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The Sydney Accord is an international mutual recognition agreement for qualifications in the fields of
engineering technology An engineering technologist is a professional A professional is a member of a profession A Profession is a disciplined group of individuals who adhere to ethical standards and who hold themselves out as, and are accepted by the public a ...
.


Definition and background

The Sydney Accord is an agreement between the bodies responsible for
accredit Accreditation is a third-party attestation related to a conformity assessment body (such as certification body Professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation, often called simply ''certification'' or ''qualification' ...
ing engineering technologist qualification programs in each of the signatory countries. It recognizes the substantial equivalency of programs accredited by those bodies, and recommends that graduates of accredited programs in any of the signatory countries be recognized by the other countries as having met the academic requirements for entry to the practice of engineering technologist. The Sydney Accord was signed in 2001.


Scope

The Sydney Accord covers engineering technologist qualifications. The scope of the Sydney Accord only covers the ''academic'' requirement for an engineering technologist qualification. Engineering technologist titles do not transfer directly between signatory countries that don't have reciprocating agreements, because the signatory countries reserve the right to scrutinize foreign titles and compare them to their own licensing criteria. However, this does not mean the titles are not respected by employers within those signatory countries. The engineering technologist may be hired within a country by an employer where a formal license is not required. The ''industrial exemption'' clause negates formal engineering registration within the United States for those who meet the criteria. Foreign titles may be utilized as a foundation for recognition of professional licensing. The titles can be supplemented with additional experience and/or training to meet the local definition of formal registration. This serves to underline that a foreign technologist covered under the accord does not arrive in a fellow signatory country without merit. The Sydney Accord is therefore not a hollow agreement without advantages.


Accord Enhancements

The Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists (CCTT) and the United Kingdom's
Institution of Incorporated Engineers The Institution of Incorporated Engineers (IIE) was a multidisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws kno ...
(IIE) signed a reciprocating agreement of recognition for engineering technologist. In 2006, the IIE merged with the
Institute of Electrical Engineers The Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) was a United Kingdom, British professional organisation of electronics, electrical, manufacturing, and Information Technology professionals, especially electrical engineers. It began in 1871 as the ...
(IEE) to form the
Institution of Engineering and Technology The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) is a multidisciplinary professional engineering institution. The IET was formed in 2006 from two separate institutions: the Institution of Electrical Engineers The Institution of Electrical ...
(IET). The CCTT also signed a reciprocating agreement with the
National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies The National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies (NICET) is an organization that was established in 1961 to create a recognized certification for engineering technicians and Engineering technologist, technologists within the Uni ...
(NICET). NICET is a United States organization sponsored by the
National Society of Professional Engineers The National Society of Professional Engineers (abbreviate as NSPE) is a professional association A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) usually seeks to further Further ...
(NSPE). The formal recognition of the CCTT as a common link between NICET and the IET has not been realized.


Signatories

The signatory countries/territories of the Sydney Accord are: *
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
- (
Engineers Australia The Institution of Engineers Australia, often shortened to IEAust and/or trading as Engineers Australia (EA), is a professional body and not-for-profit organisation A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for- ...
, 2001) *
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
- ( Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists, 2001) *
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
- (
Institute of Engineering Education TaiwanThe Institute of Engineering Education Taiwan (; literally Chinese Institute of Engineering Education) is a non-profit, non-governmental; organization committed to Educational accreditation, accreditation of engineering and technology education progr ...
, 2014) *
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pe ...

Hong Kong
- (
The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (HKIE, ) is a regulation and licensure in engineering, professional body of engineers in Hong Kong. It was founded in 1947 as the ''Engineering Society of Hong Kong'' and was incorporated by the Legislativ ...
, 2001) *
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
- (
Engineers Ireland The Institution of Engineers Engineers, as practitioners of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific method, scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, ro ...
, 2001) *
Korea Korea is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental ...

Korea
- ( Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea, 2013) *
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions ...

Malaysia
- ( Board of Engineers Malaysia, 2018) *
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...

