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The State Council,
constitutionally A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

People's Republic of China
. It is chaired by the
premier Premier is a title for the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other g ...
and includes the heads of each of the cabinet-level executive departments. Currently, the council has 35 members: the premier, one executive vice premier, three other vice premiers, five state councillors (of whom three are also ministers and one is also the secretary-general), and 26 in charge of the Council's constituent departments. In the
politics of China The People's Republic of China is a socialist republic A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a Sovereign state, sovereign State (polity), state constitu ...
, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the
Chinese Communist Party The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), officially the Communist Party of China (CPC), is the founding and One-party state, sole ruling party of the China, People's Republic of China (PRC). The CCP leads List of political parties in China, eight other ...
(CCP) and the
People's Liberation Army The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between St ...
(PLA). The State Council directly oversees provincial-level People's Governments, and in practice maintains membership with the top levels of the CCP. Aside from very few non-CCP ministers, members of the State Council are also members of the CCP's
Central Committee Central committee is the common designation of a standing administrative body of communist parties, analogous to a board of directors, of both ruling and nonruling parties of former and existing Socialist State, socialist states. In such party org ...
.


Organization

The State Council meets every six months. Between meetings it is guided by a (Executive Meeting) that meets weekly. The standing committee includes the premier, one executive vice premier, three vice premiers, and five other state councillors (normally one of whom serves as
Secretary-General of the State Council The Secretary-General of the State Council () is an executive position within the State Council of the People's Republic of China The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularl ...
, and two of whom concurrently serve as ministers). The vice-premiers and state councillors are nominated by the premier, and appointed by the president with
National People's Congress The National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (), often referred to as the National People's Congress (NPC) (), is the highest organ of state power and the national legislature of the People's Republic of China ...
' (NPC) approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms. Each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councillor performs duties as designated by the Premier. The secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. The secretary-general has relatively little power and should not be confused with the
General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party The general secretary of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party () is the paramount leader The paramount leader also named supreme leader () of the Chinese Communist Party ) , anthem = "The Internationale" ...
. Each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries. In addition to the 25 ministries, there are 38 centrally administered government organizations that report directly to the state council. The heads of these organizations attend full meetings of the state committee on an irregular basis. In practice, the vice premiers and State Councillors assume responsibility for one or more sectors or issues, and remain in contact with the various bodies responsible for policy related to that area. This allows the Standing Committee to oversee a wide range of government functions. The State Council, like all other governmental bodies, is nominally responsible to the NPC and its
Standing Committee A committee or commission is a body of one or more persons subordinate to an assembly. A committee is not itself considered to be a form of assembly. Usually, the assembly sends matters into a committee as a way to explore them more fully than wo ...
in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, and nominally acts by virtue of the NPC's authority. In practice, however, the NPC had historically done little more than ratify decisions already made by the State Council. More recently, however, the NPC has taken on a more independent role. There has been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or greatly modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition. The State Council and the CCP are also tightly interlocked. With rare exceptions, State Councillors are high-ranking members of the CCP. Although, as Party members, they are supposed to follow Party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the Party they also have substantial influence over what those instructions are. This results in a system which is unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party effectively controlled the State. Rather, the Party and State are fused at this level of government. The members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel. There were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under
Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), also known by his courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in ...

Deng Xiaoping
and
Zhao Ziyang Zhao Ziyang ( zh, 赵紫阳; pronounced , 17 October 1919 – 17 January 2005) was a high-ranking politician in the People's Republic of China (PRC). He was the third Third or 3rd may refer to: Numbers *3rd, the ordinal form of the cardinal n ...
and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, but these efforts were largely abandoned in the early 1990s. As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, and monitor their implementation; draft legislative bills for submission to the NPC or its Standing Committee; and prepare the economic plan and the state budget for deliberation and approval by the NPC. The State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council clearly acquired additional importance and influence. The State Council controls the Ministry for National Defense but does not control the People's Liberation Army, which is instead controlled by the
Central Military Commission A Central Military Commission or National Defense Commission is an organization typical of socialist Socialism is a Political philosophy, political, Social philosophy, social, and economic philosophy encompassing a range of Economic systems, ...
.


