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The ''Toronto Star'' is a Canadian English-language
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common s include the smaller and – formats. Description Many broadsheets measure roughly per full broadsheet spread, twice the size of a stand ...
daily newspaper A newspaper is a containing written and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as , business, sports and art, and often include materials such as opinion columns, wea ...
. As of 2015, it was Canada's highest-circulation newspaper in overall weekly circulation: although a close second to ''
The Globe and Mail ''The Globe and Mail'' is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *W ...

The Globe and Mail
'' in daily circulation on weekdays, it overtakes the ''Globe'' in weekly circulation because the ''Globe'' does not publish a Sunday edition. The ''Toronto Star'' is owned by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of
Torstar Corporation One Yonge Street, the Torstar headquarters Torstar Corporation is a Canadian mass media company which primarily publishes daily newspaper, daily and community newspapers. In addition to the ''Toronto Star'', its flagship and namesake, Torstar also ...
and part of Torstar's Daily News Brands division. In July 2020, Torstar agreed to sell the company to NordStar Capital LP. On July 31, 2020, the
Ontario Superior Court of Justice The Superior Court of Justice (French: ''Cour supérieure de justice'') is a superior court in Ontario , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's lo ...
rejected an appeal against the plan.


History


Formation

The ''Star'' (originally known as the ''Evening Star'' and then the ''Toronto Daily Star'') was created in 1892 by striking ''
Toronto News Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, most populous cit ...
'' printers and writers, led by future
Mayor of Toronto The mayor of Toronto is the chief executive officer of Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the 100 l ...
and social reformer
Horatio Clarence Hocken Horatio Clarence Hocken (October 12, 1857 – February 18, 1937) was a Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Can ...

Horatio Clarence Hocken
, who became the newspaper's founder, along with another future mayor, Jimmy Simpson. The ''Star'' was first printed on '' Toronto World'' presses, and at its formation, ''The World'' owned a 51 percent interest in it as a
silent partner A Partnership#Silent partners, silent partner is one who shares in the profits and losses of a business, but is not involved in its management. Silent partner or Silent Partners may also refer to: Arts and entertainment * ''Silent Partner'', a 2 ...
. That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that
William Findlay "Billy" Maclean
William Findlay
, ''The World''s proprietor, was considering selling the ''Star'' to the Riordon family. After an extensive fundraising campaign among the ''Star'' staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken. The paper did poorly in its first few years. Hocken sold out within the year, and several owners followed in succession until railway entrepreneur William Mackenzie bought it in 1896. Its new editors, Edmund E. Sheppard and
Frederic Thomas Nicholls Frederic Thomas Nicholls (November 22, 1856 – October 25, 1921) was a Canadians, Canadian businessman, electrical engineer and politician. He was a Conservative Party of Canada (historical), Conservative Senate of Canada, senator representin ...

Frederic Thomas Nicholls
, moved the entire ''Star'' operation into the same building used by the magazine '' Saturday Night''. This would continue until Joseph E. "Holy Joe" Atkinson, backed by funds raised by supporters of Prime Minister
Wilfrid Laurier Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier, ( ; ; November 20, 1841 – February 17, 1919) was a Canadian statesman and politician who served as the seventh prime minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ministre du C ...

Wilfrid Laurier
, bought the paper. The supporters included
Senator George Cox
Senator George Cox
,
William Mulock Sir William Mulock, (January 19, 1843 – October 1, 1944) was a Canadian lawyer, businessman, educator, farmer, politician, judge, and philanthropist. He served as vice-chancellor of the University of Toronto The University of Toront ...
,
Peter Charles Larkin Peter Charles Larkin, (May 14, 1855 – February 3, 1930), was a Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadian ...
and
Timothy Eaton Timothy Eaton (March 1834 – 31 January 1907) was an Irish businessman who founded the Eaton's The T. Eaton Company Limited, commonly known as Eaton's, was a Canadian department store A department store is a retail Retail is the process o ...
.


