HOME

TheInfoList




''The Forward'' ( yi, פֿאָרווערטס, Forverts), formerly known as ''The Jewish Daily Forward'', is an American news media organization for a
Jewish American American Jews or Jewish Americans are Americans Americans are the Citizenship of the United States, citizens and United States nationality law, nationals of the United States of America.; ; ''Ricketts v. Attorney General''897 F.3d 491, 494 ...
audience. Founded in 1897 as a
Yiddish Yiddish (, or , ''yidish'' or ''idish'', , ; , ''Yidish-Taytsh'', ) is a West Germanic The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic languages, Germanic family of languages (the others being the ...

Yiddish
-language daily
socialist Socialism is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the Cognition, cognitive pr ...

socialist
newspaper, ''The New York Times'' reported that
Seth Lipsky Seth Lipsky (born 1946) is the founder and editor of the ''New York Sun ''The New York Sun'' was an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current ...
"started an English-language offshoot of the Yiddish-language newspaper" as a weekly newspaper in 1990. In the 21st century ''The Forward'' is a digital publication with online reporting. In 2016, the publication of the Yiddish version changed its print format from a biweekly newspaper to a monthly magazine; the English weekly paper followed suit in 2017. Those magazines were published until 2019. ''The Forward''s perspective on world and national news and its reporting on the Jewish perspective on modern United States have made it one of the most influential American Jewish publications. It is published by an independent nonprofit association. It has a politically
progressive Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform Political organizations * Congressional Progressive Caucus, members within the Democratic Party in the United States Congress dedicated to th ...
editorial focus. The Yiddish ''Forward'' (''Forverts'') is a clearinghouse for the latest developments in the Yiddish world with almost daily news reports related to Yiddish language and culture as well as videos of cooking demonstrations, Yiddish humor and new songs. A Yiddish rendition of the
Leonard Cohen Leonard Norman Cohen (September 21, 1934 – November 7, 2016) was a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet, and novelist. His work explored religion, politics, isolation, depression, sexuality, loss, death and romantic relationships. Cohen was indu ...

Leonard Cohen
song "
Hallelujah ''Hallelujah'' ( ) is an interjection used as an expression of gratitude and adoration. The term is used 24 times in the Hebrew Bible (in the book of Psalms), twice in deuterocanonical books, and four times in the Christian Book of Revelation. Th ...
", translated and performed by klezmer musician Daniel Kahn, garnered over a million views. On January 17, 2019, the publication announced it would discontinue its print edition and only publish its English and Yiddish editions online. Layoffs of its editor-in-chief and 20% of its editorial staff were also announced.
Jodi Rudoren Jodi Rudoren (born November 30, 1970) is an American journalist and Editor-in-Chief of ''The Forward''. Bibliography Rudoren was a reporter and editor for ''The New York Times'' for many years, and was the newspaper's Bureau chief in Jerusalem fro ...
was named editor in July 2019, and took charge in September 2019.


History


Origins

The first issue of ''Forverts'' appeared on April 22, 1897, in New York City.Ehud Manor, ''Forward: The Jewish Daily Forward (Forverts) Newspaper: Immigrants, Socialism and Jewish Politics in New York, 1890–1917.'' Eastbourne, England: Sussex Academic Press, 2009; pg. 3. The paper was founded by a group of about 50
Yiddish Yiddish (, or , ''yidish'' or ''idish'', , ; , ''Yidish-Taytsh'', ) is a West Germanic The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic languages, Germanic family of languages (the others being the ...
-speaking
socialist Socialism is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the Cognition, cognitive pr ...

