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Staple Inn is a part-
Tudor Tudor most commonly refers to: * House of Tudor, English royal house of Welsh origins ** Tudor period, a historical era in England coinciding with the rule of the Tudor dynasty Tudor may also refer to: Architecture * Tudor architecture, the fi ...
building on the south side of
High Holborn High Holborn ( ) is a street in Holborn and Farringdon Without, Central London, which forms a part of the A40 road in London, A40 route from London to Fishguard. It starts in the west at the eastern end of St Giles High Street and runs past the ...
street in the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
,
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
. Located near
Chancery Lane tube station Chancery Lane is a London Underground station in between Holborn and City of London, the City in central London, England and is in the London Borough of Camden and the City of London. It opened in 1900 and takes its name from the nearby Chancery ...
, it is used as the London venue for meetings of the
Institute and Faculty of Actuaries An institute is an organisation An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an entity – such as a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing ...
, and is the last surviving
Inn of Chancery , the only Inn of Chancery building to survive largely intact The Inns of Chancery or ''Hospida Cancellarie'' were a group of buildings and legal institutions in London initially attached to the Inns of Court Image:London-Inns-of-Court.JPG, 300p ...
. It was designated a Grade I
listed building A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England (officially the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England) is an executive ...
in 1974.


History

It was originally attached to
Gray's Inn The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court 300px, Combined arms of the four Inns of Court. Clockwise from top left: Lincoln's Inn, Middle Temple, Gray's Inn, Inner Temple. The Inns of ...
, which is one of the four
Inns of Court The Inns of Court in London are the professional associations for barristers A barrister is a type of lawyer A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at lawAttorney at law or attorney-at-law, usuall ...
. The Inns of Chancery fell into decay in the 19th century. All of them were dissolved, and most were demolished. Staple Inn is the only one which survives largely intact. It was an
extra-parochial area In England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England and Wales forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom ...
until 1858 and then a civil parish. It became part of the
Metropolitan Borough of Holborn The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was a metropolitan borough in the County of London The County of London was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London. It was created as part of the gene ...

Metropolitan Borough of Holborn
in 1900 and was abolished in 1930. On 1 April 1994 boundary changes meant that the Inn was transferred from the
London Borough of Camden The London Borough of Camden () is a London borough The London boroughs are the 32 local authority districts that make up the ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the l ...
to the City of London (and the
City ward A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods, thoroughfares, parishes, landmarks, geographical features and in some cases historical figures connected to the area (e.g. Willia ...
of
Farringdon Without __NOTOC__ Farringdon Without is the most westerly Wards of the City of London, Ward of the City of London, its suffix ''Without'' reflects its origin as lying beyond the London Wall, City’s former defensive walls. It was first established in 13 ...
). It was the model for the fictitious
Inn of Court Image:London-Inns-of-Court.JPG, 300px, Combined arms of the four Inns of Court. Clockwise from top left: Lincoln's Inn, Middle Temple, Gray's Inn, Inner Temple. The Inns of Court in London are the professional associations for barristers in Englan ...
"Bacon's Inn" in Arthur Moore's 1904 novel ''Archers of the Long Bow''. The ancient switch-tailed double pump referred to was replaced in 1937 by a mock single pump, to mark the site.Pictures of both pumps are available at spitalfieldslife.com/2012/01/10/the-pumps-of-old-london/


Wool staple

Staple Inn dates from 1585. The building was once the wool staple, where wool was weighed and taxed. It survived the
Great Fire of London Great may refer to: Descriptions or measurements * Great, a relative measurement in physical space, see Size * Greatness, being divine, majestic, superior, majestic, or transcendent People with the name * "The Great", a historical suffix to people ...

Great Fire of London
, was extensively damaged by a
Nazi German Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...
Luftwaffe The ''Luftwaffe'' () was the aerial-warfare branch of the German ''Wehrmacht The ''Wehrmacht'' (, ) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the German Army (1935–1945), ''Heer'' (army), th ...
aerial bomb An aerial bomb is a type of explosive An explosive (or explosive material) is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion An explosion is a rapid expansion in volume Volume is ...
in 1944 but was subsequently restored. It has a distinctive
timber-framed Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and Woodworking joints, joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. ...
façade,
cruck A cruck or crook frame is a curved timber Lumber, also known as timber, is wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Pl ...
roof and an internal courtyard. The historic interiors include a
great hall #REDIRECTGreat hall#REDIRECTGreat hall A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted fr ...

great hall
, used by the
Institute and Faculty of Actuaries An institute is an organisation An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an entity – such as a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing ...
. The ground-floor street frontage is let to shops and restaurants, required to use plainer
signage Signage is the design or use of sign A sign is an object Object may refer to: General meanings * Object (philosophy), a thing, being, or concept ** Entity, something that is tangible and within the grasp of the senses ** Object (ab ...

signage
than they do on less sensitive buildings. For a time the building appeared on the packaging of
Old Holborn Old Holborn (pronounced ''old hoburn'') is a brand of hand rolling tobacco produced by Richard Lloyd & Sons (a subsidiary of Gallaher Group which itself is a subsidiary of Japan Tobacco). The name originates from Holborn in London, where Richard ...
tobacco.


See also

* List of buildings that survived the Great Fire of London


References


External links


History of Staple Inn from the Institute of ActuariesBarristers Chambers in Staple Inn
(DEAD LINK) {{coord, 51, 31, 04.68, N, 0, 06, 40.28, W, region:GB_type:landmark, display=title Inns of Chancery Timber framed buildings in London Buildings and structures in Holborn