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''The Irish Times'' is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper and online digital publication. It launched on 29 March 1859. The editor is Paul O'Neill. The deputy editor is Deirdre Veldon. It is published every day except Sundays. Though formed as a
Protestant nationalist Protestant Irish nationalists are adherents of Protestantism in Ireland who also support Irish nationalism. Protestants have played a large role in the development of Irish nationalism since the eighteenth century, despite most Irish nationa ...
paper, within two decades and under new owners it had become the voice of British unionism in Ireland. It is no longer a pro unionist paper; it presents itself politically as "liberal and
progressive Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform Political organizations * Congressional Progressive Caucus, members within the Democratic Party in the United States Congress dedicated to t ...
", as well as being centre-right on economic issues. The editorship of the newspaper from 1859 until 1986 was controlled by the
Anglo-Irish Anglo-Irish () is a term which was more commonly used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people ...
Protestant minority, only gaining its first nominal
Irish Catholic Irish Catholics are an ethnoreligious group An ethnoreligious group (or an ethno-religious group), or simply an ethnoreligion, is a grouping of people who are unified by a common Religion, religious and ethnic group, ethnic background. Furthe ...
editor 127 years into its existence. The paper's most prominent columnists include writer and arts commentator
Fintan O'Toole Fintan O'Toole (born 16 February 1958) is a polemicist Polemic () is contentious rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic (or dialectic – see Martianus Capella), is one of th ...
and
satirist This is an incomplete list of writers, cartoonists and others known for involvement in satire – humorous social criticism. They are grouped by era and listed by year of birth. Included is a list of modern satires. Early satirical authors *Aeso ...
Miriam Lord Miriam Lord (born 1962) is an Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the Un ...
. The late
Taoiseach The Taoiseach is the prime minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a p ...
Garret FitzGerald Garret Desmond FitzGerald (9 February 192619 May 2011) was an Irish Fine Gael politician, economist and barrister who served twice as Taoiseach, serving from 1981 to 1982 and 1982 to 1987. He served as Leader of Fine Gael from 1977 to 1987, and ...
was once a columnist. Senior international figures, including
Tony Blair Sir Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party (UK), Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007. On his resig ...

Tony Blair
and
Bill Clinton William Jefferson Clinton ('' né'' Blythe III; born August 19, 1946) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 42nd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and ...

Bill Clinton
, have written for its
op-ed An op-ed, short for "opposite the editorial page" or as a backronym A backronym, or bacronym, is an acronym formed from a word that existed prior to the invention of the backronym. Unlike a typical acronym, in which a new word is constructed fro ...
page. Its most prominent columns have included the political column ''Backbencher'', by John Healy, ''Drapier'' (an anonymous piece produced weekly by a politician, giving the 'insider' view of politics), ''Rite and Reason'' (a weekly religious column, edited by
Patsy McGarry Patsy McGarry is the Religious Affairs correspondent with ''The Irish Times''. He succeeded Andy Pollak as editor in the mid-1990s. He also is the commissioning editor for articles which are published in the paper's ''Rite and Reason'' column ever ...
, the 'religious affairs' editor) and the long-running ''An Irishman's Diary''. ''An Irishman's Diary'' was written by Patrick Campbell in the forties (under the pseudonym 'Quidnunc'); by Seamus Kelly from 1949 to 1979 (also writing as 'Quidnunc'); and more recently by
Kevin Myers Kevin Myers (born 30 March 1947) is an English-born Republic of Ireland, Irish journalist and a writer. He has contributed to the ''Irish Independent'', the Irish edition of ''The Sunday Times#Irish edition, The Sunday Times'', and ''The Ir ...
. After Myers' move to the rival ''
Irish Independent The ''Irish Independent'' is an Republic of Ireland, Irish daily newspaper, and online publication via Independent.ie, which is owned by Independent News & Media (INM) who are a subsidiary of Mediahuis. The newspaper version often includes gl ...
'', ''An Irishman's Diary'' has usually been the work of Frank McNally. On the sports pages,
Philip Reid Philip Reed also Philip Reid (''c.'' 1820 – February 6, 1892) was an African American master craftsman who worked at the foundries of self-taught sculptor Clark Mills (sculptor), Clark Mills, where historical monuments such as the 1853 ''Equest ...
is the paper's golf correspondent. One of its most popular columns was the biting and humorous ''Cruiskeen Lawn'' satire column written, originally in
Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britai ...
, later in English, by
Myles na gCopaleen Brian O'Nolan ( ga, Brian Ó Nualláin; 5 October 1911 – 1 April 1966), better known by his pen name Flann O'Brien, was an Irish novelist, playwright and satirist, considered a major figure in twentieth century Irish literature. Born in Stra ...
, the pen name of Brian O'Nolan (Brian Ó Nualláin) who also wrote books using the name
Flann O'Brien Brian O'Nolan ( ga, Brian Ó Nualláin; 5 October 1911 – 1 April 1966), better known by his pen name Flann O'Brien, was an Irish novelist, playwright and satirist, considered a major figure in twentieth century Irish literature. Born in Stra ...

