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South Yorkshire is a
ceremonial A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, actions, or objects, performed according to a set sequence. Rituals may be prescribed by the traditions of a community, including a religious ...
and
metropolitan county The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as man ...
in
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
. It is the southernmost county in the
Yorkshire and the Humber Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England England is a that is part of the . It shar ...
region and had a population of 1.34 million in 2011. It has an area of and consists of four
metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of districts of England, local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as ...
s,
Barnsley Barnsley () is a large market Market may refer to: *Market (economics) *Market economy *Marketplace, a physical marketplace or public market Geography *Märket, an island shared by Finland and Sweden Art, entertainment, and media Films ...
,
Doncaster Doncaster (, ) is a large minster town in South Yorkshire South Yorkshire is a ceremonial county, ceremonial and metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region and had a population ...
,
Rotherham Rotherham () is a large market Market may refer to: *Market (economics) *Market economy *Marketplace, a physical marketplace or public market Geography *Märket, an island shared by Finland and Sweden Art, entertainment, and media Films * ...
and
Sheffield Sheffield is a and in , England. The name derives from the which runs through the city. It is a part of , although some southern suburbs have been annexed from . It is situated east of , south of and north of . It is the largest settlement ...
. South Yorkshire was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
. Its largest settlement is
Sheffield Sheffield is a and in , England. The name derives from the which runs through the city. It is a part of , although some southern suburbs have been annexed from . It is situated east of , south of and north of . It is the largest settlement ...

Sheffield
. Lying on the east side of the
Pennines The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a more-or-less continuous range of hills and mountains running between three regions of Northern England Northern England, also known as the North of England or simply ...
, South Yorkshire is landlocked, and borders
Derbyshire Derbyshire (; or ) is a county in the East Midlands of England. It includes much of the Peak District, Peak District National Park, the southern end of the Pennines, Pennine range of hills, and part of the The National Forest (England), Nation ...

Derbyshire
to the west and south-west,
West Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan Metropolitan may refer to: * Metropolitan area, a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories * Metropolitan borough, a form of local government district i ...

West Yorkshire
to the north-west,
North Yorkshire North Yorkshire is the largest non-metropolitan county A non-metropolitan county, or colloquially, shire county, is a county-level entity in England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and ...

North Yorkshire
to the north, the
East Riding of Yorkshire The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Riding or East Yorkshire, is a county in Northern England. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, its population was 334,179. The name is traditionally and geographically a reference to the easternmost ...
to the north-east,
Lincolnshire Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs.) is a Counties of England, county in the East Midlands of England, with a long coastline on the North Sea to the east. It borders Norfolk to the south-east, Cambridgeshire to the south, Rutland to the south-w ...

Lincolnshire
to the east and
Nottinghamshire Nottinghamshire (; abbreviated Notts.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chamb ...

Nottinghamshire
to the south-east. The Sheffield Urban Area is the tenth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom, and dominates the western half of South Yorkshire with over half of the county's population living within it. South Yorkshire lies within the
Sheffield City Region The South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority is the combined authority for South Yorkshire in England, with powers over transport (public transport and major trunk roads only), economic development and regeneration. It covers a total area of 3 ...

Sheffield City Region
with Barnsley also being within the
Leeds City Region The Leeds City Region is a city region City region is a term in use since about 1950 by urbanists, economists and urban planners to mean a metropolitan area and hinterland, often having a shared administration. Typically, it denotes a city, conu ...

