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This article includes a list of successive
Muslim state , caption = , active = {{Collapsible list , title = 1999–present , 1 = 1999: Established under the name of Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad , 2 = October 2004: Joined al-Qaeda , 3 = 13 October 2006: Declaration of an Islamic ...
s and
dynasties A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family In human society, family (from la, familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth) or affinity (by marriage or other relationship). Th ...
from the rise of the Islamic prophet
Muhammad Muhammad ibn AbdullahHe is referred to by many appellations, including Messenger of Allah, The Prophet Muhammad, Allah's Apostle, Last Prophet of Islam, and others; there are also many variant spellings of Muhammad, such as Mohamet, Mohammed, ...

Muhammad
and of the
Early Muslim conquests The early Muslim conquests ( ar, الفتوحات الإسلامية, ''al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya''), also referred to as the Arab conquests and the early Islamic conquests began with the Prophets of Islam, Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7 ...
which began in 622 CE and continues through to this current day. In the decades after his death, the
caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (; ar, خَلِيفَة ', ), a person considered a politico-religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad ...
founded by his earliest successors, called the
Rashidun caliphate The Rashidun Caliphate ( ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلرَّاشِدَةُ, al-Khilāfah ar-Rāšidah) was the first of the four major caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an ...
, was succeeded by the
Umayyad caliphate The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 CE; , ; ar, ٱلْخِلَافَة ٱلْأُمَوِيَّة, al-Khilāfah al-ʾUmawīyah) was the second of the four major caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under th ...
and later the
Abbasid caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate ( or ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّةُ, ') was the third caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the tit ...

Abbasid caliphate
. While the caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties grew into ''Islamic empires'', with some of the most notable being the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
,
Safavid dynasty The Safavid dynasty (; fa, دودمان صفوی, Dudmâne Safavi, ) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Safavid Iran, Iran from 1501 to 1736. The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was establi ...
, and
Mughal Empire The Mughal, Mogul, or Moghul Empire was an early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's past. It is understood through archaeology, anthropology, ge ...
.


Middle East and North Africa


Mesopotamia and Levant (Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine)

*
Ayyubid dynasty The Ayyubid dynasty ( ar, الأيوبيون '; Kurdish languages, Kurdish: ئەیووبیەکان Eyûbiyan) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurds, Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt in the Middle Ages, Egypt, ruling over t ...

Ayyubid dynasty
(1171–1341, based in
Damascus )), is an adjective which means "spacious". , motto = , image_flag = Flag of Damascus.svg , image_seal = Emblem of Damascus.svg , seal_type = Seal , m ...

Damascus
and
Aleppo )), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , image_map1 ...

Aleppo
) *
Umayyad caliphate The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 CE; , ; ar, ٱلْخِلَافَة ٱلْأُمَوِيَّة, al-Khilāfah al-ʾUmawīyah) was the second of the four major caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under th ...
(661–750, based in
Damascus )), is an adjective which means "spacious". , motto = , image_flag = Flag of Damascus.svg , image_seal = Emblem of Damascus.svg , seal_type = Seal , m ...

Damascus
) *
Abbasid caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate ( or ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّةُ, ') was the third caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the tit ...

Abbasid caliphate
(750–1258, based in
Baghdad Baghdad (; ar, بَغْدَاد ) is the capital of and one of the in the , and compared to its large population it has a small area at just 673 square kilometers (260 sq mi). Located along the , near the ruins of the city of and the anc ...

Baghdad
) *
Zengid dynasty The Zengid or Zangid dynasty was a List of Muslim states and dynasties, Muslim dynasty of Oghuz Turks, Oghuz Turkic origin, which ruled parts of the Levant and Upper Mesopotamia on behalf of the Seljuk Empire. The dynasty was founded by Imad ad-Di ...
(1127–1250, based in
Aleppo )), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , image_map1 ...

Aleppo
) *
Burid dynasty The Burid dynasty was a dynasty of Turkish origin ''Burids'', R. LeTourneau, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R.Gibb, J.H.Kramers, E. Levi Provencal and J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 1332. which ruled over the Emirate of Damascus in the ea ...
(1104–1154) *
Hamdanid dynasty The Hamdanid dynasty ( ar, حمدانيون, Ḥamdānyūn) was a Twelver Shia Twelver ( ar, ٱثْنَا عَشَرِيَّة; ' fa, شیعه دوازده‌امامی, '), also known as Imamiyyah ( ar, إِمَامِيَّة), is the ...
(890–1004, based in
Aleppo )), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , image_map1 ...

Aleppo
) *
Uqaylid dynasty The Uqaylid dynasty () was a Shi'a Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or eth ...
(990–1096; Syria, Iraq) *
Bani Assad Banu Asad ibn Khuzaymah ( ar, بَنُو أَسَد ٱبْن خُزَيْمَة) is an Arab tribe. They are Adnanite Arabs, powerful and one of the most famous tribes. They are widely respected by many Arab tribes The Arabs (singular Arab ; sing ...
(990–1081, Iraq) *
Numayrid The Numayrids () were an Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity i ...
(990–1081; Syria, Turkey) * Marwanid (983–1085; Syria, Turkey, Armenia, Iraq) *
Mirdasid dynasty The Mirdasid dynasty ( ar, المرداسيون, al-Mirdāsiyyīn), also called the Banu Mirdas, was an Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233 The international standard are technical standards developed by ...
(1024–1080, Syria) *
Artuqids The Artuqids or Artuqid dynasty ( or ', or ', or ', sometimes also spelled as Artukid, Ortoqid or Ortokid; Turkish plural The plural (sometimes abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of ...
(1101–1409; Syria, Turkey, Iraq) *
Baban alt=Multicolored map, Baban Principality, ca. 1835 The family of Baban (1649–1850) ruled a Kurdish principality which encompassed areas of present-day Iraqi Kurdistan and western Iran from the early 17th century until 1850. The Baban princi ...
(1649–1851, Iraq) * Soran (1816–1835, Iraq) *
Emirate of Hakkari An emirate is a territory ruled by an emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristoc ...
(1380s–1845; Turkey, Syria) *
Bahdinan Bahdinan or Badinan (1376–1843) was one of the most powerful and enduring Kurdish principalities. It was founded by ''Baha-al-Din'' originally from ''Şemzînan'' area in Hakkari in sometime between 13th or 14th century CE. The capital of thi ...

Bahdinan
(1339–1843, Iraq) *
Bohtan 250px, Bohtan Principality circa 1835 Bohtan (also Buhtan, ''Bokhti'') was a medieval Kurdish principality in the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. ...
(1330–1855) *
Principality of Bitlis The Principality of Bitlis, also known as the Bitlis Khanate and the Bitlis Emirate (1182–1847) was a Kurdish principality A principality (or sometimes princedom) can either be a monarchical A monarchy is a form of government ...
(1182–1847) *
Hadhabani Hadhabani (also: ''Hadhbani'') ( ku, ھەزەبانی ,Hecbanî) was a large medieval Sunni Muslim Sunni Islam () is by far the largest branch of Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether ...
(906–1070) *
Mukriyan Mukriyan () was a Kurdish principality from the late 14th century to the 19th century centered around Mahabad Mahabad ( fa, ), also Romanized as Mihābād and Muhābād ( ku, Mehabad : مەهاباد), is a city and capital of Mahabad Co ...
(1050–1500) * Qarghuyah,
Emirate of Aleppo )), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , image_map1 ...
(969–977) *
Nizari Ismaili state The Nizari state (the Alamut state) was a Shia Shia Islam or Shi'ism is the second largest Islamic schools and branches, branch of Islam. It holds that the Prophets and messengers in Islam, Islamic prophet Muhammad in Islam, Muhammad designa ...
(1090–1256; Iraq, Iran, Syria) *
Emirate of Aleppo )), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , image_map1 ...
, Lulu' dynasty (1004–1016) *
Assaf dynasty The Assaf dynasty (also called Banu Assaf) were a Sunni Muslim Sunni Islam () is by far the largest branch of Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has t ...
(1306–1591, Lebanon) * Harfush dynasty (1517–1865, Lebanon, Syria) *
Mamluk dynasty of Iraq The Mamluk dynasty of Iraq (Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan ...
(1734–1831) *
Emirate of Mosul This is a list of the rulers of the Iraqi city of Mosul . Umayyad governors *Muhammad ibn Marwan (ca. 685–705) *Yusuf ibn Yahya ibn al-Hakam (ca. 685–705) *Sa'id ibn Abd al-Malik (ca. 685–705) *Yahya ibn Yahya al-Ghassani (719–720) *Marwan ...
(905–1096, 1127–1222, 1254–1383, 1758–1918) *
Emirate of Transjordan The Emirate of Transjordan ( ar, إمارة شرق الأردن, Imārat Sharq al-Urdun, Emirate of east Jordan), officially known as the Amirate of Trans-Jordan, was a British protectorate established on 11 April 1921,
Emirate of Transjordan
(1921–1946; Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq) *
Arab Kingdom of Syria The Arab Kingdom of Syria ( ar, المملكة العربية السورية, ') was a self-proclaimed, unrecognized state that began as a "fully and absolutely independent... Arab constitutional government" announced on 5 October 1918 with the per ...

