Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the capital
and a special municipality
(officially the Republic of China, ROC). Located in Northern Taiwan
, Taipei City is an enclave
of the municipality of New Taipei City
that sits about southwest of the northern port city of Keelung
. Most of the city rests on the Taipei Basin
, an ancient lakebed. The basin is bounded by the relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung
and Xindian rivers
, which join to form the Tamsui River
along the city's western border.
The city proper is home to an estimated population of 2,646,204 (2019),
forming the core part of the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area
, which includes the nearby cities of New Taipei and Keelung with a population of 7,047,559,
the 40th most-populous urban area in the world—roughly one-third of Taiwanese citizens live in the metro district. The name "Taipei" can refer either to the whole metropolitan area or the city proper.
Taipei is the political, economic, educational and cultural center of Taiwan
and one of the major hubs in East Asia
. Considered to be a global city
and rated as an Alpha − City by GaWC
, Taipei is part of a major high-tech industrial area. Railways
, airports and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by two airports – Songshan
. Taipei is home to various world-famous architectural or cultural landmarks, which include Taipei 101
, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
, Dalongdong Baoan Temple
, Hsing Tian Kong
, Lungshan Temple of Manka
, National Palace Museum
, Presidential Office Building
, Taipei Guest House
and several night markets
dispersed throughout the city. Natural features such as Maokong
and hot springs
are also well known to international visitors.
In English-language news reports the name ''Taipei'' often serves as a synecdoche
referring to central government of Taiwan. Due to the ambiguous political status of Taiwan
internationally, the term ''Chinese Taipei
'' is also frequently used as a synonym
for the entire country, as when Taiwan's governmental representatives participate in international organizations
or Taiwan's athletes participate in international sporting events.
The spellings Taipei and Tʻai-pei derive from the Wade–Giles
romanization ''Tʻai²-pei³'' which means ''the North of Taiwan'' in Chinese. The name could be also romanized as ''Táiběi'' according to Hanyu Pinyin
and Tongyong Pinyin
The Empire of Japan
acquired Taiwan in 1895 under the Treaty of Shimonoseki
after the First Sino-Japanese War
. Taiwan became a colony of Imperial Japan
with Taihoku (formerly Taipeh-fu) as its capital.
The city has also been known as Tai-pak (derived from Taiwanese Hokkien
) and Taipeh.
Prior to the significant influx of Han Chinese immigrants, the region of Taipei Basin was mainly inhabited by the Ketagalan plains aborigines
. The number of Han immigrants gradually increased in the early 18th century under Qing Dynasty rule
after the government began permitting development in the area. In 1875, the northern part of the island was incorporated into the new Taipeh Prefecture
The Qing dynasty
of China made Taipeh-fu
the temporary capital of the island in 1887 when it was declared a province (Fukien-Taiwan Province
). Taipeh was formally made the provincial capital in 1894. Taipei was renamed to Taihoku in 1895 when the Empire of Japan annexed Taiwan. Under Japanese rule, the city was administered under Taihoku Prefecture
. Taiwan's Japanese rulers embarked on an extensive program of advanced urban planning
that featured extensive railroad links. A number of Taipei landmarks and cultural institutions date from this period.
Following the surrender of Japan
during 1945, effective control of Taiwan was handed to the Republic of China (ROC)
. After losing mainland China
to the Chinese Communist Party
in the Chinese Civil War
, the ruling Kuomintang
relocated the ROC government
to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital
of the ROC in December 1949.
Taiwan's Kuomintang rulers regarded the city as the capital of Taiwan Province
and their control as mandated by General Order No. 1
In 1990, Taipei provided the backdrop for the Wild Lily student rallies
that moved Taiwanese society from one-party rule to multi-party democracy
. The city has ever since served as the seat of Taiwan's democratically elected national government.
The region known as the Taipei Basin
was home to Ketagalan
tribes before the eighteenth century. Han Chinese
mainly from Anxi
of Southern Fujian
as well as smaller groups of Hakkas of Qing dynasty China began to settle in the Taipei Basin in 1709.
In the late 19th century, the Taipei area, where the major Han Chinese settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated overseas trade ports, Tamsui
, were located, gained economic importance due to the booming overseas trade, especially that of tea
export. In 1875, the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture
and incorporated into the new Taipeh Prefecture
as a new administrative entity of the Qing dynasty.
Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangka
, and Twatutia
, the new prefectural capital was known as ''Chengnei'' (), "the inner city", and government buildings were erected there. From 1875 until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Tamsui County of Taipeh Prefecture and the prefectural capital.
In 1885, as work commenced to govern the island as a province, Taipeh was thus temporarily designated as a provincial capital. The city officially became the capital in 1894. Nowadays, all that remains from the historical period is the north gate. The west gate and city walls
were demolished by the Japanese while the south gate, little south gate, and east gate were extensively modified by the Kuomintang
and have lost much of their original character.
Empire of Japan
As settlement for losing the First Sino-Japanese War
, China ceded the island of Taiwan
to the Empire of Japan
in 1895 as part of the Treaty of Shimonoseki
. After the Japanese takeover, Taipei, romanized into English as Taihoku following the Japanese language pronunciation, was retained as the capital. It subsequently emerged as the political center of the Japanese Colonial Government.
