South Windsor is a town in Hartford County
, United States
. The population was 25,420 at the 2010 census
In 1659, Thomas Burnham
(1617–1688) purchased the tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and East Hartford
from Tantinomo, chief sachem
of the Podunk Indians
Burnham lived on the land and later willed it to his nine children.
Beginning in the middle of the 17th century, a few settlers from Windsor
began using land on the east bank of the Connecticut River
for grazing and farming purposes. By 1700, a number of families had made their homes in the area. In 1768, the residents of the area were allowed to incorporate as the separate town of East Windsor
, though the area was informally referred to as East Windsor before this time. At the time, the town included all of what is now the present-day towns of East Windsor, South Windsor, and Ellington
. Known for its agriculture and ship building, the town of East Windsor, including South Windsor, supplied more than 200 volunteers during the American Revolution
. In 1786, Ellington became an independent town, and South Windsor incorporated as a separate town in 1845. Tobacco
has been a major crop grown in South Windsor since its founding.
(Old) Main Street, located near the Connecticut River and running north to south from the border of East Windsor to that of East Hartford, is the center of the town's historical district. The Wood Memorial Library & Museum and Ellsworth School are located on the street. Minister Timothy Edwards, the namesake of the town's middle school, is buried in a cemetery located on this street. In 1698, Edwards became the first minister for the settlers on the east side of the river, and his church was built on Main Street (in present-day South Windsor). His son, theologian Jonathan Edwards
, was born in South Windsor (at the time still part of Windsor). Ulysses S. Grant
stayed at a home on the street.
The town has become less and less agricultural and rural since 1950. This former farming community has been transformed into a suburban town with industrial and commercial districts. The town's population more than tripled between 1950 and 2000. In the early 1990s, residents mobilized a successful campaign against a proposed nuclear waste
dump located near the East Windsor town line.
On the National Register of Historic Places
* East Windsor Hill Historic District
— Roughly bounded by the Scantic River
, John Fitch Boulevard, Sullivan Avenue, and the Connecticut River, added in 1986
* Elmore Houses
— 78 and 87 Long Hill Road, added in 1985
* Windsor Farms Historic District
— Roughly bounded by Strong Road, U.S. Route 5, Interstate 291, and the Connecticut River, added in 1986
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of , of which is land and , or 2.12%, is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 24,412 people, 8,905 households, and 6,767 families residing in the town. The population density
was 873.1 people per square mile (337.1/km). There were 9,071 housing units at an average density of 324.4 per square mile (125.3/km). The racial makeup of the town was 85.95% White
, 2% African American
, 0.18% Native American
, 3.71% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 0.66% from other races
, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 2.27% of the population.
There were 8,905 households, out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples
living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $73,990, and the median income for a family was $82,807. Males had a median income of $55,703 versus $38,665 for females. The per capita income
for the town was $30,966. About 1.5% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Top employers in South Windsor according to the town's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
Children attending the public school systems in South Windsor begin at the elementary school level (Kindergarten through Grade 5) at one of four elementary schools: Pleasant Valley, Orchard Hill, Philip R. Smith, and Eli Terry, with Wapping now used by the local recreation department, instead of previously running as a school. After graduating from elementary school, students then move on to Timothy Edwards Middle School, for grades 6–8. They also have the choice to go to a magnet school, Two Rivers Magnet Middle School
in East Hartford. They then finish up their schooling at South Windsor High School
. Over 140 students in the 2004, 2005, and 2006 classes have been admitted to the University of Connecticut
Government and politics
South Windsor is governed by a council-manager
form of government. The town manager is appointed by the town council and the leader of the council is designated as the mayor, with a deputy mayor also chosen from amongst the council.
The town council holds its elections every two years, on odd-numbered years. Each party nominates only up to six candidates for the nine town council positions (which are all at-large), and each voter may only vote for up to six candidates from the pool of all candidates nominated by all parties. The top nine vote-getters win seats on the town council; as a result the council always has a 5-4 or 6-3 majority (assuming only two parties are participating), ensuring representation of the minority party.
(1752-1823), post rider, rode from Lexington to Philadelphia to warn about the British
(1974-), National Basketball Association
(1976-), former National Hockey League
*Major Michael Donnelly
(1959-2005), Gulf War veteran and activist
(1976-), actor, voice actor and comedian
(1976-), guitarist for the rock band Quiet Riot
(1995-), musician, member of hip hop group Brockhampton
(1986-), actor/comedian (''Undateable
(1949-), former head coach of the University of Connecticut football team
(1954-1992), member of rock band Toto
(1955-2015), member of rock band Toto
(1957-), member of rock band Toto
(1772-1852), clockmaker, inventor
(1726-1797), signer of the Declaration of Independence
*Town of South Windsor official websiteSouth Windsor Historical Society
Category:Towns in Hartford County, Connecticut
Category:Connecticut populated places on the Connecticut River
Category:Towns in Connecticut