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''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an American
daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as po ...
published in
Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk within the National Mall The National Mall is a Landscape architecture, landscaped ...
It is the most-widely circulated newspaper within the
Washington metropolitan area#REDIRECT Washington metropolitan area The Washington metropolitan area (also known as the National Capital Region and colloquially as the DMV for "D.C., Maryland, Virginia") is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C., the capital of ...
, and has a large national audience. Daily
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner (format), Berliner and Tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid–Compact (newspape ...
editions are printed for D.C.,
Maryland Maryland ( ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Maryland
, and
Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a in the and regions of the , between the and the . The geography and climate of the are shaped by the and the , which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capit ...

Virginia
. The newspaper has won 69
Pulitzer Prize#REDIRECT Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph ...
s, the second-most of any publication (after ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
''). It is considered a
newspaper of record upThe headquarters of '' Le Figaro'', France's centre-right newspaper of record, in Paris. A newspaper of record is a major newspaper with large circulation whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered Authority, authoritative. It ...
in the US. ''Post'' journalists have also received 18
Nieman FellowshipThe Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University awards multiple types of fellowships. Nieman Fellowships for journalists A Nieman Fellowship is an award given to journalists by the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University. T ...
s and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards. The paper is well known for its
political reporting Political journalism is a broad branch of journalism that includes coverage of all aspects of politics and political science, although the term usually refers specifically to coverage of civil governments and political power. Political journali ...
and is one of the few remaining American newspapers to operate
foreign bureau A news bureau is an office for gathering or distributing news. Similar terms are used for specialized bureaus, often to indicate geographic location or scope of coverage: a ‘Tokyo bureau’ refers to a given news operation's office in Tokyo; 'fore ...
s. The ''Post'' was founded in 1877. In its early years, it went through several owners and struggled both financially and editorially. Financier Eugene Meyer purchased it out of bankruptcy in 1933 and revived its health and reputation, work continued by his successors
Katharine Katherine, Catherine, and Catherina, other variations are feminine Given name, names. They are popular in Christian countries because of their derivation from the name of one of the first Christian saints, Catherine of Alexandria. The earliest ...
and
Phil Graham Philip Leslie Graham (July 18, 1915 – August 3, 1963) was an American newspaperman. He served as publisher and later co-owner of ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an ...

Phil Graham
(Meyer's daughter and son-in-law), who bought out several rival publications. The ''Post'' 1971 printing of the
Pentagon Papers The ''Pentagon Papers'', officially titled ''Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force'', is a United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an United States fe ...
helped spur
opposition to the Vietnam War Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Vietnam War{{native name, vi, Chiến tranh Việt Nam , partof = the Indochina Wars and the Cold War , image ...
. Subsequently, in the best-known episode in the newspaper's history, reporters
Bob Woodward Robert Upshur Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrup ...

Bob Woodward
and
Carl Bernstein Carl Bernstein ( ; born in February 14, 1944) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrupt ...
led the American press's investigation into what became known as the
Watergate scandal The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organiz ...
, which resulted in the 1974 resignation of President
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power o ...

Richard Nixon
. The advent of the internet expanded the ''Post'' national and international reach. In October 2013, the Graham family sold the newspaper to
Nash Holdings Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through perso ...
, a
holding company A holding company is a company whose primary business is holding a controlling interest in the securities of other companies. A holding company usually does not produce goods or services itself. Its purpose is to own shares of other companies ...
established by
Jeff Bezos Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor, investor, computer engineer, and commercial astronaut. He is the founder and executive chairman of Amazon (company), Amazon, where ...

Jeff Bezos
, for $250 million.


Overview

''The Washington Post'' is regarded as one of the leading daily American newspapers along with ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', the ''
Los Angeles Times The ''Los Angeles Times'' (abbreviated as ''LA Times'') is a daily newspaper A newspaper is a containing written and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as , ...

Los Angeles Times
'', and ''
The Wall Street Journal ''The Wall Street Journal'', also known as ''The Journal'', is an American business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or sim ...

The Wall Street Journal
''. The ''Post'' has distinguished itself through its
political reporting Political journalism is a broad branch of journalism that includes coverage of all aspects of politics and political science, although the term usually refers specifically to coverage of civil governments and political power. Political journali ...
on the workings of the
White House The White House is the official residence and workplace of the president of the United States. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest, Washington, D.C., NW in Washington, D.C., and has been the residence of every U.S. preside ...

White House
,
Congress Congresses are formal meetings of the representatives of different countries A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, ...
, and other aspects of the
U.S. government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or U ...
. Unlike ''The New York Times'' and ''The Wall Street Journal'', ''The Washington Post'' does not print an edition for distribution away from the
East Coast East Coast may refer to: Entertainment * East Coast hip hop, a subgenre of hip hop * East Coast (ASAP Ferg song), "East Coast" (ASAP Ferg song), 2017 * East Coast (Saves the Day song), "East Coast" (Saves the Day song), 2004 * East Coast FM, a rad ...
. In 2009, the newspaper ceased publication of its ''National Weekly Edition'' (a combination of stories from the week's print editions), due to shrinking circulation. The majority of its newsprint readership is in the
District of Columbia ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk within the National Mall The National Mall is a Landscape architecture, landscape ...
and its suburbs in
Maryland Maryland ( ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Maryland
and
Northern Virginia Northern Virginia, locally referred to as NOVA or NoVA, comprises several counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publis ...

Northern Virginia
. The newspaper is one of a few U.S. newspapers with foreign bureaus, which are located in
Baghdad Baghdad (; ar, بَغْدَاد ) is the capital of Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, ...

Baghdad
,
Beijing Beijing ( ), as Peking ( ), is the of the . It is the world's , with over 21 million residents within an of 16,410.5 km2 (6336 sq. mi.). It is located in , and is governed as a under the direct administration of the with .Figures ...