Atkinson's influence

Atkinson was the ''Star''s editor from 1899 until his death in 1948. The newspaper's early opposition and criticism of the
Nazi regime Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was t ...
saw it become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany. Atkinson had a social conscience. He championed many causes that would come to be associated with the modern
welfare state The welfare state is a form of government in which the state (or a well-established network of social institutions) protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of its citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity Equal o ...
:
old age pension Old or OLD may refer to: Places *Old, Baranya Old () is a village in Baranya (county), Baranya county, Hungary. Populated places in Baranya County {{Baranya-geo-stub ..., Hungary *Old, Northamptonshire Old (previously Wold and befor ...
s,
unemployment insurance Unemployment benefits, also called unemployment insurance, unemployment payment, unemployment compensation, or simply unemployment, are payments made by authorized bodies to unemployed Unemployment, according to the OECD (Organisation for Ec ...
, and
health care Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health, according to the , is "a state of complete physical, and social and not merely the absence of and ".. (2006)''Constitution of the World Health Organization''– ''Basic Docume ...

health care
. The
Government of Canada The government of Canada (french: Gouvernement du Canada) is the body responsible for the federation, federal administration of Canada. A constitutional monarchy, the Crown is the Corporation sole#The Crown, corporation sole, assuming distinct r ...
Digital Collections website describes Atkinson as
a "radical" in the best sense of that term.... The ''Star'' was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with
Mackenzie King William Lyon Mackenzie King (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), commonly known as Mackenzie King, was a Canadian statesman and politician who served as the tenth prime minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ...

Mackenzie King
, the
prime minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
, was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy.
Atkinson became the controlling
shareholder A shareholder (in the United States often referred to as stockholder) of a corporation is an individual or legal entity (such as another corporation, a body politic, a Trust law, trust or partnership) that is registered by the corporation as the ...
of the ''Star''. The ''Star'' was frequently criticized for practising the
yellow journalism Yellow journalism and yellow press are American terms for journalism Journalism is the production and distribution of report Image:Hurt Report cover page.png, 220px, Example of a front page of a report A report is a document that prese ...
of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change. From 1910 to 1973, the ''Star'' published a weekend supplement, the ''
Star Weekly The ''Star Weekly'' magazine was a Canadian periodical published from 1910 until 1973. The publication was read widely in rural Canada where delivery of daily newspapers was infrequent. History Formation The newspaper was founded as the ''Toronto S ...
''. Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition. In 1949, the Province of Ontario passed the ''Charitable Gifts Act'', barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses, that effectively required the ''Star'' to be sold. Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social, scientific and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views. The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the
Supreme Court of Ontario The Supreme Court of Ontario was a superior court of the Canadian province of Ontario. Created in 1881 pursuant to the Ontario Judicature Act (1881), the Supreme Court of Ontario had two branches: the High Court of Justice Division and the Appellat ...
to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles": * A strong, united and independent Canada *
Social justice Social justice is justice in terms of the distribution of wealth Wealth is the abundance of valuable financial asset A financial asset is a non-physical asset whose value is derived from a contractual claim, such as deposit (finance), ban ...
* Individual and civil liberties * Community and civic engagement * The rights of working people * The necessary role of government In February 2006, ''Star'' media columnist Antonia Zerbisias wrote on her blog:
Besides, we are the ''Star'' which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, and they almost always work in favour of building a better Canada.


Involvement with broadcasting

From 1922 to 1933, the ''Star'' was also a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA, broadcasting on a
wavelength In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular su ...

wavelength
of 400
metre The metre ( Commonwealth spelling) or meter (American spelling Despite the various English dialects spoken from country to country and within different regions of the same country, there are only slight regional variations in English ...
s (749.48 kHz), whose coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting. The station was closed following the establishment of the
Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission The Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC), also referred to as the Canadian Radio Commission (CRC), was Canada's first public broadcaster and the immediate precursor to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation The Canadian Broadcasting Co ...
(CRBC) and the introduction of a government policy that, in essence, restricted private stations to an
effective radiated power Effective radiated power (ERP), synonymous with equivalent radiated power, is an IEEE The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association for electronic engineering and electrical engineering (and ass ...
of 100
watt The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power Power typically refers to: * Power (physics) In physics, power is the amount of energy transferred or converted per unit time. In the International System of Units, the unit of power is the watt, equa ...

watt
s. The ''Star'' would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's CRCT station—which later became CBC station CBL—an arrangement that lasted until 1946.


