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Taitung County (;
Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and can compose the administration o ...

Mandarin
pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objecti ...

pinyin
: ''Táidōng Xiàn'';
Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureau ...
POJ: ''Tâi-tang-koān'';
Hakka The Hakka (), sometimes also referred to as Hakka Han, or Hakka Chinese, are a Han Chinese The Han Chinese (), or the Han people (), is an East Asian East Asia is the east East is one of the four cardinal direction The fou ...
PFS: ''Thòi-tûng-yen''; Paiwan: ''Valangaw'') is the third largest
county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ...
in
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
, located primarily on the island's southeastern coast and also including Green Island, Orchid Island and Lesser Orchid Island.


Name

While its name means "Eastern Taiwan", it is also known as "Houshan" () by many of the locals, meaning behind the mountains or the back mountains.


History


Qing Dynasty

In 1887, the new Fujian-Taiwan Province included Taitung Prefecture as one of four prefectures.


Empire of Japan

During the
Japanese rule of Taiwan The Geography of Taiwan, island of Taiwan, together with the Penghu, Penghu Islands, became a Dependent territory, dependency of Empire of Japan, Japan in 1895, when the Qing dynasty ceded Taiwan Prefecture in the Treaty of Shimonoseki after ...
, Taitung County was administered as
Taitō Prefecture was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Taiwan under Japanese rule, Japanese rule. The prefecture consisted of modern-day Taitung County. Population Administrative divisions Cities and Districts In 1945 (Shōwa period, Sh ...
.


Republic of China

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the sout ...
on 25 October 1945, Taitung was established as a
county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ...
of
Taiwan Province Taiwan Province (; PFS: ''Thòi-vàn-sén'' or ''Thòi-vân-sén'') is a nominal administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-lev ...
on 25 December the same year.


Geography

Taitung runs along the south east coast of Taiwan. Taitung county, controlling is the 3rd largest county in Taiwan after
Hualien County Hualien County (Taiwanese Mandarin, Mandarin Wade–Giles: Hua¹-lien² Hsien⁴; Hànyǔ Pīnyīn, Pīnyīn: ''Huālián Xiàn''; Taiwanese Hokkien, Hokkien Pe̍h-ōe-jī, POJ: ''Hoa-lian-koān'' or ''Hoa-liân-koān''; Taiwanese Hakka, Hakka Ph ...
and
Nantou County Nantou County (; Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior govern ...
. Mainland Taitung County's coastline is long. The
Huatung Valley The Huadong Valley or Hualien–Taitung Valley (), also known as East Rift Valley or the Longitudinal Valley, is a long and narrow valley located between the Central Mountain Range The Central Mountain Range is the principal mountain range ...

Huatung Valley
runs along the northern half of the county. Taitung currently has a population of 234,123. Due in part to its remote location and isolation by mountains from Taiwan's main population centers, Taitung was the last part of the island to be colonized by
Han Chinese The Han Chinese (), or the Han people (), is an East Asian East Asia is the east East is one of the four cardinal direction The four cardinal directions, or cardinal points, are the directions north North is one of the four ...
immigrants (late 19th century). Throughout the 20th century Taitung remained an economic backwater. Sparsely populated even today, this isolation may have been a blessing in disguise, as Taitung mostly escaped the
urbanization Urbanization (or urbanisation) refers to the population shift from rural File:Rural landscape in Finland.jpg, A rural landscape in Lappeenranta, South Karelia, Finland. 15 July 2000. In general, a rural area or a countryside is a geographi ...
and
pollution Pollution is the introduction of contaminant Contamination is the presence of a constituent, impurity, or some other undesirable element that spoils, corrupts, infects, makes unfit, or makes inferior a material, physical body, natural en ...