Flann O'Brien
. ''Cruiskeen Lawn'' is an
anglicised Linguistic anglicisation (or anglicization, occasionally anglification, anglifying, or Englishing) is the practice of modifying foreign words, names, and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English English usually ...
spelling of the Irish words ''crúiscín lán'', meaning 'full little jug'. ''Cruiskeen Lawn'' made its debut in October 1940, and appeared with varying regularity until O'Nolan's death in 1966.


History


Origins

The first appearance of a newspaper using the name ''The Irish Times'' occurred in 1823, but this closed in 1825. The title was revived—initially as a thrice-weekly publication but soon becoming a daily—by a 22-year-old army officer, Lawrence E. Knox (later known as Major Lawrence Knox), with the first edition being published on 29 March 1859. It was founded as a moderate Protestant newspaper, reflecting the politics of Knox, who envisaged it as a "new conservative daily newspaper". Its headquarters were at 4 Lower Abbey Street in Dublin. Its main competitor in its early days was the Dublin ''
Daily Express The ''Daily Express'' is a daily national middle-market and conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as ...
''.


The Arnotts

After Knox's death in 1873, the paper was sold to the widow of Sir
John Arnott Sir John Arnott, 1st Baronet Justice of the Peace, JP (26 July 1814 – 28 March 1898) was a Scottish-Irish entrepreneur and a major figure in the commercial and political spheres of late-19th century Cork (city), Cork. He was also founder of the ...
, a
Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
(MP), a former
Lord Mayor of Cork The Lord Mayor of Cork ( ga, Ard-Mhéara Chathair Chorcaí) is the honorific title of the Chairman ( ga, Cathaoirleach) of Cork City Council Cork City Council ( ga, Comhairle Cathrach Chorcaí) is the authority responsible for Local government ...
and owner of
ArnottsArnotts can refer to; * Arnott's Biscuits, an Australian biscuit and salted snack food company * Arnotts (Ireland), a department store in Dublin, Ireland * Arnotts (Scotland) a department store in Glasgow and group of department stores in Scotland. ...
, one of
Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_ ...

Dublin
's major
Department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics) ...
s. The sale, for £35,000, led to two major changes. Its headquarters was shifted to 31 Westmoreland Street, remaining in buildings on or near that site until 2005. Its politics also shifted dramatically, becoming predominantly Unionist in outlook, and it was closely associated with the
Irish Unionist Alliance The Irish Unionist Alliance (IUA), also known as the Irish Unionist Party, Irish Unionists or simply the Unionists, was a unionist political party founded in Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an is ...
. The paper, along with the ''
Irish Independent The ''Irish Independent'' is an Republic of Ireland, Irish daily newspaper, and online publication via Independent.ie, which is owned by Independent News & Media (INM) who are a subsidiary of Mediahuis. The newspaper version often includes gl ...
'' and various regional papers, called for the execution of the leaders of the failed
1916 Easter Rising The Easter Rising ( ga, Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of ...
. Though the paper became a publicly listed company in 1900, the family continued to hold a majority shareholding until the 1960s (even after the family lost control, the great-grandson of the original purchaser was the paper's London editor). The last member of the Arnott family to sit on the paper's board was Sir Lauriston Arnott, who died in 1958. The editor during the 1930s, R. M. Smyllie, had strong
anti-fascist Anti-fascism is a political movement in opposition to fascist ideologies, groups and individuals. Beginning in European countries in the 1920s, it was at its most significant shortly before and during World War II, where the Axis powers were ...
views, and angered the Irish Catholic hierarchy by opposing
General Franco Francisco Franco Bahamonde (; 4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who led the Nationalist faction (Spanish Civil War), Nationalist forces in overthrowing the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War and ...