1970s to present

In 1971, the newspaper was renamed the ''Toronto Star'' and moved to a modern International-Style office tower at
One Yonge Street One Yonge Street (also known as the Toronto Star Building) is a 25-storey office building that serves as the headquarters of Torstar and its flagship newspaper, the ''Toronto Star''. It is 100 metres tall, and is built in the International style (a ...

One Yonge Street
by Queens Quay. The original ''Star'' building at 80 King Street West was demolished to make room for
First Canadian Place First Canadian Place (originally First Bank Building) is a skyscraper in the Financial District of Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of ...

First Canadian Place
. The new building originally housed the paper's presses. In 1992, the printing plant was moved to the
Toronto Star Press Centre Toronto Star Press Centre also known as the Vaughan Press Centre, housed the printing press, printing presses for the Toronto Star and was located in Vaughan, Ontario, near the intersection of highways 400 and 407. It opened on September 6, 1992. "W ...
at the Highway 407 &
400 __NOTOC__ Year 400 ( CD) was a leap year starting on Sunday A leap year starting on Sunday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence ...
interchange in
Vaughan Vaughan (2016 population 306,233) () is a city in Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's locatio ...

Vaughan
. In September 2002, the logo was changed, and "The" was dropped from the papers. During the 2003 Northeast blackout, the ''Star'' printed the paper at a press in
Welland Welland is a city in the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Southern Ontario, Canada. In 2016, it had a population of 52,293. The city is in the centre of Niagara and located within a half-hour driving distance to Niagara Falls, Ontario, Niag ...

Welland
,
Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's location east/central of Canada. , coordinates = , cap ...

Ontario
. Until the mid-2000s, the front page of the ''Toronto Star'' had no third-party advertising aside from upcoming lottery jackpot estimates from the
Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (french: Société des loteries et des jeux de l'Ontario), known for corporate branding purposes simply as OLG since 2006, is a Crown corporations of Canada, Crown corporation owned by the Government of Ontar ...
(OLG). On May 28, 2007, the ''Star'' unveiled a redesigned paper that features larger type, narrower pages, fewer and shorter articles, renamed sections, more prominence to local news, and less so to international news, columnists, and opinion pieces. However, on January 1, 2009, the ''Star'' reverted to its previous format. ''Star P.M.'', a free newspaper in
PDF Portable Document Format (PDF), standardized as ISO 32000, is a file format A file format is a standard Standard may refer to: Flags * Colours, standards and guidons * Standard (flag), a type of flag used for personal identification ...
format that could be downloaded from the newspaper's website each weekday afternoon, was discontinued in October 2007, thirteen months after its launch. On January 15, 2016, Torstar confirmed the closure of its Vaughan printing presses and that it would outsource printing to Transcontinental Printing, leading to the layoff of all 285 staff at the plant as Transcontinental has its own existing facility, also in Vaughan. In April 2018, the ''Toronto Star'' expanded its local coverage of Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Halifax with rebranded daily newspapers, previously known as ''Metro'', as '' StarMetro'', which was a joint venture between Torstar (90%) and Swedish media company
Metro International Metro International is a Swedish global media company based in Luxembourg Luxembourg ( ; lb, Lëtzebuerg ; french: link=no, Luxembourg; german: link=no, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, ; french: link=no, Grand-Duch ...
(10%). In October 2018, the ''Toronto Star'' acquired
iPolitics ''iPolitics'' is a Canada, Canadian digital newspaper, which covers stories in Politics of Canada, Canadian politics. The site was launched in 2010 by founding editor and publisher James Baxter, and offers daily coverage of political news, a quarte ...
, a political news outlet. On December 20, 2019, all ''StarMetro'' editions ceased publication amid the popularity and resultant growth of news apps on mobile devices. Local coverage once again became restricted to the
Golden Horseshoe The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario Southern Ontario is a primary region of the province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , coun ...

Golden Horseshoe
conurbation.


The ''Star'' brand


Editorial position

Like its competitor ''
The Globe and Mail ''The Globe and Mail'' is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *W ...