pollution
that have come to plague much of the island's lowland areas. In addition to the area on Taiwan proper, the county includes two major islands,
Green IslandGreen Island or Greene Island can refer to: Places Africa * Green Island (Egypt), in the Gulf of Suez * Green Island (Eritrea), in the Red Sea (Gulf of Zula) Antarctica * Green Island (Berthelot Islands) Asia * Green Island, Hong Kong * Green Isl ...
or Isla Verde and
Orchid Island Orchid Island, also known by #Names, other names, is a volcanic island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island. The island is part of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC). It is separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by t ...
. Green Island was home to an infamous penal colony used for
political prisoner A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment. The term is used by persons or groups challenging the legitimacy of the detention of a prisoner. Supporters ...
s during the " White Terror" period of
Chinese Nationalist The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. I ...
(KMT) rule (from 1947 until the end of
martial law Martial law is the temporary imposition of direct military control of normal civil functions or suspension of civil law by a government, especially in response to a temporary emergency where civil forces are overwhelmed, or in an occupied te ...
in 1987). Orchid Island, home of the
Tao people The Tao people are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the tiny outlying Orchid Island Orchid Island, also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other m ...
(
Taiwanese aborigines Taiwanese may refer to: * Taiwanese language Taiwanese, also known as Taigi, Taiwanese Hokkien (), Taiwanese Minnan, Hoklo and Holo, is a variety of the Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may ...
closely related to the people of the northern Philippines), has become a major tourist attraction despite the government-operated
Taiwan Power Company The Taiwan Power Company (Taipower; ) is a state-owned electric power industry The electric power industry covers the generation A generation is "all of the people born and living Living or The Living may refer to: Common meanings *Life ...
's controversial use of part of the island as a nuclear waste dump.


Government


Administrative divisions

Taitung County is divided into 1
city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a ...
, 2 urban townships, 8 rural townships and 5 mountain indigenous townships. Taitung County has the second highest number of mountain indigenous townships in Taiwan after
Pingtung County Pingtung County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William ...
. The seat of the county is located at
Taitung City Taitung City (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and can ...

Taitung City
, where it houses the
Taitung County Government The Taitung County Government () is the local government of Taitung County, Taiwan. Organizations * Civil Service Ethics Office * Personnel Office * Accounting and Statistics Office * Planning Office * General Affairs Office * Indigenous Peop ...

Taitung County Government
and Taitung County Council. The current
Magistrate The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ( 484– ...
of Taitung County is
Rao Ching-ling Rao Ching-ling (; born 23 November 1969) is a Taiwanese politician. Education Rao obtained her doctoral degree from National Taiwan Normal University in political science. Political career Rao was elected to the Taitung County Council after winn ...

Rao Ching-ling
of the
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Taiwan, Republic of China, initially Republic of China (1912–1949), on the Mainland China, Chinese mainland and ...
. Colors indicates the common languages status of
Hakka The Hakka (), sometimes also referred to as Hakka Han, or Hakka Chinese, are a Han Chinese The Han Chinese (), or the Han people (), is an East Asian East Asia is the east East is one of the four cardinal direction The fou ...
and
Formosan languages The Formosan languages are a geographic grouping comprising the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which are Austronesian Austronesian may refer to: *The Austronesian languages *The historical Austronesian peoples who carrie ...

Formosan languages
within each division.


Politics

Taitung County elected one
Democratic Progressive Party The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is a Taiwanese nationalist and center-left Centre-left politics (British English) or center-left politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-left politics, are political views that l ...
legislator to the
Legislative Yuan The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral In government, unicameralism (Latin , "one" and , "chamber") is the practice of having a single legislative or legislative chamber, parliamentary chamber. Thus, a ''unicameral parliament'' or ''unicam ...
during the
2016 Republic of China legislative election The 2016 Taiwanese legislative election was held, along with the 2016 Taiwanese presidential election, presidential election, on 16 January 2016 for all 113 seats in the Legislative Yuan. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) led by Tsai Ing-wen ...
.


Demographics

Taitung County is home to seven aboriginal ethnics, including Amis, Bunun people, Bunun, Kavalan people, Kavalan, Paiwan people, Paiwan, Puyuma people, Puyuma, Rukai people, Rukai and Yami people, Yami. Taitung County has the largest aboriginal to overall population of a county or city in Taiwan, at 35.5%.


