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The Spanish National Research Council ( es, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC) is the largest public institution dedicated to research in
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Spain
and the third largest in
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. Its main objective is to develop and promote research that will help bring about scientific and technological progress, and it is prepared to collaborate with Spanish and foreign entities in order to achieve this aim. CSIC plays an important role in scientific and technological policy, since it encompasses an area that takes in everything from basic research to the transfer of knowledge to the productive sector. Its research is driven by its centres and institutes, which are spread across all the autonomous regions. CSIC has 6% of all the staff dedicated to Research and Development in Spain, and they generate approximately 20% of all scientific production in the country. It also manages a range of important facilities; the most complete and extensive network of specialist libraries, and also has joint research units. Significant latest research by CSIC is the
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(TWINS) module, which is a component of NASA's ''InSight'' Mars lander, which landed successfully on November 26, 2018. TWINS will monitor weather at the Mars landing site.


Origins

The CSIC was created in 1939 by the recently victorious Francoist regime from the assets of the ''Junta para la Ampliación de Estudios'' (JAE) (1907–1939), born within the Institución Libre de Enseñanza and inspired in the Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, Krausist philosophy. The initial mandate of the CSIC was to ''restore the classical and Christian unity of the sciences that was destroyed in the 18th century'' ("la restauración de la clásica y cristiana unidad de las ciencias destruida en el siglo XVIII"). From its 1939 foundation to his 1966 death, its head was José María Albareda, one of the first members of the Opus Dei and a close friend of its founder, Josemaría Escrivá. José María Albareda was ordained a priest in 1959, and at his death was succeeded as head of CSIC by Manuel Lora-Tamayo, then the Education minister of Francisco Franco, Franco.


Duties

According to the Statute’s article 5 of CSIC State Agency, the current objectives and functions of the CSIC are: * To carry out scientific and technological research and help to encourage such research, where relevant. * To transfer the results of scientific and technological research to public and private institutions. * To provide scientific-technical services to the General State Administration and public and private institutions. * To boost the creation of technologically based entities and companies. * To help create entities with the ability to oversee the transfer and evaluation of technology. * To train researchers. * To train experts by means of highly specialised courses. * To promote scientific culture in society. * To manage scientific-technical facilities to be used by the scientific research and technological development system. * To participate in international organs and bodies, as requested by the Ministry of Education and Science (the CSIC state agency currently belongs to the Ministry of Science and Innovation). * To participate in national organs and bodies, as requested by the Ministry of Education and Science (the CSIC state agency currently belongs to the Ministry of Science and Innovation). * To participate in designing and implementing the scientific and technological policies of the Ministry of Education and Science (the CSIC state agency currently belongs to the Ministry of Science and Innovation). * To collaborate with other national and international institutions in the promotion and transfer of science and technology, as well as in the creation and development of scientific and technological research centres, institutes and units. * To collaborate with universities in scientific research and technological development activities and in postgraduate education. * To inform, attend and advise public and private entities on science and technology issues. * To train experts in science and technology management. * To collaborate in updating the science and technology knowledge skills of non-university teachers. * To support the execution of the sectorial policies defined by the General State Administration, by preparing technical studies or through applied research activities. * Any other scientific promotion and technological research actions assigned to it by applicable legislation or as commissioned by the Government.


Scientific-technical areas

Its multidisciplinary and multisectorial nature means CSIC covers all fields of knowledge. Its activity is organised around eight scientific-technical areas: * Area 1. humanities and social sciencesin 17 centres * Area 2. biology and biomedical science in 22 centres * Area 3. natural resources in 24 centres * Area 4. Agricultural sciences in 23 centres * Area 5. Physical Science and physical technology in 24 centres * Area 6. Materials science and food technology in 13 centres * Area 7. Food science and food technology in 8 centres * Area 8. Chemical science and chemical technology in 16 centres


Large facilities

CSIC manages the "Singular Scientific and Technological Infrastructures" (ICTS) which are facilities involving relatively high investment and maintenance costs in relation to R&D investment budgets in their field. The science community and society at large can access them, which is justified by their importance and strategic nature, and for this reason they receive each year many national as well as foreign researchers. These large facilities are recognised and supported by the European Union. CSIC administers the following 6 Spanish ICTS facilities: * Calar Alto Observatory, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory * Doñana National Park, Doñana Reserve – Biological Station * BIO Hesperides, Hespérides Oceanic Research Vessel * Juan Carlos I Antarctic Base * Sarmiento de Gamboa Ocean Research Vessel * The Integrated Micro and Nanofabrication Clean Room at the Microelectronics Institute of Barcelona Spain participates in two large European facilities: * European Synchrotron Radiation Facility * Institut Laue–Langevin, Max von Laue-Paul Langevin Institute