The Globe and Mail
'', the ''Star'' covers "a spectrum of opinion that is best described as urban and " in character. The ''Star'' is generally centrist and
centre-left Centre-left politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of gramma ...
, and is more socially liberal than ''The Globe and Mail''.Elke Winter, ''Us, Them and Others: Pluralism and National Identities in Diverse Societies'' (University of Toronto Press, 2011), p. 96. The paper has aligned itself over the years with the progressive "Atkinson principles" named for publisher Joseph E. Atkinson,Kenyon Wallace
How the Star is making its political endorsements more transparent
''Toronto Star'' (May 26, 2018).
who was editor and publisher of the paper for 50 years.Tamar Harris

''Toronto Star'' (November 4, 2017).
These principles included
social justice Social justice is justice in terms of the distribution of wealth Wealth is the abundance of valuable financial asset A financial asset is a non-physical asset whose value is derived from a contractual claim, such as deposit (finance), ban ...
and
social welfare provision Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
, as well as
individual rights Group rights, also known as collective rights, are rights held by a group ''wikt:qua, qua'' a group rather than by its members severally; in contrast, individual rights are rights held by Individuality, individual people; even if they are group-d ...
and
civil liberties Civil liberties are guarantees and freedoms that governments commit not to abridge, either by constitution, legislation Legislation is the process or product of enrolled bill, enrolling, enactment of a bill, enacting, or promulgation, promulgat ...
. In 1984, scholar Wilfred H. Kesterton described the ''Star'' as "perpetually indignant" because of its social consciousness. When Atkinson's son Joseph Story Atkinson became president of the ''Star'' in 1957, he said, "From its inception in 1892, the ''Star'' has been a champion of social and economic reform, a defender of minority rights, a foe of discrimination, a friend of organized labour and a staunch advocate of Canadian nationhood." Another of the "Atkinson principles" has been a "strong, united and independent Canada"; in a 1927 editorial, the paper wrote, "We believe in the British connection as much as anybody does but on a self-respecting basis of equality, of citizenship, and not on the old basis of one country belonging to the other." The paper was historically wary of American influence, and during the debates over the
North American Free Trade Agreement The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; es, Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; french: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) was an agreement signed by Canada Canada is a country in the north ...
, the paper was frequently critical of
free trade Free trade is a trade policy A commercial policy (also referred to as a trade policy or international trade policy) is a government's policy governing international trade International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and servic ...
and expressed concerns about Canadian sovereignty. The paper has been traditionally supportive of official bilingualism and maintaining Canadian unity in opposition to Quebec separatism. In the 1980s, Michael Farber wrote in the ''
Montreal Gazette The ''Montreal Gazette'', formerly titled ''The Gazette'', is the only English-language daily newspaper published in Montreal Montreal ( ; officially Montréal, ) is the second-most populous city in Canada Canada is a country in t ...
'' that the ''Star''s coverage was Toronto-centric to the point that any story was said to carry an explanation as to "What it means to
Metro Metro, short for metropolitan, may refer to: Geography * Metro (city), a city in Indonesia * A metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated core city, urban core and its less-populated surro ...
." Conversely, Canadian sociologist Elke Winter wrote in 2011 that the ''Toronto Star'' was less "Toronto-centric" than its rival, ''The Globe and Mail'', writing that the ''Star'' "consciously reports for and from Canada's most multicultural city" and catered to a diverse readership.


Election endorsements

In the 50 years to 1972, the ''Star'' endorsed the
Liberal Party The Liberal Party is any of many political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, ...
in each federal general election.Kathy English
Why do newspapers endorse?
''Toronto Star'' (October 11, 2008).
In the fifteen federal elections between 1968 and 2019, the ''Star'' has endorsed the Liberal Party eleven times, the
New Democratic Party The New Democratic Party (NDP; french: Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a social democratic Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in ...

New Democratic Party
twice, and the
Progressive Conservative Party Progressive Conservative Party prominently refers to a group of Canada, Canadian political parties that are distinct and on the centre-right of the political spectrum: National *Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, merged into the modern-day ...
twice. Elections in which the ''Star'' did not endorse the Liberals took place in
1972 Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard A time standard is a specification for measuring time: either the rate at which time passes; or points in time; or both. ...
and
1974 Major events in 1974 include the aftermath of the 1973 oil crisis and the resignation of United States President The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public ...
(when it endorsed the Progressive Conservatives), and
1979 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day ...
and
2011 A series of protests and government overthrows, known as the Arab Spring The Arab Spring ( ar, الربيع العربي) was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab worl ...
(when it endorsed the NDP). In the 2011 election, the ''Star'' endorsed the NDP under
Jack Layton John Gilbert Layton (July 18, 1950 – August 22, 2011) was a Canadian politician who served as the leader of the New Democratic Party (Canada), New Democratic Party (NDP) from 2003 to 2011 and Leader of the Official Opposition (Canada), Leader ...

