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A tion (), tigon (), or tiglon () (
portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "portmanteau (luggage) A portmanteau is a piece of luggage Baggage or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a travel Travel is the movement of people between distant ...

portmanteau
of ''tiger'' and ''lion'') is the hybrid offspring of a male
tiger The tiger (''Panthera tigris'') is the largest extant taxon, living Felidae, cat species and a member of the genus ''Panthera''. It is most recognisable for its dark vertical stripes on orange fur with a white underside. An apex predator, i ...

tiger
(''Panthera tigris'') and a female
lion The lion (''Panthera leo'') is a large cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic Domestic may refer to: In the home * Anything relating to the human home A home, or domicile, is a space used as a permanent or semi-perma ...

lion
(''Panthera leo''),Techné v6n3 – Patenting and Transgenic Organisms: A Philosophical Exploration
Scholar.lib.vt.edu. Retrieved on 2013-09-17.
they exhibit visible characteristics from both parents: they can have both spots from the mother (lions carry genes for spots - lion cubs are spotted and some adults retain faint markings) and stripes from the father. Any
mane Mane may refer to: *Mane (horse), the line of hair along the spine of the neck *Mane (lion), found around the male mammal's neck In arts and entertainment *Mane (film), ''Mane'' (film) is a 1990 Kannada language film directed by Girish Kasaravall ...

mane
that a male tigon may have will appear shorter and less noticeable than a lion's mane and is closer in type to the ruff of a male tiger. It is a common misconception that tigons are smaller than lions or tigers. They do not exceed the size of their parent species because they inherit growth-inhibitory
genes In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechani ...

genes
from both parents, but they do not exhibit any kind of dwarfism or miniaturization; they often weigh around , compared to ligers which often weigh from to


Fertility

Guggisberg wrote that
ligers The liger is a hybrid (biology), hybrid offspring of a male lion (''Panthera leo'') and a female tiger (''Panthera tigris''). The liger has parents in the same genus but of different species. The liger is distinct from the similar hybrid called ...

ligers
and tigons were long thought to be sterile; in 1943, however, a 15-year-old hybrid between a lion and an "Island" tiger was successfully mated with a lion at the Munich
Hellabrunn Zoo Hellabrunn Zoo (or Tierpark Hellabrunn in German) is a 40 hectare (99 acre) zoo, zoological garden in the Bavarian capital of Munich. The zoo is situated on the right bank of the river Isar, in the southern part of Munich near the quarter of Thalki ...
. The female cub, although of delicate health, was raised to adulthood. At the
Alipore Zoo Alipore (Pron:ˌɑ:lɪˈpɔ:) is a neighbourhood in South Kolkata Kolkata ( or , ; also known as Calcutta , the official name until 2001) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just ...
in
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
, a tigoness named Rudhrani, born in 1971, was successfully mated to a male
Asiatic lion The Asiatic lion is a ''Panthera leo leo'' population surviving today only in India. Since the turn of the 20th century, its range is restricted to Gir National Park and the surrounding areas in the Indian state of Gujarat. Historically, it inha ...

Asiatic lion
named Debabrata. The rare, second generation hybrid was called a
litigon A litigon (/ˌlaɪˈtaɪɡən/) is a rare, second-generation hybrid Hybrid may refer to: Economics and finance * Hybrid market, a system allowing stock trades to be completed either electronically or manually * Hybrid security, a type of econo ...
. Rudhrani produced seven litigons in her lifetime. Some of these reached impressive sizes - a litigon named Cubanacan weighed at least , stood at the shoulder, and was in total length.The litigon rediscovered
www.natureasia.com. Retrieved on 2017-07-22. Reports also exist of the similar titigon , resulting from the cross between a female tigon and a male tiger. Titigons resemble golden tigers, but with less contrast in their markings. A tigoness born in 1978, named Noelle, shared an enclosure in the Shambala Preserve with a male
Siberian tiger The Siberian tiger is a tiger from a specific population of the ''Panthera tigris tigris'' subspecies native to the Russian Far East, Northeast China, and possibly North Korea. It once ranged throughout the Korean Peninsula, north China, and ea ...