Beijing
,
Beirut Beirut ( ; ar, بيروت, ) is the Capital city, capital and largest city of Lebanon. , Greater Beirut has a population of 2.2 million, which makes it the List of largest cities in the Levant region by population, third-largest city in ...

Beirut
,
Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2019 makes it the List of cities in the European Union by ...

Berlin
,
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
,
Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic Coptic may refer to: Afro-Asia * Copts, an ethnoreligious group mainly in the area of modern Egypt but also in Sudan and Libya * Coptic language, a Northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in E ...

Cairo
,
Dakar Dakar (; ; wo, Ndakaaru) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and ...

Dakar
,
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pe ...

Hong Kong
,
Islamabad Islamabad (; ur, , translit=Islām Ābād) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or othe ...

Islamabad
,
Istanbul ) , postal_code_type = Postal code A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes ...

Istanbul
,
Jerusalem Jerusalem (; he, יְרוּשָׁלַיִם ; ar, القُدس, ', , (combining the Biblical and common usage Arabic names); grc, Ἱερουσαλήμ/Ἰεροσόλυμα, Hierousalḗm/Hierosóluma; hy, Երուսաղեմ, Erusał ...

Jerusalem
,
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
,
Mexico City Mexico City ( es, link=no, Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX; nah, Āltepētl Mēxihco) is the capital city, capital and largest city of Mexico, as well as the List of North American cities by population, most populous city in North Americ ...

Mexico City
,
Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chiefly ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities and towns in Russia by population, largest city of Russia. The city stands on the ...

Moscow
,
Nairobi Nairobi ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller low ...

Nairobi
,
New Delhi New Delhi (, ''Naī Dillī'') is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majusc ...

New Delhi
,
Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (; ), or simply Rio, is the List of largest cities in Brazil, second-most populous city in Brazil and the Largest cities in the Americas, sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the Rio de Janeiro (s ...

Rio de Janeiro
,
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
,
Tokyo Tokyo (Japanese language, Japanese: , ''Tōkyō'' ), historically known in the west as Tokio and officially the Tokyo Metropolis (, ''Tōkyō-to''), is capital of Japan, the capital and most populous Prefectures of Japan, prefecture of Japan ...

Tokyo
and
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
. In November 2009, it announced the closure of its U.S. regional bureaus—
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
,
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
and
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...

New York
—as part of an increased focus on "political stories and local news coverage in Washington." The newspaper has local bureaus in Maryland (
Annapolis Annapolis ( ) is the capital of the U.S. state of , as well as the of . Situated on the at the mouth of the , south of and about east of , Annapolis is part of the . Its population was measured at 38,394 by the . This city served as the ...
,
Montgomery CountyMontgomery County may refer to: Australia * The former name of Montgomery Land District, Tasmania United Kingdom * The historic county of Montgomeryshire, Wales, also called County of Montgomery United States

* Montgomery County, Alabama * Mon ...
,
Prince George's County ) , demonym = Prince Georgian , ZIP codes = 20607–20774 , area codes = 240, Area codes 240 and 301, 301 , founded date = April 23 , founded year = 1696 , named for = Prince George of Denmark , leader_title = Executive , leader_name ...
, and
Southern MarylandSouthern Maryland in popular usage is composed of the state's southernmost counties on the "Western Shore" of the Chesapeake Bay The Chesapeake Bay ( ) is the largest estuary in the United States. The Bay is located in the Mid-Atlantic region and is ...
) and Virginia (
Alexandria Alexandria ( or ; ar, الإسكندرية ; arz, اسكندرية ; Coptic language, Coptic: Rakodī; el, Αλεξάνδρεια ''Alexandria'') is the List of cities and towns in Egypt, third-largest city in Egypt after Cairo and Giza, ...

Alexandria
, Fairfax,
Loudoun County Loudoun County () is located in the northern part of the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. In 2019, the population was estimated at 413,538, making it Virginia's third-most populous county. Loudoun County' ...
,
Richmond Richmond may refer to: People * Richmond (surname) * Earl of Richmond * Duke of Richmond * Richmond C. Beatty (1905–1961), American academic, biographer and critic * Richmond Avenal, character in British sitcom List of The IT Crowd characters#R ...
, and
Prince William County Prince William County is located on the Potomac River in the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 402,002, on July 1, 2019, the population ...
). , its average weekday circulation was 474,767, according to the
Audit Bureau of CirculationsInternational Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations The International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations Logo The International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations (IFABC) is an organisation founded in 1963 in Stockholm ...
, making it the seventh largest newspaper in the country by circulation, behind ''
USA Today ''USA Today'' (stylized in all uppercase) is an American daily middle-market newspaper A middle-market newspaper is a newspaper that caters to readers who like entertainment as well as the coverage of important news events. Middle-market sta ...
'', ''
The Wall Street Journal ''The Wall Street Journal'', also known as ''The Journal'', is an American business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or sim ...

The Wall Street Journal
'', ''The New York Times'', the ''Los Angeles Times'', the '' Daily News'', and the ''
New York Post The ''New York Post'' (''NY Post'') is a conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy ...