General Franco
during the
Spanish Civil War The Spanish Civil War ( es, Guerra Civil Española)) or The Revolution ( es, La Revolución) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War ( es, Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlism, Carlists, and The Rebellion ( es, La Rebelión) or Uprising ( ...

Spanish Civil War
. During World War II, ''The Irish Times'', like other national newspapers, had problems with Irish Government censorship. The Times was largely pro-
Allies An alliance is a relationship among people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously applying ...
and was opposed to the
Éamon de Valera Éamon de Valera (, ; first registered as ''George de Valero''; changed some time before 1901 to ''Edward de Valera''; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was a prominent statesman and political leader in 20th-century Ireland. He served severa ...

Éamon de Valera
government policy of neutrality.


The Irish Times Trust

In 1974, ownership was transferred to a non-charitable trust, The Irish Times Trust. The former owner, Major Thomas McDowell, was made "president for life" of the trust which runs the paper and was paid a large dividend. However several years later the articles of the Trust were adjusted, giving Major McDowell 10 preference shares and one more vote than the combined votes of all the other directors should any move be made to remove him. Major McDowell died in 2009. The Trust was set up in 1974 as "a company limited by guarantee" to purchase The Irish Times Limited and to ensure that ''The Irish Times'' would be published as an independent newspaper with specific editorial objectives. (See below). The Trust is regulated by a legal document, the Memorandum and Articles of Association, and controlled by a body of people (the Governors) under company law. It is not a charity and does not have charitable status. It has no beneficial shareholders and it cannot pay dividends. Any profits made by ''The Irish Times'' cannot be distributed to the Trust but must be used to strengthen the newspaper, directly or indirectly. The Trust is composed of a maximum of 11 Governors. The Trust appoints Governors who are required to be "representative broadly of the community throughout the whole of Ireland". As of June 2012, Ruth Barrington is the chair of the trust, and the governors are Tom Arnold, David Begg, Noel Dorr, Margaret Elliott, Rosemary Kelly, Eoin O'Driscoll, Fergus O'Ferrall, Judith Woodworth, Barry Smyth, and Caitriona Murphy. In 2015, ''The Irish Times Trust Limited'' joined as a member organization of the European Press Prize.


