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Springer Nature or the Springer Nature Group is a German-British
academic publishing Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic work is published in academic journal articles, books or thesis' form. The part of academic written output that is not formally ...
company created by the May 2015 merger of
Springer Science+Business Media Springer Science+Business Media, commonly known as Springer, is a German multinational publishing company of books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing. Originally founded in 1842 i ...
and
Holtzbrinck Publishing Group Holtzbrinck Publishing Group () is a privately-held A privately held company or private company is a company which does not offer or trade its company stock (share (finance), shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rat ...
's
Nature Publishing Group Nature Portfolio (formerly known as Nature Publishing Group and Nature Research) is a division of the international scientific publishing Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scient ...
,
Palgrave Macmillan #REDIRECT Palgrave Macmillan #REDIRECT Palgrave Macmillan#REDIRECT Palgrave Macmillan Palgrave Macmillan is a British academic and trade publishing company headquartered in the London Borough of Camden. Its programme includes textbooks, journals, ...
, and
Macmillan Education Macmillan Education is a publisher of English Language teaching and school curriculum materials. The company is based in London and operates in over 40 countries worldwide. History In 2011 Macmillan Publishers Ltd was fined GBP 11.3 million by t ...
.


History

The company originates from a number of journals and publishing houses, notably
Springer-Verlag Springer Science+Business Media, commonly known as Springer, is a German multinational publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. ...
, which was founded in 1842 by
Julius Springer Julius Springer (10 May 1817 – 17 April 1877) was a German publisher who founded the academic publishing house Springer Science+Business Media (formerly known as Springer-Verlag). Springer-Verlag In 1842, Springer founded the retail bookshop Sp ...
in Berlin (the grandfather of Bernhard Springer who founded
Springer Publishing Springer Publishing is an American publishing company of academic journal An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of se ...
in 1950 in New York),
Nature Publishing Group Nature Portfolio (formerly known as Nature Publishing Group and Nature Research) is a division of the international scientific publishing Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scient ...
which publishes ''
Nature Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, material world or universe The universe ( la, universus) is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxy, galaxies, and all other forms of matter an ...
'' since 1869, and
Macmillan Education Macmillan Education is a publisher of English Language teaching and school curriculum materials. The company is based in London and operates in over 40 countries worldwide. History In 2011 Macmillan Publishers Ltd was fined GBP 11.3 million by t ...
, which goes back to
Macmillan Publishers Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is a British publishing company traditionally considered to be one of the Big Five (publishers), 'Big Five' English language publishers. Founded in London in 1843 by Scottish ...
founded in 1843. Springer Nature was formed in 2015 by the merger of Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan and Macmillan Education (held by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group) with Springer Science+Business Media (held by
BC Partners BC Partners is a British international Investment company, investment firm with over $40 billion of assets under management across private equity, credit and real estate in Europe and North America. Its global headquarters are in London. The firm ...
). Plans for the merger were first announced on 15 January 2015. The transaction was concluded in May 2015 with Holtzbrinck having the majority 53% share. IPO attempts in May 2018 and Autumn 2020 were unfruitful due to unfavorable market conditions.


Current company

After the merger, former Springer Science+Business Media
CEO A chief executive officer (CEO), chief administrator officer, or just chief executive (CE), is one of a number of corporate executives A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as c ...
Derk Haank became CEO of Springer Nature. When he retired by the end of 2017, he was succeeded by Daniel Ropers, the co-founder and long-time CEO of bol.com. In September 2019, Ropers was replaced by Frank Vrancken Peeters. The company is releasing a number of Policies & Reports, including a Modern Slavery Act 2015, Modern Slavery Act statement, a Tax strategy, a gender pay gap report for Springer Nature’s UK operations, Editorial and publishing policies, Code of conduct, etc.


Brands

The following major brands belong to the group (see also Subsidiaries): * Nature (journal)
Nature Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, material world or universe The universe ( la, universus) is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxy, galaxies, and all other forms of matter an ...
and its associated journals are considered by some to be the world's leading scientific journals. * Springer.com * BioMed Central * Scientific American * Heinrich Vogel Verlag *SciGraph


Controversies

In 2017, the company agreed to block access to hundreds of articles on its Chinese site, cutting off access to articles on Tibet, Taiwan, and China's political elite. The company retracted a paper in 2019, in its journal ''BMC Emergency Medicine'' due to dubious peer-review process (a herpetologist could have denied the publication of the paper). In August 2020, Springer Nature was reported to have rejected the publication of an article at the behest of its co-publisher, Wenzhou Medical University, from a Taiwanese doctor because the word "China" was not placed after "Taiwan." In July 2020, Springer Nature retracted a paper in the journal ''Society (journal), Society'' due to dubious review process and criticism regarding racism. In November 2021, Springer Nature retracted 44 nonsense papers from the ''Arabian Journal of Geosciences'' after a lapse in the peer review process.


Subsidiaries


Further reading and related


Derk Haank – Springer’s CEO – on Open AccessFact Sheet 2020
(linked PDF)
Fact Sheet Open Access 2020
(linked PDF)
News articles published


See also

* Publishing * Scientific publication


References


External links

* Academic publishing companies Multinational publishing companies Publishing companies established in 2015 Holtzbrinck Publishing Group Springer Science+Business Media, {{Publish-company-stub