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Stephen Roy Albert Neale (born 9 January 1958) is a
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...
philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about Metaphysics, existence, reason, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, Philosophy of mind, mi ...

philosopher
and specialist in the
philosophy of language In analytic philosophy Analytic philosophy is a branch and tradition of philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, Metaphysics, existence, Epistemology, knowledge, ...
who has written extensively about
meaning Meaning most commonly refers to: * Meaning (linguistics), meaning which is communicated through the use of language * Meaning (philosophy), definition, elements, and types of meaning discussed in philosophy * Meaning (non-linguistic), a general ter ...
,
information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of fact is verifiability—that is whether it can be demonstrated to c ...

information
,
interpretation Interpretation may refer to: Culture * Aesthetic interpretation, an explanation of the meaning of a work of art * Allegorical interpretation, an approach that assumes a text should not be interpreted literally * Dramatic Interpretation, an event i ...
, and
communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power o ...

communication
, and more generally about issues at the intersection of
philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about Metaphysics, existence, reason, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, Philosophy of mind, mind, and Philosophy of language, language. Such questio ...

philosophy
and
linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo ...

linguistics
. Neale is a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Linguistics and holder of the John H. Kornblith Family Chair in the Philosophy of Science and Values at the Graduate Center,
City University of New York The City University of New York (CUNY ) is the public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (E ...
(CUNY).


Education and career

Neale completed his BA in linguistics at
University College London University College London, which Trade name, operates as UCL, is a major public university , public research university located in London, United Kingdom. UCL is a Member institutions of the University of London, member institution of the Federa ...
working with linguist
Deirdre Wilson Deirdre Susan Moir Wilson, FBAFBA may refer to: * Federation of British Artists * Federal Bar Association * Fellow of the British Academy * Filsports Basketball Association * First Baptist Academy (Houston, Texas), United States * First Baptist ...
. He completed his
PhD A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known a ...
in Philosophy at
Stanford University Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Du ...

Stanford University
with philosopher John Perry as his dissertation advisor. Prior to joining the CUNY faculty, Neale held positions at
Princeton University Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton University
,
University of California, Berkeley The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization ...

University of California, Berkeley
, and
Rutgers University Rutgers University (RU; ), officially known as Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an orga ...
. Pierre Baumann (
University of Puerto Rico The University of Puerto Rico ( es, Universidad de Puerto Rico, UPR) is the main public university #REDIRECT Public university #REDIRECT Public university #REDIRECT Public university#REDIRECT Public university A public university or public co ...
), Herman Cappelen (
University of Oslo The University of Oslo ( no, Universitetet i Oslo; la, Universitas Osloensis) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization ...
), Josh Dever (
University of Texas, Austin The University of Texas at Austin, shortened to UT Austin, UT, or Texas, is a public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of s ...
), Eli Dresner (
Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv University (TAU) ( he, אוּנִיבֶרְסִיטַת תֵּל אָבִיב, ''Universitat Tel Aviv'') is a public research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educatio ...
), Brian Robinson (
Texas A&M University–Kingsville Texas A&M University–Kingsville is a public research university in Kingsville, Texas. It is the southernmost campus of the Texas A&M University System. The university has programs in engineering, agriculture, wildlife, music, and the sciences. ...
), Daniel Harris (
CUNY The City University of New York (CUNY ) is the public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (E ...
), Angel Pinillos (
Arizona State University Arizona State University (ASU or Arizona State) is a public university, public research university in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area, Phoenix metropolitan area. Founded in 1885 by the 13th Arizona Territorial Legislature, ASU is one of the List ...
), and Elmar Unnsteinsson (
University College Dublin University College Dublin (commonly referred to as UCD; ga, Coláiste na hOllscoile, Baile Átha Cliath) is a public research university in Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, É ...
) are among his doctoral students.


Philosophical work

Neale's writings are primarily in the philosophy of language. His research intersects with
generative linguistics Generative grammar, or generativism , is a linguistic theory that regards linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying ...
, the
philosophy of mind Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about Metaphysics, existence, reason, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, Philosophy of mind, mind, a ...

philosophy of mind
,
cognitive science Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic discipline An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge that is Educ ...

cognitive science
,
metaphysics Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that studies the first principles of being, identity and change, space and time, causality, necessity and possibility. It includes questions about the nature of consciousness and the relationship between ...