Members


Executive Meeting (Standing Committee)


Plenary Meeting

The Plenary Meeting of State Council is hosted by the Premier, joined by Vice Premiers, State Councillors, Ministers in charge of Ministries and Commissions, the Governor of the People's Bank, the Auditor-General, and the Secretary General. It usually runs bi-annually and when necessary, non-members can be invited to participate.


Organizational structure


General Office of the State Council

*
Secretary-General of the State Council The Secretary-General of the State Council () is an executive position within the State Council of the People's Republic of China The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularl ...
** Deputy Secretaries-General of the State Council


Constituent Departments of the State Council (cabinet-level)


Special Organization directly under the State Council

; Ministry-level *
State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council The State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC) is a special commission of the China, People's Republic of China, directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China, State Council. It w ...
(SASAC) (), established in 2003


Organizations directly under the State Council

; Ministry-level # General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China () # State Administration of Taxation () #
State Administration for Market Regulation The State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) is the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's mo ...
() #
National Radio and Television Administration The National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA), formerly the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT, 1998–2013) and the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT, 2013–2018), i ...
() # General Administration of Sport () #
Counsellors' Office of the State Council The Counsellors' Office of the State Council () is an advisory agency directly under the State Council of People's Republic of China. The Central Institute of Culture and History () is a research institute led by the same leadership and located in ...
() ; ''Names reserved (formerly ministry-level)'' * National Press and Publication Administration (), additional name "
National Copyright Administration The Publicity Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, or commonly called the Propaganda Department, is an internal division of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in charge of ideology-related work, as well as its Prop ...
" (), both names reserved by the CCP Central Propaganda Department ; Sub-ministry-level # National Bureau of Statistics () #
China International Development Cooperation Agency The China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA; ) is a sub-ministry-level executive agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It was formerly the Department of Foreign Aid of the Ministry of Comme ...
() # National Healthcare Security Administration () # National Government Offices Administration (), formerly the "Government Offices Administration of the State Council" () ; ''Names reserved (formerly sub-ministry-level)'' * National Religious Affairs Administration (), a name reserved by the CCP Central
United Front Work Department The United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (UFWD; ) is a department that reports directly to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which gathers intelligence on, manages relation ...


Administrative Offices of the State Council

; Ministry-level # Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council () #
State Council Research OfficeState Council Research Office () is the administrative office within the State Council of the People's Republic of China The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relati ...
() ; ''Names reserved (formerly ministry-level)'' * Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council (), a name reserved by the CCP Central
United Front Work Department The United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (UFWD; ) is a department that reports directly to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which gathers intelligence on, manages relation ...
* Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council (), under the CCP Central Committee *
Cyberspace Administration of China The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC; ), also known as the Office of the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission () and the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Affairs (), is the central Internet regulator, censor, oversight, ...
(), under the CCP Central Committee *
State Council Information Office The State Council Information Office (SCIO; ), also called the Central Office of Foreign Propaganda, is an administrative office under the State Council, the chief administrative body of the People's Republic of China China, officially the ...
(), a name reserved by the CCP Central Publicity Department


Institutions directly under the State Council

; Ministry-level #
Xinhua News Agency Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: )J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English, or New China News Agency, is the official state press agency of the People's Republic of China ...

Xinhua News Agency
(), administered by the CCP Central Publicity Department #
Chinese Academy of Sciences The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS; ) is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. It has historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republic of China (1912–49), Republican era and was former ...
() #
Chinese Academy of Engineering The Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE, ) is the national academy A national academy is an organizational body, usually operating with state financial support and approval, that co-ordinates scholarly research Research is "creativity, ...
() #
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), is a Chinese research institute and think tank with historical origins in the Academia Sinica Academia Sinica (AS, la, 1=Academia Sinica, 3=Chinese Academy; ), headquartered in Nangang, Taipei ...