During that time the city acquired the characteristics of an administrative center, including many new public buildings and housing for civil servants
. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule
, including the Presidential Office Building
which was the Office of the Governor-General of Taiwan
During Japanese rule, Taihoku was incorporated in 1920 as part of Taihoku Prefecture
. It included Bangka
, and among other small settlements. The eastern village of was annexed into Taihoku City in 1938. Taihoku and surrounding areas were bombed by Allied forces on several occasions. The largest of these Allied air raids, the Taihoku Air Raid
, took place on 31 May 1945.
Republic of China
Upon the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War
and its consequent surrender in August 1945, the Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party) assumed control
of Taiwan. Subsequently, Taipei was established as a provincial city
and a temporary Office of the Taiwan Province
Administrative Governor was established in it. In 1947 the Kuomintang
(KMT) government under Chiang Kai-shek
declared island-wide martial law in Taiwan
as a result of the 28 February Incident
, which began with incidents in Taipei but led to an island-wide crackdown on the local population by forces loyal to Chiang. Two years later, on 7 December 1949, Chiang and the Kuomintang forces were forced to flee mainland China by the Communists
near the end of the Chinese Civil War
. The KMT-led national government that fled to Taiwan declared Taipei to be the provisional capital of a continuing Republic of China
, with the official capital at Nanjing
(Nanking) even though that city was under Communist control.
[ Taipei has never been declared the official capital but Kuomintang loyalists today generally regard it as such. In 2004 elementary textbook references stating "Nanjing is the capital of the Republic of China" were replaced with "Taipei is the location of the central government of the Republic of China."]
Taipei expanded greatly
in the decades after 1949, and as approved on 30 December 1966, by the Executive Yuan
, Taipei was declared a special municipality
on 1 July 1967.
In the following year, Taipei City expanded again by annexing Shilin
, and Muzha
. At that time, the city's total area increased fourfold by absorbing several outlying towns and villages and the population increased to 1.56 million people.
The city's population, which had reached one million in the early 1960s, also expanded rapidly after 1967, exceeding two million by the mid-1970s. Although growth within the city itself gradually slowed thereafter — its population had become relatively stable by the mid-1990s – Taipei remained one of the world's most densely populated urban areas, and the population continued to increase in the region surrounding the city, notably along the corridor between Taipei and Keelung
In 1990 Taipei's 16 districts were consolidated into the current 12 districts.
Mass democracy rallies
that year in the plaza
around Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall led to an island-wide transition to multi-party democracy
, where legislators are chosen via regularly scheduled popular elections, during the presidency of Lee Teng-Hui
Taipei City is located in the Taipei Basin
in northern Taiwan
It is bordered by the Xindian River
on the south and the Tamsui River
on the west. The generally low-lying terrain of the central areas on the western side of the municipality slopes upward to the south and east and especially to the north,
where it reaches the -tall Qixing Mountain
, the highest (inactive) volcano
in Taiwan in Yangmingshan National Park
. The northern districts of Shilin
extend north of the Keelung River
and are bordered by Yangmingshan National Park. The Taipei city limits cover an area of , ranking sixteenth of twenty-five among all counties and cities in Taiwan
Two peaks, Qixing Mountain and Mt. Datun, rise to the northeast of the city.
Qixing Mountain is located on the Tatun Volcano Group
; its -high main peak renders it the tallest mountain at the rim of the Taipei Basin; -high Mt. Datun is a close runner up. These former volcanoes make up the western section of Yangmingshan National Park, extending from Mt. Datun northward to Mt. Caigongkeng (). Located on a broad saddle between two mountains, the area also contains the marshy Datun Pond.
To the southeast of the city lie the Songshan Hills and the Qingshui Ravine, which form a barrier of lush woods.
Taipei has a humid subtropical climate
: Cfa). Summers are long-lasting, very hot and humid, and accompanied by occasional heavy rainstorms and typhoons; while winters are short, generally warm and generally very fog
gy due to the northeasterly winds from the vast Siberian High
being intensified by the pooling of this cooler air in the Taipei Basin. As in the rest of Northern Taiwan, daytime temperatures of Taipei can often peak above during a warm winter day, while they can dip below that same level during a rainy summer's afternoon. Occasional cold fronts during the winter months can drop the daily temperature by , though temperatures rarely drop below . Extreme temperatures ranged from on 13 February 1901 to on 24 July 2020, while snow has never been recorded in the city besides on mountains located within the city limit such as Yangmingshan
. Due to Taiwan's location in the Pacific Ocean, it is affected by the Pacific typhoon
season, which occurs between June and October.
In comparison to other Asia
n cities, Taipei has "excellent" capabilities for managing air quality
in the city. Its rainy climate, location near the coast, and strong environmental regulations have prevented air pollution from becoming a substantial health issue, at least compared to cities in southeast Asia and industrial China. However, smog is extremely common and there is poor visibility throughout the city after rainless days.
Motor vehicle engine exhaust, particularly from motor scooters, is a source of air pollution
in Taipei. There are higher levels of fine particulate
matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
s in the mornings because of less air movement; sunlight reduces some pollution.
While Taipei City is home to 2,704,810 people (2015), the greater metropolitan area
has a population of 7,047,559 people.
Even though the population of the city has been decreasing in recent years, the population of adjacent New Taipei
has been increasing. The population loss, while rapid in its early years, has been stabilized by new lower density development and campaigns designed to increase the birthrate in the city. As a result, the population has begun to rise again since 2010.