Recent history

In 1969, the longest-serving editor of ''The Irish Times'',
Douglas Gageby (Robert John) Douglas Gageby (29 September 1918 – 24 June 2004) was one of the pre-eminent Irish Editing, newspaper editors of his generation. His life is well documented and a book of essays about him, written by many of his colleagues, some of ...
, was allegedly called a "white nigger" by company chairman Thomas Bleakley McDowell, because of the newspaper's coverage of
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
at the outset of
the Troubles The Troubles ( ga, Na Trioblóidí) were an ethno-nationalist Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethnonationalism, is a form of nationalism Nationalism is an idea and movement that promotes the interests of a particular nation A na ...
, which was supportive of Irish nationalism. The paper established its first bureau in Asia when foreign correspondent
Conor O'Clery Conor O'Clery is an Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the United Kingdom ...
moved to Beijing in 1996. The paper suffered considerable financial difficulty in 2002 when a drop in advertising revenue coincided with a decision by the company to invest its reserves in the building of a new printing plant. None of the journalists were laid off, but many took a voluntary redundancy package when the paper was greatly restructured. Some foreign bureaux were closed and it also stopped publishing 'colour' pages devoted to Irish regions, with regional coverage now merged with news. The paper's problems stemmed partly from internal strife which led to Major McDowells's daughter, Karen Erwin, not being made chief executive. The reorganisation had the desired effect; after posting losses of almost €3 million in 2002, the paper returned to profit in 2003.
John Waters John Samuel Waters Jr. (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, actor, and artist. Born and raised in Baltimore, Waters rose to fame in the early 1970s for his Cinema of Transgression, transgressive cult films, including ''Multip ...
, a columnist who spoke out about the perceived vast salaries of the editor, managing director and deputy editor, was sacked and re-hired a week later, in November 2003. Former editor
Geraldine Kennedy Geraldine Kennedy (born 1 September 1951) is an Irish journalist and politician who served as the first female editor of ''The Irish Times ''The Irish Times'' is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper and online digital publication. It launched ...
was paid more than the editor of the UK's top non-tabloid newspaper ''The Daily Telegraph'', which has a circulation of about nine times that of ''The Irish Times''. Later, columnist
Fintan O'Toole Fintan O'Toole (born 16 February 1958) is a polemicist Polemic () is contentious rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic (or dialectic – see Martianus Capella), is one of th ...
told the '' Sunday Independent'': "We as a paper are not shy of preaching about corporate pay and fat cats but with this there is a sense of excess. Some of the sums mentioned are disturbing. This is not an attack on Ms Kennedy, it is an attack on the executive level of pay. There is double-standard of seeking more job cuts while paying these vast salaries. On 23 December 2004, ''The Irish Times'' ran a front-page story on the
Provisional IRA The Irish Republican Army (IRA; ), also known as the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and informally as the Provos, was an Irish republican paramilitary Paramilitary forces usually tend to wear similar but different uniforms to the mil ...
's denial of involvement in the
Northern Bank robbery In the Northern Bank robbery cash was stolen from the Northern Bank Headquarters, headquarters of Northern Bank on Donegall Square, Donegall Square West in Belfast, Northern Ireland. On 20 December 2004, having taken members of the families of ...
, one of Europe's largest ever, and on the same day refused to print a column by
Kevin Myers Kevin Myers (born 30 March 1947) is an English-born Republic of Ireland, Irish journalist and a writer. He has contributed to the ''Irish Independent'', the Irish edition of ''The Sunday Times#Irish edition, The Sunday Times'', and ''The Ir ...
which said that the Provisional IRA was responsible. Myers was reported to be shocked by the spiking of his column. Some two weeks later, the paper printed a report that there might, after all, be a "nationalist" connection. Myers later left the paper. The following May, the paper launched a new international edition, which was available in London and southeast England at the same time as other daily newspapers (previously, copies of the Irish edition were flown from Dublin to major cities in Britain on passenger flights, arriving around lunchtime). It was printed at the Newsfax plant in Hackney, and uses the ''
Financial Times The ''Financial Times'' (''FT'') is a daily newspaper printed in broadsheet and published digitally that focuses on business and economic Current affairs (news format), current affairs. Based in London, England, the paper is owned by a Japanese ...
'' distribution network. The
Central Bank of Ireland The Central Bank of Ireland ( ga, Banc Ceannais na hÉireann) is Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Gre ...

Central Bank of Ireland
fined ''The Irish Times'' in 2008 after it admitted breaking market abuse rules. In 2009, the Supreme Court ordered the paper to pay €600,000 in costs despite winning its case about the importance of protecting journalistic sources, and called its destruction of evidence "reprehensible conduct". The newspaper has been criticized for its perceived support of the British Army. An article in '' The Phoenix'' magazine examined an article in ''The Irish Times'' published in August 2010 on Irish nationals serving in the British Army. According to ''The Phoenix'', the article romanticized the war in
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of t ...

Afghanistan
and was little more than a recruitment advertisement for the
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' us ...
. The magazine accused the editor
Geraldine Kennedy Geraldine Kennedy (born 1 September 1951) is an Irish journalist and politician who served as the first female editor of ''The Irish Times ''The Irish Times'' is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper and online digital publication. It launched ...
and the Irish Times board of violating the Defence Act which prohibits any kind of advertising for recruitment for a foreign army and article 15.6.1 of the
Constitution of Ireland The Constitution of Ireland ( ga, Bunreacht na hÉireann, ) is the constitution, fundamental law of Republic of Ireland, Ireland. It asserts the national sovereignty of the Irish people. The constitution is broadly within the tradition of libera ...
which states "The right to raise and maintain military or armed forces is vested exclusively in the Oireachtas". On 9 September 2011, the paper published a pseudonymous article by Kate Fitzgerald. Unknown to the paper, she had taken her life on 22 August 2011. The revelation sparked a nationwide debate on suicide with her parents appearing on television to discuss suicide and depression. The article criticised the reaction to her illness by her employer, The Communications Clinic, although it was only after she was identified as the author that her employer became known. The article was later removed from the paper's website, causing controversy online. The editor later told her parents that sections of her article were factually incorrect, but could not say which ones. Kate's parents complained to the Office of the Press Ombudsman about an apology made to The Communications Clinic, their complaint was upheld. In September 2019, the paper reprinted an article from the ''
New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of Serial (publishing), serial published, publicatio ...
'' by
William Broad William J. Broad (born March 7, 1951) is an American science journalist up Emma Reh (1896–1982) was a science journalist for Science Service in the 1920s and 30s. Here she is reporting on an archaeological site in Oaxaca for ''Science N ...