Arab Kingdom of Syria
(1920) *
Kingdom of Iraq The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq ( ar, المملكة العراقية الهاشمية, translit=al-Mamlakah al-ʿIrāqiyyah ʾal-Hāshimyyah) was a state located in the Middle East The Middle East ( ar, الشرق الأوسط, ISO 233 The ...
(1921–1958) *
Kingdom of Jordan Jordan ( ar, الأردن; tr. ' ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan ( ar, المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية; tr. '), is an Arab country in the Levant The Levant () is an approximate historical geographical ...
(1921–present)


Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf

Saudi Arabia *
Emirate of Mecca
Emirate of Mecca
(1916–1924) Saudi State *
Emirate of Riyadh The Emirate of Riyadh Madawi Al-Rasheed. ''A History of Saudi Arabia''. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 40. was the first iteration of the Third Saudi State from 1902 to 1913. J. A. Hammerton. ''Peoples Of All Nations ...
(1903-1918) Saudi State * Manfuha Sheikhdom (1682–1834) * Abu Arish Sheikhdom (1200–1863) * Al Bir Sheikhdom (1600–1850) * Al Rawdah Sheikhdom (1697–1790) * Al-Kharj Emirate (1688–1865) * Unaizah Emirate (1768–1904) *
Buraidah Emirate
Buraidah Emirate
(1768–1913) * Awdah Sheikhdom (1700–1790) * Jalajil Sheikhdom (1762–1831) * Harmah Sheikhdom (1700–1779) * Al Majma'ah Sheikhdom (1758–1908) * Shaqraa Sheikhdom (1803–1834) * Mutayr Sheikhdom (1872–1903) * 'Asir Sheikhdom (983–1003, 1728–1863) * Sheikhdom of Upper Asir (1802–1923) * Sheikhdom of Lower 'Asir (1830–1930) * Kingdom of Najran (1677–1936) * 'Uyayna Sheikhdom (1446–1768) * Durma Sheikhdom (1600–1757) * Gatgat Sultanate (1900–1924) * Al Murrah Emirate (1900–1917) *
Emirate of Diriyah The Emirate of Diriyah (), also transliterated as the Emirate of Dir'iyah'','' and known as the First Saudi State, was established in the year 1744 (1157 AH) when the religious leader Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab ; "The Book of Oneness") , influ ...
(1744–1818) (First Saudi State) *
Emirate of Nejd The Emirate of Nejd or Imamate of Nejd was the Second Saudi State, existing between 1824 and 1891 in Nejd Najd, ( ar, نَجْدٌ, ) or the Nejd, forms the geographic center of Saudi Arabia (Shahada) , national_anthem = "National Anthem ...
(1818–1891) (Second Saudi State) *
Emirate of Nejd and Hasa The Emirate of Nejd and Hasa was the second iteration of the Third Saudi State from 1913 to 1921. It was a monarchy A monarchy is a form of government in which a person, the monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New Colleg ...
(1902–1921) (Third Saudi State) * Sharifate of Mecca (968–1925) *
Emirate of Jabal Shammar The Emirate of Jabal Shammar ( ar, إِمَارَة جَبَل شَمَّر), also known as the Emirate of Haʾil () or the Rashidi Emirate (), was a state in the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, including Najd, existing from the mid-nine ...

Emirate of Jabal Shammar
(1836–1921) *
Sultanate of Nejd The Sultanate of Nejd ( ar, سلطنة نجد, ') was the third iteration of the Third Saudi State, from 1921 to 1926. It was a monarchy led by the House of Saud. This version of the Third Saudi State was created when Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, Em ...
(1921–1926) *
Idrisid Emirate of Asir The Idrisids ( ar, الأدارسة ') were an Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an ethnic group An ethn ...
(1909–1930) *
Kingdom of Hejaz The Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz ( ar, المملكة الحجازية الهاشمية, ''Al-Mamlakah al-Ḥijāziyyah Al-Hāshimiyyah'') was a state in the Hejaz region in the Middle East (modern-day western Saudi Arabia), the western portion of ...
(1916–1925) *
Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd ( ar, مملكة الحجاز ونجد, '), initially the Kingdom of Hejaz and Sultanate of Nejd (, '), was a dual monarchy ruled by Abdulaziz following the victory of the House of Saud, Saudi Sultanate of Nejd ove ...
(1926–1932) *
Bani Khalid Bani Khalid ( ar, بني خالد) is an Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, : , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, : , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an mainly inhabiting the . In modern usage the t ...
(1669–1796) *
House of Saud The House of Saud ( ar, آل سُعُود, ʾĀl Suʿūd ) is the ruling royal family A royal family is the immediate family of kings/ queens, emirs/emiras, sultans/ sultanas, or raja/ rani and sometimes their extended family. The term im ...
(1744–present) Bahrain *
Qarmatians The Qarmatians ( ar, قرامطة, Qarāmiṭa; ; also transliterated Carmathians, Qarmathians, Karmathians, Karmatian, or Karmathian, Qarmatī, Qarāmiṭah) were a dynasty of a syncretism, syncretic branch of Sevener Isma'ilism, Ismaili Shia I ...

Qarmatians
(899–1077) * Uyunid Kingdom (1076–1253) *
Usfurid The Usfurids ( ar, آل عصفور, Al ʿUṣfūr) were an Arab dynasty that in 1253 gained control of eastern Arabia, including the islands of Bahrain Bahrain ( ; ar, البحرين, al-Baḥrayn, , locally ), officially the Kingdom of Bahr ...
(1253–1320) *
Jarwanid The Jarwanid Dynasty () was a dynasty that ruled the Province of Bahrain Eastern Arabia was historically known as ''Al-Bahrain'' ( ar, اَلْبَحْرَيْنِ) until the 18th century. This region stretched from the south of Basra Basra ...
(1305–1487) *
Jabrids The Jabrids ( ar, الجبريون, al-Jabrīyūn) or Banu Jabr were a dynasty that dominated eastern Arabia The Arabian Peninsula (; ar, شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, , "Arabian Peninsula" or , , "Is ...
(1480–1570) *
Bani Khalid Bani Khalid ( ar, بني خالد) is an Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, : , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, : , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an mainly inhabiting the . In modern usage the t ...
(1669–1796) *
House of Khalifa The House of Khalifa ( ar, آل خليفة, translit=Āl Khalīfah) is the ruling family of the Kingdom of Bahrain. The Al Khalifas profess Sunni Islam Sunni Islam () is by far the largest Islamic schools and branches, branch of Islam, follo ...
(1783–present) Qatar *
House of Thani The House of Thani ( ar, اَل ثاني , translit=Al Thani) is the ruling family A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n.''" Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897. us ...
(1825–present) Kuwait * House of Al-Sabah (1752–present) United Arab Emirates *
Emirate of Abu Dhabi The Emirate of Abu Dhabi (, , or ; ar, إِمَـارَة أَبُـوظَـبِي , ) is one of seven Emirates of the United Arab Emirates, emirates that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is by far the largest emirate by area (), ...
(1761–present) *
Emirate of Ajman The Emirate of Ajman ( ar, إمارة عجمان; ) is one of the seven Emirates of the United Arab Emirates, emirates of the United Arab Emirates. It joined the United Arab Emirates federation on December 2, 1971. It has an area of 259 square ...
(1816–present) *
Emirate of Dubai The Emirate of Dubai ( ar, إمارة دبيّ; pr. ) is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates. The capital of the emirate is the eponymous city, Dubai. It is located in the Arabian Desert on the coast of the Persian Gulf. It ...
(1833–present) *
Emirate of Fujairah The Emirate of Fujairah ( ar, إِمَـارَة ٱلْفُجَيْرَة ' ) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), so ...
(1876–present) *
Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah Ras Al Khaimah (RAK) ( ar, رأس الخيمة; ) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; ar, الإمارات العربية المتحدة ) or the Emirates ( ar, الإما ...
(1727–present) *
Emirate of Sharjah The Emirate of Sharjah (; ar, إِمَارَة ٱلشَّارِقَة ') is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates, which covers and has a population of over 1,400,000 (2015). It comprises the capital city of Sharjah, after which it i ...
(1803–present) *
Emirate of Umm Al Quwain The Emirate of Umm Al Quwain (UAQ; ar, أم القيوين; ) is one of the Emirates of the United Arab Emirates, seven constituent emirates of the United Arab Emirates, located in the north of the country. It is the second smallest and least p ...
(1775–present) *
Dibba Dibbā ( ar, دِبَّا) is a coastal area at the northern tip of the eastern Arabian peninsula on the Gulf of Oman. It is politically divided into three segments: * Dibba Al-Fujairah, ruled by the Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, UAE * ...