Due to Taipei's geography and location in the Taipei Basin
as well as differing times of settlement and differing degrees of economic development of its districts, Taipei's population is not evenly distributed. The districts of Daan
, and Datong
are the most densely populated. These districts, along with adjacent communities such as Yonghe
, contain some of the most densely populated neighborhoods in the world.
In 2008, the crude birth rate
stood at 7.88%, while the mortality rate
stood at 5.94%. A decreasing and rapidly aging population is an important issue for the city.
By the end of 2009, one in ten people in Taipei was over 65 years of age. Residents who had obtained a college education or higher accounted for 43.48% of the population, and the literacy rate stood at 99.18%.
Like the rest of Taiwan, Taipei is composed of four major ethnic groups: Hoklos
, and aborigines
Although Hoklos and Mainlanders form the majority of the population of the city, in recent decades many Hakkas have moved into the city. The aboriginal population in the city stands at 16,713 at the end of 2018 (<1%), concentrated mostly in the suburban districts. Foreigners (mainly from Indonesia
, the Philippines
, and Japan
) numbered 69,982 at the end of 2019.
As Taiwan's business, financial, and technology hub, Taipei has been at the center of rapid economic development in the country and has now become one of the global cities in technology and electronics. This development is part of the so-called Taiwan Miracle
which has seen dramatic growth in the city following foreign direct investment
in the 1960s. Taiwan is now a creditor
economy, holding one of the world's largest foreign exchange reserves
of over US$403 billion as of December 2012.
Despite the Asian financial crisis
, the economy continues to expand at about 5% per year, with virtually full employment and low inflation. The city's GDP stand at US$327 billion in 2014. , the nominal GDP per capita in Taipei city is 5th highest in East Asia, behind Tokyo, Singapore, Osaka, and Hong Kong, but ahead of Seoul, as well as London and Paris, according to ''The Economist''. GDP per capita based on Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in Taipei in 2015 was US$44173, behind that of Singapore (US$90151 in 2016 from the IMF) and Hong Kong (US$58322 in 2016 from the IMF; also based on PPP). The ''Financial Times'' ranked Taipei highly in economic potential (2nd, behind Tokyo) and business friendliness (4th) in 2015. The city is home to 30 billionaires, the 16th most in the world, ahead of many global cities such as Los Angeles and Sydney. Business Insider also ranks Taipei the 5th most high-tech city globally, the highest in Asia, in 2017. While the IESE Cities in Motion Index 2017 ranks Taipei as the smartest technology city globally.
Taipei's main development fields include the information and communications technology
(hardware and software), biotechnology, general merchandising (wholesale/retail), financial services, and MICE
industries. Most of the country's major firms are based there including Acer Computers
, CTBC Bank
, Fubon Financial Holding
, Tatung Company
, and others. 5 Global Fortune 500 companies are headquartered in Taipei. The city also attracts many multi-national corporations, international financial institutions, foreign consulates, and business organizations to set up base there. Thus, Taipei has nearly 3,500 registered foreign businesses and attracts over 50% of the total foreign investment in Taiwan. Foreign companies with offices or regional headquarters in Taipei include Google
, JP Morgan
, and many others. Most financial and foreign firms like to reside in the central business district of Taipei, the Xinyi Special District
. With Citi, JP Morgan, DBS Bank, Cathay Life Insurance, Shin Kong Commercial Bank, Hua Nan Bank, and soon Fubon Financial and Nan Shan Life Insurance all establishing skyscrapers in the area. Meanwhile, technology and electronics companies are often colocated in the Neihu Technology Park
or the Nankang Software Park
. The startup and innovation scene in Taipei is also very vibrant. In 2018 alone, Microsoft announced plans to invest US$34 million to create an artificial intelligence R&D center in Taipei, while Google announced it will hire 300 people and train 5,000 more in artificial intelligence for machines. Taipei is Google's biggest engineering site in Asia. IBM also announced in 2018 that it will develop a cloud research lab and expand its R&D center in Taipei with eyes on artificial intelligence, blockchain technology, and cloud computing. According to the 2016 Global Entrepreneurship Development Index, Taipei's entrepreneurial spirit ranks 6th worldwide and 1st in Asia. Taipei has more than 400 startups and numerous incubation centers, accelerators, venture capitals, and angel investors. The city's startup ecosystem is valued at US$580 million by Startup Genome in 2018.
Tourism is a small but significant component of the local economy with international visitors totaling almost 3 million in 2008. Taipei has many top tourist attractions and contributes a significant amount to the US$6.8 billion tourism industry in Taiwan.
Tourism is a major part of Taipei's economy. In 2013, over 6.3 million overseas visitors visited Taipei, making the city the 15th most visited globally. The influx of visitors contributed US$10.8 billion to the city's economy in 2013, the 9th highest in the world and the most of any city in the Chinese-speaking world.