New York Post
''. Although its circulation (like almost all newspapers) has been slipping, it has one of the highest
market penetration Market penetration refers to the successful selling of a product or service in a specific market. It is measured by the amount of sales volume of an existing good or service compared to the total target market for that product or service. Market p ...
rates of any metropolitan news daily. For many decades, the ''Post'' had its main office at 1150 15th Street NW. This real estate remained with
Graham Holdings Graham Holdings Company (formerly The Washington Post Company) is a diversified American conglomerate holding company. Headquartered in Arlington County, Virginia Arlington County is a County (United States), county in the Commonwealth of ...
when the newspaper was sold to Jeff Bezos'
Nash Holdings Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through perso ...
in 2013. Graham Holdings sold 1150 15th Street (along with 1515 L Street, 1523 L Street, and land beneath 1100 15th Street) for in November 2013. ''The Washington Post'' continued to lease space at 1150 L Street NW. In May 2014, ''The Washington Post'' leased the west tower of
One Franklin Square One Franklin Square is a high-rise building at K Street (Washington, D.C.), 1301 K Street NW, in Washington, D.C., United States. Description The , 12-storey building was completed in 1990, and is the tallest commercial building and List of tal ...
, a high-rise building at 1301 K Street NW in Washington, D.C. The newspaper moved into its new offices on December 14, 2015. Mary Jordan was the founding editor, head of content, and moderator for ''Washington Post Live'', The Post's editorial events business, which organizes political debates, conferences and news events for the media company, including "The 40th Anniversary of
Watergate The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organiz ...

Watergate
" in June 2012 that featured key Watergate figures including former
White House counsel The White House counsel is a senior staff appointee of the president of the United States whose role is to advise the president on all legal issues concerning the president and their administration. The White House counsel also oversees the Offi ...
John Dean John Wesley Dean III (born October 14, 1938) is a former attorney who served as White House Counsel for United States President Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United Sta ...
, Washington Post editor
Ben Bradlee Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (, 1921 – , 2014) was one of the most prominent journalists of post-World War II United States, serving first as managing editor, then as executive editor at ''The Washington Post'', from 1965 to 1991. He becam ...
, and reporters
Bob Woodward Robert Upshur Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrup ...

Bob Woodward
and
Carl Bernstein Carl Bernstein ( ; born in February 14, 1944) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrupt ...
, which was held at the Watergate hotel. Regular hosts include Frances Stead Sellers
Lois Romano Lois Romano is a national journalist who was an editor, reporter and columnist foThe Washington PostanPolitico She is currently authoring "An Inconvenient Widow," a biography of Mary Todd Lincoln, for Simon & Schuster. She was formerly the edito ...
was formerly the editor of Washington Post Live. The ''Post'' has its own exclusive zip code, 20071.


Publishing service

Arc XP is a department of ''The Washington Post'', which provides a publishing system and software for news organizations such as the ''
Chicago Tribune The ''Chicago Tribune'' is a daily newspaper based in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnote ...

Chicago Tribune
'' and the ''Los Angeles Times''.


History


Founding and early period

The newspaper was founded in 1877 by
Stilson Hutchins Stilson Hutchins (November 14, 1838 – April 23, 1912) was an American newspaper reporter and publisher, best known as founder of the broadsheet newspaper ''Washington Post, The Washington Post''. Life and career Hutchins was born in Whitefield, N ...
(18381912), and in 1880 it added a Sunday edition, becoming the city's first newspaper to publish seven days a week. In April 1878, about four months into publication, ''The Washington Post'' purchased ''The Washington Union'', a competing newspaper which was founded by John Lynch in late 1877. The ''Union'' had only been in operation about six months at the time of the acquisition. The combined newspaper was published from the Globe Building as ''The Washington Post and Union'' beginning on April 15, 1878, with a circulation of 13,000. The ''Post and Union'' name was used about two weeks until April 29, 1878, returning to the original masthead the following day. In 1889, Hutchins sold the newspaper to Frank Hatton, a former Postmaster General, and
Beriah Wilkins Beriah Wilkins (July 10, 1846 – June 7, 1905) was a United States House of Representatives, U.S. Representative from Ohio. Biography Born near Richwood, Ohio, Wilkins attended the common schools of Marysville, Ohio. During the American Civil Wa ...

Beriah Wilkins
, a former Democratic congressman from Ohio. To promote the newspaper, the new owners requested the leader of the
United States Marine Band The United States Marine Band is the premier band of the United States Marine Corps. Established by act of Congress on July 11, 1798, it is the oldest of the United States military bands and the oldest professional musical organization in the Un ...
,
John Philip Sousa John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical, and intellectual movement that ...

John Philip Sousa
, to compose a
march March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days ...
for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony. Sousa composed "
The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is ...
". It became the standard music to accompany the two-step, a late 19th-century
dance craze ''Dance Craze'' is a 1981 American documentary film A documentary film or documentary is a non-fictional film, motion-picture intended to "document reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a Recorded hi ...
, and remains one of Sousa's best-known works. In 1893, the newspaper moved to a building at 14th and E streets NW, where it would remain until 1950. This building combined all functions of the newspaper into one headquarters – newsroom, advertising, typesetting, and printing – that ran 24 hours per day. In 1898, during the
Spanish–American War The Spanish–American War (April 21 – August 13, 1898, es, Guerra hispano-estadounidense or ; fil, Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was an armed conflict War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, governments, S ...
, the ''Post'' printed Clifford K. Berryman's classic illustration '' Remember the Maine'', which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. In 1902, Berryman published another famous cartoon in the ''Post'' – ''Drawing the Line in Mississippi''. This cartoon depicts President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub and inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create the teddy bear. Wilkins acquired Hatton's share of the newspaper in 1894 at Hatton's death. After Wilkins' death in 1903, his sons John and Robert ran the ''Post'' for two years before selling it in 1905 to John Roll McLean, owner of the ''Cincinnati Enquirer''. During the Woodrow Wilson, Wilson presidency, the ''Post'' was credited with the "most famous newspaper typo" in D.C. history according to ''Reason (magazine), Reason'' magazine; the ''Post'' intended to report that President Wilson had been "entertaining" his future-wife Mrs. Galt, but instead wrote that he had been "entering" Mrs. Galt. When John McLean died in 1916, he put the newspaper in trust, having little faith that his playboy son Edward Beale McLean, Edward "Ned" McLean could manage his inheritance. Ned went to court and broke the trust, but, under his management, the newspaper slumped toward ruin. He bled the paper for his lavish lifestyle, and used it to promote political agendas. During the Red Summer of 1919 the Post supported the white mobs and even ran a front-page story which advertised the location at which white servicemen were planning to meet to carry out attacks on black Washingtonians.