Dibba
(1871–1953) *
Hamriyya Hamriyah Port is deep water seaport File:PorticcioloCedas.jpg, The Porticciolo del Cedas port in Barcola near Trieste, a small local port A port is a maritime law, maritime facility which may comprise one or more Wharf, wharves wher ...
(1875–1922) * Hira (1915–1942) *
Kalba Kalba () is a city in the Emirate of Sharjah The Emirate of Sharjah (; ar, إِمَارَة ٱلشَّارِقَة ') is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates, which covers and has a population of over 1,400,000 (2015). It compris ...

Kalba
(1871–1952) Oman *
Sultanate of Zafar
Sultanate of Zafar
(1421–1975) *
Imamate of Oman The Imamate of Oman ( ar, إِمَامَة عُمَان, Imāmat ʿUmān, links=no) refers to a historical state within the ''Oman proper'' ( ar, عُمَان ٱلْوُسْطَى, ʿUmān al-Wusṭā) in the present-day Al Hajar Mountains in Oman ...
(750–1696) *
Omani Empire The Omani Empire ( ar, الإمبراطورية العمانية) was a thalassocracy, maritime empire, vying with Portuguese Empire, Portugal and British Empire, Britain for trade and influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak ...

Omani Empire
(1696–1856) *
Sultanate of Muscat and Oman The Sultanate of Muscat and Oman ( ar, سلطنة مسقط وعمان, Salṭanat Masqaṭ wa-‘Umān), also known briefly as the State of Muscat and Oman () during the rule of Timur ibn Faisal, was a sovereign state that encompassed the presen ...
(1820–1970) *
Sultanate of Oman Oman ( ; ar, عُمَان ' ), officially the Sultanate of Oman ( ar, سلْطنةُ عُمان ), is a country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (; ar, شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ ا ...
(1970–present) Yemen *
Banu UkhaidhirThe Banu 'l-Ukhaidhir ( ar, بنو الأخيضر) was an Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an ethnic group An ...
(865–1066) *
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen ) File:National anthem of the Kingdom of Yemen.ogg , capital = , common_languages = Arabic language, Arabic , religion = Zaidiyyah, Zaidi Shia Islam, Shia Islam , government_type = Theocratic absolute monarchy , title_leader = Imams of Yemen, King- ...
(1918-1970) *
Zurayids The Zurayids (بنو زريع, Banū Zuraiʿ), were a Yamite Hamdani dynasty based in Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a (''Houthi takeover in Yemen, De ...
(1083-1174) *
Hamdanids The Hamdanid dynasty ( ar, حمدانيون, Ḥamdānyūn) was a Twelver Shia Islam, Shia Muslim Arabs, Arab dynasty of northern Mesopotamia and Bilad al-Sham, Syria (890–1004). They descended from the ancient Banu Taghlib Christian tribe ...
(1099-1174) *
Sulaymanids The Sulaymanids () were a sharif dynasty from the line of the Muhammad's grandson Hasan bin Ali which ruled around 1063–1174. Their centre of power lay in Harad in Central Tihama of Hajjah in Yemen, due to Zaydi expansion in Hajjah the Sulaym ...
(1063-1174) *
Mahdids The Mahdids ( ar, بني مهدي, Banī Mahdī) were a Himyarite dynasty in Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a (''Houthi takeover in Yemen, De jure'')Aden ...
(1159-1174) *
Sulayhid dynasty The Sulayhid dynasty ( ar, بَنُو صُلَيْح, Banū Ṣulayḥ, lit=Children of Sulayh) was an Ismaili Shi'ite Arab dynasty established in 1047 by Ali ibn Muhammad al-Sulayhi that ruled most of historical Yemen at its peak. The Sulayh ...
(1047-1138) *
Rassids The Imams of Yemen and later the Kings of Yemen were religious Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, texts, shri ...
of
Yemen ) , image_map = Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a Sanaa ( ar, صَنْعَاء, ' , Yemeni Arabic: ; Old South Arabian: 𐩮 ...

Yemen
(897-1962) *
Rasulid The Rasulids ( ar, بنو رسول, Banū Rasūl) were a Sunni Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam, a Monotheism, monotheistic Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic religion. The derivation of "Muslim" is from an Arabic languag ...
of
Yemen ) , image_map = Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a Sanaa ( ar, صَنْعَاء, ' , Yemeni Arabic: ; Old South Arabian: 𐩮 ...

Yemen
(1229-1454) * Najahid dynasty (1022-1158) *
Ziyadid dynasty The Ziyadid dynasty () was a Muslim dynasty that ruled western Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a (''Houthi takeover in Yemen, De jure'')Aden (Temporary c ...
(819-856) *
Tahirid dynasty The Tahirid dynasty ( fa, طاهریان, Tâheriyân, ) was a Sunni Persian people, Persian ''dehqan'' dynasty, that effectively ruled Greater Khorasan, Khorasan from 821 to 873 as well as serving as military and security commanders in Abbas ...
(1454-1517) * Bani Ukhaidhir (865-1066) * Yufirids (847-997) *
Alawi Sheikhdom The Alawi Sheikhdom ( ar, مشيخة العلوي '), or Alawi ( ar, علوي ') — was a Sheikhdom located in the Aden region of southwestern Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map ...
(1743-1967) * Aqrabi Sheikhdom (1770-1967) * Audhali Sultanate (1750-1970) *
Lower Aulaqi Sultanate Lower Aulaqi ( '), or the Lower Aulaqi Sultanate ( ar, سلطنة العوالق السفلى '), was a state in the Aden Protectorate, the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, and its successor, the Federation of South Arabia. Its capital w ...
(1700-1967) *
Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom The Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom ( ') was a state in the British Empire, British Aden Protectorate, the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, and its successor, the Federation of South Arabia. Its capital was Sa'id, Yemen, Sa'id. The area of the form ...
(1750-1967) * Upper Aulaqi Sultanate (1700-1967) * Beihan Emirate (1680-1967) * Sheikhdom of al-Hawra (1858-1967) *
Emirate of Dhala Dhala or Dhali` ( '), Amiri ( '), or the Emirate of Dhala ( ') was a state in the British Aden Protectorate, the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, and its successor, the Federation of South Arabia A federation (also known as a fe ...
(1750-1967) *Dathina Sheikhdom (1947-1967) *Fadhli Sultanate (1670-1967) *Haushabi, Sultanate of Haushabi (1730-1967) *Lahej Sultanate (1728-1967) *Maflahi Sheikhdom (1850-1967) *Shaib, Sheikhdom of Shaib (1850-1967) *Lower Yafa, Sultanate of Lower Yafa (1681-1967) *Upper Yafa, Sultanate of Upper Yafa (1800-1967) *Al-Dhubi, Sheikhdom Al-Dhubi (1750-1967) *Hadrami Sheikhdom (1820-1967) *Mawsata, Emirate of Mawsata (1780-1967) *Sheikhdom of al- 'Irqa (1800-1967) *Mahra Sultanate (1432–Present) *Kathiri Sultanate (1395-1967) *Tarim, Yemen, Tarim Sultanate (1916-1945) *Qu'aiti Sultanate (1858-1967) *Ash Shihr (1752-1858) *Al Mukalla (1707-1881) Regional *Tulunids (868–905; Egypt, Syria) *
Rassids The Imams of Yemen and later the Kings of Yemen were religious Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, texts, shri ...
(897–1962) *Qarmatians, Qarmatian Kingdom (899–976) * Sharifate of Mecca (968–1925) *Ayyubid Dynasty (1171–1260) *Rasulids (1229–1454) *Mamluk Dynasty (1250–1517) *Omani Empire, Omani Sultanate (1696–1856) *Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1932–present)


North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya)

*Rustamid dynasty (777–909) *Aghlabids, Aghlabid dynasty (800–909; Ifriqiya, Tunisia, East-Algeria, West-Libya, Sicily) *Fatimid dynasty (909–1171; North Africa, Middle East) *Zirid dynasty (972–1148) *Almoravid dynasty (1040–1147; Maghreb, Spain) *Almohad dynasty (1121–1269) *
Ayyubid dynasty The Ayyubid dynasty ( ar, الأيوبيون '; Kurdish languages, Kurdish: ئەیووبیەکان Eyûbiyan) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurds, Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt in the Middle Ages, Egypt, ruling over t ...

