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''The Journal of the American Medical Association'' (JAMA) is a
peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work ( peers). It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field Field may r ...
medical journal A medical journal is a peer-review Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work (:wiktionary:peer#Etymology 2, peers). It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualifi ...
published 48 times a year by the
American Medical Association The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association and lobby group Advocacy groups, also known as special interest groups, use various forms of advocacy Advocacy is an activity by ...
. It publishes original research, reviews, and editorials covering all aspects of
biomedicine Biomedicine (also referred to as Western medicine, mainstream medicine or conventional medicine)
. The journal was established in 1883 with
Nathan Smith Davis
Nathan Smith Davis
as the founding editor. The journal's interim
editor-in-chief An editor-in-chief, also known as lead editor or chief editor, is a publication's editorial leader who has final responsibility for its operations and policies. The highest-ranking editor of a publication may also be titled editor, managing edito ...
is Phil Fontanarosa, who succeeded Howard Bauchner of
Boston University Boston University (BU) is a Private university, private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. The university is nonsectarian but has a historical affiliation with the United Methodist Church. It was founded in 1839 by Methodists with ...
on July 1, 2021.


History

The journal was established in 1883 by the
American Medical Association The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association and lobby group Advocacy groups, also known as special interest groups, use various forms of advocacy Advocacy is an activity by ...
and superseded the ''Transactions of the American Medical Association''. ''Councilor's Bulletin'' was renamed the ''Bulletin of the American Medical Association'', which later was absorbed by the ''Journal of the American Medical Association''. In 1960, the journal obtained its current title, ''JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association''. The journal is commonly referred to as ''JAMA''.


Continuing medical education

''Continuing Education Opportunities for Physicians'' was a semiannual journal section providing lists for regional or national levels of
continuing medical educationContinuing medical education (CME) refers to a specific form of continuing education Continuing education (similar to further education Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, Ireland is educatio ...
(CME). Between 1937 and 1955, the list was produced either quarterly or semiannually. Between 1955 and 1981, the list was available annually, as the number of CME offerings increased from 1,000 (1955) to 8,500 (1981). In 2016, CME transitioned into a digital offering from the JAMA Network called JN Learning CME & MOC from JAMA Network. JN Learning provides CME and MOC credit from article and audio materials published within all 12 JAMA Network journals, including JAMA.


Publication of article by Barack Obama

On 11 July 2016, ''JAMA'' published an article by
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government ...

Barack Obama
entitled, '' United States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps'', which was the first academic paper ever published by a sitting
U.S. president The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head of statebeing an embodime ...
. The article was not subject to blind peer-review. It argued for specific policies that future presidents could pursue in order to improve national health care reform implementation.


Policy shift

After the controversial 1999 firing of an editor-in-chief, George D. Lundberg, a process was put in place to ensure editorial freedom. A seven-member journal oversight committee was created to evaluate the editor-in-chief and to help ensure editorial independence. Since its inception, the committee has met at least once a year. Presently, ''JAMA'' policy states that article content should be attributed to authors, not to the publisher.


Artwork

From 1964 to 2013, the JAMA journal used images of artwork on its cover and it published essays commenting on the artwork. According to former editor George Lundberg, this practice was designed to link the humanities and medicine. In 2013, a format redesign moved the art feature to an inside page, replacing an image of the artwork on the cover with a table of contents. The purpose of the redesign was to standardize the appearance of all journals in the
JAMA Network There are thirteen medical journalA medical journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that communicates medicine, medical information to physicians and other health professionals. Journals that cover many medical specialties are sometimes calle ...
.


Racism controversy

In a February 2021 podcast, a JAMA deputy editor proposed that "structural racism is an unfortunate term to describe a very real problem" and that "taking racism out of the conversation would help" to ensure "all people who lived in disadvantaged circumstances have equal opportunities to become successful and have better qualities of life". JAMA's tweet promoting the podcast posed the Socratic question "No physician is racist, so how can there be structural racism in health care?" The comments and the JAMA tweet were immediately criticized by some in the medical community, resulting in the deletion of both the podcast and promotional tweet. Editor-in-chief Bauchner issued a statement saying "Comments made in the podcast were inaccurate, offensive, hurtful, and inconsistent with the standards of JAMA", and the deputy editor resigned. Bauchner was placed on administrative leave, and also subsequently resigned In response to the controversy, the JAMA interim editor published a joint statement with other JAMA Network editors outlining priorities and approaches to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in the journals, and the journal's August 17, 2021 issue was devoted to the theme of racial and ethnic disparities and inequities in medicine and health care. Public commenters noted that the resignation of the 2 editors was an unfortunate substitute for meaningful conversations about racism and health care.


Previous chief editors

The following persons have been editor-in-chief of JAMA:


Abstracting and indexing

The JAMA journal is abstracted and indexed in: According to ''
Journal Citation Reports ''Journal Citation Reports'' (''JCR'') is an annual publicationby Clarivate Analytics (previously the intellectual property of Thomson Reuters). It has been integrated with the Web of Science and is accessed from the Web of Science-Core Collectio ...
'', the journal has a 2020
impact factor #REDIRECT Impact factor #REDIRECT Impact factor#REDIRECT Impact factor The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a scientometric index calculated by Clarivate that reflects the yearly average number of citat ...
of 56.272, ranking it 3rd out of 169 journals in the category "Medicine, General & Internal".


See also

*
List of American Medical Association journals There are thirteen medical journal A medical journal is a peer-review Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work (:wiktionary:peer#Etymology 2, peers). It functions as ...


References


External links

*
American Medical Association Archives

Free copies of volumes 1-80 (1883-1923)
from the Internet Archive and HathiTrust {{authority control 1883 establishments in the United States American Medical Association academic journals
English-language journals Academic journal An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which Scholarly method, scholarship relating to a particular list of academic disciplines, academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as permanent and t ...
General medical journals Publications established in 1883 Weekly journals