William Broad
. The article claimed that "the blossoming anxiety over professed health risks of 5G ifth generation wireless technology'can be traced to a single scientist and a single chart'". A complaint to the Office of the Press Ombudsman of the Press Council of Ireland was filed by Professor Tom Butler of the
University College Cork University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork (UCC) ( ga, Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh) is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland, and located in Cork (city), Cork. The university was founded in 1 ...

University College Cork
. The Press Council Ombudsman upheld Butler's complaint, ruling that "The Irish Times breached Principle 1 (Truth and Accuracy) of the Code of Practice of the Press Council of Ireland".


Diversification

The company has diversified from its original ''Irish Times'' title as a source of revenue. Irish Times Limited has taken a majority share for €5m in the Gazette Group Newspapers, a group publishing three local newspapers in
West Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the No ...
, and has acquired a property website, MyHome.ie, the second-largest property internet website in Ireland, for €50m, seen as insurance against the loss of revenue from traditional classified property advertising. In June 2009, journalists called on the board and trust to review "the flawed investment and diversification strategy of the company" and passed a motion saying that "ongoing investment in loss-making projects poses a serious threat to employment" at the newspaper. Four months later, the company announced a loss of €37 million and that 90 staff would be made redundant. The director, Maeve Donovan, who instigated the "investment and diversification" strategy, subsequently retired. She dismissed suggestions that she would receive a significant "golden handshake", saying that her package would be "nothing out of the ordinary at all". She was given a €1m "ex-gratia" payment by the newspaper "relating to a commutation of pension rights agreed with her". The managing director said in 2009 that mobile phone applications would be a key investment for newspapers and ''The Irish Times'' now has an application for the
iPhone {{Infobox information appliance , name = iPhone , logo = , image = , caption = The front face of an iPhone 13 Pro The iPhone 13 Pro and iPhone 13 Pro Max are smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. They are the flagship smart ...

iPhone
and
Android Android may refer to: Science and technology * Android (robot), a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to imitate a human * Android (operating system), Google's mobile operating system ** Android (operating system)#Mascot, Unnamed Androi ...

Android
smartphones. In June 2010, Gazette group newspapers' managing director claimed the company's affairs were being conducted oppressively by its majority shareholder, the Irish Times.


Offices

In 1895, the paper moved from its original offices on Middle Abbey Street to
D'Olier Street D'Olier Street ( ) is a street in the southern city-centre of Dublin, the capital of Ireland. It and Westmoreland Street are two broad streets whose northern ends meet at the southern end of O'Connell Bridge over the River Liffey. Its southern en ...
in the centre of Dublin. "D'Olier Street" became a
metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of p ...
of ''The Irish Times'' which in turn was personified as "The Old Lady of D'Olier Street". In October 2006, the paper relocated to a new building on nearby
Tara Street Tara Street is a major traffic route in Dublin, Ireland, partly due to the current one-way traffic flow in the city centre.
.


Online

In 1994, ''The Irish Times'' established a website called Irish-times.ie; it was the first newspaper in Ireland and one of the first 30 newspapers in the world to do so. The company acquired the
domain name A domain name is an identification string String or strings may refer to: *String (structure), a long flexible structure made from threads twisted together, which is used to tie, bind, or hang other objects Arts, entertainment, and media Film ...
''Ireland.com'' in 1997, and from 1999 to 2008, used it to publish its online edition. It was freely available at first but charges and a registration fee were introduced in 2002 for access to most of the content. A number of blogs were added in April 2007 written by
Jim Carroll James Dennis Carroll (August 1, 1949 – September 11, 2009) was an American author, poet, autobiographer, and punk rock, punk musician. Carroll was best known for his 1978 autobiographical work ''The Basketball Diaries (book), The Basketball D ...
, Shane Hegarty, and Conor Pope. On 30 June 2008, the company relaunched Ireland.com as a separate lifestyle portal and the online edition of the newspaper was now published at irishtimes.com. It was supplied free of charge, but a subscription was charged to view its archives. On 15 October 2012 John O'Shea, Head of Online, ''The Irish Times'', announced that the ireland.com domain name had been sold to Tourism Ireland, and that the ireland.com email service would end on 7 November 2012. The domain name was sold for €495,000. The ending of the email service affected about 15,000 subscribers. The newspaper announced on 17 February 2015 the reintroduction of a
paywall A paywall is a method of restricting access to content Content or contents may refer to: Media * Content (media), information or experience provided to audience or end-users by publishers or media producers ** Content industry, an umbrella ...
for its website, ''irishtimes.com'', beginning on 23 February.