Commemorative sites and museums
The National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
is a famous monument, landmark and tourist attraction that was erected in memory of General Chiang Kai-shek
, former President of the Republic of China
. The structure stands at the east end of Memorial Hall Square, site of the National Concert Hall
and National Theater
and their adjacent parks as well as the memorial. The landmarks of Liberty Square stand within sight of Taiwan's Presidential Office Building
in Taipei's Zhongzheng District
The National Taiwan Museum
sits nearby in what is now 228 Peace Memorial Park
and has worn its present name since 1999. The museum is Taiwan
's oldest, founded on 24 October 1908 by Taiwan's Japanese colonial government
(1895-1945) as the Taiwan Governor's Museum. It was launched with a collection of 10,000 items to celebrate the opening of the island's North-South Railway.
In 1915 a new museum building opened its doors in what is now 228 Peace Memorial Park
. This structure and the adjacent governor's office (now Presidential Office Building
), served as the two most recognizable public buildings in Taiwan during its period of Japanese rule
The National Palace Museum
is a vast art gallery
built around a permanent collection centered on ancient Chinese artifacts
. It should not be confused with the Palace Museum
(which it is named after); both institutions trace their origins to the same institution. The collections were divided in the 1940s as a result of the Chinese Civil War
The National Palace Museum in Taipei now boasts a truly international collection while housing one of the world's largest collections of artifacts from ancient China.
The Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines
stands just across the road from the National Palace Museum. The museum offers displays of art and historical items by Taiwanese aborigines
along with a range of multimedia displays.
The Taipei Fine Arts Museum
was established in 1983 as the first museum in Taiwan dedicated to modern art
. The museum is housed in a building designed for the purpose that takes inspiration from Japanese designs. Most art in the collection is by Taiwanese
artists since 1940. Over 3,000 art works are organized into 13 groups.
The National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
near Taipei 101
in Xinyi District
is named in honor of a founding father of the Republic of China
, Sun Yat-sen
. The hall, completed on 16 May 1972, originally featured exhibits that depicted revolutionary events in China
at the end of the Qing Dynasty
. Today it functions as multi-purpose social
center for Taiwan's citizens.
In 2001 a new museum opened as Museum of Contemporary Art Taipei
. The museum is housed in a building that formerly housed Taipei City government offices.
is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper
that claimed the title of world's tallest building
when it opened in 2004, a title it held for six years before relinquishing it to the Burj Khalifa
. Designed by C.Y. Lee & Partners
and constructed by KTRT Joint Venture
, Taipei 101 measures from ground to top, making it the first skyscraper in the world to break the half-kilometer mark in height. Built to withstand typhoon winds and earthquake tremors, its design incorporates many engineering innovations and has won numerous international awards. Taipei 101 remains one of the tallest skyscrapers in the world and holds LEED
's certification as the world's largest "green" building. Its shopping mall and its indoor and outdoor observatories draw visitors from all over the world. Taipei 101's New Year's Eve
fireworks display is a regular feature of international broadcasts.
The National Theater and Concert Hall
stand at Taipei's Liberty Square
and host events by foreign and domestic performers. Other leading concert venues include Zhongshan Hall
and the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
near Taipei 101
A new venue, the Taipei Performing Arts Center
, is under construction and slated to open in 2015. The venue will stand near the Shilin Night Market
and will house three theaters for events with multi-week runs. The architectural design, by Rem Koolhaas
, was determined in 2009 in an international competition. The same design process is also in place for a new Taipei Center for Popular Music
and Taipei City Museum
Shopping and recreation
Taipei is known for its many night market
s, the most famous of which is the Shilin Night Market
in the Shilin District
. The surrounding streets by Shilin Night Market are extremely crowded during the evening, usually opening late afternoon and operating well past midnight. Most night markets feature individual stalls selling a mixture of food, clothing, and consumer goods.
has been a famous area for shopping and entertainment since the 1930s. Historic structures include a concert hall, a historic cinema, and the Red House Theater
. Modern structures house karaoke businesses, art film cinemas, wide-release movie cinemas, electronic stores, and a wide variety of restaurants and fashion clothing stores. The pedestrian area is especially popular with teens and has been called the "Harajuku
" of Taipei.
The newly developed Xinyi District
is popular with tourists and locals alike for its many entertainment and shopping venues, as well as being the home of Taipei 101
, a prime tourist attraction. Malls in the area include the sprawling Shin Kong Mitsukoshi
complex, Breeze Center, Bellavita, Taipei 101 mall, Eslite Bookstore
's flagship store (which includes a boutique mall), The Living Mall, ATT shopping mall, and the Vieshow Cinemas (formerly known as Warner Village). The Xinyi district also serves as the center of Taipei's active nightlife, with several popular lounge bars and nightclubs concentrated in a relatively small area around the Neo19, ATT 4 FUN and Taipei 101 buildings. Lounge bars such as Barcode and nightclubs such as Spark and Myst are among the most-visited places here.
The thriving shopping area around Taipei Main Station
includes the Taipei Underground Market
and the original Shin Kong Mitsukoshi
department store at Shin Kong Life Tower
. Other popular shopping destinations include the Zhongshan Metro Mall
, Dihua Street
and the Guang Hua Digital Plaza
. The Miramar Entertainment Park
is known for its large Ferris wheel and IMAX
Taipei maintains an extensive system of parks, green spaces, and nature preserves. Parks and forestry areas of note in and around the city include Yangmingshan National Park
, Taipei Zoo
and Da-an Forest Park
. Located north of the city center, Yangmingshan National Park
is famous for its cherry blossoms, hot springs
, and sulfur deposits. It is the home of famous writer Lin Yutang
, the summer residence of Chiang Kai-shek
, residences of foreign diplomats, the Chinese Culture University
, the meeting place of the now defunct National Assembly of the Republic of China
, and the Kuomintang
Party Archives. The Taipei Zoo
was founded in 1914 and covers an area of 165 hectares for animal sanctuary.
is known for boating and water sports. Tamsui
is a popular sea-side resort town. Ocean beaches are accessible in several directions from Taipei.
