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Thomas Gautier Pesquet (; born 26 February 1978 in
Rouen Rouen (, ; or ) is a city on the River Seine in northern France. It is the prefecture of the Regions of France, region of Normandy (administrative region), Normandy and the Departments of France, department of Seine-Maritime. Formerly one of ...

Rouen
) is a French
aerospace engineer Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipl ...
,
pilot An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphere of Earth, air. It counters the force of gravity by using eit ...
, and
European Space Agency , owner = , headquarters = Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area ...

European Space Agency
astronaut An astronaut (from the Greek "astron" (ἄστρον), meaning "star", and "nautes" (ναύτης), meaning "sailor") is a person trained, equipped, and deployed by a List of human spaceflight programs, human spaceflight program to serve as a ...

astronaut
. Pesquet was selected by ESA as a candidate in May 2009, and he successfully completed his basic training in November 2010. From November 2016 to June 2017, Pesquet was part of
Expedition 50 Expedition 50 was the 50th expedition to the International Space Station. Robert S. Kimbrough, Andrei Borisenko and Sergey Nikolayevich Ryzhikov, Sergey Ryzhikov transferred from Expedition 49. Expedition 50 began upon the departure of Soyuz MS- ...
and
Expedition 51 Expedition 51 was the 51st expedition to the International Space Station The International Space Station (ISS) is a modular space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit. It is a multinational collaborative project invol ...
as a flight engineer. Pesquet returned to space in April 2021 on board the
SpaceX Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space trans ...
Crew Dragon Dragon 2 is a class of partially reusable spacecraft A reusable spacecraft is a class of spacecraft 275px, The US Space Shuttle flew 135 times from 1981 to 2011, supporting Spacelab, ''Mir'', the Hubble Space Telescope, and the ISS. ...
for a second six-month stay on the
ISS The International Space Station (ISS) is a modular Broadly speaking, modularity is the degree to which a system's components may be separated and recombined, often with the benefit of flexibility and variety in use. The concept of modularity i ...

ISS
.


Personal life

Pesquet was born in
Rouen Rouen (, ; or ) is a city on the River Seine in northern France. It is the prefecture of the Regions of France, region of Normandy (administrative region), Normandy and the Departments of France, department of Seine-Maritime. Formerly one of ...

Rouen
, France and considers
Dieppe Dieppe (; Norman Norman or Normans may refer to: Ethnic and cultural identity * The Normans The Normans (Norman language, Norman: ''Normaunds''; french: Normands; la, Nortmanni/Normanni) were inhabitants of the early medieval Duchy of Norma ...

Dieppe
his hometown. He is the younger of two brothers. Pesquet is a black belt in judo and lists basketball, jogging, swimming and
squash Squash may refer to: Sports * Squash (sport), the high-speed racquet sport also known as squash racquets * Squash (professional wrestling), an extremely one-sided match in professional wrestling * Squash tennis, a game similar to squash but pla ...
as his favourite sports. He is an outdoor and adventure activities enthusiast, and enjoys mountain biking,
kite surfing Kiteboarding or kitesurfing is an extreme sport where the kiter uses the wind power with a large power kite to be pulled on a water, land or snow surface. It combines aspects of paragliding, surfing, windsurfing, skateboarding, snowboarding a ...

kite surfing
, sailing, skiing and mountaineering. He also has extensive experience with, and holds advanced licenses in, both scuba diving and
parachuting Parachuting, including also skydiving, is a method of transiting from a high point in the atmosphere An atmosphere (from the greek words ἀτμός ''(atmos)'', meaning 'vapour', and σφαῖρα ''(sphaira)'', meaning 'ball' or ...
. His other interests include travelling, playing the saxophone and reading. He is a supporter of the French football team. Anne Mottet is his partner.


Education

Pesquet graduated from the '' Lycée Pierre Corneille'' in Rouen,Lycée Pierre Corneille de Rouen - History
/ref> France, in 1996. In 2001, he received a master's degree from the '' École nationale supérieure de l'aéronautique et de l'espace'' in
Toulouse Toulouse ( , ; oc, Tolosa ) is the prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area ...