metaphysics
,
philosophical logic Understood in a narrow sense, philosophical logic is the area of philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about Metaphysics, existence, reason, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, ...
, the philosophy of law and the philosophy of archaeology. Philosophical problems about interpretation, context, information content, structure, and representation form the nexus of this work. Neale is an '' intentionalist'' and a '' pragmatist'' about the interpretation of speech and writing, and to this extent his work is rooted in the Gricean tradition. He has vigorously defended an intention-based theory of meaning, and a general approach to meaning and interpretation he calls "linguistic pragmatism" that can be tailored to legal contexts. He has also defended and extended Russell's
Theory of Descriptions The theory of descriptions is the philosopher Bertrand Russell Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British polymath A polymath ( el, πολυμαθής, , "having learned much"; ...
and descriptive theories of anaphora. According to Neale traditional accounts of interpretation are marred by failures that can be eradicated by (1) engaging correctly with the
epistemic Epistemology (; ) is the branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of f ...
asymmetry of the situations in which producers and consumers of language find themselves; (2) distinguishing adequately the metaphysical question of what determines what a speaker (or writer or signer) means on a given occasion from the epistemological question of how that particular meaning is identified; (3) appreciating the severity of constraints on the formation of linguistic intentions; (4) appreciating pervasive forms of underdeterminaton (such as those examined by pragmatists and relevance theorists); (5) failures to recognise that genuine indeterminacy of the sort associated with what speakers (and writers) "imply" frequently applies to what is "said" too; (6) abandoning reliance on formal notions of context deriving from indexical logics, (7) scrutinising transcendent notions of "what is said", "what is implied" and "what is referred to"; and (8) correcting the role traditional compositional semantics plays in explanations of how humans use language to represent the world and communicate. Neale also wrote an influential defense of
Saul Kripke Saul Aaron Kripke (; born November 13, 1940) is an American philosopher American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States ** Americans, citizens and nationa ...

Saul Kripke
in the ''Times Literary Supplement'' against charges that Kripke's new theory of reference had plagiarized work by
Ruth Barcan Marcus Ruth Barcan Marcus (; born Ruth Charlotte Barcan; 2 August 1921 – 19 February 2012) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States ...

Ruth Barcan Marcus
.


Publications


Books

* ''Descriptions''
MIT Press The MIT Press is a university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the ...
, 1993. (Originally published 1990.) * ''Facing Facts''
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, 2002. (Originally published 2001.)


Edited volume

* ''Mind''. Special issue commemorating 100th anniversary of Russell's "On Denoting"
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, 2005.


Selected articles

* Determinations of Meaning. In ''Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Language'' Vol 2. E. Lepore and D. Sosa (eds.) Oxford:
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, 2021 * How Demonstratives and Indexicals Really Work. (with S. Schiffer) In ''The Routledge Handbook on Linguistic Reference'' S. Biggs and H. Geirsson (eds.),
Routledge Routledge () is a British multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a so ...
2021, pp.  439–448. * Silent Reference. In ''Meanings and Other Things: Essays in Honor of Stephen Schiffer.'' G. Ostertag, (ed.)
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, 2016, pp. 229–344. * Term limits Revisited ''Philosophical Perspectives'' 22, 1 (2008), pp. 89–124. * On Location. In ''Situating Semantics: Essays in Honour of John Perry''.
MIT Press The MIT Press is a university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the ...
2007, pp. 251–393. * Pragmatism and Binding. In ''Semantics versus Pragmatics''.
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, 2005, pp. 165–286. * A Century Later. In ''Mind'' 114, 2005, pp. 809–871. * This, That, and the Other. In ''Descriptions and Beyond''.
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, 2004, pp. 68–182. * No Plagiarism Here! ''
Times Literary Supplement ''The Times Literary Supplement'' (''TLS'') is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK News Corp UK & Ireland Limited (trading as News UK, formerly News International and NI Group), is a British newspaper publisher, and ...
''. 9 February 2001, pp. 12–13. * Meaning, Truth, Ontology. In ''Interpreting Davidson''. Stanford: CSLI, (2001) pp. 155–197. * On Representing". In ''The Library of Living Philosophers: Donald Davidson''. L. E. Hahn (ed.), Illinois: Open Court, (1999) pp. 656–669. * Coloring and Composition. In ''Philosophy and Linguistics'' Boulder: Westview Press, 1999, pp. 35–82. * Context and Communication. In ''Readings in the Philosophy of Language''. Cambridge:
MIT Press The MIT Press is a university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the ...
(1997), pp. 415–474. * Logical Form and LF. In ''Noam Chomsky: Critical Assessments''
Routledge Routledge () is a British multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a so ...
, 1993, pp. 788–838. * Term limits. ''Philosophical Perspectives'' 7, 1993, pp. 89–124. * Paul Grice and the Philosophy of Language. ''Linguistics and Philosophy'' 15, 5, 1992, pp. 509–59. * Descriptive Pronouns and Donkey Anaphora. ''
Journal of Philosophy ''The Journal of Philosophy'' is a monthly peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work ( peers). It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified memb ...
'' 87, 3, 1990, pp. 113–150. * Meaning, Grammar, and Indeterminacy. ''Dialectica'' 41, 4, 1987, pp. 301–19.


References


External links


Neale's home page



Neale's archive on the CUNY Philosophy Commons



Video , Stephen Neale on Russell's Theory of Descriptions

Review of 'Facing Facts''
by John MacFarlane {{DEFAULTSORT:Neale, Stephen 1958 births 20th-century British non-fiction writers 20th-century British philosophers 20th-century essayists 21st-century British non-fiction writers 21st-century British philosophers 21st-century essayists Academics of Birkbeck, University of London Analytic philosophers British logicians British male essayists Epistemologists Graduate Center, CUNY faculty Living people Metaphysicians Metaphysics writers Ontologists Philosophers of language Philosophers of logic Philosophers of mind Philosophers of science Philosophers of social science Philosophy academics Philosophy writers Princeton University faculty Rutgers University faculty University of California, Berkeley faculty