Taipei has a variety of temples dedicating to Deities from Chinese folk religion
and Chinese Buddhism
. The Bangka Lungshan Temple
(), built in 1738 and located in the Wanhua District
, demonstrates an example of architecture with southern Chinese influences
commonly seen on older buildings in Taiwan. Qingshui Temple
() built in 1787 and Qingshan Temple (）together with Lungshan Temple are the three most prominent landmark temples in Bangka or Wanhua District.
There are other famous temples include Baoan Temple
() located in historic Dalongdong
, a national historical site, and Xia Hai City God Temple
(), located in the old Dadaocheng
community, constructed with architecture similar to temples in southern Fujian
The Taipei Confucius Temple
() traces its history back to 1879 during the Qing Dynasty
and also incorporates southern Fujian-style architecture. Ciyou Temple
() in Songshan District, Guandu Temple
() in Beitou District, Hsing Tian Kong
() in Zhongshan District and Zhinan Temple
() in Wenshan District are also popular temples for locals and tourists. Xinsheng South Road
is known as the "Road to Heaven" due to its high concentration of temples, churches, and other houses of worship.
The Shandao Temple
() built in 1929 and located in Zhongzheng District, is the largest Buddhist temple in Taipei. Fo Guang Shan
has a modern temple known as Fo Guang Shan Taipei Vihara () in Xinyi District, while Dharma Drum Mountain
owns the Degui Academy (), an education center in Zhongzheng District and the Nung Chan Monastery
() in Beitou District. Linji Huguo Chan Temple
() in Zhongshan District was commenced in 1900 and completed in 1911, it is one of the very few Japanese style Buddhist Temples that was well-preserved in Taiwan.
Besides large temples, small outdoor shrines to local deities are very common and are commonly found next to roads as well as in parks and neighborhoods. Many homes and businesses may also set up small shrines of candles, figurines, and offerings. Some restaurants, for example, may set up a small shrine to the Kitchen God
for success in a restaurant business.
Festivals and events
Many yearly festivals are held in Taipei. In recent years some festivals, such as the Double Ten Day fireworks and concerts, are increasingly hosted on a rotating basis by a number of cities around Taiwan.
When New Year's Eve
arrives on the solar calendar
, thousands of people converge on Taipei's Xinyi District
s, outdoor concerts
by popular artists
, street shows
, round-the clock nightlife
. The high point is the countdown to midnight, when Taipei 101
assumes the role of the world's largest fireworks
The Taipei Lantern Festival
concludes the Lunar New Year
holiday. The timing of the city's lantern exhibit coincides with the national festival in Pingxi
, when thousands of fire lanterns are released into the sky.
The city's lantern exhibit rotates among different downtown locales from year to year, including Liberty Square
, Taipei 101
, and Zhongshan Hall
On Double Ten Day
, patriotic celebrations are held in front of the Presidential Office Building
. Other annual festivals include Ancestors Day (Tomb-Sweeping Day)
, the Dragon Boat Festival
, the Zhong Yuan Festival
, and the Mid-Autumn Festival (Mooncake Festival)
Qing Shan King Sacrificial Ceremony
() is a centuries-old grand festival that is held annually in Wanhua District
Taipei regularly hosts its share of international events. The city recently hosted the 2009 Summer Deaflympics
. This event was followed by the Taipei International Flora Exposition
, a garden festival
hosted from November 2010 to April 2011. The Floral Expo was the first of its kind to take place in Taiwan and only the seventh hosted in Asia
; the expo admitted 110,000 visitors on 27 February 2011.
Taipei in films
Note: The list below is not a complete list, they are examples of more notable movies filmed in the city.
's ''Au Revoir Taipei
's ''Double Vision
's ''The Personals
's ''No Puedo Vivir Sin Ti
's ''Dust in the Wind
and Will Tiao
's ''Formosa Betrayed
'' (political thriller)
's ''Young and Dangerous 2
'' (Hong Kong studio, filmed on location in Taipei)
's ''The Dragon Family
'' (Hong Kong studio, filmed in Hong Kong and Taipei) (Action)
's ''Eat Drink Man Woman
's ''Betelnut beauty
*Shimoyama Ten, Yee Chin-yen
& Zhang Yibai
's ''About Love
'' (Japanese studio, filmed on three cities in Asia: Taipei, Tokyo
, and Shanghai
's ''Moon Child
'' (Japanese studio, filmed in Taipei, as the futuristic city of Mallepa) (drama)
& Wai Ka-Fai
's ''Turn Left, Turn Right
'' (Hong Kong studio, filmed on location in Taipei)
's ''Rebels of the Neon God
*Renpei Tsukamoto's ''One Missed Call 2
'' (Japanese studio, filmed in Taipei and Jinguashi
's ''Cape No. 7
's ''The Sand Pebbles
studio, filmed in Taipei, Keelung
and Hong Kong
's ''A Better Tomorrow
'' (Hong Kong studio, filmed in Hong Kong and Taipei) (action)
's ''Happy Together
'' (Hong Kong
studio, filmed in three cities : Buenos Aires
, Hong Kong, and Taipei)
's ''Crime Story
'' (Hong Kong studio, filmed in Hong Kong, Taipei) (action)
's ''Yi Yi
's ''Blue Gate Crossing
Taipei City is a special municipality
which is directly under the Executive Yuan
). The mayor of Taipei City
was an appointed position since Taipei's conversion to a centrally administered municipality in 1967 until the first public election was held in 1994. The position has a four-year term and is elected by direct popular vote. The first elected mayor was Chen Shui-bian
of the Democratic Progressive Party
. Ma Ying-jeou
took office in 1998 for two terms, before handing it over to Hau Lung-pin
who won the 2006 mayoral election on 9 December 2006. Both Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-Jeou went on to become President of the Republic of China
The incumbent mayor, Ko Wen-je
, was elected on 29 November 2014 and took office on 25 December 2014.
