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Steyr (;
Central Bavarian Central Bavarian form a subgroup of Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked A landlocked count ...
: ''Steia'') is a statutory city, located in the
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
n federal state of
Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The Sta ...
. It is the administrative capital, though not part of Steyr-Land District. Steyr is Austria's 12th most populated town and the 3rd largest town in Upper Austria. The city has a long history as a manufacturing center and has given its name to several manufacturers headquartered there, such as the former
Steyr-Daimler-Puch Steyr-Daimler-Puch () was a large manufacturing Manufacturing is the creation or Production (economics), production of goods with the help of equipment, Work (human activity), labor, machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing o ...
conglomerate and its successor Steyr Motors.


Geography

The city is situated in the Traunviertel region, with the two rivers
Steyr Steyr (; Central Bavarian Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian language, Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and the German state of Bavaria along the Danube river, on the northern side of th ...
and Enns flowing through it and meeting near the town centre beneath Lamberg Castle and St Michael's Church. This prominent location has made it prone to severe flooding through the centuries until the present, one of the worst cases being recently in August 2002. To the south of the town rises a series of hills that climb in altitude and stretch out to the
Upper Austrian Prealps The Upper Austrian Prealps (german: Oberösterreichische Voralpen) is a mountain range in Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Easte ...
. To the north, the hills roll downward towards the confluence of the Enns with the
Danube The Danube ( ; ) is the List of rivers of Europe#Longest rivers, second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia. It flows through much of Central Europe, Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea. It ...

Danube
River, where the town of Enns is situated. In the east, the municipal area borders with
Lower Austria Lower Austria (german: Niederösterreich; Austro-Bavarian Austro-Bavarian (also known as Austrian or Bavarian; or ; german: Bairisch ) is a West Germanic language spoken in parts of Bavaria and most of Austria. Before 1945, Austro-Bavarian w ...
. Steyr is an ancient town with modern amenities, marketing its rich cultural and architectural heritage in
tourism Tourism is travel Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical location In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of th ...

tourism
like
Vienna Vienna ( ; german: Wien ; bar, Wean, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian ) is the Capital city, national capital, largest city, and one of States of Austria, nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's List of cities and towns in Austria, mos ...

Vienna
and many other well preserved Austrian historic towns. It marked its 1,000th anniversary in 1980, after undergoing extensive restoration of its historic architecture which has made it one of the best preserved
old town In a city or town, the old town is its historic or original core. Although the city is usually larger in its present form, many cities have redesignated this part of the city to commemorate its origins after thorough renovations. There are ma ...

old town
s in the country. The famous historic town centre built around the ''Stadtplatz'' (
town square A town square (or square, plaza, public square, city square, urban square, or piazza) is an open public space A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people. Roads (including the pavement), public square A ...

town square
) was largely restored following
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
. Its best-known piece of architecture is called the Bummerlhaus which is considered one of the finest examples of
Gothic architecture Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of sty ...
for its size in
Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the of Eurasia, it shares the continental landmass of with both ...

Central Europe
. The city comprises the
cadastral communitiesA cadastral community or cadastral municipality, is a Cadastre, cadastral subdivision of Municipality, municipalities in the nations of Austria,Cadastral Template for Austria, web-pageCT-AT Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Serbi ...
of Christkindl, Föhrenschacherl, Gleink, Hinterberg, Jägerberg, Sarning, Stein, and Steyr.


History

Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: Second millennium B.C.E. to present ancestry: Celtic a collection of Indo-European peoples The Indo-European languages ar ...

Celts
settled the area from about 600 BC, the name of the ''Stiria'' River is of
Celtic The words Celt and Celtic (also Keltic) may refer to: Ethno-linguistics *Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: Second millennium B.C.E. to present ancestry ...
origin. Their kingdom of
Noricum Noricum () is the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of t ...
became part of the
Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post-Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of governme ...