Leeds City Region
, reflecting its geographical position midway between Yorkshire's two largest cities.
South Yorkshire County Council The South Yorkshire County Council (SYCC) — also known as South Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council — was the top-tier local government authority for the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire from 1 April 1974 to 31 March 1986. A strategic ...
was abolished in 1986 and its metropolitan boroughs are now effectively
unitary authorities A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action created and/o ...
, although the metropolitan county continues to exist in law. As a
ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial counties, are areas of England to which lord-lieutenant, lord-lieutenants are appointed. Lega ...

ceremonial county
, South Yorkshire has a
Lord Lieutenant A lord-lieutenant () is the British monarch's personal representative in each lieutenancy area Lieutenancy areas are the separate areas of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as ...
and a
High Sheriff A high sheriff is a ceremonial officer for each shrieval county of England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England an ...
. South Yorkshire was created from 32 local government districts of the
West Riding of Yorkshire The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire Yorkshire (; abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a Historic counties of England, historic county of Northern England and the larges ...
(the
administrative county An administrative county was a first-level administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar term ...
and four independent
county borough County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity A polity is an identifiabl ...
s), with small areas from Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.


History

Although the modern county of South Yorkshire was not created until 1974, the history of its constituent settlements and parts goes back centuries.
Prehistoric Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's past. It is understood through archaeology, anthropology, genetics, and linguistics, ...

Prehistoric
remains include a
Mesolithic The Mesolithic (Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

Mesolithic
"house" (a circle of stones in the shape of a hut-base) dating to around 8000 BC, found at
Deepcar Deepcar is a village located on the eastern fringe of the town of Stocksbridge, in the electoral ward of Stocksbridge and Upper Don, 7 miles approximately northwest of Sheffield city centre.Ordnance survey. 1:25000. c.2012 Geography The vill ...
, in the northern part of Sheffield. Evidence of even earlier inhabitation in the wider region exists about over the county boundary at
Creswell Crags Creswell Crags is an enclosed limestone Limestone is a common type of carbonate In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger clas ...
in
Derbyshire Derbyshire (; or ) is a county in the East Midlands of England. It includes much of the Peak District, Peak District National Park, the southern end of the Pennines, Pennine range of hills, and part of the The National Forest (England), Nation ...

Derbyshire
, where artefacts and rock art found in caves have been dated by archaeologists to the late
Upper Palaeolithic The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) also called the Late Stone Age is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic or Palæolithic (), also called the Old Stone Age, is a period in human prehis ...

Upper Palaeolithic
period, at least 12,800 years ago. The region was on the frontier of the Roman Empire during the Roman period. The main settlements of South Yorkshire grew up around the industries of
mining Mining is the extraction of valuable mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occu ...

mining
and
steel Steel is an alloy An alloy is an admixture of metal A metal (from Ancient Greek, Greek μέταλλον ''métallon'', "mine, quarry, metal") is a material that, when freshly prepared, polished, or fractured, shows a lustrous appe ...

steel
manufacturing. The main mining industry was coal which was concentrated to the north and east of the county. There were also iron deposits which were mined in the area. The rivers running off the
Pennines The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a more-or-less continuous range of hills and mountains running between three regions of Northern England Northern England, also known as the North of England or simply ...
to the west of the county supported the steel industry that is concentrated in Sheffield, Stocksbridge and Rotherham. The proximity of the iron and coal also made this an ideal place for steel manufacture. Although Christian
nonconformism Nonconformity or nonconformism may refer to: Culture and society * Insubordination, the act of willfully disobeying an order of one's superior *Dissent, a sentiment or philosophy of non-agreement or opposition to a prevailing idea or entity ** O ...
was never as strong in South Yorkshire as in the
mill town A mill town, also known as factory town or mill village, is typically a settlement that developed around one or more mills Mills is the plural form of mill (disambiguation), mill, but may also refer to: As a name *Mills (surname), a common fami ...
s of West Yorkshire, there are still many
Methodist Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist
and
Baptist Baptists form a major branch of Protestantism, Protestant Christianity distinguished by baptizing professing Christianity, Christian believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete Immersion baptism, ...

Baptist
churches in the area. Also, South Yorkshire has a relatively high number of followers of
spiritualism Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living. The afterlife, or the "Spirit world (Spiritualism), spirit world", is s ...
. It is the only county that counts as a full region in the
Spiritualists' National Union The Spiritualists' National Union (SNU) is a Spiritualist organisation, founded in the United Kingdom in 1901, and is one of the largest Spiritualist groups in the world. Its motto is ''Light, Nature, Truth''. Over its history, it has organised t ...
.