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
() # Development Research Center of the State Council () #
China Media Group China Media Group ( zh , s = 中央广播电视总台 , l = Central Radio-Television General Station, links=no ), also known as Voice of China, is the predominant state media company by means of radio and television broadcasting in the People' ...
(), administered by the CCP Central Publicity Department #
China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission The China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC) is an agency of the People's Republic of China (PRC) authorised by the State Council of the People's Republic of China, State Council to * Supervise the establishment and ongoing busine ...
() #
China Securities Regulatory Commission The China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) is a government ministry of the State Council of the People's Republic of China The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (partic ...
() ; ''Names reserved (formerly ministry-level)'' * Chinese Academy of Governance (), a name reserved by the CCP Central Party School ; Sub-ministry-level #
China Meteorological Administration The China Meteorological Administration (CMA), headquartered in Beijing Beijing ( ), Chinese postal romanization, alternatively romanized as Peking ( ), is the Capital city, capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the world's Li ...
()


National Administrations administrated by ministry-level agencies

; Sub-ministry-level #
National Public Complaints and Proposals AdministrationNational Public Complaints and Proposals Administration (), formerly named as Letters and Calls Bureau, also known as Xinfang Bureau, Petition Administration, is a deputy-cabinet level state agency in the People's Republic of China China, off ...
( 国家信访局), administrated by the
State Council General Office General Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China () is an administrative agency of the State Council which assists the leaders with the day to day administrative operations of the Chinese government. It is also known as St ...
# National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration ( 国家粮食和物资储备局), administrated by the
National Development and Reform Commission The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix ''makro-'' mean ...
#
National Energy Administration The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the State Council, which has b ...
(), administrated by the National Development and Reform Commission # State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (), administrated by the
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Chinese government, established in March 2008, is the state agency of the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in Eas ...
# State Tobacco Monopoly Administration () (officially sharing its office with
China National Tobacco Corporation State Tobacco Monopoly Administration () and China National Tobacco Corporation (doing business as, commonly known as China Tobacco, abbreviated as CNTC) () is a Chinese government agency responsible for tobacco regulation and a Government-owned ...
), administrated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology # National Immigration Administration (), additional name " Exit and Entry Administration" () for Mainland-Hong Kong-Macau-Taiwan border control, administrated by the
Ministry of Public Security Ministry of Public Security can refer to: * Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Brazil) * Ministry of Public Security of Burundi * Ministry of Public Security (China) * Ministry of Public Security of Costa Rica that supervises the Public Force ...
#
National Forestry and Grassland Administration The State Forestry and Grassland Administration () is an administration of the People's Republic of China, in charge of the national forestry affairs. It was founded in 1949 as Ministry of Forestry and Farming. On November 5, 1951, it changed to ...
(), additional name " National Park Administration" (), administrated by the
Ministry of Natural Resources An environmental ministry is a national or subnational government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the ...
#
National Railway Administration The National Railway Administration (NRA) is the national railway regulator of China. It is part of the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. In 2013, the State Council of China broke up the Ministry of Railways (China), Ministr ...
(), administrated by the
Ministry of Transport A ministry of transport or transportation is a Ministry (government department), ministry responsible for transportation within a country. It usually is administered by the ''minister for transport''. The term is also sometimes applied to the Dep ...
#
Civil Aviation Administration of China The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC; ), formerly the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China (), is the aviation authority under the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. It oversees civil aviation ...
(CAAC) (), administrated by the Ministry of Transport #
State Post Bureau The State Post Bureau is the government agency that regulates China Post China Post, legally the China Post Group Corporation ( zh, 中国邮政集团有限公司), is the state-owned enterprise A state-owned enterprise (SOE) or governme ...
(), administrated by the Ministry of Transport, officially sharing its office with China Post Group Corporation # National Administration for Rural Revitalization () (established on 25 February 2021), administrated by the
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People's Republic of China () is the Ministries of the People's Republic of China, cabinet-level executive department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, State Council wh ...
#
National Cultural Heritage Administration The National Administration of Cultural Heritage (NCHA; ) is an administrative agency subordinate to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China. It is responsible for the development and management of museums as well as ...
(), administrated by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism # National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (), administrated by the
National Health Commission The National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China is a Ministries of the People's Republic of China, cabinet-level executive department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, State Council which is responsible for ...
# National Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention () (established on 13 May 2021), administrated by the National Health Commission # National Mine Safety Administration ( 国家矿山安全监察局), administrated by the Ministry of Emergency Management #
State Administration of Foreign Exchange The State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) of the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's mos ...
(), administrated by the
People's Bank of China The People's Bank of China (PBC, also abbreviated as PBOC or PBoC; ) is the central bank A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages the and of a or formal monetary union, and oversees their . ...