Meyer–Graham period

In 1929, financier Eugene Meyer (who had run the War Finance Corporation, War Finance Corp. since World War I) secretly made an offer of $5 million for the ''Post,'' but he was rebuffed by Ned McLean. On June 1, 1933, Meyer bought the paper at a bankruptcy auction for $825,000 three weeks after stepping down as Chairman of the Federal Reserve. He had bid anonymously, and was prepared to go up to $2 million, far higher than the other bidders. These included William Randolph Hearst, who had long hoped to shut down the ailing ''Post'' to benefit his own Washington newspaper presence. The ''Post'' health and reputation were restored under Meyer's ownership. In 1946, he was succeeded as publisher by his son-in-law, Philip Graham. Meyer eventually gained the last laugh over Hearst, who had owned the old ''Washington Times (1894–1939), Washington Times'' and the ''Washington Herald, Herald'' before their 1939 merger that formed the ''Washington Times-Herald, Times-Herald.'' This was in turn bought by and merged into the ''Post'' in 1954. The combined paper was officially named ''The Washington Post and Times-Herald'' until 1973, although the ''Times-Herald'' portion of the nameplate (publishing), nameplate became less and less prominent over time. The merger left the ''Post'' with two remaining local competitors, the ''Washington Star'' (''Evening Star'') and ''The Washington Daily News'' which merged in 1972, forming the ''Washington Star-News.'' After Phil Graham's death in 1963, control of The Washington Post Company passed to his wife Katharine Graham (19172001), who was also Eugene Meyer's daughter. Few women had run prominent national newspapers in the United States. Katharine Graham described her own anxiety and lack of confidence as she stepped into a leadership role in her autobiography. She served as publisher from 1969 to 1979. Graham took The Washington Post Company public on June 15, 1971, in the midst of the Pentagon Papers controversy. A total of 1,294,000 shares were offered to the public at $26 per share. By the end of Graham's tenure as CEO in 1991, the stock was worth $888 per share, not counting the effect of an intermediate 4:1 stock split. During this time, Graham also oversaw the Post company's diversification purchase of the for-profit education and training company Kaplan, Inc. for $40 million in 1984. Twenty years later, Kaplan had surpassed the ''Post'' newspaper as the company's leading contributor to income, and by 2010 Kaplan accounted for more than 60% of the entire company revenue stream. Executive editor
Ben Bradlee Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (, 1921 – , 2014) was one of the most prominent journalists of post-World War II United States, serving first as managing editor, then as executive editor at ''The Washington Post'', from 1965 to 1991. He becam ...
put the newspaper's reputation and resources behind reporters
Bob Woodward Robert Upshur Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrup ...

Bob Woodward
and
Carl Bernstein Carl Bernstein ( ; born in February 14, 1944) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrupt ...
, who, in a long series of articles, chipped away at the story behind the 1972 burglary of Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington. The ''Post'' dogged coverage of the story, the outcome of which ultimately played a major role in the resignation of President
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power o ...

Richard Nixon
, won the newspaper a
Pulitzer Prize#REDIRECT Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph ...
in 1973. In 1972, the "Book World" section was introduced with Pulitzer Prize-winning critic William McPherson (writer), William McPherson as its first editor. It featured Pulitzer Prize-winning critics such as Jonathan Yardley and Michael Dirda, the latter of whom established his career as a critic at the ''Post''. In 2009, after 37 years, with great reader outcries and protest, ''The Washington Post Book World'' as a standalone insert was discontinued, the last issue being Sunday, February 15, 2009, along with a general reorganization of the paper, such as placing the Sunday editorials on the back page of the main front section rather than the "Outlook" section and distributing some other locally oriented "op-ed" letters and commentaries in other sections.Letter from the editor
''The Washington Post'', Sunday, February 15, 2009; Page BW02
However, book reviews are still published in the Outlook section on Sundays and in the Style section the rest of the week, as well as online. In 1975, 1975–76 Washington Post pressmen's strike, the pressmen's union went on strike. The ''Post'' hired replacement workers to replace the pressmen's union, and other unions returned to work in February 1976. Donald E. Graham, Katharine's son, succeeded her as a publisher in 1979. In 1995, the domain name washingtonpost.com was purchased. That same year, a failed effort to create an online news repository called Digital Ink launched. The following year it was shut down and the first website was launched in June 1996.


Jeff Bezos era (2013–present)

In 2013,
Jeff Bezos Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor, investor, computer engineer, and commercial astronaut. He is the founder and executive chairman of Amazon (company), Amazon, where ...

Jeff Bezos
purchased the paper for . The newspaper is now owned by Nash Holdings LLC, a company controlled by Bezos. The sale also included other local publications, websites, and real estate. The paper's former parent company, which retained some other assets such as Kaplan and a Graham Media Group, group of TV stations, was renamed Graham Holdings Company shortly after the sale. Nash Holdings, including the ''Post'', is operated separately from technology company Amazon (company), Amazon, which Bezos founded and where he is currently executive chairman and the largest single shareholder (at about 10.9%). Bezos said he has a vision that recreates "the 'daily ritual' of reading the ''Post'' as a bundle, not merely a series of individual stories..." He has been described as a "hands-off owner," holding teleconference calls with executive editor Martin Baron every two weeks. Bezos appointed Fred Ryan (founder and CEO of ''Politico'') to serve as publisher and chief executive officer. This signaled Bezos’ intent to shift the ''Post'' to a more digital focus with a national and global readership. In 2014, the ''Post'' announced it was moving from 1150 15th Street to a leased space three blocks away at
One Franklin Square One Franklin Square is a high-rise building at K Street (Washington, D.C.), 1301 K Street NW, in Washington, D.C., United States. Description The , 12-storey building was completed in 1990, and is the tallest commercial building and List of tal ...
on K Street (Washington, D.C.), K Street. In recent years, the ''Post'' launched an online personal finance section, as well as a blog and a podcast with a retro theme. The Washington Post won the 2020 Webby Award for News & Politics in the category Social. The Washington Post won the 2020 Webby Award, 2020 Webby People's Voice Award for News & Politics in the category Web.