Redcliffe-Maud Report

The Local Government Commission for England presented draft recommendations, in December 1965, proposing a new county—York and North Midlands—roughly centred on the southern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire and northern parts of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. The review was abolished in favour of the
Royal Commission on Local Government
Royal Commission on Local Government
before it was able to issue a final report. The Royal Commission's 1969 report, known as the Redcliffe-Maud Report, proposed the removal of much of the then existing system of local government. The commission described the system of administering
urban Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the culture of towns and cities Urban may also refer to: General * Urban (name), a list of people ...
and
rural district#REDIRECT Rural district Rural districts were a type of local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers spe ...
s separately as outdated, noting that urban areas provided employment and services for rural dwellers, and open countryside was used by town dwellers for recreation.Redcliffe-Maud ''et al.'' (June 1969), pp. 219–235. Redcliffe-Maud's recommendations were accepted by the Labour government in February 1970.Redcliffe-Maud and Wood (1975), pp. 46–7, 56, 157. Although the Redcliffe-Maud Report was rejected by the Conservative government after the 1970 general election, there was a commitment to local government reform, and the idea of a metropolitan county of South Yorkshire.


After 1974

The
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
reformed
local government in England The pattern of local government in England is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to the local arrangements. Legislation concerning local government in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, coun ...
by creating a system of two-tier metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties and
district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, counties, several Municipality, municipal ...

district
s throughout the country.HMSO.
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
. 1972 c.70
The act formally established South Yorkshire on 1 April 1974, although
South Yorkshire County Council The South Yorkshire County Council (SYCC) — also known as South Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council — was the top-tier local government authority for the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire from 1 April 1974 to 31 March 1986. A strategic ...
(SYCC) had been running since elections in 1973. The leading article in ''
The Times ''The Times'' is a British Newspaper#Daily, daily Newspaper#National, national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title ''The Daily Universal Register'', adopting its current name on 1 January 1788. ''The Times'' and its s ...
'' on the day the Local Government Act came into effect noted that the "new arrangement is a compromise which seeks to reconcile familiar geography which commands a certain amount of affection and loyalty, with the scale of operations on which modern planning methods can work effectively". South Yorkshire initially had a two tier structure of local government with a strategic-level county council and four districts providing most services. In 1974, as part of the ''South Yorkshire Structure Plan'' of the environment, conservation and land use, South Yorkshire County Council commissioned a public attitudes survey covering job opportunities, educational facilities, leisure opportunities, health and medical services, shopping centres and transport in the county. In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs; joint-boards covering fire, police and public transport; and to other special joint arrangements. The joint boards continue to function and include the
South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive The South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive is the passenger transport executive #REDIRECT Passenger transport executive #REDIRECT Passenger transport executive In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and North ...
. The
South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner The South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner is the police and crime commissioner of the South Yorkshire Police in South Yorkshire. The post was created on 21 November 2012, following an election held on 15 November 2012, and replaced the Sou ...
also oversees
South Yorkshire Police South Yorkshire Police (SYP) is the territorial police force A territorial police force is a police The police are a constituted body of persons A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes ...
. Although the county council was abolished, South Yorkshire remains a
metropolitan Metropolitan may refer to: * Metropolitan area, a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories * Metropolitan borough, a form of local government district in England * Metropolitan county, a type ...
and
ceremonial A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, actions, or objects, performed according to a set sequence. Rituals may be prescribed by the traditions of a community, including a religious ...

ceremonial
county with a Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire and a
High Sheriff A high sheriff is a ceremonial officer for each shrieval county of England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England an ...
.


Geography

The metropolitan county borders
Derbyshire Derbyshire (; or ) is a county in the East Midlands of England. It includes much of the Peak District, Peak District National Park, the southern end of the Pennines, Pennine range of hills, and part of the The National Forest (England), Nation ...