Research centres

As of January 2018 CSIC listed 139 specialized research centers carrying out research in the above mentioned eight different fields. * Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo (CABD), Sevilla. * (CABIMER), Sevilla. * Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación no Destructiva (CAEND), Madrid. * Centro de Automática y Robótica (CAR), Madrid. * Spanish Astrobiology Center, Spanish Astrobiology Center (CAB), Madrid. Shared with Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial, INTA * Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CBM), Madrid. * Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CCHS), Madrid. * Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales (CCMA), Madrid. * Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura (CEBAS), Murcia. * Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Blanes (CEAB), Girona. * Centro de Física de Materiales (CFM), San Sebastián). * Centro de Física Miguel Antonio Catalán (CFMAC], Madrid * Centro de Investigación Cardiovascular (CIC), Barcelona. * Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology Research Center, Centro de Investigación en Nanomateriales y Nanotecnología (CINN), Asturias. * Centro de Investigación en Nanociencia y Nanotecnología, (CIN2), Barcelona. * Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Pascual Vila (CID), Barcelona. * Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB), Madrid. * CicCartuja (CICIC), Sevilla. * Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación (CIDE), Valencia, Spain, Valencia. * Centro de Química Orgánica Lora Tamayo (CENQUIOR), Madrid. * Centro de Seguridad y Durabilidad Estructural de Materiales, (CISDEM), Madrid. * Centro de Tecnologías Físicas Leonardo Torres Quevedo (CETEF), Madrid. * Centro Mediterráneo de Investigaciones Marinas y Ambientales (CMIMA), Barcelona. * Centro Nacional de Aceleradores (CNA), Sevilla. * Centro Nacional de Biotecnología (CNB), Madrid. * Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas (CENIM), Madrid. * Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica (CNM), Barcelona. * Consorcio CSIC-IRTA-UAB Centre de Recerca Agrigenomica, (CRAG), Barcelona. * Escuela de Estudios Árabes (EEAA), Granada. * Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos (EEHA), Sevilla. * Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología (EEHAR), Rome, Roma Italia. * Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD), Sevilla. * Estación Experimental Aula Dei (EEAD), Zaragoza. * Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas (EEZA) Almería. * Estación Experimental del Zaidín (EEZ) Granada. * Estación Experimental La Mayora (EELM) Málaga. * Institución Milá y Fontanals (IMF) Barcelona. * Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (IACT), Granada. * Instituto Botánico de Barcelona (IBB), Barcelona. * Instituto Cajal (IC), Madrid. * Instituto de Lengua, Literatura y Antropología (ILLA), Madrid. * Instituto de Acuicultura de Torre de la Sal (IATS), provincia de Castellón, Castellón. * Instituto de Acústica (IA), Madrid. * Instituto Agricultura Sostenible (IAS), Córdoba (España), Córdoba. * Instituto de Agrobiotecnología ([IDAB), Navarra. * Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (IATA), Valencia. * Instituto de Análisis Económico (IAE), Barcelona. * Instituto de Arqueología (IAM), Mérida (España), Mérida. * Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA), Granada. * Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), San Cristóbal de La Laguna, La Laguna. * Instituto de Astronomía y Geodesia (IAG), Granada. * Instituto de Automática Industrial (IAI), Madrid. * Instituto de Biología Evolutiva (IBE), Barcelona. * Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas Eduardo Primo Yúfera (IBMCP), Valencia. * Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular del Cáncer de Salamanca (IBMCC), Salamanca. * Instituto de Biología Molecular de Barcelona IBMB), Barcelona. * Instituto de Biología Molecular Eladio Viñuela (IBMEV), Madrid. * Instituto de Biología y Genética Molecular (IBGM), Valladolid. * Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS). * Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV), Valencia. * Instituto de Biomedicina y Biotecnología de Cantabria (IBBTEC) * Instituto de Bioquímica Vegetal y Fotosíntesis (IBVF) * Instituto de Carboquímica (ICB) * Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica (ICP) * Instituto de Cerámica y Vidrio (ICV) * Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA) * Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona (ICMAB) * Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM) * Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla (ICMS) * Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (ICTAN) * Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros (ICTP) * Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias (ICA) * Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja (IETCC) * Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera (ICTJA) * Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (ICVV), Logroño * Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio (ICE) * Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio (Incipit), Santiago de Compostela. * Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (ICM) * Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía (ICMAN) * Instituto de Ciencias Matemáticas (ICMAT), Madrid * Instituto de Diagnóstico Ambiental y Estudios del Agua (IDAEA) * Instituto de Economía, Geografía y Demografía (IEGD) * Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (IEM) * Instituto de Estudios Documentales sobre Ciencia y Tecnología (IEDCYT) * Instituto de Estudios Gallegos Padre Sarmiento (IEGPS) * Instituto de Estudios Islámicos y del Oriente Próximo (IEIOP) * Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados (IESA) * Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (IFI) * Instituto de Filosofía (IFS) * Instituto de Física Aplicada (IFA) * Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC) * Instituto de Física de Cantabria (IFCA) * Instituto de Física Fundamental (IFF) * Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos (IFISC) * Instituto de Física Teórica (IFTE) * Instituto de Ganadería de Montaña (IGM) * Instituto de Geología Económica (IGE) * Instituto de Gestión de la Innovación y del Conocimiento (INGENIO) * Instituto de Historia (IH) * Instituto de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia López Piñero (IHCD) * Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias de la Alimentación (CIAL) * Instituto de Investigación en Inteligencia Artificial (IIIA) * Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC) * Instituto de Investigaciones Agrobiológicas de Galicia (IIAG) * Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas Alberto Sols (IIB) * Institut de Investigacions Biomèdiques de Barcelona (IIBB) * Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas (IIM) * Instituto de la Grasa (IG) * Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo (ILC) * Instituto de Microbiología Bioquímica (IMB) * Institut de Microelectrònica de Barcelona (IMB-CNM) * Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid (IMN-CNM) * Instituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla (IMS-CNM) * Instituto de Neurociencias (IN) * Instituto de Óptica Daza de Valdés (IO) * Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina López Neyra (IPBLN) * Instituto de Políticas y Bienes públicos (IPP) * Instituto de Productos Lácteos de Asturias (IPLA) * Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiología (IPNA) * Institut de Química Avançada de Catalunya (IQAC) * Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano (IQFR) * Instituto de Química Médica (IQM) * Instituto de Química Orgánica General (IQOG) * Instituto de Recursos Naturales (IRN) * Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Salamanca (IRNASA) * Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología Sevilla (IRNAS) * Instituto de Robótica e Informática Industrial (IRII) * Instituto de Tecnología Química (ITQ) * Instituto del Frío (IF) * Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA) * Instituto Nacional del Carbón (INCAR) * Instituto Pirenáico de Ecología (IPE) * Laboratorio de Investigación en Tecnología de la Combustión (LITEC) * Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG) * Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN) * Observatorio de Física Cósmica del Ebro (OE) * Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Real Jardín Botánico (RJB) * Unidad de Biofísica (UBF) * Unidad de Tecnología Marina (UTM)


Literature

* Carlos Martinez Alonso: ''Re-founding the Spanish National Research Council: New Methods, New Culture'', in: Max-Planck-Forum 7 : Perspectives of Research – Identification and Implementation of Research Topics by Organizations (Ringberg-Symposium Mai 2006), S. 59–70, ISSN 1438-8715 Publications of CSIC include: *''Archivo Español de Arqueología'' (AEspA), founded in 1940


In popular culture

The Spanish National Research Council Headquarters serves as the exterior of Royal Mint (Spain), The Royal Mint of Spain in the Spanish television series ''La casa de papel, La Casa De Papel'', also known by its English title ''Money Heist''.


See also

* Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), the French counterpart to the CSIC * Digital CSIC, the council's online research repository, est. 2008 * Spanish National Cardiovascular Research Centre


References


External links

*
Spanish Ministry of Science and InnovationRevistas CSIC
Scientific journals published by {{Authority control 1939 establishments in Spain Government agencies established in 1939 Science and technology in Spain Scientific organisations based in Spain Government of Spain Research management Government agencies of Spain