Siberian tiger
called Anton, due to the keepers' belief that she was sterile. In 1983 Noelle produced a titigon named Nathaniel. As Nathaniel was three-quarters tiger, he had darker stripes than Noelle and vocalized more like a tiger, rather than with the mix of sounds used by his mother. Being only about quarter-lion, Nathaniel did not grow a mane. Nathaniel died of
cancer Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumor A benign tumor is a mass of cells Cell most often refers to: * Cell (biolo ...

cancer
at the age of eight or nine years old. Noelle also developed a severe cancer, that killed her not long after she was diagnosed.


Coexistence of parental species

As with the
liger The liger is a hybrid offspring of a male lion The lion (''Panthera leo'') is a large Felidae, cat of the genus ''Panthera'' native to Africa and India. It has a muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy t ...

liger
, the tigon is found only in captivity, because the
habitat In ecology Ecology (from el, οἶκος, "house" and el, -λογία, label=none, "study of") is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. Ecology considers at the ...

habitat
s of the lion and tiger do not overlap. In the past, however, the Asiatic lion did coexist with the
Bengal tiger The Bengal tiger is a tiger The tiger (''Panthera tigris'') is the largest extant taxon, living Felidae, cat species and a member of the genus ''Panthera''. It is most recognisable for its dark vertical stripes on orange fur with a ...

Bengal tiger
in the
wilderness Wilderness or wildlands (usually in the plural), are natural environments on Earth that have not been significantly modified by human activity or any nonurbanized land not under extensive agricultural cultivation. The term has traditionally re ...

wilderness
of India, besides occurring in countries where the
Caspian tiger The Caspian tiger was a tiger The tiger (''Panthera tigris'') is the largest extant taxon, living Felidae, cat species and a member of the genus ''Panthera''. It is most recognisable for its dark vertical stripes on orange fur with a wh ...

Caspian tiger
had been, such as
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
and
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
.Pocock, R. I. (1939)
''The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. – Volume 1''
Taylor and Francis Ltd., London. Pp. 199–222.
In India, there is a
plan A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an Goal, objective to do something. It is commonly understood as a modal logic, temporal set (mathematics), set of intended actions through wh ...
to shift some lions from their current home of the
Gir Forest Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Sasan Gir, is a forest, national park, and wildlife sanctuary near Talala (Gir), Talala Gir in Gujarat, India. It is located north-east of Somnath, south-east of Junagadh and south-wes ...

Gir Forest
to
Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary Kuno National Park is a protected area in Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh (, ; meaning ''Central Province'') is a state in central India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the L ...
, which has some tigers, but it has not been implemented as of December 2017, probably due to political reason, as Gujarat state government does not want any other state to have lions in the forests.


See also

*
Liger The liger is a hybrid offspring of a male lion The lion (''Panthera leo'') is a large Felidae, cat of the genus ''Panthera'' native to Africa and India. It has a muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy t ...

Liger
*
Carl Hagenbeck Carl Hagenbeck (June 10, 1844 – April 14, 1913) was a Germans, German merchant of wild animals who supplied many European zoos, as well as P. T. Barnum. He created the modern zoo with animal enclosures without bars that were closer to their nat ...

Carl Hagenbeck
*
Felid hybrid A felid hybrid is any of a number of Hybrid (biology), hybrid between various species of the cat family, Felidae. This article deals with hybrids between the species of the subfamily Felinae (feline hybrids). For hybrids between two species of th ...
*
Leopon A leopon (portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "portmanteau (luggage) A portmanteau is a piece of luggage Baggage or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a travel Travel is the movement o ...
* Hybrid growth disorders **
Genomic imprinting #REDIRECT Genomic imprinting#REDIRECT Genomic imprinting Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon that causes gene In biology, a gene (from ''genos'' "...Wilhelm Johannsen coined the word gene to describe the Mendelian_inheritance#His ...
* List of portmanteaus *
Maltese tiger The South China tiger is a tiger The tiger (''Panthera tigris'') is the largest extant taxon, living Felidae, cat species and a member of the genus ''Panthera''. It is most recognisable for its dark vertical stripes on orange-brown fur ...
* ''Panthera'' hybrid


References


External links


Detailed Information of hybrid big cats.Liger
snopes.com.
Questions about Animals
Gk12.iastate.edu. {{Mammal hybrids Panthera hybrids