Derbyshire
,
West Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan Metropolitan may refer to: * Metropolitan area, a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories * Metropolitan borough, a form of local government district i ...

West Yorkshire
,
North Yorkshire North Yorkshire is the largest non-metropolitan county A non-metropolitan county, or colloquially, shire county, is a county-level entity in England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and ...

North Yorkshire
, the
East Riding of Yorkshire The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Riding or East Yorkshire, is a county in Northern England. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, its population was 334,179. The name is traditionally and geographically a reference to the easternmost ...
,
Lincolnshire Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs.) is a Counties of England, county in the East Midlands of England, with a long coastline on the North Sea to the east. It borders Norfolk to the south-east, Cambridgeshire to the south, Rutland to the south-w ...

Lincolnshire
and
Nottinghamshire Nottinghamshire (; abbreviated Notts.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chamb ...

Nottinghamshire
. The terrain of the county is mostly distinguished by the Pennines and its foothills which rise in the west of the county and gradually descend into the
Humberhead Levels The Humberhead Levels is a national character area covering a large expanse of flat, low-lying land towards the western end of the Humber estuary in northern England. The levels occupy the former Glacial Lake Humber, an area bounded to the east ...
in the east of the county. Geologically, the county lies largely on the carboniferous rocks of the Yorkshire coalfield in the outer Pennine fringes, producing a rolling landscape with hills, escarpments and broad valleys. In this landscape, there is widespread evidence of both current and former industrial activity. There are numerous mine buildings, former spoil heaps and iron and steel plants. The scenery is a mixture of built up areas, industrial land with some dereliction, and farmed open country. Ribbon developments along transport routes including canal, road and rail are prominent features of the area although some remnants of the pre industrial landscape and semi-natural vegetation still survive. The Pennines in the west of the county are mostly inside the
Peak District National Park Peak or The Peak may refer to: Basic meanings Geology * Mountain peak, see summit A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation The elevation of a geographic Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth ...
and also contain carboniferous rocks, with the underlying geology primarily being millstone grit sandstones of the
Dark Peak The Dark Peak is the higher and wilder part of the Peak District The Peak District is an upland area in England at the southern end of the Pennines The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a more-or-less co ...
rising from the Yorkshire coalfield and the terrain is mostly moorland plateaus and gritstone edges. The inner Pennine fringes between the Dark Peak and Yorkshire coalfield are distinguished by many steep valleys, and a transition from uplands and rural landscape to lowlands and urban landscape towards the east of the county. Major rivers which cross the area are the Dearne, Rother and
Don Don, don or DON and variants may refer to: Places *Don, Benin Don is a town in Benin Benin ( , ; french: Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (french: République du Bénin) (formerly known as Dahomey The Kingdom of Dahomey () ...
. To the east, in the Doncaster area the landscape becomes flatter as the eastward dipping carboniferous rocks of the coalfield are overlain by the lacustrine deposits of the Humberhead Levels. There is very little evidence of glaciation in the area as it lies largely beyond the limit of the last glaciation.


Green belt

South Yorkshire contains
green belt A green belt is a policy and land-use zone designation used in land-use planning Land use planning is the process of regulating the use of land by a central authority. Usually, this is done to promote more desirable social and environmental ...
throughout the county, surrounding its four districts to large extents. It was first drawn up from the 1950s. The western edge of the Sheffield and Barnsley districts directly form with the boundary of the Peak District National Park.


Settlements

The table below outlines many of the county's settlements, and is formatted according to their metropolitan borough. Of these settlements above, South Yorkshire has three main urban areas: the
Dearne Valley The Dearne Valley is an area of South Yorkshire, England, along the River Dearne. It encompasses the towns of Wombwell, Wath-upon-Dearne, Swinton, South Yorkshire, Swinton, Conisbrough and Mexborough, the large villages of Ardsley, South York ...
which covers Barnsley and surrounding area; the Sheffield urban area which covers Sheffield, Rotherham and surrounding area; and the Doncaster urban area which covers Doncaster and surrounding area.