Political stance


1933–2000

When financier Eugene Meyer bought the bankrupt ''Post'' in 1933, he assured the public he wouldn't be beholden to any party. But as a leading Republican (it was his old friend Herbert Hoover who had made him Chairman of the Federal Reserve, Federal Reserve Chairman in 1930), his opposition to FDR's New Deal colored the paper's editorial stance as well as its news coverage. This included opinion piece, editorializing "news" stories written by Meyer under a pseudonym. His wife Agnes Ernst Meyer was a journalist from the other end of the spectrum politically. The ''Post'' ran many of her pieces including tributes to her personal friends John Dewey and Saul Alinsky. Eugene Meyer became head of the World Bank in 1946, and he named his son-in-law
Phil Graham Philip Leslie Graham (July 18, 1915 – August 3, 1963) was an American newspaperman. He served as publisher and later co-owner of ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an ...

Phil Graham
to succeed him as ''Post'' publisher. The post-war years saw the developing friendship of Phil and Kay Graham with the JFK, Kennedys, the Ben Bradlee, Bradlees and the rest of the "Georgetown, D.C., Georgetown Set" (many Harvard alumni) that would color the ''Post's'' political orientation. Kay Graham's most memorable Georgetown soirée guest list included British diplomat/communist spy Donald Maclean (spy), Donald Maclean. The ''Post'' is credited with coining the term "McCarthyism" in a 1950 editorial cartoon by Herbert Block. Depicting buckets of tar, it made fun of Sen. Joseph McCarthy's "tarring" tactics, i.e., smear campaigns and character assassination against those targeted by his accusations. Sen. McCarthy was attempting to do for the Senate what the House Un-American Activities Committee had been doing for years—investigating Soviet espionage in the United States, Soviet espionage in America. The HUAC made
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power o ...

Richard Nixon
nationally known for his role in the Alger Hiss, Hiss/Whittaker Chambers, Chambers case that exposed communist spying in the State Department. The committee had evolved from the John William McCormack, McCormack-Samuel Dickstein (congressman), Dickstein Committee of the 1930s.
Phil Graham Philip Leslie Graham (July 18, 1915 – August 3, 1963) was an American newspaperman. He served as publisher and later co-owner of ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an ...

Phil Graham
's friendship with JFK remained strong until their untimely deaths in 1963. Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover reportedly told the new President Lyndon B. Johnson, "I don't have much influence with the ''Post'' because I frankly don't read it. I view it like the ''Daily Worker''."
Ben Bradlee Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (, 1921 – , 2014) was one of the most prominent journalists of post-World War II United States, serving first as managing editor, then as executive editor at ''The Washington Post'', from 1965 to 1991. He becam ...
became the editor-in-chief in 1968, and Kay Graham officially became the publisher in 1969, paving the way for the aggressive reporting of the ''
Pentagon Papers The ''Pentagon Papers'', officially titled ''Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force'', is a United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an United States fe ...
'' and
Watergate scandal The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organiz ...
s. The ''Post'' strengthened public
opposition to the Vietnam War Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Vietnam War{{native name, vi, Chiến tranh Việt Nam , partof = the Indochina Wars and the Cold War , image ...
in 1971 when it published the ''Pentagon Papers''. In the mid-1970s, some conservatives referred to the ''Post'' as "''Pravda'' on the Potomac River, Potomac" because of its perceived left-wing bias in both reporting and editorials. Since then, the appellation has been used by both liberal and conservative critics of the newspaper.