Roman Empire
in 15 BC. A settlement named ''Gesodunum'' noted by the ancient geographer
Claudius Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy (; grc-koi, Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, ''Klaúdios Ptolemaîos'' ; la, Claudius Ptolemaeus; AD) was a mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics ...
(c. 90 – c. 168) was possibly located in the Steyr region. Here the Roman "Iron Road" led from the
Erzberg mine The Erzberg mine is a large open-pit mine located in Eisenerz, Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian and sl, ; hu, Stájerország, Austro-Bavarian: ''Steiamoak'') is a state (''Bundesland'') in the southeast of Austria Austr ...
along the Enns River to the
castra In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the ancient Rome, classical Roman civilization, run through res publica, public Representation (politics), representation of the Roman people. Beginning ...

castra
of ''Lauriacum'' (at present-day Enns) on the Danube. In the 6th century, Slavic settlers moved into the area, but when they were defeated by Duke
Tassilo III of Bavaria Tassilo III ( 741 – c. 796) was the duke of Bavaria The following is a list of rulers during the history of Bavaria The history of Bavaria Bavaria (; German language, German and Bavarian language, Bavarian: ''Bayern'' ), officially the Fr ...
, who granted the land to nearby
Kremsmünster Abbey Kremsmünster Abbey (german: Stift Kremsmünster) is a Benedictine The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict ( la, Ordo Sancti Benedicti, abbreviated as OSB), are a Christian monasticism, monastic Religious order (Catholic), rel ...
in 777, the area was resettled with
Bavarians Bavarians ( Bavarian: ''Boarn'', Standard German Standard German, High German, or more precisely Standard High German (german: Standarddeutsch, , or, in Switzerland, ), is the standardized variety of the German language The German l ...
. During the
Hungarian invasions of Europe The Hungarian invasions of Europe ( hu, kalandozások, german: Ungarneinfälle) took place in the 9th and 10th centuries, the period of transition in the history of Europe in the Early Middle Ages, when the territory of the former Carolingian Em ...
, a fortress was erected above the Steyr River by the local Traungau counts, first mentioned as ''Styraburg'' in a 980 deed. From 1055 Steyr Castle in the Bavarian Traungau as well as the adjacent "
March of Styria The March of Styria (german: Steiermark), originally known as Carantanian march (''Karantanische Mark'', ''marchia Carantana'' after the former Slavs, Slavic principality of Carantania), was a southeastern March (territorial entity), frontier march ...
" were ruled by the mighty
Otakar Otakar is a masculine Czech given name of Germanic origin (cf. Audovacar Audovacar (from Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; also called Common Germanic) is the reconstructed Reconstruction may refer to: Politics, history, ...
dynasty. The Otokars controlled the
iron mining Iron ores are rocks In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rock (geology), rocks of which it i ...
at Erzberg and made their residence at Steyr a centre of medieval courtly culture and
Middle High German Middle High German (MHG; german: Mittelhochdeutsch (Mhd.)) is the term for the form of German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * ...
poetry. In 1180 Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa Frederick Barbarossa (1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick I (german: Friedrich I, it, Federico I), was the Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator The La ...

Frederick Barbarossa
elevated Margrave Ottokar IV to a
Duke of Styria A duke (male) can either be a monarch ranked below the emperor An emperor (from la, imperator, via fro, empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sovereignty, sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the f ...
; however, the line became extinct upon his death in 1192 and, according to the 1186
Georgenberg Pact The Georgenberg Pact (also called Georgenberg Compact, german: Georgenberger Handfeste) was a treaty signed between Duke Leopold V of Austria and Duke Ottokar IV of Styria on 17 August 1186 at Enns Castle on the Georgenberg mountain. The treaty ...
, his Styrian lands fell to the
Babenberg Babenberg was a noble dynasty of Austrian margraves and dukes. Originally from Bamberg Bamberg (, , ) is a town in Upper Franconia Upper Franconia (german: Oberfranken) is a ''Regierungsbezirk A ' () means "governmental district" and is ...
dukes of
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...
. Steyr, already named a
town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares a ...
(''urbs'') by then, lost its importance as a ducal residence but retained its status as a centre of ironworking. The Babenberg rulers promoted its economic development as a site of blacksmithing, mainly knife making and
armament A weapon, arm or armament is any implement or device that can be used with the intent to inflict physical damage or harm. Weapons are used to increase the efficacy and efficiency of activities such as hunting Hunting is the practice of s ...
industry. After the extinction of the Babenbergs in 1246, Steyr together with the Duchy of Austria was occupied by the Přemyslid king
Ottokar II of Bohemia Ottokar II ( cs, Přemysl Otakar II; , in Městec Králové, Bohemia Bohemia ( ; cs, Čechy ; ; hsb, Čěska; szl, Czechy) is the westernmost and largest historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographical ...