Governance

The
South Yorkshire County Council The South Yorkshire County Council (SYCC) — also known as South Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council — was the top-tier local government authority for the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire from 1 April 1974 to 31 March 1986. A strategic ...
was abolished and its districts effectively became unitary authorities; they are the
City of Sheffield The City of Sheffield is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. The metropolitan borough includes the administrative centre of Sheffield, the town of Stocksbridge and larger village of C ...

City of Sheffield
, the
Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster The Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire in Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. In addition to the large town of Doncaster, the administrative centre of the borough, it includes its suburb, subur ...
, the
Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley The Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley is a metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish fro ...
and the
Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham The Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham is a metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of districts of England, local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Gov ...
. In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs. In practice many functions are jointly administered by joint authorities containing representatives of the four councils. The joint authorities cover fire, police and public transport. In the case of South Yorkshire, these authorities are: *
South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Authority South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue is the statutory fire service in the UK, fire and rescue service for the area of South Yorkshire, England. The service covers the areas of Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. In 2020, Alex Johnson was ap ...
*
South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive The South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive is the passenger transport executive #REDIRECT Passenger transport executive #REDIRECT Passenger transport executive In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and North ...
(the Sheffield City Region Combined Authority is the transport authority) * South Yorkshire Pensions Authority * South Yorkshire Police and Crime Panel These authorities are supported by the
South Yorkshire Joint Secretariat The South Yorkshire Joint Secretariat (SYJS) is a body established to provide support to the four joint authorities that were formed in South Yorkshire following the abolition of the South Yorkshire County Council in 1986. When the county council wa ...
based in
Barnsley Barnsley () is a large market Market may refer to: *Market (economics) *Market economy *Marketplace, a physical marketplace or public market Geography *Märket, an island shared by Finland and Sweden Art, entertainment, and media Films ...

Barnsley
. South Yorkshire is the only metropolitan county in the UK that has established a formal joint secretariat. Although the county council was abolished, South Yorkshire remains a
metropolitan Metropolitan may refer to: * Metropolitan area, a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories * Metropolitan borough, a form of local government district in England * Metropolitan county, a type ...
and
ceremonial A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, actions, or objects, performed according to a set sequence. Rituals may be prescribed by the traditions of a community, including a religious ...

ceremonial
county with a Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire and a
High Sheriff A high sheriff is a ceremonial officer for each shrieval county of England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England an ...
. The
South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority The South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority is the combined authority for South Yorkshire in England, with powers over transport (public transport and major trunk roads only), economic development and regeneration. It covers a total area of 3 ...
was established in 2014 to bring the leaders of the four councils that make up South Yorkshire together on a statutory basis. It is led by the directly-elected Mayor of South Yorkshire. In the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, South Yorkshire voted 62% leave and 38% remain, making it one of the most heavily Leave areas in the country.


Economy

As one of the least prosperous areas in Western Europe, South Yorkshire has been targeted for funding from the
European Regional Development Fund The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) is a fund allocated by the European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also r ...
. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of South Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.


Places of interest

*
Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet is an industrial museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is an institution that Preservation (library and archival science), cares for (conserves) a collection (artwork), collection of artifacts ...
, Sheffield *
Brodsworth Hall Brodsworth Hall, near Brodsworth, north-west of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, is one of the most complete surviving examples of a Victorian era, Victorian English country house, country house in England. It is virtually unchanged since the 186 ...