2000–present

In the PBS documentary ''Buying the War'', journalist Bill Moyers said in the year prior to the Iraq War there were 27 editorials supporting the Bush administration's ambitions to 2003 invasion of Iraq, invade the country. National security correspondent Walter Pincus reported that he had been ordered to cease his reports that were critical of the administration. According to author and journalist Greg Mitchell: "By the ''Post'' own admission, in the months before the war, it ran more than 140 stories on its front page promoting the war, while contrary information got lost". On March 26, 2007, Chris Matthews said on his television program, "Well, ''The Washington Post'' is not the liberal newspaper it was, Congressman, let me tell you. I have been reading it for years and it is a neoconservatism, neocon newspaper". It has regularly published a mixture of op-ed columnists, with some of them left-leaning (including E. J. Dionne, Dana Milbank, Greg Sargent, and Eugene Robinson (journalist), Eugene Robinson), and some of them right-leaning (including George Will, Marc Thiessen, Michael Gerson and Charles Krauthammer). In a study published on April 18, 2007, by Yale professors Alan Gerber, Dean Karlan, and Daniel Bergan, citizens were given a subscription to either the conservative-leaning ''Washington Times'' or the liberal-leaning ''Washington Post'' to see the effect that media has on voting patterns. Gerber had estimated based on his work that the ''Post'' slanted as much to the left as the ''Times'' did to the right. Gerber found those who were given a free subscription of the ''Post'' were 7.9–11.4% more likely to vote for the Democratic candidate for governor than those assigned to the control group, depending on the adjustment for the date on which individual participants were surveyed and the survey interviewer; however, people who received the ''Times'' were also more likely than controls to vote for the Democrat, with an effect approximately 60% as large as that estimated for the ''Post''. The study authors said that sampling error might have played a role in the effect of the conservative-leaning ''Times'', as might the fact that the Democratic candidate took more conservative-leaning positions than is typical for his party, and "the month prior to the post-election survey was a difficult period for President Bush, one in which his overall approval rating fell by approximately 4 percentage points nationwide. It appears that heightened exposure to both papers’ news coverage, despite opposing ideological slants, moved public opinion away from Republicans." In November 2007, the newspaper was criticized by independent journalist Robert Parry (journalist), Robert Parry for reporting on anti-Obama chain e-mails without sufficiently emphasizing to its readers the false nature of the anonymous claims. In 2009, Parry criticized the newspaper for its allegedly unfair reporting on liberal politicians, including Vice President Al Gore and President Barack Obama. Responding to criticism of the newspaper's coverage during the run-up to the 2008 United States presidential election, 2008 presidential election, former ''Post'' ombudsman Deborah Howell wrote: "The opinion pages have strong conservative voices; the editorial board includes centrists and conservatives; and there were editorials critical of Obama. Yet opinion was still weighted toward Obama." According to a 2009 Oxford University Press book by Richard Davis on the impact of blogs on American politics, liberal bloggers link to ''The Washington Post'' and ''The New York Times'' more often than other major newspapers; however, conservative bloggers also link predominantly to liberal newspapers. In mid-September 2016, Matthew Ingram of ''Forbes'' joined Glenn Greenwald of ''The Intercept'', and Trevor Timm of ''The Guardian'' in criticizing ''The Washington Post'' for "demanding that [former National Security Agency contractor Edward] Snowden ... stand trial on espionage charges". In February 2017, the ''Post'' adopted the slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" for its masthead. Since 2011, the ''Post'' has been running a column called "The Fact Checker" that the ''Post'' describes as a "truth squad."Glenn Kessler (January 1, 2017)
"About the Fact Checker"
''The Washington Post''
The Fact Checker received a $250,000 grant from Google News Initiative/YouTube to expand production of video fact-checking, fact checks.


Political endorsements

In the vast majority of U.S. elections, for federal, state, and local office, the ''Post'' editorial board has endorsed Democratic candidates. The paper's editorial board and endorsement decision-making are separate from newsroom operations. Until 1976, the ''Post'' did not regularly make endorsements in United States presidential elections, presidential elections. Since it endorsed Jimmy Carter in 1976, the ''Post'' has endorsed Democrats in presidential elections, and has never endorsed a Republican for president in the general election, although in the 1988 United States presidential election, 1988 presidential election, the ''Post'' declined to endorse either Governor Michael Dukakis (the Democratic candidate) or Vice President George H. W. Bush (the Republican candidate). The ''Post'' editorial board endorsed Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012; Hillary Clinton in 2016 United States presidential election, 2016; and Joe Biden for 2020 United States presidential election, 2020. While the newspaper predominantly endorses Democrats in congressional, state, and local elections, it has occasionally endorsed Republican candidates. While the paper has not endorsed Republican candidates for governor of Virginia, it endorsed Governor of Maryland, Maryland Governor Robert Ehrlich's unsuccessful bid for a second term in 2006. In 2006, it repeated its historic endorsements of every Republican incumbent for Congress in
Northern Virginia Northern Virginia, locally referred to as NOVA or NoVA, comprises several counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publis ...

Northern Virginia
. The ''Post'' editorial board endorsed Virginia's Republican U.S. Senator John Warner in his Senate reelection campaign in 1990, 1996 and 2002; the paper's most recent endorsement of a Maryland Republican for U.S. Senate was in the 1980s, when the paper endorsed Senator Charles Mathias, Charlies "Mac" Mathias Jr. In U.S. House of Representatives elections, moderate Republicans in Virginia and Maryland, such as Wayne Gilchrest, Thomas M. Davis, and Frank Wolf (politician), Frank Wolf, have enjoyed the support of the ''Post''; the ''Post'' also has endorsed some Republicans, such as Carol Schwartz, in some D.C. races.


Criticism and controversies


"Jimmy's World" fabrication

In September 1980, a Sunday feature story appeared on the front page of the ''Post'' titled "Jimmy's World" in which reporter Janet Cooke wrote a profile of the life of an eight-year-old heroin Substance dependence, addict. Although some within the ''Post'' doubted the story's veracity, the paper's editors defended it, and assistant managing editor
Bob Woodward Robert Upshur Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an American investigative journalist Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corrup ...

Bob Woodward
submitted the story to the Pulitzer Prize#Board, Pulitzer Prize Board at Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University for consideration. Cooke was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing on April 13, 1981. The story was then found to be a complete fabrication, and the Pulitzer was returned.