Ayyubid dynasty
(1171–1254) *Hafsid dynasty (1229–1574) *Nasrid dynasty (1232–1492; Granada, Ceuta) *Marinid dynasty (1244–1465) *Abbasid Caliph (1250–1517; North Africa, Middle East) under Mamluk Sultanate of Cairo *Wattasid dynasty (1472–1554) *Saadi dynasty (1511–1628) *Alaouite dynasty (1631–present) Algeria *Emirate of Tlemcen (736–790) *Emirate of Cordoba (756-929) *Rustamid dynasty (777–909) *Banu Ifran (830–1040) *Fatimid dynasty (909–1171) *Zirid dynasty (972–1148) *Mozabite people, Confederation of Banu Mzab (1012–1882) *Hammadid dynasty (1014–1152) *Almohad dynasty (1121–1269) *Zayyanids, Kingdom of Tlemcen (1235–1556) *Zab Emirate (1400) *Sultanate of Tuggurt (1414–1854) *Kingdom of Ait Abbas (1510–1872) *Kingdom of Kuku (1515–1638) *Regency of Algiers, Kingdom of Algiers (1515–1837) *Emirate of Abdelkader (1832–1847) *Zenata, Zenata Kingdoms Egypt *Tulunids (868–905) *Ikhshidids (935–969) *Banu Kanz (1004–1412) *
Ayyubid dynasty The Ayyubid dynasty ( ar, الأيوبيون '; Kurdish languages, Kurdish: ئەیووبیەکان Eyûbiyan) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurds, Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt in the Middle Ages, Egypt, ruling over t ...

Ayyubid dynasty
(1171–1254) *Mamluk dynasty (1250–1517) *Abbasid Caliph (1250–1517) under Mamluk Sultanate of Cairo *Khedivate of Egypt (1867–1914) *Sultanate of Egypt (1914–1922) *Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953) Tunisia *Aghlabids, Aghlabid dynasty (800–909) *Khurasanid dynasty (1059–1158) *Hafsid Kingdom (1229–1574) *Beylik of Tunis (1573–1613) *Muradid dynasty (1613–1705) *Husaynid dynasty (1705–1956) *Kingdom of Tunisia (1956–1957) Morocco *Emirate of Nekor (710–1019) *Banu Midrar, Emirate of Sijilmasa (758–1055) *Muhallabids (771–793, Ifriqiya) *Idrisid dynasty (788–974) *Almoravid dynasty (1040–1147) *Almohad dynasty (1121–1269 CE) *Marinid Sultanate (1244-1465, Maghreb) *Wattasid dynasty (1472–1554) *Saadi Sultanate (1549–1659) *Pashalik of Timbuktu (1591–1833; Western Sahara, Maghreb, Mali) *Naqsid principality of Tetouan (1597–1673) *Republic of Bou Regreg (1627–1668) *Alaouite dynasty (1666–present) *Republic of the Rif (1921–1926) *Zenata, Zenata Kingdoms Libya *Fezzan, Sultanate of Fezzan (918–1190) *Tripolitania, Sultanate of Tripolitania (1327–1401) under Bani Ammar *Pasha of Tripoli (1551–1711) *Fezzan, Kingdom of Fezzan (1556–1856) under Awlad Muhammad dynasty *Karamanli dynasty (1711–1835) *Cyrenaica Emirate (1843–1951) *Senussi dynasty, Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)


Caucasus


Iran

*Qarinvand dynasty (550–1110) *Paduspanid (655–1598) *Justanids (791–1004) *Dulafid dynasty (800–898, Jibal) *Samanid Empire (819–999) *
Tahirid dynasty The Tahirid dynasty ( fa, طاهریان, Tâheriyân, ) was a Sunni Persian people, Persian ''dehqan'' dynasty, that effectively ruled Greater Khorasan, Khorasan from 821 to 873 as well as serving as military and security commanders in Abbas ...
(821–873) *Saffarid dynasty (861–1003) *Shirvanshah (861–1538) *Alavid dynasty (864–928) *Sajid dynasty (889–929) *Ma'danids (890–1110, Makran) *Aishanids (912–961) *Sallarid dynasty (919–1062) *Ziyarid dynasty (928–1043) *Banu Ilyas (932–968) *Buyid dynasty (934–1062) *Rawadid dynasty (955–1071, Tabriz) *Hasanwayhid (959–1015) *Annazids (990–1180; Iran, Iraq) *Ma'munid dynasty (995–1017) *Kakuyid (1008–1141) *Great Seljuq Empire (1029–1194) *Nasrid dynasty (Sistan) (1029–1225) *Kerman Seljuk Sultanate (1041-1187) *Ormus, Hormuz Kingdom (1060–1622) *Khwarezmian Empire under Khwarezm, Khwarezm-Shâh dynasty (1077–1231) *
Nizari Ismaili state The Nizari state (the Alamut state) was a Shia Shia Islam or Shi'ism is the second largest Islamic schools and branches, branch of Islam. It holds that the Prophets and messengers in Islam, Islamic prophet Muhammad in Islam, Muhammad designa ...
(1090–1256) *Ahmadilis (1122–1220) *Eldiguzids (1135–1225) *Atabegs of Yazd (1141–1319) *Salghurids (1148–1282, Shiraz) *Hazaraspids (1155–1424) *Khorshidi dynasty (1155–1597, Lorestan) *Qutlugh-Khanids (1222–1306) *Mihrabanid dynasty (1236–1537, Baluchistan) *Kart dynasty (1244–1381) *Ilkhanate (Mongol) (1295–1357) *Muzaffarids (Iran), Muzaffarids (1314–1393) *Sarbadars (1332–1386) *Chupanids (1335–1357) *Injuids (1335–1357) *Jalayirid Sultanate (1335–1432) *Afrasiyab dynasty (1349–1504) *Marashis (1359–1596) *Kara Koyunlu (1374–1468) *Ak Koyunlu (1378–1501) *Musha'sha'iyyah (1436–1729) *Talysh Khanate (1747–1832) *Maku Khanate (1747–1922) *Ardabil Khanate (1747–1808) *Khalkhal Khanate (1747–1809) *Khoy Khanate (1747–1813) *Maragheh Khanate (1610–1925) *Marand Khanate (1747–1828) *Sarab Khanate (1747–1797) *Tabriz Khanate (1747–1802) *Urmia Khanate (1747–1865) *Zanjan Khanate (1747–1810) *Persian Empire **
Safavid dynasty The Safavid dynasty (; fa, دودمان صفوی, Dudmâne Safavi, ) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Safavid Iran, Iran from 1501 to 1736. The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was establi ...
(1502–1736) **Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796) **Zand dynasty (1751–1794) **Qajar dynasty (1789–1925) **Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)


Anatolia (Turkey)

*Seljuk Empire, Great Seljuk Empire (1029–1194) *
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
(1299–1923) *Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm (1077–1308) *Danishmends, Danishmends Dynasty (1071–1178) *Mengujekids, Mengujekids Dynasty (1072–1277) *Saltukids, Saltukids Dynasty (1071–1202) *Artuqids, Artuqids Dynasty (1101–1409) *Karamanids (1250–1487) *Chaka of Smyrna (1081–1098) *Shah-Armens (1100–1207) *Beylik of Dilmac (1085–1398) *Inalids (1095–1183) *Beylik of Cubukogullari (1085–1112) *Afshar Beylik, Afshar (1480–1534) *Ahiler (1290–1362) *Alaiye (1293–1471) *Aydinids (1300–1425) *Beyliks of Canik (1300–1460) *Jandarids (1291–1461) *Chobanids (1211–1309) *Dulkadirids (1348–1522) *Eretnids (1335–1390) *Beylik of Erzincan, Erzincan (1379–1410) *Eshrefids (1285–1326) *Germiyanids (1300–1429) *Hamidids (1300–1391) *Kadi Burhan al-Din (1381–1398) *Karasids (1296–1357) *Beylik of Lâdik, Ladik (1262–1391) *Menteşe (beylik), Mentese (1261–1424) *Pervaneoglu (1277–1322) *Ramadanids (1352–1608) *Sahib Ataids (1275–1341) *Sarukhanids (1300–1410) *Beylik of Teke, Teke (1321–1423) *Emirate of Melitene (850–934) *Marwanids, Amida (983–1085) *
Ayyubid dynasty The Ayyubid dynasty ( ar, الأيوبيون '; Kurdish languages, Kurdish: ئەیووبیەکان Eyûbiyan) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurds, Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt in the Middle Ages, Egypt, ruling over t ...