socialist
s who had organized three months earlier as the Forward Publishing Association. The paper's name, as well as its political orientation, was borrowed from the
German Social Democratic Party The Social Democratic Party of Germany (german: Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD; ) is a social democratic political party in Germany. It is one of the two major Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with ...
and its organ ''''. ''Forverts'' was a successor to New York's first Yiddish-language socialist newspaper, ''Di Arbeter Tsaytung'' (''The Workman's Paper''), a weekly established in 1890 by the fledgling Jewish trade union movement centered in the
United Hebrew Trades The United Hebrew Trades (Yiddish: ''Fareynikte Yidishe Geverkshaftn''), was an association of Jewish labor unions in New York formed in the late 1880s. The organization was inspired by and modeled upon the United German Trades (German: ''Deutsche ...
, as a vehicle for bringing socialist and trade unionist ideas to Yiddish-speaking immigrants, primarily from eastern Europe.Manor, ''Forward,'' pg. 4. This paper had been merged into a new Yiddish daily called ''
Dos Abend Blatt ''Dos Abend Blatt'' (''The Evening Paper''; original extensive title yi, אבענד בלאטט פון דיא ארבייטער צייטונג; ') was a Yiddish language daily newspaper published in New York City, United States.Diner, Hasia R. In t ...
'' (The Evening Paper) as its weekend supplement when that publication was launched in 1894 under the auspices of the Socialist Labor Party (SLP). As this publication established itself, it came under increased political pressure from the de facto head of the SLP,
Daniel De Leon Daniel De Leon (; December 14, 1852 – May 11, 1914), alternatively spelt Daniel de León, was an American socialist Socialism is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions ...
, who attempted to maintain a rigid ideological line with respect to its content. It was this centralizing political pressure which had been the motivating factor for a new publication. Chief among the dissident socialists of the Forward Publishing Association were
Louis Miller Louis E. Miller (1866–1927), born Efim Samuilovich Bandes, was a Russian-Jewish political activist who emigrated to the United States of America in 1884. A trade union organizer and newspaper editor, Miller is best remembered as a founding edito ...
and
Abraham Cahan Abraham "Abe" Cahan (July 7, 1860 – August 31, 1951) was a Lithuania Lithuania ( ; lt, Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania ( lt, Lietuvos Respublika, links=no), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. It is one of the ...
. These two founding fathers of ''The Forward'' were quick to enlist in the ranks of a new rival socialist political party founded in 1897, the
Social Democratic Party of America The Social Democratic Party of America (SDP) was a short-lived political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold s ...
, founded by the nationally famous leader of the 1894
American Railway Union The American Railway Union (ARU) was briefly among the largest labor union A trade union (or a labor union in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is t ...
strike, , and , a German-speaking teacher and newspaper publisher from
Milwaukee Milwaukee ( ) is the largest city in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in ...

Milwaukee
. Both joined the SDP in July 1897. Despite this political similarity, Miller and Cahan differed as to the political orientation of the paper and Cahan left after just four months to join the staff of ''The Commercial Advertiser,'' a well-established
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
newspaper also based in New York City. For the next four years Cahan remained outside of ''The Forward'' office, learning the newspaper trade in a financially successful setting. He only returned, he later recalled in his memoirs, upon the promise of "absolute full power" over the editorial desk. The circulation of the paper, which was described as "one of the first national newspapers," grew quickly, paralleling the rapid growth of the Yiddish speaking population of the United States. By 1912 its circulation was 120,000,Christopher Gray
"Streetscapes/The Jewish Daily Forward Building, 175 East Broadway; A Capitalist Venture With a Socialist Base"
''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', April 2, 2007.
and by the late 1920s/early 1930s, ''The Forward'' was a leading U.S. metropolitan daily with considerable influence and a nationwide circulation of more than 275,000"Our history"
''Forward'' website. Accessed April 2, 2007.
though this had dropped to 170,000 by 1939 as a result of changes in U.S. immigration policy that restricted the immigration of Jews to a trickle. Early on, ''The Forward'' defended trade unionism and moderate, democratic socialism. The paper was a significant participant in the activities of the
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) was once one of the largest labor unions A trade union (or a labor union in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States Eng ...
;
Benjamin SchlesingerBenjamin "Ben" Schlesinger was a Lithuanian-born American trade union A trade union (or a labor union in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set ...
, a former president of the ILGWU, became the general manager of the paper in 1923, then returned to the presidency of the union in 1928. The paper was also an early supporter of
David Dubinsky David Dubinsky (born David Isaac Dobnievski; February 22, 1892 – September 17, 1982) was an American labor leader. He served as president of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) between 1932 and 1966, took part in the creation ...

