The Suzhou dialect (; Suzhounese: ''Sou-tseu ghé-ghô'' ), also known as Suzhounese, is the variety of Chinese
traditionally spoken in the city of Suzhou
in Jiangsu Province
. Suzhounese is a variety of Wu Chinese
, and was traditionally considered the Wu Chinese prestige dialect
. Suzhounese has a large vowel inventory and it is relatively conservative in initials by preserving voiced consonants from Middle Chinese
Suzhou dialect is spoken within the city itself and the surrounding area, including migrants living in nearby Shanghai
The Suzhou dialect is mutually intelligible with dialects spoken in its satellite cities such as Kunshan
, and Zhangjiagang
, as well as those spoken in its former satellites Wuxi
. It is also partially intelligible with dialects spoken in other areas of the Wu cultural sphere such as Hangzhou
. However, it is ''not'' mutually intelligible with Cantonese
or Standard Chinese
; but, as all public schools and most broadcast communication in Suzhou
use Mandarin exclusively, nearly all speakers of the dialect are at least bilingual. Owing to migration within China, many residents of the city cannot speak the local dialect but can usually understand it after a few months or years in the area.
A "ballad–narrative" () known as "The story of Xue Rengui crossing the sea and Pacifying Liao" (), which is about the Tang dynasty
hero Xue Rengui
is believed to have been written in the Suzhou dialect.
Second- and third-person pronouns are suffixed with 笃 for the plural. The first-person plural is a separate root, 伲 .
Some non-native speakers of Suzhou dialect speak Suzhou dialect in a "stylized variety" to tell tales.
[(Original from the University of Michigan)(Digitized Dec 17, 2010)]
The Suzhou dialect has series of voiced, voiceless, and aspirated stops
, and voiceless and voiced fricative
s. Moreover, palatalized
initials also occur.
The Suzhou dialect has a rare contrast between "fricative vowels" and ordinary vowels . As with Shanghainese, the Middle Chinese
entering tone characters, which ended in , now end in a glottal stop in the Suzhou dialect, while Middle Chinese nasal endings have now merged as generic nasal finals or dropped nasalization altogether.
Suzhou is considered to have seven tones. However, since the tone split dating from Middle Chinese still depends on the voicing of the initial consonant, these constitute just three phonemic tones: ''ping'', ''shang,'' and ''qu.'' (''Ru'' syllables are phonemically toneless.)
In Suzhou, the Middle Chinese Shang tone has partially merged with the modern yin qu tone.
*List of varieties of Chinese
External linksWu Association
Category:Languages of China
Category:Culture in Suzhou