New Zealand
- (
Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand Engineering New Zealand Te Ao Rangahau (ENZ; previously the New Zealand Institution of Engineers – NZIE and then Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand – IPENZ) is a not-for-profit professional body that promotes the integrity a ...
, 2001) *
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
- (
Engineering Council of South Africa The Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA) is the statutory body A statutory authority is a body set up by law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a ...
, 2001) *
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
- (
Engineering Council UK The Engineering Council (formerly Engineering Council UK; colloquially known as EngC) is the UK's regulatory authority A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has d ...
, 2001) *
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
- (
ABET ABET, incorporated as the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc., is a non-governmental organization A non-governmental organization, or simply an NGO, is an organization An organization, or organisation (Commonw ...
, 2009) *
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...

Sri Lanka
- ( The Institution of Engineers Sri Lanka)


Canada

Canada has signed the Sydney Accord with the title of "Applied Science" and "Engineering Technologist". The Canadian signatory body is the Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists (CCTT). This is different from the Canadian signatory of the Washington Accord, Engineers Canada. In the case of all other Sydney Accord members, the same organization has signed both the Sydney Accord and the Washington Accord.


Hong Kong

Hong Kong originally signed the Sydney Accord with the title of "Science Technologist" and later abbreviated the title to "Technologist."


United States

The
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
applied for recognition with the Sydney Accord in 2007 and was granted that status in 2009. Despite this achievement the United States still has significant confusion in defining a unified technologist registration for professionals. Part of the reason for this is that the engineering technology profession is not well defined as a separate profession (distinct from professional engineering) in the United States. This is because the NSPE has opposed legal registration of technologist by the United States government through a licensing program. The loss of government oversight has led to competing ideologies from societies with different perspectives on what represents the qualities of a technologist.


Confusion

Some legitimate societies and organizations that have established technology programs do not have clear representation in the accord. The Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), and the Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE) are two organizations that have engineering technology and technician certifications that are respected and recognized but operate independently from the accord. In addition to these societies there are legitimate accreditations that are unacknowledged. They are the Distance Education and Training Council (DETC), the National Association of Industrial Technology (NAIT), the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology (ACCSCT), or other non-
ABET ABET, incorporated as the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc., is a non-governmental organization A non-governmental organization, or simply an NGO, is an organization An organization, or organisation (Commonw ...
/TAC institutions that are exclusively regionally accredited. It is unclear if these organizations or societies will eventually be represented by a formal avenue of recognition in the Sydney Accord.


Registrations

As an international representative of the accord the UK offer a registration program for individuals from any country. However, since the standards for technologist are higher in UK (B.Sc. and B.Eng. in Engineering) only 25 UK (emigrating) registrants up to this date applied for registration as "Technologist" indicating the failure of the Accord within UK. In the UK the term "engineer", "professional engineer" or "engineering" have no meaning in law so anyone can call themselves a professional engineer, or technologist without restrictions. However the titles "Chartered Engineer", "Incorporated Engineer" and "Engineering Technician" awarded by The Engineering Council (UK) are protected by law. United States' graduates may apply for a peer review by the
Engineering Council UK The Engineering Council (formerly Engineering Council UK; colloquially known as EngC) is the UK's regulatory authority A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has d ...
if they belong to one of the organizations or societies that are not explicitly mentioned as a member of the accord. Individuals that graduate from a regionally accredited technology program are likely to receive acceptance through professional engineering registration as an Incorporated Engineer. U.S. professional registration is a U.S. state, state concern. While the profession of engineering technologist is not specifically recognised, many states provide engineering technologists with a pathway towards ''Professional Engineer (PE)'' licensing that bypasses national engineering requirements. This is opposed by the national regulatory and representative bodies for professional engineers, the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE). Notably, the Washington Accord does not apply to American PEs who have obtained this status through a technologist route.


See also

* Washington Accord - professional engineering degrees * Dublin Accord - engineering technicians * Seoul Accord - computing and information technology * Certified Engineering Technologist


References


External links


International Engineering Alliance Sydney Accord website
Engineering education Professional titles and certifications {{engineering-stub