Ayyubid dynasty
(1171-1341)


Azerbaijan

*Eldiguzids (1136-1225) *Shirvanshah (1207–1607) *Ak Koyunlu (1378-1501) *Kara Koyunlu (1374-1468) *Shamakhy Khanate (1721–1749) *Salyan Khanate (1729–1782) *Karabakh Khanate (1748-1822) *Erivan Khanate (1747-1828) *Afsharid Dynasty (1736-1796) *Safavid Dynasty (1501-1736) *Shaki Khanate (1743-1819) *Ganja khanate (1747-1805) *Quba Khanate (1726-1806) *Baku Khanate (1735-1806) *Khalkhal Khanate (1747–1809) *Nakhichevan Khanate (1747-1828) *Shirvan Khanate (1748-1820) *Khoja Shamakha (1748–1786) *Yeni Shamakha (1748–1786) *Ardabil Khanate (1747-1808) *Urmia Khanate (1747-1865) *Javad Khanate (1747-1805) *Shirvan Khanate (1748-1820) *Talysh Khanate (1747-1828) *Elisu Sultanate (1604–1844) *Great Seljuk Empire (1037-1194) *Derbent Khanate (1747-1806) *Qajar dynasty, Qajar Dynasty (1789-1925) *Shamakha ll (1786–1844) Armenia *Emirate of Armenia (697–700, 711–885) *Erivan Khanate (1736–1827) *Karabakh Khanate (1606–1806) *Shaddadids (951–1199) *Sallarid dynasty (919–1062) *Sajid dynasty (889–929) *Marwanid dynasty (983–1085) *Eldiguzids (1135–1225) Georgia *Emirate of Tbilisi (736–1122) *Kingdom of Kartli (1484–1762) *Abkhazian Kingdom (1780–1810) *Meskheti, Meskheti Kingdom (1581–1607) Russia *Caucasian Imamate (1828–1859) *Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991–2000) *Derbent Khanate (1747–1806) *Avar Khanate (1240–1864) *Gazikumukh Shamkhalate (740–1640) *Shamkhalate of Tarki (1640–1867) *Gazikumukh Khanate (1642–1860) *Abazinia (1400–1800) *North Caucasian Emirate (1919–1920)


Southern Europe

Spain & Portugal *Emirate of Córdoba, Emirate of Cordoba (756–929) *Caliph of Cordoba (929-1031) *Taifa of Arjona (1232-1244) *Barcelona, Taifa of Barcelona (716-801) *Taifa of Baeza (1224-1226) *Taifa of Ceuta (1026-1079) *Taifa of Constantina and Hornachuelos (1143-1150) *Taifa of Guadix and Baza (1145-1151) *Taifa of Saltes and Huelva (1012-1051) *Taifa of Jaen (1145-1168) *Taifa of Lérida (1039-1046,1102-1110) *Taifa of Murviedro and Sagunto (1086-1092) *Taifa of Orihuela (1239-1249) *Taifa of Purchena (1145-1150) *Taifa of Segura (1147-1150) *Taifa of Tortosa (1010-1099) *Taifa of Tejada (1146-1150) *Valencia, Taifa of Valencia (1010-1238) *Taifa of Alpuente (1009–1106) *Taifa of Badajoz (1009–1151) *Taifa of Morón (1010–1066) *Taifa of Toledo (1010–1085) *Taifa of Tortosa (1010–1099) *Taifa of Arcos (1011–1145) *Taifa of Almería (1010–1147) *Taifa of Denia (1010–1227) *Taifa of Valencia (1010–1238) *Taifa of Murcia (1011–1266) *Taifa of Albarracín (1012–1104) *Taifa of Zaragoza (1013–1110) *Taifa of Granada (1013–1145) *Taifa of Carmona (1013–1150) *Taifa of Santa María de Algarve (1018–1051) *Taifa of Mallorca (1018–1203) *Taifa of Lisbon (1022–1093) *Taifa of Seville (1023–1091) *Taifa of Niebla (1023–1262) *Taifa of Córdoba (1031–1091) *Taifa of Mértola (1033–1151) *Taifa of Algeciras (1035–1058) *Taifa of Ronda (1039–1065) *Taifa of Silves (1040–1151) *Taifa of Málaga (1073–1239) *Taifa of Molina (c. 1080's–1100) *Taifa of Lorca (1228–1250) *Taifa of Menorca (1228–1287) *Emirate of Granada (1228–1492) France * Fraxinetum (887-972) * The Septimania, Emirate of Septimania, ''Southern France'' (Gaul) (719-759) Rule by: Umayyad Caliph of Córdoba, Spain, Cordova * The Corsica, Emirate of Corsica (806-930) Rule by: Aghlabids & Fatimids Italy * The Emirate of Bari (847–871) * The Taranto, Emirate of Taranto (831-880) * The Emirate of Sicily (802-1091) Rule by: **Sicily, Wali of Sicily (802-827) Euphemius & Asad ** Aghlabids, Aghlabids of Sicily (827-909) ** Fatimids, Fatimids of Sicily (909-965) ** Emirate of Sicily (965-1091) Kalbids Gibraltar *Gibraltar Maghreb (711-1462)


West and East Africa (West and East Africa, Sahel)