Based on the outcomes of previous elections in the past decade, the vote of the overall constituency of Taipei City shows a slight inclination towards the pro-KMT camp (the Pan-Blue Coalition
); however, the pro-DPP camp (the Pan-Green Coalition
) also has considerable support.
, where the Presidential Office Building
and other government structures are situated, is often the site of mass gatherings such as inauguration and national holiday parades, receptions for visiting dignitaries, political demonstrations, and public festivals.
Taipei City is also famous for its effort in garbage recycling, which has become such a good international precedent that other countries have sent teams to study the recycling system. After the Environmental Protection Administration
(EPA) established a program in 1998 combining the efforts of communities, a financial resource named the Recycling Fund was made available to recycling companies and waste collectors. The EPA also introduced garbage recycling trucks, in effort to raise community recycling awareness, that broadcast classical music (specifically Beethoven's "Für Elise" and Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska's "A Maiden’s Prayer") to announce its arrival to the community. Manufacturers, vendors and importers of recyclable waste pay fees to the Fund, which uses the money to set firm prices for recyclables and subsidize local recycling efforts. Between 1998 and 2008, the recycling rate increased from 6 percent to 32 percent. This improvement enabled the government of Taipei to demonstrate its recycling system to the world at the Shanghai World Expo 2010
Taipei City is divided up into 12 administrative districts
(). Each district is further divided up into urban villages
(), which are further sub-divided up into neighborhoods (). Xinyi District
is the seat of the municipality where the Taipei City Government
headquarters is located.
The city is characterized by straight roads and public buildings of grand Western architectural styles.
The city is built on a square grid configuration; however, these blocks are huge by international standards with sides. The area in between these blocks is infilled with lanes and alleys, which provide access to quieter residential or mixed-use development. Other than a citywide speed limit, there is little uniform planning within this "hidden" area; therefore, lanes (perpendicular to streets) and alleys (parallel with streets, or, conceptually, perpendicular to lanes) spill out from the main controlled-access highway
s. These minor roads are not always perpendicular and sometimes cut through the block diagonally.
Although development began in the western districts of the city (still considered the cultural heart of Taipei) due to trade, the eastern districts have become the focus of recent development projects. Many of the western districts, already in decline, have become targets of urban renewal
accounts for a substantial portion of different modes of transport in Taiwan, with Taipei residents having the highest utilization rate at 34.1%.
consists of motor scooters
, private cars, taxi cabs, and bicycle
s. Motor-scooters often weave between cars and occasionally through oncoming traffic. Respect for traffic laws, once scant, has improved with deployment of traffic cameras and increasing numbers of police roadblocks checking riders for alcohol consumption and other offenses.
serves as the comprehensive hub for the subway, bus, conventional rail, and high-speed rail.
A contactless smartcard
, known as EasyCard
, can be used for all modes of public transit as well as several retail outlets. It contains credits that are deducted each time a ride is taken. The EasyCard is read via MIFARE
panels on buses and in MRT stations, and it does not need to be removed from one's wallet or purse.
Taipei's public transport system, the Taipei Metro
(commonly referred to as the MRT), incorporates a metro
and light rail
system based on advanced VAL
technology. There are currently six metro lines that are organized and labeled in three ways: by color, line number and depot station name. In addition to the rapid transit system itself, the Taipei Metro also includes several public facilities such as the Maokong Gondola
, underground shopping malls, parks, and public squares. Modifications to existing railway
lines to integrate them into the metro system are underway.
In 2017 a rapid transit line was opened to connect Taipei with Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport
and Taoyuan City
. The new line is part of the new Taoyuan Metro
On 31 January 2020, Hitachi Rail Corporation officially commissioned Phase 1 of the Circlular Line which took place at Shisizhang Station. The Circular Line is a 15.4 km driverless rail system. The Circular line offered free rides beginning in February 2020 for passengers to test the route.
Beginning in 1983, surface rail lines in the city were moved underground as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project
. The Taiwan High Speed Rail
system opened in 2007. The bullet trains connect Taipei with the west coast cities of New Taipei
, and Tainan
before terminating at Zuoying
) at speeds that cut travel times by 60% or more from what they normally are on a bus or conventional train. The Taiwan Railways Administration
also runs passenger and freight services throughout the entire island.
