''The European'', billed as "Europe's first national newspaper", was a British weekly newspaper
founded by Robert Maxwell
. It was published from 11 May 1990 until December 1998.
Maxwell founded the paper in the fervour which immediately followed the destruction of the Berlin Wall
and collapse of the Iron Curtain
: the name was a reflection of the feelings of pan-European unity which were brought on by the historic changes, an ideal which Maxwell wholeheartedly supported.
According to ''Time
'' magazine, Maxwell originally envisaged a daily with a circulation of 650,000, but by the launch date plans had been cut down to a more realistic weekly with a circulation of 225,000. In the event, the circulation peaked at 180,000, over half of which was British.
Following Maxwell's death, the Barclay brothers
bought the newspaper in 1992, investing an estimated $110 million and in 1996 transforming it into a high-end tabloid
format oriented at the business community edited by Andrew Neil
In 1996, ''The European'' had a staff of 70 in London, 3 in Brussels
, 1 in Paris, 1 in Berlin, 1 in Moscow, as well as a network of 100 freelance writers
Among the newspaper's innovations was a weekly short fiction contribution from published and previously unpublished writers.
''The New European
'' (a pro-EU newspaper founded in 2016 following the Brexit referendum
) is partially inspired by ''The European''
*1990: Ian Watson
*1991: John Bryant
*1992: Charles Garside
*1993: Herbert Pearson
*1994: Charles Garside
*1996: Andrew Neil
*1998: Gerry Malone
Contributors (partial list)
* Jean Cavé
* Jean Schalit
* Roger Faligot
* Peter Millar
* Jane Mulvagh
* Peter Ustinov
* Mark Porter
* Walter Ellis
* Anne-Elisabeth Moutet
* Tim Walker, later to work on ''The New European
Robert Maxwell's ''The European''
*''The New European
Category:1990 establishments in the United Kingdom
Category:1998 disestablishments in the United Kingdom
Category:Publications established in 1990
Category:Publications disestablished in 1998
Category:Defunct newspapers published in the United Kingdom
Category:Defunct weekly newspapers
Category:Weekly newspapers published in the United Kingdom
Category:David and Frederick Barclay