Sudan, South Sudan *Banu Kanz (1004–1412) Nubian *Kingdom of al-Abwab (1276–1560) *Darfur Sultanate (1445–1916) *Dar al Masalit Sultanate (1884–1921) *Dar Qimr Sultanate (1850–1945) *Funj Sultanate (1503–1821) *Kingdom of Fazughli (1685–1821) Under Sennar *Kordofan, Kordofan Sultanate (1700–1821) *Khedivate of Egypt (1867–1914) *Mahdia (1889–1898) *Sultanate of Egypt (1914–1922) *Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1958) Mauritania *Emirate of Brakna (1600–1934) *Emirate of Trarza (1640–present) *Emirate of Adrar Region, Adrar (1740–1932) *Emirate of Tagant Region, Tagant (1580–present) Niger *Dendi Kingdom (1591–1901) *Sultanate of Agadez (1449–1900) *Sultanate of Damagaram (1731–present) *Dosso kingdom (1750–present) *Sultanate Maradi, Niger, Maradi (1807–present) *Téra, Tera Kingdom (1700–present) *Kokoro, Kokoro Kingdom (1700–1901) *Goure, Goure Kingdom (1700–1960) *Dargol, Dargol Kingdom (1700–1901) *Emirate of Say (1825-1860) Nigeria *Bornu Empire (1380–1893) *Sokoto Caliph (1903–present) *Hausa Kingdoms (1696–1831) *Nupe Kingdom (1531–1872) *Biu Emirate, Biu Kingdom (1535–1740) *Dutse, Gadawur Kingdom (1421–1807) *Hadejia, Biram Kingdom (1110–1808) *Ila Orangun, Kingdom of Ila Orangun (1680–present) *Iwo, Osun, Iwo Kingdom (1415–present) *Kingdom of Kano (999–1349) *Sultanate of Kano (1350–1805) *Kebbi, Sultanate of Kebbi (1515–1831) *Yauri, Nigeria, Yauri Kingdom (1400–1799) *Zamfara State, Zamfara Kingdom (1200–1804) *Zaria, Zaria Kingdom (1200–1896) *Osogbo, Osogbo Kingdom (1760–present) *Ede, Osun, Ede Kingdom (1858–present) *Suleja Emirate (1804–present) *Adamawa Emirate (1809–present) *Agaie Emirate (1832–present) *Bade Emirate (1818–present) *Bashar, Plateau, Nigeria, Bashar Emirate *Bauchi Emirate (1805–present) *Bida Emirate (1856–present) *Biu Emirate (1740–present) *Birnin Gwari *Borgu Emirate (1730–present) *Borno Emirate (1902–present) *Damaturu Emirate (2004–present) *Daura Emirate (1778–present) *Dikwa Emirate (1901–present) *Fika Emirate (1806–present) *Gobir Kingdom (1694–1800) *Gobir, Gobir Emirate (1800–present) *Gombe Emirate (1804–present) *Gujba, Gujba Emirate (2000–present) *Gumel Emirate (1750–present) *Gusau, Gusau Emirate (1997–present) *Gwandu Emirate (1849–present) *Hadejia Emirate (1808–present) *Ohinoyi of Ebiraland (1904–present) *Ilorin Emirate (1824–present) *Tarmuwa, Jajere Emirate (2000–present) *Jama'are, Jama'are Emirate (1811–present) *Jema'a, Jema'a Emirate (1810–present) *Kano Emirate (1805–present) *Katagum Emirate (1807–present) *Katsina Emirate (1903–present) *Kazaure Emirate (1819–present) *Kebbi Emirate (1849–present) *Keffi, Keffi Emirate (1802–present) *Kontagora Emirate (1858–present) *Koton Karifi (1800–present) *Lafia Emirate (1650–present) *Lafiagi, Lafiagi Emirate (1975–present) *Lapai Emirate (1825–present) *Lere, Nigeria, Lere Emirate (1808–present) *Machina, Nigeria, Machina Emirate *Misau, Misau Emirate (1850–present) *Mubi (town), Mubi Emirate (1805–present) *Muri, Nigeria, Muri Emirate (1817–present) *Nasarawa, Nasarawa Emirate (1835–present) *Ningi, Nigeria, Ningi Emirate (1827–present) *Pategi Emirate (1897–present) *Potiskum Emirate (1809–present) *Tula Chiefdom (2003–present) *Rano, Rano Emirate (1819–present) *Rano, Rano Kingdom (523–1819) *Yauri Emirate (1799–present) *Zamfara State, Zamfara Emirate (1804–present) *Zazzau, Zazzau Emirate (1808–present) *Etsako West, Agbede (1880–present) *Ajasse Ipo (1749–present) *Ado-Odo, Ado-Odo Kingdom (1494–present) *Auchi (1819–present) *Kaiama, Kaiama Emirate (1770–present) *Dutse, Dutse Emirate (1807–present) *Gwoza, Gwoza Emirate (1919–present) *Ibadan (1820–present) *Bichi, Bichi Emirate (2019–present) *Gaya, Nigeria, Gaya Emirate (2019–present) *Karaye, Karaye Emirate (2019–present) *Kwara State, Gwanara Emirate (1810–present) *Shanga, Nigeria, Shanga Emirate (1859–present) *Wase, Nigeria, Wase Emirate (1820–present) *Kwara State, Yashikira Emirate (1769–present) *Bwari, Bwari Emirate (1976–present) Mali *Ghana Empire (500–1200) *Mali Empire (1230–1670) *Gao Empire (750–1430) *Songhai Empire (1340–1591) *Pashalik of Timbuktu (1591–1833) *Sosso Empire (1100–1235) *Bamana Empire (1712–1862) *Kaarta Empire (1753–1854) Regional *Fulani Empire of Sokoto (1804–1903) *Fulani or Fulbe Empire of Massina Empire, Macina of Seku Amadu (1818–1862) *Fulani or Fulbe Empire of El Hajj Oumar Tall, Toucouleur Empire (1848–1898) *Fulani or Fulbe Empire of Bundu (state) of Malick Daouda Sy (1669–1954) *Kanem Empire (700–1380) *Bornu Empire (1380–1893) *Wadai Empire (1501–1912) *Ghana Empire (500–1200) *Mali Empire (1230–1670) Cameroon *Fon of Bafut, Bafut Kingdom (1750–present) *Kotoko kingdom (1450–present) *Bamum Kingdom (1394–present) *Banyo, Cameroon, Banyo Kingdom (1830–present) *Bibemi, Bibemi Sultanate (1770–present) *Garoua, Garoua Sultanate (1810–present) *Kontcha, Kontcha Kingdom (1902–present) *Kungi, Kungi Kingdom (1990–present) *Logone-Birni, Logone-Birni Kingdom (1805–present) *Mandara Kingdom (1500–present) *Maroua, Maroua Sultanate (1792–present) *N'Gaoundere, N'Gaoundere Sultanate (1836–present) *Rey Bouba, Rey Bouba Sultanate (1804–present) *Tibati, Tibati Lamidate (1810–present) *Bankim, Bankim Kingdom (1760–present) *Mbum language, Mboum Kingdom (1800–present) Benin *Kandi, Benin, Kandi Kingdom (1700–present) *Parakou, Parakou Kingdom (1700–present) *Kwande (1709–1961) *Nikki, Benin, Nikki Kingdom (1700–present) *Djougou (1750–present) Burkina Faso *Mossi Kingdom (1095–1898) *Ouagadougou, Wogodogo Kingdom (1182–present) *Yatenga, Yatenga Kingdom (1333–present) *Tenkodogo, Tenkodogo Kingdom (1120–present) *Bilanga, Bilanga Kingdom (1700–present) *List of rulers of Liptako, Koala Kingdom (1810–present) *Royal family of Nungu, Nungu Kingdom (1204–present) *Pama, Burkina Faso, Pama Kingdom (1600–present) *Gurunsi, Gurunsi Kingdom (1870–1897) *Liptako, Liptako Kingdom (1810–present) *Gwiriko, Gwiriko Kingdom (1714–1915) Chad *Kanem Empire (700–1380) *Wadai Empire (1501–1912) *Tunjur kingdom (1400–1650) *Kingdom of Baguirmi (1485–1898) *Dar Sila (1213–1643) *Dar Runga (1700–1898) Central African Republic *Dar al Kuti Sultanate (1830–1912) *Rafai Sultanate (1800–1966) *Zemio Sultanate (1830–1923) *Bangassou Sultanate (1780–1966) Côte d'Ivoire *Kong Empire (1690–1913) *Kabasarana (1846–1880) *Bouna, Ivory Coast, Bouna Kingdom (1600–present) Ghana *Dagbon Kingdom (1409–present) *Kingdom of Wala (1317–present) *Mamprusi (1450–present) *Nanumba people, Nanumba (1850–present) *Gonja kingdom (1564–present) *Zabarima (emirate), Zabarima Emirate (1860–1897) Senegambia *Imamate of Futa Toro (1776–1821) *Imamate of Futa Jallon (1725–1911) *Empire of Great Fulo (1490–1776) *Jolof Empire (1350–1549) *Kingdom of Jolof (1549–1875) *Cayor (1549–1879) *Kingdom of Sine (1449–1969) *Kingdom of Khasso, Xaaso (1600–1880) *Takrur Kingdom (800–1285) *Baol (1555–1894) *Waalo (1287–1855) *Kingdom of Saloum (1494–1969) Gambia *Baro (Gambia), Baro Kingdom (1600–1892) *Fuladugu, Fuladugu Kingdom (1867–present) *Marabout, Marabout Kingdom (1851–1887) Guinea *Benna (Guinea), Benna Kingdom (1858–1904) *Bramaya, Bramaya Kingdom (1800–1883) *Dubreka, Dubreka Kingdom (1800–1888) *Fuuta Jalon (1726–1912) *Kanea, Kanea Kingdom (1800–1880) *Kinsam, Kinsam Kingdom (1850–1894) *Koba (Guinea), Koba Kingdom (1700–1898) *Landuma people, Landuma Kingdom (1700–1892) *Nalu people, Nalu Kingdom (1845–1884) *Samburu people, Samburu Kingdom (1700–1892) *Solima, Solima Kingdom (1850–1894) *Timbi-Touny, Timbi Tunni Kingdom (1800–1890) Guinea Bissau *Kaabu, N'Gabu Kingdom (1850–1903) Togo *Kotokolia (1785–present) *Tchamba (1750–present) *Bafilo (1700–present) *Bassar (1800–present) *Cokossi (1750–present) Sierra Leone *Alikalia, Alikalia Kingdom (1817–1898) *Biriwa Chiefdom (1800–present) *Dembelia Sikunia (1850–present) *Imperri Chiefdom (1850–present) *Kaiyamba Chiefdom (1884–present) *Mandé peoples, Mande (1800–1919) *Nongowa Chiefdom (1820–present) *Safroko Limba Chiefdom (1907–present) *Susu people, Susu Kingdom (1806–1892) *Kingdom of Koya (1505–1908) *Ko Fransa Kingdom (1700–1859) *Tonko Limba Chiefdom (1836–present) *Wonkafong (1794–1890)


