Nominally, a Statute of Autonomy ( es|Estatuto de Autonomía, ca|Estatut d'Autonomia, gl|Estatuto de Autonomía, ast|Estatutu d' Autonomía, eu|Autonomia Estatutua) is a law
hierarchically located under the constitution
of a country, and over any other form of legislation (including organic law
s). This legislative corpus concedes autonomy
) to a subnational unit
, and the articles usually mimic the form of a constitution, establishing the organization of the autonomous government, the electoral rules, the distribution of competences between different levels of governance and other regional-specific provisions, like the protection of cultural or lingual realities.
, the process of devolution
after the transition to democracy
(1979) created 17 autonomous communities
and 2 autonomous cities
, each having its own Statute of Autonomy. On 18 June 2006, Catalonia
approved by referendum
a new but controversial Catalan Statute of Autonomy
, enhancing the Spanish territory's degree of autonomy. The original such statute was granted by the Spanish Republic
"Catalonia's Place in Spain: A Brief History"
, ''Wall Street Journal'', 11 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
* Autonomous communities of Spain
* Government of Wales Act 1998
* Nationalities and regions of Spain
* Northern Ireland Act 1998
* Scotland Act 1998