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South East Wales is a loosely defined region of
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...

Wales
generally corresponding to the former counties of
South Glamorgan , Government= South Glamorgan County Council South Glamorgan County Council ( cy, Cyngor Sir De Morgannwg) was the local government authority that administered the county of South Glamorgan , Government= South Glamorgan ...
,
Mid Glamorgan , Government= Mid Glamorgan County Council Mid Glamorgan County Council () was the local authority administering the Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celti ...
and Gwent. Highly urbanised, it includes
Cardiff Cardiff (; cy, Caerdydd ) is the capital city of Wales and a Local government in Wales, county. Officially known as the City and County of Cardiff, it is the United Kingdom's eleventh-largest city and the main commercial centre of Wales. Cardi ...

Cardiff
and
Newport Newport most commonly refers to: *Newport, Wales, UK *Newport, Rhode Island, US Newport or New Port may also refer to: Places Asia *Newport City, Metro Manila, a Philippine district in Pasay Europe Ireland *Newport, County Mayo, a town on ...
as well as large towns in the
South Wales Valleys The South Wales Valleys ( cy, Cymoedd De Cymru) are a group of industrialised peri-urban valleys in South Wales South Wales ( cy, De Cymru) is a loosely defined region of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kin ...
.


Usage and definition

The term South East Wales is used by the
Welsh Government The Welsh Government ( cy, Llywodraeth Cymru) is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved government of Wales. The government consists of ministers, who attend cabinet meetings, and Minister (government), deputy ministers who do not, and als ...
.Wales Assembly Government: statistical information for South East Wales
/ref> In the Wales Spatial Plan, South East Wales is defined for statistical purposes as comprising the
local authorities Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government ...
of
Vale of Glamorgan The Vale of Glamorgan ( cy, Bro Morgannwg ), often referred to as The Vale, is a county borough County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to refer to a borough or a city independent of ...
,
Rhondda Cynon Taff Rhondda Cynon Taf (, RCT, also spelled as Rhondda Cynon Taff) is a Local government in Wales#Principal areas, county borough in the South East Wales, south-east of Wales. It consists of five valleys: the Rhondda Fawr, Rhondda Fach, Cynon, Taff (W ...
,
Merthyr Tydfil Merthyr Tydfil (; cy, Merthyr Tudful ) is the main town in Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Merthyr Tydfil County Borough (; cy, Merthyr Tudful ) has been one of the 22 Local government in Wales, unitary authorities in Wales since 1 April 199 ...
,
Caerphilly Caerphilly (; cy, Caerffili, ) is a town and community (Wales), community in Wales, United Kingdom. It is situated at the southern end of the Rhymney Valley. It is the largest town in Caerphilly County Borough, within the historic borders of G ...
,
Cardiff Cardiff (; cy, Caerdydd ) is the capital city of Wales and a Local government in Wales, county. Officially known as the City and County of Cardiff, it is the United Kingdom's eleventh-largest city and the main commercial centre of Wales. Cardi ...

Cardiff
,
Newport Newport most commonly refers to: *Newport, Wales, UK *Newport, Rhode Island, US Newport or New Port may also refer to: Places Asia *Newport City, Metro Manila, a Philippine district in Pasay Europe Ireland *Newport, County Mayo, a town on ...
,
Blaenau Gwent Blaenau Gwent (; ) is a county borough County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council A county council is the elected administ ...
,
Torfaen Torfaen (; cy, Torfaen ) is a Local government in Wales#Principal areas, county borough in the South East Wales, south-east of Wales. Torfaen is bordered by the county of Monmouthshire to the east, the City status in the United Kingdom, city o ...
,
Monmouthshire Monmouthshire ( cy, Sir Fynwy) is a Local government in Wales#Principal areas, county in the South East Wales, south-east of Wales. The name derives from the Monmouthshire (historic), historic county of the same name; the modern county covers th ...
and
Bridgend Bridgend (; cy, Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr or just , meaning "the end of the (or the main) Old Bridge, Bridgend, bridge on the Ogmore") is a town in Bridgend County Borough in Wales, west of the capital Cardiff and east of Swansea. The river crossed ...
. This area has a population of about 1,430,000 (2007 estimate), just under half the total population of Wales. The South East Wales Biodiversity Records Centre definition of South East Wales includes the whole of the ancient counties of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire, an area which has a population of approximately 2 million (2007 estimate). The Wales Spatial Plan, a national planning policy document revised in 2008, states that the area "largely had a hand and fingers pattern of urban development over the last 150 years, reflecting its major role in the industrial revolution and the rapid expansion of the iron, coal and steel industries initially in the
Heads of the Valleys The A465, the Neath to Abergavenny Trunk Road, is in Wales. The section westwards from Abergavenny is more commonly known as the Heads of the Valleys Road because it links the northern heads of the South Wales Valleys. Approximately following th ...
, then within the
South Wales Valleys The South Wales Valleys ( cy, Cymoedd De Cymru) are a group of industrialised peri-urban valleys in South Wales South Wales ( cy, De Cymru) is a loosely defined region of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kin ...
, then on the
coastal plain A coastal plain is flat, low-lying land adjacent to a sea coast. A fall line A fall line (or fall zone) is the area where an upland region and a coastal plain meet and is typically prominent where rivers cross it, with resulting rapids or water ...
." Wales Spatial Plan 2008, p.125
/ref> The promotion of tourism in South East Wales is the responsibility of Capital Region Tourism, one of four regional tourism partnerships across Wales.Capital Region Tourism
Accessed 26 November 2009
In March 2017, ten local authorities in the region formed the Cardiff Capital Region, following the ratification of a regional
city dealCity Deals are an initiative enacted by the UK Government, UK government in 2012 to promote economic growth and infrastructure while ultimately shifting control of decisions away from the central government to local authorities. City Deals are genera ...
.