Private "salon" solicitation

In July 2009, in the midst of an intense debate over Health care reforms proposed during the Obama administration, health care reform, ''The Politico'' reported that a health-care lobbyist had received an "astonishing" offer of access to the ''Post's'' "health-care reporting and editorial staff." ''Post'' publisher Katharine Weymouth had planned a series of exclusive dinner parties or "salons" at her private residence, to which she had invited prominent lobbyists, trade group members, politicians, and business people.Richard Pérez-Peña (July 2, 2009)
"Pay-for-Chat Plan Falls Flat at Washington Post"
''The New York Times:'' "Postscript: Oct. 17, 2009 . . . Mr. Marcus W. Brauchli, Brauchli now says that he did indeed know that the dinners were being promoted as 'off the record' . . . "
Participants were to be charged $25,000 to sponsor a single salon, and $250,000 for 11 sessions, with the events being closed to the public and to the non-''Post'' press.Gautham Nagesh (July 2, 2009
"WaPo Salons Sell Access to Lobbyists"
''The Atlantic''
''Politico''s revelation gained a somewhat mixed response in Washington as it gave the impression that the parties' sole purpose was to allow insiders to purchase face time with ''Post'' staff. Almost immediately following the disclosure, Weymouth canceled the salons, saying, "This should never have happened." White House counsel Gregory B. Craig reminded officials that under Honest Leadership and Open Government Act, federal ethics rules, they need advance approval for such events. ''Post'' Executive Editor Marcus Brauchli, who was named on the flier as one of the salon's "Hosts and Discussion Leaders," said he was "appalled" by the plan, adding, "It suggests that access to ''Washington Post'' journalists was available for purchase."Howard Kurtz (July 3, 2009)
"Washington Post Publisher Cancels Planned Policy Dinners After Outcry"
''The Washington Post''


''China Daily'' advertising supplements

Dating back to 2011, ''The Washington Post'' began to include "China Watch" advertising supplements provided by ''China Daily'', an English language newspaper owned by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China, on the print and online editions. Although the header to the online "China Watch" section included the text "A Paid Supplement to The Washington Post," James Fallows of ''The Atlantic'' suggested that the notice was not clear enough for most readers to see. Distributed to the ''Post'' and multiple newspapers around the world, the "China Watch" advertising supplements range from four to eight pages and appear at least monthly. According to a 2018 report by ''The Guardian'', "China Watch" uses "a didactic, old-school approach to propaganda." In 2020, a report by Freedom House, "Beijing's Global Megaphone," was also critical of the ''Post'' and other newspapers for distributing "China Watch". In the same year, thirty-five Republican members of the U.S. Congress wrote a letter to the U.S. Department of Justice in February 2020 calling for an investigation of potential FARA violations by ''China Daily''. The letter named an article that appeared in the ''Post'', "Education Flaws Linked to Hong Kong Unrest," as an example of "articles [that] serve as cover for China's atrocities, including...its support for the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests#Mainland China reactions, crackdown in Hong Kong." According to ''The Guardian,'' the ''Post'' had already stopped running "China Watch" in 2019.


Pay practices

In 1986, five employees (including ''Newspaper Guild'' unit chairman Thomas R. Sherwood and assistant Maryland editor Claudia Levy) sued ''The Washington Post'' for overtime pay, stating that the newspaper had claimed that budgets did not allow for overtime wages. In June 2018, over 400 employees of ''The Washington Post'' signed an open letter to the owner
Jeff Bezos Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor, investor, computer engineer, and commercial astronaut. He is the founder and executive chairman of Amazon (company), Amazon, where ...

Jeff Bezos
demanding "fair wages; fair benefits for retirement, family leave and health care; and a fair amount of job security." The open letter was accompanied by video testimonials from employees, who alleged "shocking pay practices" despite record growth in subscriptions at the newspaper, with salaries rising an average of $10 per week, which the letter claimed was less than half the rate of inflation. The petition followed on a year of unsuccessful negotiations between ''The Washington Post'' Guild and upper management over pay and benefit increases.


Lawsuit by Covington Catholic High School student

In 2019, Covington Catholic High School student Nick Sandmann filed a defamation lawsuit against the ''Post'', alleging that it libeled him in seven articles regarding the January 2019 Lincoln Memorial confrontation between Covington students and the Indigenous Peoples March. In October 2019, a federal judge dismissed the case, ruling that 30 of the 33 statements in the ''Post'' that Sandmann alleged were libelous were not, but allowed Sandmann to file an amended complaint. After Sandmann's lawyers amended the complaint, the suit was reopened on October 28, 2019. The judge stood by his earlier decision that 30 of the Post's 33 statements targeted by the complaint were not libelous, but agreed that a further review was required for three statements that "state that (Sandmann) 'blocked' Nathan Phillips and 'would not allow him to retreat'". On July 24, 2020, ''The Washington Post'' settled the lawsuit with Nick Sandmann. The amount of the settlement has not been made public.


Controversial op-eds and columns

Several ''Washington Post'' op-eds and columns have prompted criticism, including a number of comments on race by columnist Richard Cohen (columnist), Richard Cohen over the years, and a controversial 2014 column on campus sexual assault by George Will. The ''Post''s decision to run an op-ed by Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, a leader in Yemen's Houthi movement, was criticized by some activists on the basis that it provided a platform to an "anti-Western and antisemitic group supported by Iran." The Post's syndicated columnist Dana Milbank wrote a tongue-in-cheek attack on controversial financier George Soros. ''Washington Post'' columnist Jonathan Capeheart claimed that a photo of Bernie Sanders at a protest was not in fact Sanders, despite Sanders using the photo in his own biographical materials. After the photographer released additional photographs confirming that the photo was Sanders, neither Capeheart nor the ''Post'' retracted the claim.


Criticism by elected officials

Former President Donald Trump repeatedly railed against the ''Washington Post'' on Donald Trump on social media, his Twitter account, having "tweeted or retweeted criticism of the paper, tying it to Amazon more than 20 times since his campaign for president" by August 2018. In addition to often attacking the paper itself, Trump used Twitter to blast various ''Post'' journalists and columnists. During the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries, Senator Bernie Sanders repeatedly criticized the ''Washington Post'', saying that its coverage of his campaign was slanted against him and attributing this to
Jeff Bezos Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor, investor, computer engineer, and commercial astronaut. He is the founder and executive chairman of Amazon (company), Amazon, where ...

Jeff Bezos
' purchase of the newspaper. Sanders' criticism was echoed by the socialist magazine ''Jacobin (magazine), Jacobin'' and the progressive journalist watchdog Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. ''Washington Post'' executive editor Marty Baron responded by saying that Sanders' criticism was "baseless and conspiratorial".


