The Stanford Graduate School of Business (also known as Stanford GSB or the GSB) is the graduate
business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration Business administration (also known as business management) is the administration of a commercial enterprise. It includes all aspects of overse ...

business school
Stanford University Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Du ...

Stanford University
. Located in
Stanford, California Stanford is a census-designated place (CDP) in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, Santa Clara County, California, United States and is the home of Stanford University. The population was 13,809 at the United States Census ...
, for several years it has been the most selective business school in the world, admitting only about 6% of applicants. Stanford GSB offers a general management
Master of Business Administration A Master of Business Administration (MBA; also Master's in Business Administration) is a graduate degree Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of seve ...
(MBA) degree, the MSx Program ( MS in Management for mid-career executives) and a
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program, along with joint degrees with other schools at Stanford including
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. The GSB also offers Stanford LEAD Business Program, an online professional certificate program.


The school was founded in 1925 when trustee
Herbert Hoover Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American politician and engineer who served as the 31st president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of gove ...

Herbert Hoover
formed a committee consisting of Wallace Alexander, George Rolph,
Paul Shoup Paul Shoup (January 8, 1874 – July 30, 1946) was an American businessman, president and later vice-chairman of the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, Southern Pacific Railroad in the 1920s and 1930s, a founding board member of the Stanford ...

Paul Shoup
, Thomas Gregory, and Milton Esberg to secure the needed funds for the school's founding. Willard Hotchkiss became the first dean of Stanford GSB. The library was formally inaugurated on April 3, 1933. The collection was established with 1,000 volumes and assorted reports. The school moved from Jordan Hall to new quarters in the History Corner of the Main Quad in 1937. Jonathan Levin was appointed as the 10th dean of the school in September 2016.


The Knight Management Center is situated within the greater Stanford
campus A campus is traditionally the land on which a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from ...

. There are ten buildings at the Knight Management Center: the Gunn Building, Zambrano Hall, North Building, Arbuckle Dining Pavilion, Bass Center, the Faculty Buildings (comprising East and West buildings), the Patterson Building, the MBA Class of 1968 Building, and the McClelland Building. The Schwab Residential Center was designed by Mexican architect
Ricardo Legorreta Ricardo Legorreta Vilchis (May 7, 1931 – December 30, 2011) was a Mexican Mexican may refer to: Mexico and its culture *Being related to, from, or connected to the country of Mexico, in North America ** Being related to the State of Mexico, o ...
. The 158,000 square-foot facility consists of 280 guest rooms. Jack McDonald Hall, located adjacent to Schwab, opened in 2016 as an additional residence for MBA students with over 200 guest rooms. There are three main art installations on campus, including Monument to Change as it Changes, Monument to the Unknown Variables, and Ways to Change. Stanford GSB maintains very close links with the venture capital, finance and technology firms of nearby Silicon Valley.


Stanford GSB offers a traditional
Master of Business Administration A Master of Business Administration (MBA; also Master's in Business Administration) is a graduate degree Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of seve ...
(MBA) program typically completed in two years, a Master of Science ("MSx program") typically completed in one year, and a doctoral (PhD) program. The MBA program is a full-time graduate program that enrolls approximately 420 students each year. The MSx program is intended for students who are mid-career managers (minimum 8 years of professional work experience). The Stanford MSx was previously called the Stanford Sloan Master's Program, because students in the program are known as Stanford Sloan Fellows. The Stanford MSx is one of the three Sloan Fellows programs, sharing a similar format with the others at the MIT Sloan School of Management and the London Business School. These programs were initially supported by Alfred P. Sloan, Chairman of General Motors from 1937 to 1956, who envisioned the Sloan Fellowship in his alma mater of MIT in 1931.

Academic partnerships

Stanford GSB has a number of relationships with other business schools. It offers a number of Executive Education programs jointly with Harvard Business School. It also offers one of the three Sloan Fellows programs, coordinating with the others at the MIT Sloan School of Management and the London Business School.

Stanford LEAD Professional Certificate

The Stanford LEAD Business Program (LEAD is an acronym for learn, engage, accelerate, and disrupt) is a one-year online business program in the Graduate School of Business offering access to curricular materials and students specialize personal leadership. The teaching components are coordinated 100% online although there are periodic meet-ups hosted at Stanford each year through the me2we program. The annual me2we conferences have grown to become quite large, and the program's 1,800 LEAD alumni can join remotely.

Faculty and research

The school works at the forefront of global business research and teaching. There are four winners of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences on the faculty (William F. Sharpe 1990, Myron Scholes 1997, Michael Spence 2001, Guido Imbens 2021), five recipients of the John Bates Clark Award, 19 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and four members of the United States National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences. William F. Sharpe's research interests focus on macro-investment analysis, Economic equilibrium, equilibrium in capital markets and the provision of income in retirement. Myron Scholes’ research has focused on understanding uncertainty and its effect on asset prices and the value of Option (finance), options, including flexibility options. Michael Spence's research interests focus on the study of economic growth and development, dynamic competition and the economics of information.


In recent rankings, GSB was ranked 1st by ''U.S. News & World Report'', 1st by ''Bloomberg Businessweek,'' 1st by
QS Top Universities
', 2nd by ''Forbes'', and in the ranking aggregator
Poets & Quants
' Stanford's MBA Program was ranked 1st in the US. The Stanford Graduate School of Business is the most selective business school in the United States. It has maintained the highest ratio of "applicants to available seats" of any business school in the U.S. for the last decade. It has also had the lowest acceptance rates (typically <7%) of any business school. For the Class of 2022 which entered in 2020, 8% of applicants were offered admission, and the average GMAT score of 733 and average GPA of 3.8 are the highest of any business school in the world. The business school comprises the Knight Management Center, the Schwab Residential Center (named after alumnus Charles R. Schwab, founder and chairman of the Charles Schwab Corporation), and Highland Hall.


In August 2006, the school announced what was then the largest gift ever to a business school—$105 million from Stanford alumnus Phil Knight, MBA '62, co-founder and chairman of Nike, Inc. The gift went toward construction of a $375 million campus, called the Knight Management Center, for the business school. Construction was completed in 2011. In 2011, alumnus Robert King and his wife Dorothy made a $150 million gift to the school—making history as the largest donation to Stanford GSB—to found the Institute for Innovation in Developing Economies (also known as SEED) to focus on poverty relief in emerging markets. A portion of their gift is used as a matching incentive to encourage other donors to give to SEED. The gifts by King and Knight are marked as the second and third largest philanthropic pledges to a business school. Also in 2011, investor and economist Marko Dimitrijevic, a 1985 alumni of the Business School, established the Emerging Markets Innovation Fund, to support teaching, research, and other initiatives in the area of emerging and frontier markets.


There are 26,309 living alumni, including 17,803 alumni of the MBA program. Stanford Graduate School of Business is renowned to have produced a remarkable number of successful business leaders and entrepreneurs, many among the world's wealthiest, from its alumni base.

See also

* List of business schools in the United States * List of United States business school rankings


External links

Graduate School of Business, 1974-2003
collection of oral histories, Stanford Historical Society Oral History Program.
Stanford LEAD website
{{Coord, 37.4280, -122.1612, display=title Stanford University schools, Business Business schools in California Educational institutions established in 1925 1925 establishments in California