Horn of Africa

Somalia *Mogadishu Sultanate (1331–1860) *Hiraab Imamate (1600–1860) *Majeerteen Sultanate (1600–1927) *Geledi Sultanate (1843–1908) *Hobyo Sultanate (1878–1925) Somaliland *Sultanate of Ifat (1285–1415) *Adal Sultanate (1415–1555) *Isaaq Sultanate (1750–1884) *Habr Yunis Sultanate (late 18th century-1884) *Zeila, Zeila Emirate (1415–1420) Ethiopia *Sultanate of Showa (896–1285) *Sultanate of Dawaro (900–1329) *Sultanate of Arababni (1200–1314) *Hadiya Sultanate (1200–1495) *Sultanate of Ifat (1285–1415) *Adal Sultanate (1415–1577) *Sultanate of Harar (1526–1577) *Imamate of Aussa (1557–1672) *Emirate of Harar (1647–1887) *Sultanate of Aussa (1734–present) *Isaaq Sultanate (1750–1884) *Habr Yunis Sultanate (late 18th century-1884) *Wollo, Wollo Kingdom (1760–1896) *Kingdom of Gimma (1770–1902) *Kingdom of Gumma (1770–1902) *Kingdom of Jimma (1790–1932) *Argobba people, Gobaad Sultanate (1800–present) *Kingdom of Limmu-Ennarea (1801–1890) *Kingdom of Gera (1835–1887) Eritrea *Sultanate of Dahlak (1050–1557) Djibouti *Tadjoura, Tadjoura Sultanate (1450–present) *Rahayta, Rahayta Sultanate (1600–present)


East Africa

Tanzania *Pemba Island, Pemba Sultanate (1550–1829) *Hadimu, Hadimu Sultanate (1650–1873) *Unyanyembe, Unyanyembe Kingdom (1727–present) *Tumbatu, Tumbatu Sultanate (1800–1865) *Ujiji, Ujiji Sultanate (1800–present) *Sultanate of Zanzibar (1856–1964) *Uhehu Sultanate (1860–1962) Kenya *Kilwa Sultanate (957–1517) *Pate Sultanate (1203–1870) *Mombasa, Mombasa Sultanate (1502–1895) *Wituland (1858–1929) Democratic Republic of the Congo *Tippu Tip's State (1860–1887) Malawi *Yao people (East Africa), Yao Chieftain (*1500–present) Mozambique *Angoche Sultanate (1485–1910) *Kitangonya Sheikhdom (1750–1906) *Sankul Sheikhdom (1753–1910)


Indian Ocean Region

Maldives *Sultanate of Maldives (1153–1968) **Theemuge dynasty (1161–1338) **Hilaalee dynasty (1388–1558) **Utheemu dynasty (1632–1692) **Hamavi dynasty (1692) **Devadhu dynasty (1692–1701) **Isdhoo dynasty (1701–1704) **Dhiyamigili dynasty (1704–1759, 1766–1773) **Huraa dynasty (1759–1766, 1774–1968) Mayotte * The Mayotte, Sultanate of Mwati (1500-1841) Comoros * The Anjoun, Sultanate of Ndzuwani (1711-1912) * The Grand Comore, Sultanate of Ngazidjia (1400-1912) Sultanate of Bambao * The Moheli, Sultanate of Mwali (1830-1909) * The Bajini, Sultanate of Bajini (1500-1889) * The Itsandra, Sultanate of Itsandra (1400-1886) * The Mitsamihuli, Sultanate of Mitsamihuli * The Washili, Sultanate of Washili * The Hambuu, Sultanate of Hambuu * The Hamahame, Sultanate of Hamahame * The Mbwankuu, Sultanate of Mbwankuu * The Mbude, Sultanate of Mbude * The Domba, Sultanate of Domba Madagascar * The Sakalava people, Sakalava Kingdom (1500-1898) * The Antemoro people, Antemoro Kingdom (1495-1888) Cyprus * The Cyprus, Emirate of Cyprus (650-965) * The Cyprus, Beylik of Cyprus (1571-1878)


Eastern Europe (Balkan Region)

Ukraine, Moldova *Crimean Khanate (1441–1783) *Budzhak Horde (1603–1799) Romania, Bulgaria *Beylik of Dobruja (1281–1299) *Tamrash Republic (1878–1886) *Provisional Government of Western Thrace (1913) Greece *Pashalik of Yanina (1788–1822) *Emirate of Crete (820–961) Albania *Pashalik of Scutari (1757–1831) *Pashalik of Berat (1774–1809) *House of Zogu (1928–1939)


Ural Region, Siberia (Russia)

*Volga Bulgaria (922–1236) *Golden Horde (1251–1502) *Khanate of Kazan, Kazan Khanate (1438–1552) *Astrakhan Khanate (1466–1556) *Qasim Khanate (1452–1681) *Bashkirs (800–1557) *Sibir Khanate (1468–1598) *Great Horde (1466–1502) *Nogai Horde (1440–1634) *Nogai Horde, Lesser Nogai Horde (1449–1783) *Crimean Khanate (1441–1783) *Circassia (1500–1864) *Kabardia (1453–1825) *Mishar Yurt (1298–1393) *Mukhsha Ulus (1300-1500) *Idel-Ural State (1918)


Central Asia, East Asia

Transoxania (Uzbekistan, Kirgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan) *Afrighid dynasty (305–995) *Principality of Ushrusana (822–892) *Kara-Khanid Khanate, Karakhanid Empire (840–1212, Transoxiana) *Seljuk Empire (1029–1194, based in Merv [Eastern Division]) *Khwarazmian dynasty, Khwarazmian Empire (1077–1231) *Timurid dynasty (1370–1507) *Chagatai Khanate (Mongol) (1226–1347) *Muhtajids (950–1030) *Yarkent Khanate (1487–1705) *Shaybanid (1428–1599) *Samanid dynasty (819–999) *Ghaznavids (977–1186) *Khanate of Bukhara (1500–1785) *Kazakh Khanate (1456–1847) *Khanate of Khiva (1511–1920) *Khanate of Kokand (1709–1876) *Uzbek Khanate (1428–1471) *White Horde (Mongol) (1360–1428) *Emirate of Bukhara (1785–1920) *Golden Horde (Mongol) (1313–1502) *Bukey Horde (1801–1845) *Sufids (1361–1379) China *Kara-Khanid Khanate (840–1212, based in Kashgar) *Moghulistan (Mongol) (1347–1462) **Western Moghulistan (1462–1690) **Eastern Moghulistan / Moghulistan, Uyghurstan (1462–1680) *Yarkent Khanate (1514–1705) *Turpan Khanate (1487–1570) *Kashgaria Khanate (1865–1877) *Kumul Khanate (1696–1930) *Khoja, Khoja Kingdom (1693–1857) *Dughlats (1466–1514) *Kingdom of Mangalai (1220–1877) *Pingnan Guo (1856–1873) *First East Turkestan Republic (1933–1934) *Second East Turkestan Republic (1944–1949)