People's Bank of China
#
National Medical Products Administration The National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) () (formerly the China Food and Drug Administration, or CFDA) was founded on the basis of the former State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA). In March 2013, the former regulatory body was reb ...
(), formerly China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) (), now administrated by the
State Administration for Market Regulation The State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) is the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's mo ...
#
National Intellectual Property Administration The China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA; ), also known as the Chinese Patent Office, is the patent office of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It was founded in 1980 as the Patent Office of the People's Republic of Chin ...
(), administrated by the State Administration for Market Regulation ; ''Names reserved (formerly sub-ministry-level)'' # National Civil Service Administration ( 国家公务员局), reserved by the
Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party The Organization Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party () is a human resource management Human resource management (HRM or HR) is the strategic approach to the effective and efficient management of people in a com ...
# National Archives Administration (), ''i.e.'' the Central Archives () (of the CCP), under the General Office of the CCP Central Committee # National Administration of State Secrets Protection (), ''i.e.'' the Office of the
Central Secrecy Commission Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions and generalised locations * Central Africa, a region in the centre of Africa ...
() (of the CCP), under the General Office of the CCP Central Committee # National Cryptography Administration ( 国家密码管理局), ''i.e.'' the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cryptography Work () (of the CCP), under the General Office of the CCP Central Committee # State Language Commission (:zh:国家语言文字工作委员会, 国家语言文字工作委员会), reserved by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, Ministry of Education # State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (), reserved by the Ministry of Science and Technology (China), Ministry of Science and Technology # China National Space Administration (), reserved by the
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the Chinese government, established in March 2008, is the state agency of the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in Eas ...
# China Atomic Energy Authority (), reserved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology # State Oceanic Administration (), reserved by the Ministry of Natural Resources # National Nuclear Safety Administration (:zh:国家核安全局, 国家核安全局), reserved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment # Certification and Accreditation Administration (:zh:中国国家认证认可监督管理委员会, 国家认证认可监督管理委员会), reserved by the State Administration of Market Regulation # Standardization Administration of China, Standardization Administration (), reserved by the State Administration of Market Regulation


Interdepartmental coordinating agencies

* National Defense Mobilization Commission (NDMC; ), established in 1994 * National Energy Commission (NEC; ), established in 2010 * Financial Stability and Development Committee (FSDC; ), established in 2017 and many more...


Agencies dispatched by the State Council

; Ministry-level # Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (), established on 18 January 2000. # Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Macao Special Administrative Region (), established on 18 January 2000. ; Sub-ministry-level # Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (), established on 1 July 2020.


See also

* Department of State Affairs in the Three Departments and Six Ministries system * Ming dynasty: Zhongshu Sheng, Central Secretariat → Grand Secretariat * Qing dynasty: Grand Secretariat → Grand Council (Qing dynasty), Grand Council → Cabinet (government), Cabinet * Taiwan, Republic of China: State Council of the Republic of China, State Council (1912–28) → Executive Yuan (1928–present) * People's Republic of China: Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China (1949–54), Central People's Government (1949–54); Ministries of the People's Republic of China, Ministries of the PRC


References


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:State Council Of The People's Republic Of China State Council of the People's Republic of China, National cabinets, China, People's Republic of, State Council Government agencies established in 1954 1954 establishments in China