David Dubinsky
, Schlesinger's eventual successor. The best-known writer in the ''Yiddish Forward'' was
Isaac Bashevis Singer Isaac Bashevis Singer ( yi, יצחק באַשעװיס זינגער; November 11, 1903 – July 24, 1991) was a Polish Polish may refer to: * Anything from or related to Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland ...

Isaac Bashevis Singer
, who received the
Nobel Prize in Literature ) , image = Nobel Prize.png , caption = , awarded_for = Outstanding contributions in literature , presenter = Swedish Academy The Swedish Academy ( sv, Svenska Akademien), founded in 1786 by King Gustav III, is one of the Roya ...
as well as other well known Socialist literary and political figures, such as
Leon Trotsky Lev Davidovich Bronstein. ( – 21 August 1940), better known as Leon Trotsky; uk, link= no, Лев Давидович Троцький; also transliterated ''Lyev'', ''Trotski'', ''Trotskij'', ''Trockij'' and ''Trotzky''. (), was a Ukrainian ...

Leon Trotsky
and
Morris Winchevsky Morris Winchevsky (Yiddish: מאָריס װינטשעװסקי; born as Leopold Benzion Novokhovitch; 1856–1932), also known as Ben Netz, was a prominent Jewish socialist leader in London and the United States of America, United States in the late ...
.


Modern times

By 1962, circulation was down to 56,126 daily and 59,636 Sunday,"The Victim of Success"
''
Time Time is the continued sequence of existence and event (philosophy), events that occurs in an apparently irreversible process, irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future. It is a component quantity of various me ...
'', December 28, 1962.
and by 1983 the newspaper was published only once a week, with an English supplement. In 1990, the English supplement became an independent weekly which by 2000 had a circulation of 26,183, while the Yiddish weekly had a circulation of 7,000 and falling.Alterman, Eric (May 22, 2000).
Back to the ''Forward''
''
The Nation ''The Nation'' is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, covering progressive Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform Political organizations * ...
''. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
As the influence of the Socialist Party in both American politics and in the Jewish community waned, the paper joined the American liberal mainstream though it maintained a
social democratic Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between individu ...
orientation. The English version has some standing in the Jewish community as an outlet of liberal policy analysis. For a period in the 1990s, conservatives came to the fore of the English edition of the paper, but the break from tradition didn't last. (A number of conservatives dismissed from ''The Forward'' later helped to found the modern ''
New York Sun ''The New York Sun'' was an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, a ...
''.) The Yiddish edition has recently enjoyed a modest increase in circulation as courses in the language have become more popular among university students; circulation has leveled out at about 5,500. Boris Sandler, one of the most significant contemporary secular writers in Yiddish, was the editor of the Yiddish ''Forward'' for 18 years, until March 2016; the new editor who succeeded him is Rukhl Schaechter. From 2013 to 2017, prior to the current format as a monthly magazine, ''The Forward'' was published as a newspaper in separate English weekly and Yiddish biweekly editions, and online daily. Each was effectively an independent publication with its own contents. Jane Eisner became the first female editor in chief of the English ''Forward'' in June 2008.Besa Luci
"Eisner Breaks Glass Stelya at Jewish Forward,"
WeNews, July 1, 2008.
The previous editor in chief was J.J. Goldberg, who served from 2000 to 2007; since that time he has been editor at large. The paper maintains a left of center editorial stance. In August 2015, ''The Forward'' received wide attention for reporting from Iran at a charged moment in American politics, as the U.S. Congress was ramping up to a vote on an accord reached the month before to limit Tehran's nuclear ability in return for lifting international oil and financial sanctions. Assistant Managing Editor Larry Cohler-Esses was, in the words of ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', "The first journalist from an American Jewish pro-Israel publication to be given an Iranian visa since 1979." For a few years, there was also a Russian edition. The website of ''The Forward'' describes its formation: "In the fall of 1995 a Russian-language edition of the Forward was launched, under the editorship of Vladimir "Velvl" Yedidowich. The decision to launch a Russian Forward in the crowded market of Russian-language journalism in New York followed approaches to the Forward Association by a number of intellectual leaders in the fast-growing émigré community who expressed an interest in adding a voice that was strongly Jewish, yet with a secular, social-democratic orientation and an appreciation for the cultural dimension of Jewish life." The Russian edition was sold to RAJI (Russian American Jews for Israel) in 2004, although initially it kept the name.Murphy, Jarrett (January 11, 2005).
''Forward'' Backlash
. ''
The Village Voice ''The Village Voice'' is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newspaper, alternative newsweekly. Founded in 1955 by Dan Wolf (publisher), Dan Wolf, Ed Fancher, John Wilcock, and Norman Mailer, th ...