Jack Layton
, but to avoid
vote splitting Vote splitting is an electoral An election is a formal group decision-makingGroup decision-making (also known as collaborative decision-making or collective decision-making) is a situation faced when individuals collectively make a choice ...
that could inadvertently help the Conservatives under
Stephen Harper Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is a Canadian politician who served as the 22nd prime minister of Canada from 2006 to 2015. Harper won three mandates during Premiership of Stephen Harper, his nearly decade-long tenure, and is ...
, which it saw as the worst outcome for the country, the paper also recommended Canadians vote strategically by voting for "the progressive candidate best placed to win" in certain ridings. For the 2015 election, the ''Star'' endorsed the Liberal Party under
Justin Trudeau Justin Pierre James Trudeau (; , born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician who is the 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada, prime minister of Canada since November 2015 and the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, Liberal Part ...

Justin Trudeau
, and did so again in the 2019 federal election. In Toronto's
non-partisan Nonpartisanism is a lack of affiliation with, and a lack of bias toward, a political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a ...
mayoral elections, the ''Star'' endorsed
George Smitherman George Smitherman (born February 12, 1964) is a Canadians, Canadian politician and broadcaster. He represented the provincial electoral district (Canada), riding of Toronto Centre (provincial electoral district), Toronto Centre in the Legislative A ...
in
2010 2010 was designated as: *International Year of Biodiversity The International Year of Biodiversity (IYB) was a year-long celebration of biological diversity and its importance, taking place internationally in 2010. Coinciding with the dat ...
and
John Tory John Howard Tory (; born May 28, 1954) is a Canadian politician who has served as the List of mayors of Toronto, 65th and current mayor of Toronto since December 1, 2014. After a career as a lawyer, political strategist and businessman, Tory ...

John Tory
in 2014 and 2018.


Features

The ''Star'' is one of the few Canadian newspapers that employs a "
public editor A public editor is a position existing at some news publications; the person holding this position is responsible for supervising the implementation of proper journalism ethics Journalistic ethics and standards comprise principles of ethics Et ...
" (
ombudsman An ombudsman (, also , ), ombudsperson, ombud, ombuds, or public advocate is an official who is usually appointed by the government or by parliament but with a significant degree of independence. In some countries, an inspector general, citizen ...
) and was the first to do so. Its newsroom policy and journalistic standards guide is also published online. Other notable features include: * optional supplements on Saturday and Sunday include Starweek (television listings and episode summaries), abridged version of ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'' international section, ''New York Times'' Crosswords, editorials, and book reviews). Starweek and ''The New York Times'' supplements require separate additional payment) The ''Star'' states that it favours an inclusive, "
big tent Big tent or catch-all party is used in reference to a political party's policy of permitting or encouraging a broad spectrum of views among its members. This is in contrast to other parties that defend a determined ideology and seek voters w ...
" approach, not wishing to attract one group of readers at the expense of others. It publishes special sections for
Chinese New Year Chinese New Year ( ), Spring Festival or the Lunar New Year, is the festival that celebrates the beginning of a new year New Year is the time Time is the continued of and that occurs in an apparently succession from the , t ...

Chinese New Year
and Gay Pride Week, along with regular features on real estate (including condominiums), individual neighbourhoods (and street name etymologies), shopping, cooking, dining, alcoholic beverages (right down to having an exclusive on the anti-competitive practices of
the Beer Store Brewers Retail Inc., doing business as The Beer Store, is a Canadian privately owned chain of retail outlets selling beer and other malt beverages in the province of Ontario , Label_map = yes , image_map = O ...
that led to major reforms on the sale of alcohol in Ontario grocery stores in 2015 by Premier
Kathleen Wynne Kathleen O'Day Wynne () (born May 21, 1953) is a Canadian politician who served as the List of premiers of Ontario, 25th premier of Ontario from February 11, 2013 to June 29, 2018. A member of the Ontario Liberal Party, Kathleen Wynne has served ...

