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__NOTOC__ Thonburi ( th, ธนบุรี) is an area of modern
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern ...

Bangkok
. During the era of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, its location on the right (west) bank at the mouth of the
Chao Phraya River The Chao Phraya ( or ) ( th, wikt:เจ้าพระยา, แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา , or ) is the major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial plain forming the centre of the country. It flows through Bangkok and the ...
had made it an important garrison town, which is reflected in its name: ''thon'' () a loanword from
Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these languages See also *Aryan invasion theory (disambiguat ...
''dhána'' wealth and ''buri'' (), from ''púra'' fortress. The full formal name was Thon Buri Si Mahasamut ( 'City of Treasures Gracing the Ocean'). For the informal name, see the history of Bangkok under Ayutthaya. In 1767, after the sack of Ayutthaya by the Burmese, General
Taksin King Taksin the Great ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช, , ) or the King of Thonburi ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้ากรุงธนบุรี, ; ; : Dên Chao; : ''Trịnh Quốc ...
took back Thonburi and, by
right of conquest The ''right of conquest'' is a right Rights are law, legal, social, or ethics, ethical principles of Liberty, freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people accordi ...
, made it the capital of the
Thonburi Kingdom The Thonburi Kingdom ( th, ธนบุรี) was a major Siamese kingdom which existed in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical ...
, with himself crown king until 6 April 1782, when he was deposed.
Rama I Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok Maharaj (, 20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), personal name Thongduang (), also known as Rama I, was the founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom and the first Monarchy of Thailand, monarch of the reigning Chakri dynas ...

Rama I
, the newly enthroned king, moved the capital across the river, where stakes driven into the soil of Bangkok for the City Pillar at 06:45 on 21 April 1782, marking the official founding of the new capital. Thonburi remained an independent town and province, until it was merged with Bangkok in 1971. Thonburi stayed less developed than the other side of the river. Many of the traditional small waterways, ''
khlong Image:Damoen Saduk Floating Market.jpg, 200px, thumbnail, Damnoen Saduak floating market, Ratchaburi Province A khlong (also commonly spelled ''klong''; th, คลอง, ) commonly refers to a canal in Thailand. These canals are spawned by the Ch ...
s'', still exist there, while they are nearly gone from the other side of the river. In 1950, Bangkok had around 1.3 million inhabitants, and the municipality of Thonburi around 400,000. In 1970 Thonburi was Thailand's second largest city proper with around 600,000 residents.
Wongwian Yai Wongwian Yai, also spelled "Wong Wian Yai" or "Wongwien Yai" ( th, วงเวียนใหญ่, ), is a large roundabout (traffic circle) in Thonburi, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, Thailand, where the statue of King Tak ...

Wongwian Yai
is a landmark of Thonburi District.


Administration

At the time of the merger, Thonburi province consisted of nine districts (''
amphoe An amphoe (sometimes also ''amphur'', th, :wikt:อำเภอ, อำเภอ, ) is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". ''Amphoe'' make up the Provinces of Thailand, provinces, and are ana ...
''). # Thonburi District ( th, อำเภอธนบุรี) #
Bangkok Yai District Bangkok Yai ( th, บางกอกใหญ่, ) is one of the Districts of Bangkok, 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok, Thailand. Neighbouring districts are (from north clockwise) Bangkok Noi, Phra Nakhon (across Chao Phraya River), Thon Buri Di ...
( th, อำเภอบางกอกใหญ่) #
Khlong San District Khlong San ( th, คลองสาน, ) is one of the Districts of Bangkok, 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok, Thailand. On the west bank of Chao Phraya River, its neighboring districts across the river are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon, Sam ...
( th, อำเภอคลองสาน) #
Taling Chan District Taling Chan District ( th, ตลิ่งชัน, ) is one of the 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai language, Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Th ...
( th, อำเภอตลิ่งชัน) #
Bangkok Noi District Bangkok Noi ( th, บางกอกน้อย, ) is one of the Districts of Bangkok, 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok, Thailand. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Bang Phlat, Phra Nakhon (across Chao Phraya River), Bangkok Yai, ...
( th, อำเภอบางกอกน้อย) #
Bang Khun Thian District Bang Khun Thian District ( th, บางขุนเทียน, ) is one of the Districts of Bangkok, 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok, Thailand. Its neighbors, clockwise from the north, are Bang Bon, Chom Thong (Bangkok), Chom Thong, and Thung ...
( th, อำเภอบางขุนเทียน) #
Phasi Charoen District Phasi Charoen ( th, ภาษีเจริญ, ) is one of the 50 districts (''Khet'') of Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai language, Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. T ...
( th, อำเภอภาษีเจริญ) #
Nong Khaem District Nong Khaem District ( th, หนองแขม, ) is one of the 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai language, Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. T ...
( th, อำเภอหนองแขม) # Rat Burana District ( th, อำเภอราษฎร์บูรณะ) As of 2012, these have been reorganized into 15 districts.


References


Further reading

* Smithies, Michael (2002), "Three military accounts of the 1688 'Revolution' in Siam", ''Itineria Asiatica'', Orchid Press, Bangkok, . * * * Knoles, Gordon D. Bangkok Page 56-57, Temples to visit in Thonburi. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1106.html - http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1107.html * Thonburi Area , Bangkok Travel Guide & Info, Travel Information and Tourist Guide for Bangkok City. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.bangkok-bangkok.org/sights-attractions-in-bangkok-thailand/thonburi-aera/4/ * Bangkok Palace - ComeThailand.com. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.comethailand.com/bangkok-palace/blog * The King Taksin Monument - a Monument to a Great Warrior. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/king-taksin-monument.html * Wat Arun - Temple of the Dawn. Retrieved, September 21, 2011 from http://www.bangkoksite.com/WatArun/WatArunPage.html


External links

* {{Former provinces of Thailand Geography of Bangkok History of Bangkok Thon Buri District Former provinces of Thailand th:จังหวัดธนบุรี