Toulouse
, France, majoring in space systems and space vehicle mechanics. He spent his final year before graduation at the '''', Canada, as an exchange student on the Aeronautics and Space Master. Pesquet graduated from the Air France flight school in 2006. This led to an
Airline Transport Pilot License The airline transport pilot license (ATPL), or in the United States of America, an airline transport pilot (ATP) certificate is the highest level of pilot (aeronautics), aircraft pilot certificate. Those certified as airline transport pilots (unc ...
-
Instrument Rating #REDIRECT Instrument rating#REDIRECT Instrument rating Instrument rating refers to the qualifications that a pilot must have in order to fly under instrument flight rules (IFR). It requires specific training and instruction beyond what is required ...
(ATPL-IR). He speaks French, English, Spanish, Chinese, German and Russian, and is a member of the French Aeronautics and Astronautics Association (3AF), and of the
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) is a professional society for the field of aerospace engineering. The AIAA is the U.S. representative on the International Astronautical Federation and the International Council of the ...
(AIAA).


Career

From October 2001, Pesquet worked as a spacecraft dynamics engineer on remote sensing missions for GMV, S.A. in Madrid, Spain. Between 2002 and 2004, Pesquet worked at the French space agency,
CNES The (CNES; French: ''Centre national d'études spatiales'') is the French government space agency This is a list of government agency, government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration. As of 2018, 72 ...

CNES
, as a research engineer on space missions autonomy. He also carried out various studies on future European ground segment design and European space technology harmonization. From late 2002, he was a representative of CNES at CCSDS, the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, working on the topic of cross-support between international space agencies. A private pilot, he was selected in 2004 for Air France's flight training programme. He went on to become a commercial pilot for the French airline, where he started flying the Airbus A320 family, Airbus A320 in 2006. He has logged more than 2000 hours flying time on various commercial airliners, and has qualified as a type rating, type-rating flight instructor on the A320, and as a Crew Resource Management instructor. In 2018, Pesquet gained his Airbus A310 type rating and is qualified as a :fr:Novespace, Novespace Zero-G aircraft pilot.


ESA career

Pesquet was selected as a
European Space Agency , owner = , headquarters = Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area ...

European Space Agency
(ESA) astronaut in May 2009. He joined ESA in September 2009 and successfully completed Astronaut Basic Training in November 2010. Pesquet is the youngest member of the European Astronaut Corps, and the last of the ESA astronaut class of 2009 to arrive in space. On 10 June 2014, NASA announced that Pesquet would serve as an aquanaut aboard the Aquarius (laboratory), Aquarius Underwater habitat, underwater laboratory during the NEEMO#NEEMO 18: July 21–29, 2014, NEEMO 18 undersea exploration mission, which began on 21 July 2014 and lasted nine days. He has also taken part in ESA CAVES, ESA's CAVES underground course in 2011 and NASA's SEATEST II mission in 2013, furthering his experience in exploration. In 2014, Pesquet was chosen by ESA for a six-month mission to the International Space Station starting in November 2016. He was also the backup to ESA astronaut Andreas Mogensen who flew to the International Space Station on a 10-day flight in September 2015.


Expedition 50/51

Pesquet launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome onboard Soyuz MS-03 on November 17, 2016. He spent six months on the International Space Station as part of
Expedition 50 Expedition 50 was the 50th expedition to the International Space Station. Robert S. Kimbrough, Andrei Borisenko and Sergey Nikolayevich Ryzhikov, Sergey Ryzhikov transferred from Expedition 49. Expedition 50 began upon the departure of Soyuz MS- ...
/Expedition 51, 51. Arriving at the ISS on November 19, 2016, he was the first French astronaut since Léopold Eyharts helped install the ''Columbus (ISS module), Columbus'' European laboratory module during Expedition 16. His arrival marked the beginning of the European Proxima mission. The Proxima mission included 50 science experiments for ESA and
CNES The (CNES; French: ''Centre national d'études spatiales'') is the French government space agency This is a list of government agency, government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration. As of 2018, 72 ...

