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The Susa Valley ( it, Val di Susa; pms, Valsusa; french: Val de Suse; oc, Val d'Ors) is a valley in the
Metropolitan City of Turin The Metropolitan City of Turin ( it, Città metropolitana di Torino) is a Metropolitan cities of Italy, metropolitan city in the Piedmont region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Turin. It replaced the Province of Turin and comprises the city of ...
,
Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , demographics1_title2 ...

Piedmont
region of
northern Italy Northern Italy ( it, Italia settentrionale, it, Nord Italia, label=none, it, Alta Italia, label=none or just it, Nord, label=none) is a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical cha ...
, located between the
Graian Alps The Graian Alps ( it, Alpi Graie ; french: Alpes grées ) are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest and most extensive mountain range A mountain rang ...

Graian Alps
in the north and the
Cottian Alps The Cottian Alps (; french: Alpes Cottiennes ; it, Alpi Cozie ) are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between France (Hautes-Alpes and Savoie) and Italy (Piedmont). The Fréjus Road Tunnel and Fréjus Rai ...
in the south. It is one of the longest valleys of the
Italian Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerl ...

Italian Alps
. It extends over in an east-west direction from the
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
border to the outskirts of
Turin Turin ( , Piedmontese Piedmontese (autonym: or , in it, piemontese) is a language spoken by some 700,000 people mostly in Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = ...

Turin
. The valley takes its name from the city of
Susa Susa (; Cuneiform Cuneiform is a Logogram, logo-Syllabary, syllabic writing system, script that was used to write several languages of the Ancient Near East. The script was in active use from the early Bronze Age until the beginning of the ...
which lies in the valley. The
Dora Riparia The Dora Riparia (; pms, Dòira Rivaira; french: Doire Ripaire or ''Doire''; la, Duria minor) is an alpine river, a left-hand tributary of the Po (river), Po. It is long (of which 5 km in France), with a drainage basin. It originates in ...
river, a tributary of the Po, flows through the valley. A motorway runs through the valley from Turin to
Chambéry Chambéry (, , ; frp, Chambèri; it, Sciamberì; la, Camberia) is the prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. La ...
in France through the Fréjus tunnel or by crossing the Col du Mont Cenis (2083m), and to
Briançon Briançon ( is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typically h ...

Briançon
, also in France, over the
Col de Montgenèvre The Col de Montgenèvre (; elevation 1860 m.) is a high mountain pass A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain sy ...

Col de Montgenèvre
.


Geography

Peaks that surround the valley include: *
Pointe de Ronce Pointe de Ronce is a mountain of Savoie, France. It lies in the Mont Cenis range. It has an elevation of above sea level. Features It is located near the Mont Cenis Pass and overlooks the village of Lanslebourg in Haute-Maurienne. A wide circus, c ...

Pointe de Ronce
- 3,612 m *
Rocciamelone Rocciamelone ( pms, Ròcia-mlon, french: Rochemelon or ''Roche Melon'') is a 3,538 m high mountain in Piedmont, Italy, near the border between Italy and France. Geography Rocciamelone is located between Val di Susa and Maurienne, 50  ...

Rocciamelone
- 3,538 m * Pierre Menue - 3,506 m * Rognosa d'Etiache - 3,382 m *
Punta Sommeiller Punta Sommeiller (in Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Ita ...
- 3,332 m * Punta Ramiere - 3,303 m * Mont Chaberton - 3,131 m * Monte Orsiera - 2,890 * Punta Lunella - 2,272 m * Monte Colombano - 1,658 m * Monte Musinè - 1,150 m


History

During the Roman age,
Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles through ...

Augustus
formed an alliance with the
SegusiniThe Segusini were a Ligurian tribe whose territory largely corresponded with the ancient Roman province of Alpes Cottiae, in the Cottian Alps.Cottii Regnum to link Italy and France by building a road through the Valley and over the Col de Montgenevre. During the Middle Ages, the road was called
Via Francigena The Via Francigena () is an ancient road and pilgrimage route running from the cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as ...

Via Francigena
, and arriving from France passed through
Mont Cenis Mont Cenis ( it, Moncenisio) is a massif (el. 3,612 m / 11,850 ft at Pointe de Ronce) and a mountain pass, pass (el. 2,085 m / 6,840 ft) in Savoie (France), which forms the limit between the Cottian Alps, Cottian and Graian Alps. Route ...

Mont Cenis
and the Susa Valley on their way to
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
. It was one of the most used Alpine passes from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century. Several
abbey An abbey is a type of monastery A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in Cenobitic monasticism, communities or alone (hermits). A mo ...

abbey
s were built to accommodate pilgrims, such as Novalesa Abbey founded in 726AD on the foot of a mountain and the monumental
Sacra di San Michele The Sacra di San Michele, sometimes known as Saint Michael's Abbey, is a religious complex on Mount Pirchiriano, situated on the south side of the Val di Susa in the territory of the municipality of Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, in the Metropolitan Cit ...

Sacra di San Michele
abbey.


Main sights

*
Sacra di San Michele The Sacra di San Michele, sometimes known as Saint Michael's Abbey, is a religious complex on Mount Pirchiriano, situated on the south side of the Val di Susa in the territory of the municipality of Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, in the Metropolitan Cit ...

Sacra di San Michele
(Saint Michael's Abbey), established in the 11th century on the top of Pirchiriano Mountain, at the valley's entrance from Turin. * Novalesa Abbey, established by Patrice Abbo of Provence in 726AD en route to the
Mont Cenis Pass , photo = Col du Mont Cenis.jpg , photo_caption = Lake at the pass , elevation_m = 2085 , elevation_ref = , traversed = Route nationale 6The Route nationale 6 is a trunk road (Route Nationale (France), nationale) in France between Paris an ...
. * Susa Cathedral, ancient San Giusto Abbey. in
Susa Susa (; Cuneiform Cuneiform is a Logogram, logo-Syllabary, syllabic writing system, script that was used to write several languages of the Ancient Near East. The script was in active use from the early Bronze Age until the beginning of the ...
, established by Olderico Manfredi in 1029. * Susa's Arch of Augustus, established in 8BC. * Montebenedetto Charterhouse ( Villar Focchiardo), established in 1197. *Castle of Bruzolo, built in 1227. *Casaforte di Chianocco * Fort of Exilles


Turin–Lyon high-speed railway

Protesters have fought a 10-year battle to prevent a rail tunnel being built through the valley.


References

Valleys of Piedmont Valleys of the Alps Metropolitan City of Turin Geographical, historical and cultural regions of Piedmont {{Turin-geo-stub