South Asia

Bangladesh * Sonargaon, Sonargoan Sultanate (1338–1352) * Gauḍa (city), Lakhnauti Sultanate (1287–1352) * Satgaon, Satgaon Sultanate (1324–1352) * Bengal Sultanate (1352–1576) * Nawab of Dhaka (1850–1984) * Nawab of Sylhet (1499–1968) * Nawab of Bengal and Murshidabad (1717–1880, 1832–1971) * Baro-Bhuyan of Bengal (1575–1612) * Pratapgarh Kingdom (1489–1700) * Taraf Kingdom (1304–1610) Pakistan *Sindh, Dynasties of Sindh (841–1843) **Habbari dynasty (841–1024) **Soomra dynasty (1026–1351) **Samma dynasty (1351–1524) **Arghun dynasty (1520–1591) **Tarkhan dynasty (1554–1591) **Kalhora dynasty (1701–1783) **Talpur dynasty (1783–1843) *Kashmir, Sultanate of Kashmir (1339–1586) **Shah Mir dynasty (1339–1561) *Gilgit Baltistan, Northern Dynasties (1190–1947) **Trakhan dynasty (780–1821) **Maqpon dynasty (1190–1840) *Chitral, Dynasties of Chitral **Raees Dynasty (1320–1570) **Katoor dynasty (1570–1947) *Bahawalpur (princely state), Bawalpur state (1727–1947) *Jahangiri, Gabare Jahangiri Dynasty (1190–1520) *Qarlughids (1238–1266) *Pakhal Sarkar (1472–1703) *Sadozai (Pashtun tribe), Sadozai of Multan (1738–1818) *Kheshgi of Kasur (1525–1807) *Langah (clan), Langah of Multan (1445–1526) *Mirani dynasty of Multan (1550–1787) *Lodi dynasty of Multan (961–1040) *Emirate of Waziristan (2004–2014) *Khairpur (princely state) (1783–1947) *Swat (princely state) (1849–present) *Hunza (princely state) (1700–1974) *Nagar (princely state) (1660–1974) *Amb (princely state) (1772–1971) *Phulra (princely state) (1828–1950) *Dir (princely state) (1626–1969) *Las Bela (princely state) (1742–1955) *Kharan (princely state) (1697–1955) *Makran (princely state) (1898–1955) *Khanate of Kalat (1666–1955) *Jandol State (1830–present) *Punial (1898–1974) *Yasin Valley (1640–1972) *Nawab of Kalabagh (1700–1972) *History of Pakistan, Dynasties and Empires of all of Pakistan **Ghurids (879–1215) **Ghaznavids (977–1186) **
Mughal Empire The Mughal, Mogul, or Moghul Empire was an early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's past. It is understood through archaeology, anthropology, ge ...
(1526–1857) **Durrani Empire (1747–1826) *Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526) **Mamluk dynasty of Delhi (1206–1290) **Khalji Dynasty (1290–1320) **Tughlaq dynasty (1321–1414) **Sayyid Dynasty (1414–1451) **Lodi dynasty (1451–1526) India *Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526) **Mamluk dynasty of Delhi (1206–1290) **Khalji Dynasty (1290–1320) **Tughlaq dynasty (1321–1414) **Sayyid Dynasty (1414–1451) **Lodi dynasty (1451–1526) *Bengal Sultanate (1352–1576) *Khandesh Sultanate under Farooqi dynasty (1382–1601) *Jaunpur Sultanate (1394–1479) *Gujarat Sultanate (1407–1573) *Malwa Sultanate (1392–1562) *Sur Empire (1540–1556) *
Mughal Empire The Mughal, Mogul, or Moghul Empire was an early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's past. It is understood through archaeology, anthropology, ge ...
(1526–1857) *Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527) *Madurai Sultanate (1335–1378) *Mysore Kingdom (1749–1799) under Hyder Ali, Tippu Sultan *Deccan sultanates (1489–1687) **Bidar Sultanate (1489–1619) **Ahmadnagar Sultanate (1490–1637) **Berar Sultanate (1490–1572) **Bijapur Sultanate (1490–1686) **Golconda Sultanate (1518–1687) **Chak dynasty (1554–1586) *Arcot State (1692–1855) *Oudh State (1732–1858) *Balasinor State (1758–1948) *Banda (state) (1790–1858) *Nawab of Banganapalle (1665–1947) *Baoni State (1784–1947) *Basoda State (1753–1947) *Bhopal State (1723–1947) *Dujana (1806–1947) *Farrukhabad, Nawab of Farrukhabad (1714–1802) *Hyderabad State (1724–1949) *Jafarabad State (1650–1948) *Janjira State (1489–1948) *Jaora State (1808–1948) *Junagadh State (1730–1948) *Kamadhia (1817–1947) *Cambay State (1730–1948) *Arakkal Kingdom (1545–1819) *Kurnool, Nawab of Kurnool (1690–1839) *Kurwai State (1713–1923) *Loharu State (1806–1931) *Malerkotla State (1468–1947) *Bantva Manavadar (1733–1947) *Mohammadgarh State (1818–1947) *Palanpur State (1597–1947) *Pataudi State (1804–1931) *Pathari State (1794–1947) *Radhanpur State (1753–1948) *Rajouri, Nawab of Rajouri (1194–1846) *Rampur State (1719–1947) *Sachin State (1791–1947) *Sardargarh Bantva (1743–1948) *Savanur State (1680–1912) *Surat, Nawab of Surat (1733–1842) *Tonk State (1817–1947) *Zainabad (1903–1947) *Mewat (1372–1527) *Kharagpur Raj (1503–1840) *Qaimkhani (1384–1731) *Lalkhani *Kingdom of Rohilkhand (1710–1857) *Nanpara (1632–1947) *Nawab of Mamdot (1800–1947) *Bhikampur and Datawali (Aligarh) State (1750–1947) *Farrukhnagar, Nawab of Farrukhnagar (1732–1947) *Nawab of Chhatari (1680–1981) *Nawab of Sardhana (1842–1947) Afghanistan *Farighunids (800–1010) *Kart dynasty (1244–1381, based in Herat) *Afsharid Empire (1736–1796) *Emirate of Afghanistan (1823–1926) *Kingdom of Afghanistan (1926–1973) *Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001), Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001) *Barakzai dynasty (1826–1973) *Hotaki dynasty (1709–1738) *Durrani Empire (1747–1826) *Azad Khan (1750–1758) *Shiberghan Khanate (1757–1875) *Sar-e Pol, Afghanistan, Sar-e Pol Khanate (1510–1875) *Maymana Khanate (1506–1900) *Khulm Khanate (1800–1849) *Kunduz Khanate (1508–1888) *Ghuriyan Khanate (1803–1816) *Badakshan Khanate (1657–1773) *Andkhoy (city), Andkhoy Khanate (1730–1880) *Ghazni (1879–1880) *Peshawar (1747–1823) *Qandahar (1704–1881) *Herat (1695–1881) *Kabul Kingdom (1747–1901)


Southeast Asia

Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei *Samudera Pasai Sultanate (1267–1521) *Malacca Sultanate (1400–1511) *List of sultans of Brunei, Bruneian Sultanate (1363–present) *Aceh Sultanate (1496–1904) *Sultanate of Siak (1723–1949) *Aru Kingdom (1225–1613) *Sultanate of Langkat (1568–1946) *Sultanate of Asahan (1630–1946) *Sultanate of Serdang (1723–1946) *Sultanate of Deli (1632–1946) *Pagaruyung Kingdom (1347–1833) *Sultan of Johor, Sultanate of Johor (1528–present) *Kedah Sultanate, Sultanate of Kedah (1136–present) *Kelantan Sultanate, Sultanate of Kelantan (1267–present) *Perak Sultanate, Sultanate of Perak (1528–present) *Sultan of Pahang, Sultanate of Pahang (1470–present) *Selangor Sultanate, Sultanate of Selangor (1743–present) *Sultanate of Terengganu (1725–present) *House of Jamalullail (Perlis), Perlis Kingdom (1843–present) *Yamtuan Besar, Negeri Sembilan Kingdom (1773–present) *Sultanate of Sarawak (1599–1641) *Bima Sultanate (1620–1958) *Mataram Sultanate (1586–1755) *Demak Sultanate (1475–1554) *Cirebon Sultanate (1430–1666) *Banten Sultanate (1527–1813) *Kingdom of Pajang (1568–1618) *Yogyakarta Sultanate (1755–present) *Surakarta Sunanate (1755–present) *Kingdom of Sumedang Larang (1527–1620) *Fatagar Kingdom (1600s–present) *Kalinyamat Sultanate (1527–1599) *Sultanate of Ternate (1257–1914) *Sultanate of Tidore (1450–1967) *Sultanate of Jailolo (1200s–1832) *Sultanate of Bacan (1322–1965) *Sultanate of Banjar (1526–1860) *Sultanate of Pontianak (1771–1950) *Kutai, Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate (1600s–1945) *Sultanate of Sambas (1609–1956) *Sultanate of Sintang (1365–1950) *Sultanate of Bulungan (1731–1964) *Kingdom of Bolaang Mongondow (1670–1950) *Sultanate of Gowa (1300s–1945) *Kingdom of Tallo (1400–1856) *Palembang Sultanate (1659–1823) *Kingdom of Kaimana (1309–present) *Jambi Sultanate (1550–1905) *Riau-Lingga Sultanate (1824–1911) Philippines *Kingdom of Manila (1258–1571) *Namayan, Kingdom of Namayan (1175–1571) *Tondo (historical polity), Kingdom of Tondo (1450–1589) *Dapitan Kingdom (1200–1595) *Mactan, Datu of Mactan (1500–1540) *Confederation of Sultanates in Lanao (1640–present) *Sultanate of Maguindanao (1515–1905) *Sultanate of Sulu (1405–1915, 1962–1986) Thailand *Pattani Kingdom (1457–1902) *Sultanate of Singora (1605–1680) *Kingdom of Setul Mambang Segara (1808–1916) *Kingdom of Reman (1810–1902) Indochina *Kingdom of Champa (1485–1832) *Kingdom of Arakan (1429–1879)


See also

* List of Sunni dynasties * List of Shia dynasties * Islamic state * Caliphate * List of largest empires * Timeline of Middle Eastern history *
Early Muslim conquests The early Muslim conquests ( ar, الفتوحات الإسلامية, ''al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya''), also referred to as the Arab conquests and the early Islamic conquests began with the Prophets of Islam, Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7 ...
* History of Islam * Muslim world * The Ottomans: Europe's Muslim Emperors * List of Hindu empires and dynasties * List of Jain empires and dynasties * List of Jewish states and dynasties * List of Zoroastrian states and dynasties * List of Confucian states and dynasties * List of Tengrist states and dynasties * List of Turkic dynasties and countries {{Authority control Lists of countries, Muslim Lists of dynasties Islam-related lists, States and dynasties History-related lists Muslim empires Muslim dynasties