The Village Voice
''. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
In contrast to its English counterpart, the Russian edition and its readership were more sympathetic to right-wing voices. In March 2007, it was renamed the ''Forum''. Around the same time in 2004, the Forward Association also sold off its interest in
WEVD WEVD was an American brokered programming radio station with some Talk radio, news-talk launched in August 1927 by the Socialist Party of America. Making use of the initials of recently deceased party leader Eugene V. Debs, Eugene Victor Debs in ...
to
The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly just Disney (), is an American multinational entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest In finance Finance is the study of financial institutions, ...
's sports division,
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American multinational basic cable Cable television Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequen ...
. The name of the publication was shortened to ''The Forward'' in April 2015. As of July 2016, ''The Forward'' began publishing a monthly magazine. The last newspaper published was the June 30, 2016 issue.


Notable columns and features

For 24 years, ''The Forward'' was the home of the column "
Philologos Philologos is an etymology column about Yiddish, Hebrew and Jewish words and phrases. It ran for 24 years in ''The Forward''; since January 2015, it has run in ''Mosaic (magazine), Mosaic''. It is written anonymously. Edward Alexander (professor) ...
". It now runs in ''
Mosaic A mosaic is a pattern or image made of small regular or irregular pieces of colored stone, glass or ceramic, held in place by plaster/mortar, and covering a surface. Mosaics are often used as floor and wall decoration, and were particularly pop ...
''. Alana Newhouse, who authored what ''The New York Times'' called "a coffee-table book" (''A Living Lens: Photographs of Jewish Life From the Pages of The Forward''), was the paper's arts and culture editor. ''The New York Times'' described the paper's '' Bintel Brief'' feature as "homespun advice .. which predated
Dear Abby Dear Abby is an American advice column founded in 1956 by Pauline Phillips under the pen name "Abigail Van Buren" and carried on today by her daughter, Jeanne Phillips, who now owns the legal rights to the pen name. History According to Pauline ...
."


''Jewish Daily Forward'' Building

File:Jewish Daily Forward bldg jeh.JPG, ''Forward'' Building facade File:Forward Building Top.JPG, Top of ''Forward'' Building File:Forward Building Full View.JPG, Front view of ''Forward'' Building At the peak of its circulation, ''The Forward'' erected a ten-story office building at 175 East Broadway on the
Lower East Side The Lower East Side, sometimes abbreviated as LES and sometimes referred to as Loisaida, is a neighborhood A neighbourhood (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a W ...

Lower East Side
, designed by architect George Boehm and completed in 1912. It was a prime location, across the street from Seward Park. The building was embellished with marble columns and panels and stained glass windows. The facade features carved
bas relief Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material. The term ''wikt:relief, relief'' is from the Latin verb ''relevo'', to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the ...
portraits of
Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx (; 5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, M ...

Karl Marx
,
Friedrich Engels Friedrich Engels ( ,"Engels"
''
(who co-authored, with Marx, ''
The Communist Manifesto ''The Communist Manifesto'', originally the ''Manifesto of the Communist Party'' (german: Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei), is an 1848 pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx (; 5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) wa ...
''), and
Ferdinand Lassalle Ferdinand Lassalle (; 11 April 1825 – 31 August 1864) was a Prussia Prussia, , Old Prussian Distribution of the Baltic tribes, circa 1200 CE (boundaries are approximate). Old Prussian was a Western Baltic language belonging to t ...