Education

Education in Taitung County is administered under the Education Department of the
Taitung County Government The Taitung County Government () is the local government of Taitung County, Taiwan. Organizations * Civil Service Ethics Office * Personnel Office * Accounting and Statistics Office * Planning Office * General Affairs Office * Indigenous Peop ...

Taitung County Government
. * National Taitung University * National Taitung Junior College


Culture

Taitung County possesses a very diverse collection of aboriginal cultures. Because Taitung is probably one of the least affected counties by the settlement of the Han Chinese, most of the aboriginal cultures are still very much a part of everyday society.


Energy

Taitung County houses the Lanyu Power Plant, a 6.5 MW fuel-fired power plant located in
Orchid Island Orchid Island, also known by #Names, other names, is a volcanic island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island. The island is part of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC). It is separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by t ...
.


Tourist attractions


Buildings

Duoliang Station, Kunci Temple, Lüdao Lighthouse, Moving Castle and Taitung Chinese Association.


Historical sites

Beinan Cultural Park, Dulan Site and Green Island White Terror Memorial Park.


Museums and galleries

Lanyu Flying Fish Cultural Museum, National Museum of Prehistory (Taiwan), National Museum of Prehistory, Rice Village Museum, Taitung Aboriginal Gallery, Taitung Art Museum, Taitung County Museum of Natural History, Taitung Performing Art Center, Taitung Story Museum, Wu Tao Chishang Lunch Box Cultural History Museum.


Nature

Baxian Caves, Chulu Ranch, Dapo Pond, Dulan Mountain, , ,
Green IslandGreen Island or Greene Island can refer to: Places Africa * Green Island (Egypt), in the Gulf of Suez * Green Island (Eritrea), in the Red Sea (Gulf of Zula) Antarctica * Green Island (Berthelot Islands) Asia * Green Island, Hong Kong * Green Isl ...
, Jhihben National Forest Recreation Area,
Orchid Island Orchid Island, also known by #Names, other names, is a volcanic island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island. The island is part of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC). It is separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by t ...
, Sanxiantai, Sika Deer Ecological Park, Taitung Forest Park and Zhaori Hot Spring.


Theme parks

Bunun Tribal Leisure Farm


Transportation


Air

Taitung County houses the international Taitung Airport in the mainland Taitung County of
Taitung City Taitung City (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and can ...

Taitung City
and another two airports at the outlying islands, which are Lüdao Airport in
Green IslandGreen Island or Greene Island can refer to: Places Africa * Green Island (Egypt), in the Gulf of Suez * Green Island (Eritrea), in the Red Sea (Gulf of Zula) Antarctica * Green Island (Berthelot Islands) Asia * Green Island, Hong Kong * Green Isl ...
and Lanyu Airport in
Orchid Island Orchid Island, also known by #Names, other names, is a volcanic island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island. The island is part of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC). It is separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by t ...
.


Rail

Taitung County is crossed by two Taiwan Railways Administration lines of South-link line, South-Link Line and Hualien–Taitung Line. The stations consist of Chishang railway station, Chishang, Dawu railway station, Dawu, Guanshan railway station, Guanshan, Guzhuang Signal railway station, Guzhuang, Haiduan railway station, Haiduan, Jinlun railway station, Jinlun, Kangle railway station, Kangle, Longxi railway station, Longxi, Luye railway station, Luye, Ruihe railway station, Ruihe, Ruiyuan railway station, Ruiyuan, Shanli railway station, Shanli, Taimali railway station, Taimali, Taitung railway station, Taitung and Zhiben railway station, Zhiben Station.


Water

Chenggong Fish Harbor, Fugang Fishery Harbor and Green Island Nanliao Harbor.


Notable natives

* Yu Chang, Major League Baseball player * Yang Chuan-kwang, 1960 Summer Olympics decathlon medalist * Tank (Taiwanese singer), Tank, singer * A-Mei, singer


Relative location


References


External links


Taitung County Government Website
* {{Authority control Taitung County,