Brodsworth Hall
and Gardens *
Cannon Hall Cannon Hall is a country house museum located between the villages of Cawthorne Cawthorne is a village and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Barnsley (borough), Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. The ...
Museum, Park & Gardens, Barnsley *
Chapel of Our Lady of Rotherham Bridge Rotherham Bridge crosses the River Don, South Yorkshire, River Don in central Rotherham, South Yorkshire. It is known for its bridge chapel, considered the best preserved in England.David Hey, ''Medieval South Yorkshire'' A document of 1385 ref ...
("Chapel on the Bridge"), Rotherham *
Clifton Park Museum Clifton Park and Museum is a city park and municipal museum located in Clifton Park, Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England. Clifton Park Museum is located in Clifton House and is one of several publicly owned museums and visitor attractions admin ...
, Rotherham *
Conisbrough Castle Conisbrough Castle is a medieval fortification A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is deri ...

Conisbrough Castle
*
Cusworth Hall Cusworth Hall is an 18th-century listed building, Grade I listed country house in Cusworth, near Doncaster, South Yorkshire in the north of England. Set in the landscaped parklands of Cusworth Park, Cusworth Hall is a good example of a Georgian ar ...

Cusworth Hall
*
Doncaster Minster The Minster (church), Minster and Parish Church of St George, Doncaster, also known as Doncaster Minster, is a parish church in the Church of England. It was one of the Greater Churches Network. History The original 12th-century Norman architect ...

Doncaster Minster
*
Doncaster Mansion House Doncaster Mansion House is a Grade I listed building in Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England. It is owned and managed by Doncaster Council, and the venue is used for civic and private functions, including tours, afternoon teas, wedding services, an ...
* Elsecar Steam Railway * Howden Moors *
Kelham Island Museum The Kelham Island Museum is an industrial museum on Alma Street, alongside the River Don, South Yorkshire, River Don, in the centre of Sheffield, England. It was opened in 1982. The site The island on which it is located is man-made, resulting ...
,
Sheffield Sheffield is a and in , England. The name derives from the which runs through the city. It is a part of , although some southern suburbs have been annexed from . It is situated east of , south of and north of . It is the largest settlement ...

Sheffield
*
Magna Science Adventure Centre Magna Science Adventure Centre is an educational visitor attraction, appealing primarily to children, located in a disused steel mill in the Templeborough Templeborough (historically Templebrough) is a suburb of Rotherham Rotherham () is a ...

Magna Science Adventure Centre
*
Meadowhall Centre Meadowhall is an indoor shopping centre A shopping center (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of ...
, Sheffield *
Monk Bretton Priory Monk Bretton Priory is a ruined medieval priory located in the village of Lundwood Lundwood is a village in Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. History Lying about three miles east-north-east of Barnsley town centre, Lundwood takes its name ...
* Pot House Hamlet *
Sheffield Winter Gardens Sheffield Winter Garden in the city of Sheffield Sheffield is a and in , England. The name derives from the which runs through the city. It is a part of , although some southern suburbs have been annexed from . It is situated east of , ...
*
Roche Abbey Roche Abbey is a now-ruined abbey An abbey is a type of monastery A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in Cenobitic monasticis ...

Roche Abbey
*
Rotherham Minster The Minster Church of All Saints or Rotherham Minster is the parish church of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. The Minster is a prominent example of Perpendicular Gothic architecture and various architectural historians have rated it highl ...
*
Rother Valley Country Park The Rother Valley Country Park is a country park in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, close to Rotherham's border with Sheffield and Derbyshire. It covers 3 square kilometres (740 acres), has four artificial lakes, recre ...
* RSPB Old Moor Wetland Centre *Sheffield Cathedral *Ulley Reservoir & Country park *Wentworth Castle & Gardens, Barnsley *Wentworth Woodhouse *Weston Park Museum & Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield *Woodlands, South Yorkshire, Woodlands model village *Worsbrough Mill, Worsborough Mill and Country Park *Wortley Top Forge *Yorkshire Wildlife Park


Notes


External links

*
Images of South Yorkshire
at the English Heritage Archive * {{DEFAULTSORT:South Yorkshire South Yorkshire, Metropolitan counties Metropolitan areas of England Counties of England established in 1974