Transport

The
M4 motorway The M4, originally the London-South Wales Motorway, is a motorway in the United Kingdom running from west London to southwest Wales. The English section to the Severn Bridge was constructed between 1961 and 1971, and the Welsh element was comp ...
runs through the region, connecting it with
South Wales South Wales ( cy, De Cymru) is a loosely defined region of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Iri ...

South Wales
and
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
. The
A470 road The A470 in Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol C ...
connects
Cardiff Cardiff (; cy, Caerdydd ) is the capital city of Wales and a Local government in Wales, county. Officially known as the City and County of Cardiff, it is the United Kingdom's eleventh-largest city and the main commercial centre of Wales. Cardi ...

Cardiff
on the south coast to
Llandudno Llandudno (, ) is a seaside resort, town and community A community is a social unit (a group of living things) with commonality such as Norm (social), norms, religion, values, Convention (norm), customs, or Identity (social science), identit ...
on the north coast. Mainline rail services run through South East Wales on the
South Wales Main Line The South Wales Main Line ( cy, Prif Linell De Cymru), originally known as the London, Bristol and South Wales Direct Railway or simply as the Bristol and South Wales Direct Railway, is a branch of the Great Western Main Line The Great We ...

South Wales Main Line
towards
Bristol Bristol () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routle ...

Bristol
and
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
. Other national rail services run from Cardiff and Newport to
Birmingham Birmingham ( ) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Ro ...

Birmingham
and
Nottingham Nottingham ( or locally ) is a city status in the United Kingdom, city and Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England. Part of the East Midlands region, it is north of London, south of Sheffield, north ...

Nottingham
on the
Gloucester to Newport Line Gloucester ( ) is a cathedral city and the county town of Gloucestershire in the South West of England. Gloucester lies on the River Severn, between the Cotswolds to the east and the Forest of Dean to the west, east of Monmouth, and east of th ...
and to
Manchester Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguis ...

Manchester
on the Welsh Marches Line. An urban rail network centred on Cardiff operates in the region and is known as
Valley Lines Valleys & Cardiff Local Routes ( cy, Llwybrau Lleol y Cymoedd a Chaerdydd) (formerly Valley Lines) is the Commuter rail in the United Kingdom, network of passenger suburban railway services radiating from Cardiff, Wales. It includes lines within ...
.
Cardiff Airport Cardiff Airport ( cy, Maes Awyr Caerdydd) is the busiest airport in Wales. It has been under the ownership of the Welsh Government since March 2013, operating at an arm's length as a commercial business. Passenger numbers were 1.66 million in ...
is the only international airport in Wales.


See also

*
South Wales South Wales ( cy, De Cymru) is a loosely defined region of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Iri ...

South Wales
*
South Wales Valleys The South Wales Valleys ( cy, Cymoedd De Cymru) are a group of industrialised peri-urban valleys in South Wales South Wales ( cy, De Cymru) is a loosely defined region of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kin ...
*
South West Wales South West Wales is a region In geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Eart ...

South West Wales
*
North East Wales North East Wales ( cy, Gogledd-Ddwyrain Cymru) refers to an regions of Wales, area or region of Wales, commonly defined as a grouping of the Local government in Wales, principal areas of Denbighshire, Flintshire, and Wrexham County Borough in the ...


References

{{Reflist


External links


BBC South East WalesWales Assembly Government: statistical information for South East Wales South East Wales Biodiversity Records Centre South East Wales Transport Alliance Wales.com South East Wales region
Regions of Wales