Ferdinand Lassalle
, founder of the first mass German labor party. A fourth relief portrays a person whose identity has not been clearly established, and has been identified as
Wilhelm Liebknecht Wilhelm Martin Philipp Christian Ludwig Liebknecht
(29 March 1826 – 7 August 1900) was a German sociali ...

Wilhelm Liebknecht
,
Karl Liebknecht Karl Paul August Friedrich Liebknecht (; 13 August 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a German socialist Socialism is a Political philosophy, political, Social philosophy, social, and economic philosophy encompassing a range of Economic systems, ...

Karl Liebknecht
, or
August Bebel Ferdinand August Bebel (22 February 1840 – 13 August 1913) was a German socialist politician, writer, and orator. He is best remembered as one of the founders of the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP) in 1869, which in 1875 mer ...
. In the real-estate boom of the 1990s, the building was converted to condominiums. ''The Forward'', which in 2007 was headquartered at East 33rd Street, is in the
Financial District This is a list of financial districts in cities around the world. Background A financial district is usually a central area in a city where financial services firms such as banks, Insurance company, insurance companies and other related financ ...
.


Forward 50

The "Forward 50" is a list of 50 Jewish Americans "who have made a significant impact on the Jewish story in the past year", published annually as an editorial opinion of ''The Forward'' since 1994. The list was the initiative of
Seth Lipsky Seth Lipsky (born 1946) is the founder and editor of the ''New York Sun ''The New York Sun'' was an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current ...
, founding editor of the English ''Forward''. According to the magazine's website, this is not a scientific study, but rather the opinion of staff members, assisted by nominations from readers. ''The Forward'' does not endorse or support any of the people in the listing. The rankings are divided into different categories (which may vary from year to year): Top Picks, Politics, Activism, Religion, Community, Culture, Philanthropy, Scandals, Sports and, as of 2010, Food. The list also includes those Jews whose impact in the past year has been dramatic and damaging.


''The Forward'' in English

''The Forward'', described in 2019 as "a 122-year-old Jewish publication" that "began as a Yiddish-language daily newspaper" while adding "English-language editions in the 1980s," as of then "produces articles in both languages online." Funding for the English edition became available when ''The Forward'' sold its FM radio station. While the idea was said to have germinated in 1983, when the Yiddish-only paper "announced that it was going to retreat to weekly publication," and the actualization of an English edition as an ongoing paper in 1990, by 2010
Seth Lipsky Seth Lipsky (born 1946) is the founder and editor of the ''New York Sun ''The New York Sun'' was an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current ...
was described as "formerly editor of the English-language edition."


See also

*
Algemeiner Journal The ''Algemeiner Journal'', known informally as ''The Algemeiner'', is a newspaper based in New York City which covers American and international Jewish and Israel-related news. History In 1972, Gershon Jacobson founded the Yiddish-language ' ...


References


Further reading

* *


External links

* * (Yiddish)
The transition from the ''Russian Forward'' to ''Forum''Online, searchable ''The Forward'' editions
from the
Historical Jewish Press Historical Jewish Press is an online archive of historical newspapers written and published by Jews. The database enables, through digitization, virtual access to the Hebrew press in most of its years of existence, starting from mid 19th Century to ...
{{DEFAULTSORT:Forward, The Publications established in 1897
Jewish newspapers published in the United States Jewish newspapers Religious newspapers published in the United States Jewish-American press Yiddish-language mass media ...
Jewish-American history America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and a ...
Yiddish-language newspapers published in the United States Jews and Judaism in New York City Yiddish socialist newspapers Newspapers published in New York City
Weekly newspapers published in the United StatesUnited States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C ...
Non-English-language newspapers published in New York (state) 1897 establishments in New York (state) Socialist newspapers published in the United States Online newspapers with defunct print editions