Executive officers and editors (past and present)

Major stockholders #
Stilson Hutchins Stilson Hutchins (November 14, 1838 – April 23, 1912) was an American newspaper reporter and publisher, best known as founder of the broadsheet newspaper ''Washington Post, The Washington Post''. Life and career Hutchins was born in Whitefield, N ...
(1877–1889) # Frank Hatton and
Beriah Wilkins Beriah Wilkins (July 10, 1846 – June 7, 1905) was a United States House of Representatives, U.S. Representative from Ohio. Biography Born near Richwood, Ohio, Wilkins attended the common schools of Marysville, Ohio. During the American Civil Wa ...

Beriah Wilkins
(1889–1905) # John Roll McLean, John R. McLean (1905–1916) # Edward Beale McLean, Edward (Ned) McLean (1916–1933) # Eugene Meyer (1933–1948) # The Washington Post Company (1948–2013) #
Nash Holdings Jeffrey Preston Bezos ( ; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American entrepreneur, media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through perso ...
(Jeff Bezos) (2013–present) Publishers #
Stilson Hutchins Stilson Hutchins (November 14, 1838 – April 23, 1912) was an American newspaper reporter and publisher, best known as founder of the broadsheet newspaper ''Washington Post, The Washington Post''. Life and career Hutchins was born in Whitefield, N ...
(1877–1889) #
Beriah Wilkins Beriah Wilkins (July 10, 1846 – June 7, 1905) was a United States House of Representatives, U.S. Representative from Ohio. Biography Born near Richwood, Ohio, Wilkins attended the common schools of Marysville, Ohio. During the American Civil Wa ...

Beriah Wilkins
(1889–1905) # John Roll McLean, John R. McLean (1905–1916) # Edward Beale McLean, Edward (Ned) McLean (1916–1933) # Eugene Meyer (1933–1946) # Phil Graham, Philip L. Graham (1946–1961) # John W. Sweeterman (1961–1968) # Katharine Graham (1969–1979) # Donald E. Graham (1979–2000) # Boisfeuillet Jones Jr. (2000–2008) # Katharine Weymouth (2008–2014) # Fred Ryan, Frederick J. Ryan Jr. (2014–present) Executive editors # James Russell Wiggins (1955–1968) #
Ben Bradlee Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (, 1921 – , 2014) was one of the most prominent journalists of post-World War II United States, serving first as managing editor, then as executive editor at ''The Washington Post'', from 1965 to 1991. He becam ...
(1968–1991) # Leonard Downie Jr. (1991–2008) # Marcus Brauchli (2008–2012) # Martin Baron (2012–2021) #Sally Buzbee (2021–)


Notable staff

* Dan Balz, correspondent * Philip Bump, national correspondent * Robert Costa (journalist), Robert Costa, reporter * Michael de Adder, editorial cartoonist * Karoun Demirjian, reporter * David Fahrenthold, David A. Fahrenthold, reporter * Shane Harris, reporter * Fred Hiatt, editorial page editor overseeing Opinions section * David Ignatius, opinion writer * Carol D. Leonnig * Ruth Marcus (journalist), Ruth Marcus, deputy editorial page editor * Dana Milbank, opinion writer * David Nakamura, reporter * Ashley Parker * Kathleen Parker, opinion writer * Catherine Rampell, opinion writer * Eugene Robinson (journalist), Eugene Robinson, opinion writer * Jennifer Rubin (journalist), Jennifer Rubin, opinion writer * Philip Rucker * Michelle Singletary, personal finance columnist * Dayna Smith, photojournalist * David Weigel * Leana Wen, contributing columnist focusing on public health * George Will, George F. Will, opinion writer


See also

* 1975–76 Washington Post pressmen's strike * ''All the President's Men'', a 1974 book by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward about the Watergate scandal * ''All the President's Men (film), All the President's Men'', a 1976 film based on Bernstein's and Woodward's book * List of prizes won by The Washington Post, List of prizes won by ''The Washington Post'' * The Post (film), ''The Post'', a 2017 film based on the publication of the ''
Pentagon Papers The ''Pentagon Papers'', officially titled ''Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force'', is a United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an United States fe ...
'' * ''The Washington Star'' (1852–1981) * ''The Washington Times'' (1982–present)


References


Further reading

* Kelly, Tom. ''The imperial Post: The Meyers, the Grahams, and the paper that rules Washington'' (Morrow, 1983) * Lewis, Norman P. "Morning Miracle. Inside the Washington Post: A Great Newspaper Fights for Its Life". ''Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly'' (2011) 88#1 pp: 219. * Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. ''The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers'' (1980) pp 342–52 * Roberts, Chalmers McGeagh. ''In the shadow of power: the story of the Washington Post'' (Seven Locks Pr, 1989)


External links

* *
''The Washington Post'' Company history
at Graham Holdings Company
''The Washington Post'' channel
in Telegram (software), Telegram * Scott Sherman, May 2002
"Donald Graham's ''Washington Post''"
''Columbia Journalism Review''. September / October 2002. * * Jaffe, Harry.
Post Watch: Family Dynasty Continues with Katharine II
, ''Washingtonian (magazine), Washingtonian'', February 26, 2008. * {{DEFAULTSORT:Washington Post, The The Washington Post, 1877 establishments in Washington, D.C. 2013 mergers and acquisitions Daily newspapers published in the United States Missouri Lifestyle Journalism Award winners National newspapers published in the United States Newspapers published in Washington, D.C. Peabody Award winners Peabody Award-winning websites Podcasting companies Newspapers established in 1877 Pulitzer Prize-winning newspapers Pulitzer Prize for Public Service winners Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting winners Websites utilizing paywalls