An extensive city bus system
serves metropolitan areas not covered by the metro, with exclusive bus lanes to facilitate transportation.
Riders of the city metro system are able to use the EasyCard for discounted fares on buses, and vice versa. A unique feature of the Taipei bus system is the joint venture of private transportation companies that operate the system's routes while sharing the fare system. This route is in sharp contrast to bus systems in the U.S. which are mostly public entities. Several major intercity bus terminals are located throughout the city, including the Taipei Bus Station
and Taipei City Hall Bus Station
Most scheduled international flights are served by Taoyuan International Airport
in nearby Taoyuan City
. Taipei Songshan Airport
, at the heart of the city in the Songshan District
, serves domestic flights and scheduled flights to Haneda Airport
, Gimpo International Airport
, and about 15 destinations in the People's Republic of China
. Songshan Airport is accessible by the Taipei Metro Neihu Line
; Taoyuan International Airport is accessible by the Taoyuan Airport MRT
In 1994, following the rapid development of Taipei, a white paper for transport policies expressed the strong objective of creating a transport system for the people of Taipei to accommodate the burgeoning city's needs. In 1999, they chose Mitac consortium, which Thales-Transportation Systems is part of. Thales
was then selected again in 2005 to deploy an upgrade of Taipei's public transport network with an end-to-end and fully contactless automatic fare collection solution that integrates 116 metro stations, 5,000 buses and 92 car parks.
Taipei is home to the campuses of 24 universities and Academia Sinica
, Taiwan's national academy which supports the Taiwan International Graduate Program:
National Taiwan University
(NTU or ''Tai-Da'') was established in 1928 during the period of Japanese colonial rule. NTU has produced many political and social leaders in Taiwan. Both pan-blue
movements in Taiwan are rooted on the NTU campus. The university has six campuses in the greater Taipei region (including New Taipei
) and two additional campuses in Nantou County
. The university governs farms, forests, and hospitals for educational and research purposes. The main campus is in Taipei's Da-An district, where most department buildings and all the administrative buildings are located. The College of Law and the College of Medicine are located near the Presidential Office Building
. The National Taiwan University Hospital
is a leading international center of medical research.
National Taiwan Normal University
(NTNU or ''Shi-Da'') likewise traces its origins to the Japanese colonial period. Founded as Taihoku College in 1922 and organized as a teacher training institution by the Kuomintang in 1946, NTNU has since developed into a comprehensive international university. The university boasts especially strong programs in the humanities and international education. Worldwide it is perhaps best known as home of the Mandarin Training Center
, a program that offers Mandarin language
training each year to over a thousand students from scores of countries throughout the world. The main campus, in Taipei's Daan district near MRT Guting Station, is known for its historic architecture. The Shida market area surrounding this campus takes its name from the school's acronym.
Notable Mandarin language programs for foreigners
*International Chinese Language Program (ICLP)
() of National Taiwan University
*Mandarin Training Center (MTC)
() of National Taiwan Normal University
*Taipei Language Institute
Due to Taiwan being under American and Japanese influence over the years, the sports of baseball
in particular and basketball
have become popular in the city. Taipei, like the rest of the country, has featured most prominently in baseball and has often been the venue for the Asian Baseball Championship
since the 1960s. Latisha Chan
, the successful doubles tennis
player, is from Taipei too.
Major sporting events
Below is a list of recent sporting events hosted by the city:
*2001 Asian Baseball Championship
*2001 Baseball World Cup
*2001 AFC Women's Championship
*2004 FIFA Futsal World Championship
*2007 Baseball World Cup
*2009 Summer Deaflympics
*2015 WBSC Premier12
*2017 William Jones Cup
*2017 Summer Universiade
*2025 World Masters Games
(annual): The marathon is one of two World Athletics Label Road Races
in Taiwan, being categorized as a Bronze Label
The other race is the New Taipei City Wan Jin Shi Marathon
, categorized as a Silver Label Road Race.
The Taipei Arena
is located at the site of the former Taipei Municipal Baseball Stadium
(demolished in 2000), with a capacity of over 15,000. It was opened on 1 December 2005 and has since held more art and cultural activities (such as live concerts) than sporting events, which it was originally designed for. The Chinese Taipei
Ice Hockey League (CIHL) plays out of the auxiliary arena.
Tianmu Baseball Stadium
is the major baseball venue in Taipei.
Taipei Municipal Stadium
is a multipurpose stadium
that hosts soccer and track and field events, as well as concerts, both live and prerecorded.
Originally built in 1956, it was demolished and reconstructed in 2009. The Taipei Dome
, which has the capacity to house
40,071 seats, is estimated to finish construction by the end of 2021.
In 2010, a Taipei baseball team—Chung-Ching Junior Little League—won the Junior League World Series
, after winning the Asia-Pacific Region, then defeating the Mexico Region and Latin America Region champions to become the International champion, and finally defeating the U.S. champion (Southwest Region), Rose Capital East LL (Tyler, Texas), 9–1. Its Little League World Series
international team has won 17 championships, the most wins in the league.
As the capital, Taipei City is the headquarters for many television and radio stations in Taiwan and the center of some of the country's largest newspapers.