Ottokar II of Bohemia
and finally taken over by the
Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
king
Rudolf I of Germany Rudolf I (1 May 1218 – 15 July 1291) was the first king of Germany King of the Romans ( la, Rex Romanorum; german: König der Römer) was the title used by the German king following his election An election is a formal group decisi ...
upon his victory at the 1278
Battle on the Marchfeld The Battle on the Marchfeld (''i.e. Morava Field''; german: Schlacht auf dem Marchfeld; cs, Bitva na Moravském poli; hu, Morvamezei csata) at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen Jedenspeigen is a town in the district of Gänserndorf (district), Gä ...
. The town privileges and
market rights A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and p ...
were confirmed by Rudolf's son King
Albert I
Albert I
in 1287 and the citizens further on benefitted of Steyr's preferred position within the iron trade all over the
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town i ...
and especially with the
Republic of Venice The Republic of Venice ( it, Repubblica di Venezia; vec, Repùblega de Venèsia) or Venetian Republic ( it, Repubblica Veneta; vec, Repùblega Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima ( en, Most Serene Republic Most Serene Republic ( ...
. In the 13th and 14th century, Steyr was a centre of the Christian Waldensian movement and a location of the inquisitorial persecutions led by the Catholic cleric Petrus Zwicker (d. 1403). Likewise, the
Protestant Reformation The Reformation (alternatively named the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a major movement within Western Christianity Western Christianity is one of two sub-divisions of Christianity Christianity is an Abra ...
quickly spread among the citizens about 1525, fiercely opposed by the Habsburg rulers in the course of the
Counter-Reformation The Counter-Reformation (), also called the Catholic Reformation () or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic Church, Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, also known as the Protestant Revo ...
. The economic situation changed for the worse, as the iron trade decayed during the
Thirty Years' War The Thirty Years' War was a conflict fought largely within the Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Europe, Weste ...
, when Upper Austria was pawned to Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria, and the Peasants' War in Upper Austria of 1626. In 1727 the medieval ''Styraburg'' was devastated by a blaze and replaced by the
Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style, the features that make a building or structure historically identifiable * Design, the process of creating something * Fashi ...
Lamberg Castle. The resurgence of Steyr began under the conditions of late 18th century
Josephinism '' by Anton von Maron, 1775 Josephinism was the collective domestic policies of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1765–1790). During the ten years in which Joseph was the sole ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy Habsburg Monarchy (german: Habsburger ...
and continued in the course of the succeeding
industrialisation Industrialisation ( alternatively spelled industrialization) is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society An agrarian society, or agricultural society, is any community whose economy is b ...

industrialisation
. During the
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
Steyr was occupied by
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...
troops several times. In 1830 the blacksmith Leopold Werndl founded an armory at Steyr, which his sons Josef and Franz Werndl re-established as a stock company in 1864, named the ''Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft'' (ÖWG) from 1869. Including the
Steyr automobile #REDIRECT Steyr automobile Steyr was an Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of ...
branch from 1915 it was renamed ''Steyr-Werke AG'' in 1926 and formed a large industrial conglomerate by the merger with
Austro-Daimler Austro-Daimler was an Austro-Hungarian automaker company, from 1899 until 1934. It was a subsidiary of the Germany, German ''Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft'' (DMG) until 1909. Early history In 1890, Eduard Bierenz was appointed as Austrian retailer. ...

Austro-Daimler
and
Puch Puch () is a manufacturing Manufacturing is the creation or Production (economics), production of goods with the help of equipment, Work (human activity), labor, machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing or formulation. It is th ...

Puch
in 1934. However, the Steyr industry was hit hard by the 1929
Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is a more severe economic downturn than a economic recession, recess ...
. In 1934, the town became one of several battlegrounds between Social Democratic '' Schutzbund'' paramilitary forces and Christian Social ''
Heimwehr The Heimwehr (, ) or Heimatschutz (, ) were a nationalist, initially paramilitary group operating within Austria during the 1920s and 1930s; they were similar in methods, organisation, and ideology to Germany's Freikorps. Although opposed to pa ...
'' militias in the
Austrian Civil War The Austrian Civil War (german: Österreichischer Bürgerkrieg), also known as the February Uprising (german: Februarkämpfe), is a term sometimes used for a few days of skirmishes between Austrofascism, Fascist and Socialist forces between 12 an ...
, which brought about the
fascist Fascism () is a form of far-right Far-right politics, also referred to as the extreme right or right-wing extremism, are politics further on the right of the left–right political spectrum than the standard political right, particular ...
corporate
Federal State of Austria The Federal State of Austria ( de-AT, Bundesstaat Österreich; colloquial Colloquialism or colloquial language is the style (sociolinguistics), linguistic style used for casual (informal) communication. It is the most common functional style ...