Kathleen Wynne
and
Ed Clark Edward E. Clark (born May 4, 1930) is an American lawyer and politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective recip ...
), automobiles (as Wheels), and travel destinations.


Competitive position

The advent of the ''
National Post The ''National Post'' is a Canadian English-language broadsheet daily newspaper. The paper is the flagship publication of Postmedia Network Postmedia Network Canada Corp. (also known as Postmedia Network, Postmedia News or Postmedia) is a ...
'' in 1998 shook up the Toronto newspaper market. In the upheaval that followed, editorial spending increased and there was much turnover of editors and publishers.


Current developments


''Sing Tao Daily''

In 1998, the ''Toronto Star'' purchased a majority stake in Sing Tao's Canadian newspaper ''Sing Tao Daily'', which it jointly owns with
Sing Tao News Corporation Sing Tao News Corporation Limited (Sing Tao) is a Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. ...
. ''Sing Tao Daily'' encountered controversy in April 2008, after media watchers discovered the paper had altered a translated ''Toronto Star'' article about the protests to adhere to Chinese government's official line. ''Sing Tao''s then-editor Wilson Chan was fired over this.


Paywall

In October 2012, the ''Star'' announced its intention to implement a
paywall A paywall is a method of restricting access to content Content or contents may refer to: Media * Content (media), information or experience provided to audience or end-users by publishers or media producers ** Content industry, an umbrella ...
on its website, thestar.com, which was made effective on August 13, 2013. Readers with daily home delivery had free access to all its digital content. Those without a digital subscription can view up to ten articles a month. The paywall does not apply to its sister sites, such as wheels.ca (automotive news and classifieds) or Workopolis (career search). However, during late 2013, the ''Star'' announced that it would end its paywall, which it did on April 1, 2015. In June 2018, the ''Star'' announced it was implementing a paywall again.


Star Touch and ePaper apps

On September 15, 2015, the ''Toronto Star'' released the Toronto Star Touch tablet app, which was a free interactive news app with interactive advertisements. It was discontinued in 2017. At launch, it was only available for the
iPad iPad is a line of tablet computer A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequenc ...

iPad
, which uses
iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software System software is software designed to provide a platform for other software. Examples o ...

iOS
. Based on a similar app for Montreal-based '' La Presse'' released in 2013, Star Touch is the first such app for any English-language news organization, quality-wise. In slightly over 50 days since launch, the app had reached the 100,000-download milestone. The
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...

Android
version was launched on December 1, 2015. The iOS version is rated 12+ by Apple's App Store guidelines and the Android version is rated Mature 17+ by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB). Toronto Star Touch was replaced by ePaper. The latter, a digital copy of the print version of the Star, is a "universal app" available for both Android and iOS smartphones and tablets.


Closing of printing plants

On January 15, 2016, the ''Toronto Star'' announced it would close its printing plant in Vaughan and outsource all print production starting in July 2016. The newspaper said the closure was effected so it could better focus on its digital outlets.


Circulation

The ''Toronto Star'' has seen, like most List of newspapers in Canada#Daily newspapers, Canadian daily newspapers, a decline in Newspaper circulation, circulation. Its total circulation dropped by percent to 318,763 copies daily from 2009 to 2015.


Internship program suspension

In February 2018, the ''Toronto Star'' suspended its internship program indefinitely to cut its costs. Long a source of Canada's next generation of journalists, the paid positions were seen as a vital part of the national industry, and their suspension, a sign of its continuing decline. In 2020, the internship program returned.


2020 sale to NordStar Capital

On May 26, 2020, the Board of directors, board of Torstar voted to sell the company to NordStar Capital, an investment firm, for —making Torstar a privately held company. The deal was expected to be approved by Torstar's
shareholder A shareholder (in the United States often referred to as stockholder) of a corporation is an individual or legal entity (such as another corporation, a body politic, a Trust law, trust or partnership) that is registered by the corporation as the ...
s and to close by the end of 2020. Canadian Modern Media Holdings made an offer of $58million on July 9, 2020; NordStar subsequently increased its offer to $60million, effectively ending the bidding war. A vast majority of shareholders subsequently voted in favour of the deal. The takeover was approved by an Ontario judge on July 27, 2020. An appeal of the judgement by another prospective purchaser failed on July 31 when Ontario Superior Court Justice Michael Penny dismissed the motion. The deal was expected to close during the following week.