Format and content

The paper has the same standard layout every day. The front page contains one main picture and three main news stories, with the left-hand column, News Digest, providing a 'teaser' of some of the stories inside the Home News, World News, Sport and Business Today sections as well as other information such as winning lottery numbers and weather forecasts. Inside, it usually contains eight to twelve pages of Irish news, called "Home News", covering the
Republic of Ireland Ireland ( ga, Éire ), also known as the Republic of Ireland ('), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective id ...

Republic of Ireland
and
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
. It devotes several pages to important stories such as the publication of government reports, government budgets, important courts cases, and so on. World News contains news from its correspondents abroad and from news wires and services such as Reuters, the Guardian Service, and the Los Angeles Times-Washington Post service. The paper has correspondents in London, Paris, Brussels, and Washington. ''The Irish Times'' publishes its residential property supplement every Thursday, one of the printed residential property listings for the Dublin area. This is also online. Motoring and employment supplements are published on Wednesday and Friday respectively, and are also online. A business supplement is published every Friday, as is an entertainment supplement called ''The Ticket'', with film, music, theatre reviews, interviews, articles, and media listings. It features cinema writer Donald Clarke and music writers Jim Carroll, Brian Boyd, Tony Clayton-Lea and others.
Michael Dwyer Michael Dwyer (1772–1825) was an insurgent captain in the Irish Rebellion of 1798, leading the Society of United Irishmen, United Irish forces in battles in County Wexford, Wexford and County Wicklow, Wicklow., Following the defeat and disp ...
, the distinguished film critic and recipient of the Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres, wrote for the supplement until his death in 2010. On Saturdays, a Weekend section is published, with news features, arts profiles, television and radio columns, and book reviews of mainly literary and biographical works, with occasional reviews in the technology sector. The Saturday edition also includes the Magazine with consumer and lifestyle features on food, wine, gardening, and there are travel and sports supplements. Three
Sudoku Sudoku (; ja, 数独, sūdoku, digit-single; originally called Number Place) is a logic Logic is an interdisciplinary field which studies truth and reasoning Reason is the capacity of consciously making sense of things, applying logic ...

Sudoku
puzzles and two crosswords are published daily including a
cryptic crossword A cryptic crossword is a crossword, crossword puzzle in which each clue is a word puzzle. Cryptic crosswords are particularly popular in the United Kingdom, where they originated, Ireland, Israel, the Netherlands, and in several Commonwealth of Na ...
, formerly compiled by " Crosaire", and a "Simplex" crossword. There is also a letters page. J.J. Walsh has contributed a chess puzzle to the paper since April 1955, originally weekly the puzzle became a daily fixture in September 1972. The paper carries political cartoons by
Martyn Turner Martyn Turner (born 1948) is an English-born Irish political cartoonist, caricaturist and writer, working for the Irish Times since 1971. His cartoons appear four times a week in the newspaper, parodying current events. Life Early life and educa ...
and the American cartoon strip,
Doonesbury ''Doonesbury'' is a comic strip by American cartoonist Garry Trudeau that chronicles the adventures and lives of an array of characters of various ages, professions, and backgrounds, from the President of the United States to the title character, ...
. The business section has a satirical illustration by David Rooney every Friday. Tom Mathews contributes an arts-inspired cartoon (called "Artoon") to the arts section on Saturday. A weekly Irish language page is carried on Wednesdays. ''The Irish Times'' tended to support the
Lisbon Treaty The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement that amends the two treaties A treaty is a formal, legally binding written agreement between actors in international law International law, als ...
. However, opposing views were also printed, including articles by
Declan Ganley Declan James Ganley (born 23 July 1968) is an English-born Irish entrepreneur, businessman, and political activist. He was the founder and leader of the Irish branch of the Libertas.eu, Libertas Party. Primarily a telecommunications entrepreneu ...
of
Libertas Ireland Libertas Ireland was a political party in Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (G ...
, and other anti-Lisbon campaigners.


