood; reviewing forest product markets; and share experiences on forest and forest sector policy.


Committee on Urban Development, Housing and Land Management

In 1947, UNECE set up a Panel on Housing Problems, which later evolved into the Committee on Human Settlements and after the reform in 2005/2006 into the Committee on Housing and Land Management. The Committee is an intergovernmental body of all UNECE member States. It provides a forum for the compilation, dissemination and exchange of information and experience on housing, urban development, and land administration policies; and in areas such as
Birmingham Birmingham ( ) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Ro ...

Birmingham
, a more fiscal issue-.


Inland Transport Committee

The UNECE Transport Division has been providing secretariat services to the
World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations is a working party (WP.29) of the Sustainable Transport Sustainable transport refers to the broad subject of transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) ...

World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
(WP.29). In addition to acting as secretariat to the World Forum, the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations section serves as the secretariat of the Administrative Committee for the coordination of work, and of the administrative/executives committees of the three agreements on vehicles administered by the World Forum. Among other things, ITC has produced: * 59 United Nations conventions concerning inland transport, * Trans-European North-South Motorways, Trans-European Railways and the Euro-Asia Transport Links projects * the TIR system (Transports Internationaux Routiers), a global customs transit facilitation solution * transport statistics methods. The World Forum services three UN Agreements: * the 1958 Agreement on the approval/certification of Vehicles and its annexed UN Regulations, * the 1997 Agreement on Periodic Technical Inspections (PTI) and its annexed UN Rules, * and the 1998 Agreement on Global Technical Regulations and its annexed UN GTRs.


Statistical Division

The UNEC
Statistical Division
provides the secretariat for the Conference and its expert groups, and implements the statistical work programme of UNECE. The Conference brings together chief statisticians from national and international statistical organizations around the world, meaning that the word "European" in its name is no longer an accurate description of its geographical coverage. The Statistical Division helps member countries to strengthen their statistical systems, and coordinates international statistical activities in the UNECE region and beyond through the Conference and its Bureau, and th
Database of International Statistical Activities
The Statistical Division develops guidelines an
training materials
on statistical methodology and practices, in response to demands from member countries. It works with different groups of specialists from national and international statistical organizations, and organizes meetings and online forums for statistical experts to exchange experiences on a wide range of topics. The UNECE Statistical Division also provides technical assistance to South-East European, East European, Caucasus and Central Asian countries. The division also provides:
Free on-line data
on the 56 UNECE member countries in Europe, Central Asia and North America in both English and Russian, on economic, gender, forestry and transport statistics. # A biennial overview of key statistics for member countries

#
set of wikis
to support collaboration activities and disseminate information about good practices. UNECE conducted the in the 1990s in 23 member States, with over 150,000 participants, with hundreds of resulting scientific publications. This activity has hence continued in the form of the Generations and Gender Programme.


Committee on Sustainable Energy


Steering Committee on Trade Capacity and Standards


Committee on Innovation, Competitiveness and Public-Private Partnerships


United Smart Cities (USC)

The United Smart Cities programme is a joint effort between UNECE and the
Organization for International Economic Relations The Organization for International Economic Relations (''OiER'') (in German: ''Organisation für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen'') is based in Vienna en, Viennese , iso_code = AT-9 , registration_plate ...
(OiER). Numerous private business entities and other international and European agencies support the programme, including
Environment Agency Austria Environment most often refers to: __NOTOC__ * Natural environment, all living and non-living things occurring naturally * Biophysical environment A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism In biology, ...
(EAA), the
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) is a UK-based professional body Regulatory colleges are legal entities in Canada charged with serving the public interest The public interest is "the welfare or well-being Well-being, ...
(RICS),
UN-Habitat The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) is the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly ...
, and the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP). The programme promotes areas of strategic
smart city A smart city is a technologically modern urban area An urban area, or built-up area, is a human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categoriz ...
policy and development. The key focus areas as detailed by the programme are: #
Urban mobility Mobilities is a contemporary paradigm in the social sciences that explores the movement of people (human migration, individual mobility, travel, transport), ideas (see e.g. meme) and things (transport), as well as the broader social implications of ...
# Sustainable housing #
Clean energy Energy In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, t ...
#
Waste management Waste management (or waste disposal) includes the processes and actions required to manage waste Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials. Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or is worthles ...

Waste management
#
Information and Communications Technology Information and communications technology (ICT) is an extensional term for information technology (IT) that stresses the role of unified communicationsUnified communications (UC) is a business and marketing Marketing refers to activities a c ...
(ICT)


Executive secretaries


''Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe''

From 1982 to 2007 the
IOS Press IOS Press is a publishing house headquartered in Amsterdam Amsterdam (, , ) is the Capital of the Netherlands, capital and Municipalities of the Netherlands, most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the ci ...
published the ''Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe '' on behalf of the UNECE.


See also

*
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
*
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
*
Council of Europe The Council of Europe (CoE; french: Conseil de l'Europe, ) is an international organisation ''International Organization'' is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the entire field of international relations, international aff ...

Council of Europe
* Marco Keiner *
OSCE The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization An intergovernmental organization (IGO) or international organization is an organization composed primarily o ...
*
OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to st ...

OECD
*
Official statistics Official statistics are statistics published by Government, government agencies or other public bodies such as international organizations as a Public good (economics), public good. They provide quantitative or qualitative information on all major ...
* UNECE Population Activities Unit *
United Nations System The United Nations System consists of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization An intergovernmental organization (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to a ...
*
United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish and Portuguese CEPAL, is a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization An intergovernme ...
(overlapping membership) *
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) is one of the five regional commissions under the jurisdiction of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. It was established in order to increase economic ...
(overlapping membership) * UNFC *
UN/CEFACT UN/CEFACT is the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business. It was established as an intergovernmental body of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in 1996 and evolved from UNECE's long tradition of w ...
—Trade facilitation via standardised business communication. *
UN/LOCODE UN/LOCODE, the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations, is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE or UNECE) is o ...
—location codes, maintained by UNECE *
International E-road network The international E-road network is a numbering system for road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. Roads consist of one or two roadwa ...
, numbered by UNECE *
World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations is a working party (WP.29) of the Sustainable Transport Sustainable transport refers to the broad subject of transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) ...

World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
*
North American Union The North American Union (NAU) is a theoretical economic and political continental union of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories exte ...
* Green card system—motor insurance scheme of UNECE * (IUT)


References


External links


UNECE Statistical Database



UN Economic Commission for Europe



UNECE vehicle regulations
{{DEFAULTSORT:United Nations Economic Commission For Europe United Nations Development Group
Economic Commission for Europe The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE or UNECE) is one of the five regional commissions under the jurisdiction of the United Nations Economic and Social Council The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC; french: ...
Organizations established in 1947 Vehicle law United Nations organizations based in Geneva