Federal State of Austria
that ruled the country until the 1938 ''
Anschluss The ''Anschluss'' (, or ''Anschluß'' before the German orthography reform of 1996, "joining"), also known as the ''Anschluss Österreichs'' (, en, Annexation of Austria), was the annexation of Federal State of Austria, Austria into Nazi Ge ...

Anschluss
'' to
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...

Nazi Germany
. The Nazi authorities incorporated the armament industry into the vast '' Reichswerke Hermann Göring'' conglomerate, including the construction of the Steyr-Münichholz subcamp of forced labourers, part of the
Mauthausen Mauthausen was a Nazi concentration camp on a hill above the market town of Mauthausen, Upper Austria, Mauthausen (roughly east of Linz), Upper Austria. It was the main camp of a group with List of subcamps of Mauthausen, nearly 100 further S ...
network. A major producer of arms and military vehicles during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, Steyr became a target of Allied bombing raids to knock out its factories. In two major attacks by the US
Fifteenth Air Force The Fifteenth Air Force (15 AF) is a numbered air force A Numbered Air Force (NAF) is a type of organization in the United States Air Force that is subordinate to a List of Major Commands of the United States Air Force, major command (MAJCOM) a ...
during the "
Big Week Big Week or Operation Argument was a sequence of raids by the United States Army Air Forces and RAF Bomber Command from 20 to 25 February 1944, as part of the Strategic bombing during World War II#US bombing in Europe, European strategic bombing ...
" on 23 and 24 February 1944, much of the town was badly damaged, but the factories continued to function until near the end of the war. The city was a meeting point on 9 May 1945, when units of the 5th Guards Airborne of the
Red Army The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army,) frequently shortened to Red Army, was the army and air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links= ...
and black troops of the US
761st Tank Battalion The 761st Tank Battalion was a separate tank A tank is an armored fighting vehicle An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and ...
along with the 71st Infantry Division contacted each other on the bridge over the Enns River. Steyr was occupied by the U.S. Army—the Soviet Army moved east behind the demarcation line of the province of Lower Austria. The troops remained until 1955 when Austria officially declared neutrality by the
Austrian State Treaty The Austrian State Treaty (German: ) or Austrian Independence Treaty re-established Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked A ...
.


Population


Local council

The local council (Gemeinderat) has 36 members. Elections in 2015 showed the following results: * SPÖ 16 seats * FPÖ 10 seats * ÖVP 5 seats * The Greens - The Green Alternative 4 seats * NEOS 1 seat


Economy

The most heavily represented sector is the manufacturing automotive parts. The most significant companies in Steyr are: * AVL Commercial Driveline & Tractor Engineering * BMW Motors * GFM Steyr GmbH *
MAN A man is an adult male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot sexual reproduction, reproduc ...
* NKE AUSTRIA GmbH * Profactor *
SKF AB SKF (Swedish: ''Svenska Kullagerfabriken''; 'Swedish Ball bearing, Ball Bearing Factory') is a Swedish bearing (mechanical), bearing and seal (mechanical), seal manufacturing company founded in Gothenburg, Sweden, in 1907. The company manufac ...
* Steyr Motors * ZF Steyr In other sectors are also important Austrian companies in Steyr: * Eckelt Glass GmbH * Hartlauer *
Steyr-Mannlicher Steyr Arms () is a firearms manufacturer based in Sankt Peter in der Au, Austria. Originally part of Steyr-Daimler-Puch, it became independent when the conglomerate was broken up in 1989. Prior to 1 January 2019, the company was named Steyr Man ...


Infrastructure


Health systems

The hospital Steyr is a center of gravity hospital. The Steyr School of General Health and Nursing offers a degree in nursing science and training to become a certified nurse. The oldest part is the 1916 castle-like old building. The hospital has been continually expanded since 1935.