Purchase of ''Irish Examiner'' and other assets

In December 2017, it was reported that ''The Irish Times'' had reached an agreement to purchase the newspaper, radio and website interests of
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
which include the ''
Irish Examiner The ''Irish Examiner'', formerly ''The Cork Examiner'' and then ''The Examiner'', is an Republic of Ireland, Irish national daily newspaper which primarily circulates in the Munster region surrounding its base in Cork (city), Cork, though it is ...
''. Initially subject to regulatory approval, the sale was completed in July 2018.


2018 redundancies

In September 2018, ''The Irish Times'' started a voluntary redundancy scheme. This followed the
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
acquisition.


Print circulation

Average print circulation was approximately 100,000 copies per issue in 2011, dropping to approximately 62,000 by 2017. The circulation of the newspaper is no longer audited.


Digital Irish Times circulation

ABC measure digital circulation based on paid for digital subscriptions that include an ePaper in the package. This means that the free student edition and the basic package, which does not include an ePaper, are excluded from the below statistics.


Newspapers owned by The Irish Times DAC

* ''The Irish Times'' * ''
Irish Examiner The ''Irish Examiner'', formerly ''The Cork Examiner'' and then ''The Examiner'', is an Republic of Ireland, Irish national daily newspaper which primarily circulates in the Munster region surrounding its base in Cork (city), Cork, though it is ...
'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * '' The Echo'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * ''
Roscommon Herald Below is a list of newspapers published in Republic of Ireland, Ireland. National titles – currently published – English language Daily national newspapers : Sunday national newspapers : Regional titles – currently published – Engli ...
'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * ''
Western People The ''Western People'' is a weekly local newspaper published in Ballina, County Mayo in the Republic of Ireland. It was first published in 1883. The newspaper was part of the Thomas Crosbie Holdings group. Thomas Crosbie Holdings went into rec ...
'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * ''
Waterford News & Star The ''Waterford News & Star'' is a local newspaper based in the Irish city of Waterford, first published as the ''Waterford Star'' in 1848. In December 2007, it changed from a broadsheet to a tabloid. ''The Waterford News & Star'' in 2010/11 m ...
'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * ''The Nationalist'' (Carlow) (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * ''Kildare Nationalist'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * ''Laois Nationalist'' (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
)


The Irish Times DAC investments ownership


Magazine

* Gloss Magazine (50% stake via Gloss Publications )


Radio

*
Beat 102-103 Beat 102 103 is an Radio in Ireland#Independent Regional Radio, independent regional radio station in the Republic of Ireland licensed by the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland covering counties County Waterford, Waterford, County Carlow, Carlow ...
(acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) *
WLR FM WLR FM, or more commonly WLR (Waterford Local Radio) is the local radio station covering Waterford City and Waterford County, County, Ireland. It is Ireland's Local Station of the Year 2019, 2020 & 2021. In addition to the official franchise are ...
(acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * Red FM (17% ownership) (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
)


Digital

* RecruitIreland.com (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * BreakingNews.ie (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) * BenchWarmers.ie (acquired from
Landmark Media Investments Landmark Media Investments was a media holding company owned by Tom Crosbie and his father Ted Crosbie with Irish newspaper, radio and digital investments. Their ownership was via Rinvery Ltd. Landmark Media Investments was established in February ...
) (Sold to Rocket Sports Internet) * Myhome.ie (acquired from Sherry FitzGerald, the Gunne Group and Douglas Newman Good)


Other Assets

* Itronics (training company) * DigitalworX (Web publisher)


Columns

Regular columns include: * ''An Irishman's Diary'' * ''Another Life'' is a weekly natural history column written and illustrated since 1977 by
Michael Viney Michael Viney Member of the Royal Irish Academy, MRIA (born 1933) is an artist, author, broadcaster, and journalist, based in Republic of Ireland, Ireland. He was born in Brighton, England. He is best known for his writings on nature. Career In ...
. * ''Rite and Reason'' is a weekly religious column. It is edited by the religious editor,
Patsy McGarry Patsy McGarry is the Religious Affairs correspondent with ''The Irish Times''. He succeeded Andy Pollak as editor in the mid-1990s. He also is the commissioning editor for articles which are published in the paper's ''Rite and Reason'' column ever ...
. Many prominent
Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...