Notable ''Star'' personalities (past and present)


Publishers

* Joseph E. Atkinson (1899–1948) * Joseph S. Atkinson (1948–1966) * Beland Honderich (1966–1988) * David R. Jolley (1988–1994) * John Honderich (1995–2004) * Michael Goldbloom (2004–2006) * Jagoda Pike (2006–2008) * Donald Babick (2008) * John Cruickshank (2009–2016) * John Boynton (2017–2020) * Jordan L. Bitove (since 2020)


Presidents and CEOs of Torstar

* Beland Honderich 1966–1988 (as President), 1976–1988 (as CEO and Chair) * David R. Jolley 1988–1994 * David A. Galloway 1988–2002 * Robert Prichard, J. Robert S. Prichard 2002–2009 * David P. Holland 2009–2017 * John Boynton 2017–2020


Journalists and columnists

* Pierre Berton * Tony Burman * Morley Callaghan * June Callwood * Greg Clark (journalist), Greg Clark * Jeremy Clarkson * Erin Combs * Daniel Dale * Susan Delacourt * Rosie DiManno * Robyn Doolittle * Milt Dunnell * Joe Fiorito * Graham Fraser * Michael Geist * Carol Goar * Alison Gordon * Richard Gwyn (Canadian writer), Richard Gwyn * Matthew Halton * Tom Harpur * Chantal Hébert * Ernest Hemingway * Kim Hughes (radio), Kim Hughes * Cathal Kelly * Marc Kielburger, Marc and Craig Kielburger * Naomi Klein * Faisal Kutty * Michele Landsberg * Gary Lautens * Duncan Macpherson * Linda McQuaig * Earl McRae * Heather Mallick * Lou Marsh * Peter C. Newman * Cleo Paskal * Angelo Persichilli * Jim Proudfoot (journalist), Jim Proudfoot * Ben Rayner * Ellen Roseman * Robert W. Service, Robert Service * Haroon Siddiqui * Gordon Sinclair * Randy Starkman * Walter Stewart (journalist), Walter Stewart * Tanya Talaga * Charles Templeton * Ellie Tesher * James Travers (journalist), James Travers * Thomas Walkom * Claire Wallace (broadcaster), Claire Wallace * Antonia Zerbisias


Cartoonists

* Walter Ball (cartoonist), Walter Ball * Sid Barron * Jimmy Frise * Duncan Macpherson * Dušan Petričić * Ben Wicks


Office locations of the ''Toronto Star''

The ''Toronto Star'' has been located at several addresses since 1892. * 1892: 83 Yonge Street (shared with ''The Toronto World'') * 1896: 26–28 Adelaide Street West * 1905: 18–20 King Street West * 1929: 80 King Street West (Old Toronto Star Building) * 1970:
One Yonge Street One Yonge Street (also known as the Toronto Star Building) is a 25-storey office building that serves as the headquarters of Torstar and its flagship newspaper, the ''Toronto Star''. It is 100 metres tall, and is built in the International style (a ...

One Yonge Street
* ''The Star'' will be relocating to 410 Front Street West in 2022.https://www.thestar.com/opinion/star-columnists/2021/12/29/the-stars-move-requires-us-to-rethink-what-our-office-should-be-post-pandemic.html


See also

* ''Grant v Torstar Corp'' * Metroland Media Group – Largest division of company * ShopTV Canada – a Torstar-operated 24-hour infomercial channel, purchased by Torstar in 1997 but defunct since November 2013 * Timeline of Rob Ford video scandal – as the ''Toronto Star'', primarily Daniel Dale, played a major role in uncovering the scandal involving then-mayor Rob Ford, along with other media


Explanatory notes


References


Further reading

* * * * * * *


External links

*
''Toronto Star''
– ''The Canadian Encyclopedia''
''Toronto Star''
– ''Encyclopædia Britannica''
''Toronto Star'' photograph archive
– Toronto Public Library {{Authority control Toronto Star, 1892 establishments in Ontario Daily newspapers published in Ontario Newspapers published in Toronto Publications established in 1892 Torstar publications