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St John's ( gv, Balley Keeill Eoin) is a small village in the sheading of Glenfaba in the
Isle of Man ) , anthem = "O Land of Our Birth" , image = Isle of Man by Sentinel-2.jpg , image_map = Europe-Isle_of_Man.svg , mapsize = , map_alt = Location of the Isle of Man in Europe , map_caption = Location of the Isle of Man (green) in Europe ...

Isle of Man
, in the island's central valley. It is in the
House of Keys The House of Keys () is the directly elected lower house of Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man, the other branch being the Legislative Council of the Isle of Man, Legislative Council. History The oldest known reference to the name ...
constituency of Glenfaba & Peel, which elects two MHKs.


Tynwald Day

Tynwald Hill
Tynwald Hill
, the original assembly place for the Isle of Man
parliament In modern politics, and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: Representation (politics), representing the Election#Suffrage, electorate, making laws, and overseeing ...

parliament
,
Tynwald Tynwald ( gv, Tinvaal), or more formally, the High Court of Tynwald ( gv, Ard-whaiyl Tinvaal) or Tynwald Court, is the legislature of the Isle of Man. It consists of two chambers, known as the branches of Tynwald: the directly elected House of ...
, is the scene of the annual ceremony in which the laws of the Isle of Man are promulgated in
English
English
and Manx, usually on July 5.
Tynwald Day Tynwald Day ( gv, Laa Tinvaal) is the National Day of the Isle of Man ) , anthem = "O Land of Our Birth" , image = Isle of Man by Sentinel-2.jpg , image_map = Europe-Isle_of_Man.svg , mapsize = , map_alt = Location of the Isle of M ...
attracts thousands of spectators to watch the ceremony and participate in the Tynwald Fair. Tynwald Day, July 5, corresponded to St John's feast day by the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Roman consul Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on , by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematics, Greek mathematicians and Ancient Greek astronomy, as ...
, which was the date held to be midsummer day; so Tynwald Day was a midsummer fair. The Anglican church in the village is dedicated to St John and the village takes its name from the church. Within the church are reserved seats with name plaques for members of both branches of the Manx parliament, whilst in the adjacent church hall is an exhibition detailing the history of Tynwald.


Other features of the village

The village is dominated by , a steep hill to its south. The Tynwald National Park (also known as the Arboretum) is situated on the east side of the village. Opposite the church is the site of the ancient pound where stray animals were placed until claimed. If unclaimed after a year and a day they became the property of the
Lord of Mann The lord of Mann ( gv, Çhiarn Vannin) is the lord proprietor and head of state of the Isle of Man. The current lord proprietor and head of state is Charles III Charles III (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) i ...
, whilst the recovery fee for reclaimed animals was shared equally between the Lord of Mann and the pound official, the "pindar". Also displayed on that site are large stones from a 2300 BC burial chamber found locally. The main commercial venture of the village is Tynwald Mills, which claims to be the only department store in the island.


Road transport

The village is on the A1 Douglas to
Peel
Peel
road. It is also close to the junction with the A3, which leads in a southerly direction to Foxdale and Castletown, and northerly to Kirk Michael, Ballaugh, Sulby and Ramsey. It is thus conveniently located for access from all parts of the island (even before these roads were built), which is believed to have been a consideration in the original location of Tynwald here.


Former railway station

The village's railway station has long since closed. In its day it was a major railway junction, in the context of the Isle of Man: it was on the
Isle of Man Railway The Isle of Man Railway (IMR) ( gv, Raad Yiarn Vannin) is a narrow gauge steam locomotive, steam-operated railway connecting Douglas, Isle of Man, Douglas with Castletown, Isle of Man, Castletown and Port Erin on the Isle of Man. The line is ...
(Peel line), the Manx Northern Railway and the Foxdale Railway. The trackbed of the Isle of Man Railway is now used as a footpath, named the Steam Heritage Trail.


Primary school

Since 2003, the former St John's School building has been used by the (the
Manx language Manx ( or , pronounced or ), also known as Manx Gaelic, is a Goidelic language, Gaelic language of the insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family. Manx is the historical language ...
primary school).


External links




Information about St John's


References

{{Isle of Man Saint John's, Isle of Man