Roman Catholic
and Church of Ireland bishops, Irish Jewish leaders, theologians from all faiths, and journalists, among others, have written the column which is published on the op-ed page on Mondays. * ''Social and Personal''


Editors

# Dr. George Ferdinand Shaw (1859) # Rev. George Bomford Wheeler (1859–77) # James Scott (1877–99) # William Algernon Locker (1901–7) # John Edward Healy (1907–34) # R. M. Smyllie, Robert Maire "Bertie" Smyllie (1934–54) # Alec Newman (1954–61) # Alan Montgomery (1961–63) #
Douglas Gageby (Robert John) Douglas Gageby (29 September 1918 – 24 June 2004) was one of the pre-eminent Irish Editing, newspaper editors of his generation. His life is well documented and a book of essays about him, written by many of his colleagues, some of ...
(1963–74 and 1977–86) # Fergus Pyle (1974–77) # Conor Brady (1986–2002) #
Geraldine Kennedy Geraldine Kennedy (born 1 September 1951) is an Irish journalist and politician who served as the first female editor of ''The Irish Times ''The Irish Times'' is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper and online digital publication. It launched ...
(2002–2011) # Kevin O'Sullivan (journalist), Kevin O'Sullivan (2011–2017) # Paul O'Neill (2017–present)


Past and present contributors

* Charles Acton (critic), Charles Acton * John Banville * Brendan Behan * Maeve Binchy * Vincent Browne * Tom Clonan *
Myles na gCopaleen Brian O'Nolan ( ga, Brian Ó Nualláin; 5 October 1911 – 1 April 1966), better known by his pen name Flann O'Brien, was an Irish novelist, playwright and satirist, considered a major figure in twentieth century Irish literature. Born in Stra ...
* Cónal Creedon *
Garret FitzGerald Garret Desmond FitzGerald (9 February 192619 May 2011) was an Irish Fine Gael politician, economist and barrister who served twice as Taoiseach, serving from 1981 to 1982 and 1982 to 1987. He served as Leader of Fine Gael from 1977 to 1987, and ...
* Theodora FitzGibbon * Donal Foley * Elgy Gillespie * John Healy * Mary Holland (journalist), Mary Holland * Róisín Ingle * Dennis Campbell Kennedy, Dennis Kennedy * Karlin Lillington * Liam MacGabhann * Emer McLysaght * Lara Marlowe * Seamus Martin *
Kevin Myers Kevin Myers (born 30 March 1947) is an English-born Republic of Ireland, Irish journalist and a writer. He has contributed to the ''Irish Independent'', the Irish edition of ''The Sunday Times#Irish edition, The Sunday Times'', and ''The Ir ...
* Breda O'Brien *
Conor O'Clery Conor O'Clery is an Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the United Kingdom ...
* Aidan O'Sullivan *
Fintan O'Toole Fintan O'Toole (born 16 February 1958) is a polemicist Polemic () is contentious rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic (or dialectic – see Martianus Capella), is one of th ...
* Fergus Pyle * Arthur Quinlan *
Martyn Turner Martyn Turner (born 1948) is an English-born Irish political cartoonist, caricaturist and writer, working for the Irish Times since 1971. His cartoons appear four times a week in the newspaper, parodying current events. Life Early life and educa ...
*
John Waters John Samuel Waters Jr. (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, actor, and artist. Born and raised in Baltimore, Waters rose to fame in the early 1970s for his Cinema of Transgression, transgressive cult films, including ''Multip ...
* Noel Whelan (politician), Noel Whelan * Terence de Vere White * Thomas Woods (Irish diplomat), Thomas Woods * Maev-Ann Wren


See also

* List of newspapers in Ireland * Irish Times National Debating Championship, ''Irish Times'' National Debating Championship * List of Irish companies * ''The Times'' (United Kingdom) * ''The New York Times'' (United States)


References


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Irish Times, The The Irish Times, 1859 establishments in Ireland Daily newspapers published in Ireland, Times Irish news websites Newspaper companies of Ireland Newspapers published in the Republic of Ireland Newspapers established in 1859 Websites utilizing paywalls