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__NOTOC__ Thonburi ( th, ธนบุรี) is an area of modern . During the era of the , its location on the right (west) bank at the mouth of the had made it an important garrison town, which is reflected in its name: ''thon'' () a loanword from ''dhána'' wealth and ''buri'' (), from ''púra'' fortress. The full formal name was Thon Buri Si Mahasamut ( 'City of Treasures Gracing the Ocean'). For the informal name, see the . In 1767, after the , General took back Thonburi and, by , made it the capital of the , with himself crown king until 6 April 1782, when he was deposed. , the newly enthroned king, moved the capital across the river, where stakes driven into the soil of Bangkok for the at 06:45 on 21 April 1782, marking the official founding of the new capital. Thonburi remained an independent town and province, until it was merged with Bangkok in 1971. Thonburi stayed less developed than the other side of the river. Many of the traditional small waterways, ''s'', still exist there, while they are nearly gone from the other side of the river. In 1950, Bangkok had around 1.3 million inhabitants, and the municipality of Thonburi around 400,000. In 1970 Thonburi was Thailand's second largest city proper with around 600,000 residents. is a landmark of Thonburi District.


Administration

At the time of the merger, Thonburi province consisted of nine districts ('). # ( th, อำเภอธนบุรี) # ( th, อำเภอบางกอกใหญ่) # ( th, อำเภอคลองสาน) # ( th, อำเภอตลิ่งชัน) # ( th, อำเภอบางกอกน้อย) # ( th, อำเภอบางขุนเทียน) # ( th, อำเภอภาษีเจริญ) # ( th, อำเภอหนองแขม) # ( th, อำเภอราษฎร์บูรณะ) As of 2012, these have been reorganized into 15 districts.


References


Further reading

* Smithies, Michael (2002), "Three military accounts of the 1688 'Revolution' in Siam", ''Itineria Asiatica'', Orchid Press, Bangkok, . * * * Knoles, Gordon D. Bangkok Page 56-57, Temples to visit in Thonburi. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1106.html - http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1107.html * Thonburi Area , Bangkok Travel Guide & Info, Travel Information and Tourist Guide for Bangkok City. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.bangkok-bangkok.org/sights-attractions-in-bangkok-thailand/thonburi-aera/4/ * Bangkok Palace - ComeThailand.com. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.comethailand.com/bangkok-palace/blog * The King Taksin Monument - a Monument to a Great Warrior. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/king-taksin-monument.html * Wat Arun - Temple of the Dawn. Retrieved, September 21, 2011 from http://www.bangkoksite.com/WatArun/WatArunPage.html


External links

* {{Former provinces of Thailand th:จังหวัดธนบุรี