Television stations located in Taipei include the CTS Education and Culture
, CTS Recreation
, CTV MyLife
, CTV News Channel
, China Television
, Chinese Television System
, Chung T'ien Television
, Dimo TV
, Eastern Television
, Era Television
, FTV News
, Follow Me TV
, Formosa TV
, Gala Television
, Public Television Service
, SET Metro
, SET News
, SET Taiwan
, Sanlih E-Television
, Shuang Xing
, TTV Family
, TTV Finance
, TTV World
, Taiwan Broadcasting System
, Videoland Television Network
and Taiwan Television
Newspapers include ''Apple Daily
'', ''Central Daily News
'', ''The China Post
'', ''China Times
'', ''Kinmen Daily News
'', ''Liberty Times
'', ''Mandarin Daily News
'', ''Matsu Daily
'', ''Min Sheng Bao
'', ''Sharp Daily
'', ''Taipei Times
'', ''Taiwan Daily
'', ''Taiwan News
'', ''Taiwan Times
'' and ''United Daily News
Taipei is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21
Twin towns and sister cities
Taipei is twinned
[Taipei Sister city list](_blank)
Taipei City Council
, United States (1961)
, Togo (1966)
, Philippines (1966)
, Benin (1967)
, South Vietnam (1968) (now Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam)
* Quezon City
, Philippines (1968)
, South Korea (1968)
* San Francisco
, United States (1970)
* Santo Domingo
, Dominican Republic (1970)
, United States (1973)
, United States (1975)
, Honduras (1975)
, United States (1978)
, Saudi Arabia (1978)
, United States (1978)
, United States (1979)
* Los Angeles
, United States (1979)
, United States (1979)
* Oklahoma City
, United States (1981)
* Gold Coast
, Australia (1982)
, South Africa (1982)
, South Africa (1983)
, Malawi (1984)
* San José
, Costa Rica
, France (1986)
, Paraguay (1987)
* Panama City
, Panama (1989)
, Nicaragua (1992)
* San Salvador
, El Salvador (1993)
, Masovian Voivodeship
, Poland (1995)
* Mexico City
, Mexico (1996)
, Buryatia, Russia (1996)
, Gambia (1997)
, Guinea-Bissau (1997)
, United States (1997)
, Senegal (1997)
, United States (1997)
* La Paz
, Bolivia (1997)
, Eswatini (1997)
* San Nicolás
, Nuevo León
, Mexico (1997)
, Mongolia (1997)
* Guatemala City
, Guatemala (1998)
, Marshall Islands (1998)
, Liberia (1998)
, Lithuania (1998)
, Latvia (2001)
, Turkey (2002)
, Philippines (2005)
, Russia (2006)
, Burkina Faso (2008)
, South Korea (2010)
* Buenos Aires
, Argentina (2014)
, Czech Republic (2019)
, United States (1997)
, Japan (2006)
* New York City
, United States (2012)
, Japan (2014)
* Kota Kinabalu
, Sabah, Malaysia (2017)
, Western Australia
, Australia (1999)
* Orange County
, United States (2000)
, India (2006)
, Canada (2008)
* George Town
, Malaysia (2009)
, Finland (2012)
In popular culture
*Taipei's name is used in a professional wrestling
match named the "Taipei Deathmatch" in which the wrestlers' fists are taped and dipped into glue and in broken and crushed glass, allowing shards to stick to their fists. This match can be won by pinfall, submission or escape.
*Writer Tao Lin
's 2013 novel is titled ''Taipei''
and takes place in both New York City and Taipei, where the protagonist Paul's parents were born and live. In the novel, the character named Paul gets married and then visits Taipei with his new wife. They take MDMA and LSD and film a mock documentary on "Taiwan's first McDonald's." The novel was made into a movie titled ''High Resolution'', starring Justin Chon
and Ellie Bamber
File:Minquan_Bridge2017_TAIWAN.jpg|Taipei panoramic view
File:EntranceChiangKaiShek.JPG|the main entrance of Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
File:Taipei_101_2008_NewYear_Firework.jpg|New year fireworks at Taipei 101
File:Taiwan 2009 Taipei Presidential Palace FRD 7172.jpg|Presidential Office Building from Ketagalan Boulevard
File:西門紅樓01.jpg|Red House Theater
File:Grand Hotel Taipei View from Minsheng Community Center 20140930.jpg|Grand Hotel Taipei
File:dansui.jpg|Dadaocheng Wharf, Taipei
File:101.typhoon.altonthompson.jpg|A typhoon makes landfall in Taipei City
File:ZhiShanGardenTaipei.jpg|Zhishan Garden at the National Palace Museum
File:Ximending Side Alley at Night.jpg|Ximending at night
File:Taipei_Story_House_20100718a.jpg|Taipei Story House (Yuanshan Mansion)
File:2010 07 21240 6773 Da'an District, Taipei, Daan Park, Washingtonia filifera, Taiwan.JPG|Daan Park
File:2010 07 20770 6691 Da'an District, Taipei, Daan Park, Taiwan.jpg|Daan Park
*Taipei-Keelung Metropolitan Area
*List of districts of Taipei by area
*List of districts of Taipei by population
*List of districts of Taipei by population density
*List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees
(#61 in the world)
*List of schools in Taipei
*Taipei Community Services Center
(offers support services to the international community)
*American Institute in Taiwan
Words in native languages
*Taipei City Council
Category:Capitals in Asia
Category:Populated places established in 1884
Category:Municipalities of Taiwan
Category:1884 establishments in China