Energy

Steyr has a district heating system which supplies the bulk of the buildings and industry with renewable energy. The thermal energy comes from the Steyr biomass heating plant.


Sport

The local professional football team is SK Vorwärts Steyr who play at the Vorwärts Stadium.


Notable people

Steyr has had a number of well-known residents or visitors, including
Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (; 31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical Classical may refer to: European antiquity *Classical antiquity, a period of history from roughly the 7th or 8th century B.C.E. to the ...

Franz Schubert
, who wrote his
Trout Quintet The ''Trout Quintet'' (''Forellenquintett'') is the popular name for the Piano Quintet in A major, Schubert Thematic Catalogue, D. 667, by Franz Schubert. The piano quintet was composed in 1819, when he was 22 years old; it was not published, how ...
there while on holiday, and composer
Anton Bruckner Josef Anton Bruckner (; ) was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies A symphony is an extended musical composition File:Chord chart.svg, 250px, Jazz and rock genre musicians may memorize the me ...

Anton Bruckner
, organist at the local parish church. Young
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Nazi Germany, Germany from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler's rise to power, He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Cha ...

Adolf Hitler
spent a brief period there while he attended the Steyr secondary school in 1904, living in a room on Grünmarkt. The school is located in the same building as the famous Saint Michael's Church. Notable natives of Steyr are: *
Johannes Stabius Johannes Stabius (Johann Stab) (1450–1522) was an Austrian cartographer and astronomer of Vienna who developed, around 1500, the heart-shape (cordiform) projection map later developed further by Johannes Werner. It is called the ''Werner map pro ...
(c. 1460–1522), cartographer *
Johann Michael Vogl Johann Michael Vogl (August 10, 1768 – November 19,Michael Lorenz (musicologist), Michael Lorenz: ''Studien zum Schubertkreis'', Phil. Diss. Vienna, 2001 1840), was an Austrian baritone singer and composer. Though famous in his day, he is rem ...

Johann Michael Vogl
(1768–1840), singer *
Johann Mayrhofer Johann Baptist Mayrhofer (22 October 17875 February 1836), was an Austrian poet and librettist. He is best known for his close friendship with the composer Franz Schubert. Biography Mayrhofer was born in Steyr, educated at Novitiate in St. Flor ...
(1787–1836), poet *
Ferdinand Redtenbacher Ferdinand Jakob Redtenbacher (July 25, 1809 in Steyr Steyr (; Central Bavarian Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian language, Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and the German state of Bava ...
(1809–1863), engineer *
Josef Werndl Josef Werndl was a famous Austrian Austrian may refer to: * Austrians, someone from Austria or of Austrian descent ** Someone who is considered an Austrian citizen, see Austrian nationality law * Something associated with the country Austria, for ...
(1831–1889), arms producer, engineer and inventor * Michael Blümelhuber (1865–1936), metalcutter * August Eigruber (1907–1947), Nazi ''Gauleiter'' hanged for war crimes * Franz Schausberger (b. 1950), politician and historian * Erich Hackl (b. 1954), novelist * Wilhelm Molterer (b. 1955), politician * Ronald Brunmayr (b. 1975), football player * Georg Harding (b. 1981), football player * Emanuel Schreiner (b. 1989), football player * Kevin Stöger (b. 1993), football player * Franz Wickhoff (1853–1909) was an Austrian art historian and a member of the Vienna School of Art History


International relations


Twin towns—sister cities

Steyr is Twin towns and sister cities, twinned with: * Bethlehem, Palestine * Kettering, Ohio, Kettering, Ohio, USA * Plauen, Saxony, Germany * San Benedetto del Tronto, Province of Ascoli Piceno, Ascoli Piceno, Marche, Italy


Gallery

File:Steyr_rathaus_nacht.jpg, Stadtplatz with Rococo townhall. File:Steyr_museum_arbeitswelt.jpg, Museum Arbeitswelt on the Steyr river; in August 2002 the river rose up to the bridge railings and damaged it extensively. File:Steyr_Town_02.jpg, Lamberg Castle, in 2002 the Enns river rose up to the bridge girders.


References


External links


Official Homepage of the City of Steyr

Live webcam of main square
* http://www.e-steyr.com Communitysite for news, nightlife, society, sports and culture {{Authority control Steyr, Cities and towns in Upper Austria March of Styria Duchy of Styria