CNES
. The mission was named after Proxima Centauri, continuing the French astronauts' tradition of naming the missions after stars and constellations. The X inside the logo symbolizes that Pesquet is the tenth French astronaut as well as the unknown. The Proxima mission name was chosen in a competition, with the winning name given by 13-year-old Samuel Planas from Toulouse, France. The mission logo was designed by Thomas Pesquet and Karen Oldenburg. Pesquet performed his first Extravehicular activity, EVA with astronaut Shane Kimbrough on January 13, 2017. During the EVA, they prepared the infrastructure to replace the ISS batteries. The EVA lasted for 5 hours and 58 minutes. On March 23, 2017, Pesquet performed his second career EVA with Shane Kimbrough. The main objective was to prepare the Pressurized Mating Adapter-3 (PMA-3) for installation of the second International Docking Adapter (IDA), which will accommodate future commercial crew vehicle dockings. The PMA-3 provides the pressurized interface between the station modules and the docking adapter. Expedition 50 Commander Kimbrough and Pesquet disconnected cables and electrical connections on PMA-3 to prepare for its robotic move on March 26, 2017. PMA-3 will be moved from the port side of the ''Tranquility'' module to the space-facing side of the Harmony module, where it will become home for the docking adapter, which will be delivered on a future flight of a SpaceX Dragon cargo ship. The spacewalkers also installed on the starboard zero truss (ITS) a new computer relay box equipped with advanced software for the adapter. The two spacewalkers lubricated the latching end effector on the Canadarm2 robotic arm, inspected a radiator valve suspected of a small ammonia leak and replaced cameras on the Japanese segment of the outpost. Radiators are used to shed excess heat that builds up through normal space station operation. The EVA lasted for 6 hours and 34 minutes. On June 2, 2017, MS-03 undocked from the ISS, carrying Pesquet and Novitskiy back to Earth, concluding a 196-day mission in space. Peggy Whitson remained on the ISS and returned on Soyuz MS-04. MS-03 touched down just over 3 hours after undocking, concluding Pesquet's first spaceflight. Pesquet has spent 196 days, 17 hours and 49 minutes in space.


Expedition 65/66

On 11 March 2020, ESA announced in a blog post that Pesquet would return to the ISS in the second half of 2021 for a second six-month stay, in which he would become the first European astronaut to launch on board an American Commercial Crew Program, Commercial Crew Vehicle. He was scheduled to travel to the Johnson Space Center in Texas to begin training for his flight by the end of March 2020, although in mid-March 2020 he stated on his Instagram story that due to the COVID-19 pandemic he would delay his trip to Houston. He arrived in Houston, alongside Germans, German ESA astronaut Matthias Maurer and Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov (cosmonaut), Sergey Ryzhikov, Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, Oleg Novitsky and Pyotr Dubrov on 12 May 2020. On 29 April 2020, ESA announced a competition to name Pesquet's mission; the winner will be announced in summer 2020 and will receive a signed mission patch flown to the ISS by Pesquet. On July 28, 2020, Pesquet was officially assigned to the SpaceX Crew-2 mission, which launched on 23 April 2021. He is travelling to the International Space Station alongside NASA astronauts Shane Kimbrough, who is commanding the Crew Dragon, Megan McArthur, as the pilot, and JAXA astronaut Akihiko Hoshide. Once on board the station, they will join ISS Expedition 65. A few hours before the announcement, Pesquet revealed his second mission name as Alpha, after Alpha Centauri, the nearest star system to the Sun, following the French mission naming tradition.


Goodwill Ambassador

On 12 April 2021, Thomas Pesquet was nominated Goodwill Ambassador for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. At the 2020 Summer Olympics closing ceremony, closing ceremony of the 2020 Summer Olympics, during the "handoff" portion introducing Paris as the host of the 2024 Summer Olympics, Pesquet performed the closing bars of the French national anthem La Marseillaise on a saxophone while aboard the International Space Station.


See also

*


Notes


References


External links


Quotes from Thomas Pesquet on ''All Views by Quotes''Thomas Pesquet on ESA web site
*
ESA astronaut class of 2009's blogESA Brochure about Pesquet and the Proxima Mission
{{DEFAULTSORT:Pesquet, Thomas French aerospace engineers Supaéro alumni People from Rouen 1978 births Living people French spationauts Lycée Pierre-Corneille alumni Aquanauts ESA astronauts Space program of France Commercial aviators Chevaliers of the Légion d'honneur SpaceX astronauts Spacewalkers