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The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is a
regional state A regional state or a regionalised unitary state, is a term used to denote a type of state that is formally unitary but where a high degree of political power has been highly decentralised to regional governments. This contrasts with a state organ ...
in eastern
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a in the . It shares borders with and to the north, to the northeast, to the east, to the south, to the west and to the . Ethiopia has a total area of and over ...

Ethiopia
. Its territory is the largest after
Oromia Region The Oromia Region ( om, Oromiyaa) is a regional state in Ethiopia, the homeland of the Oromo people. The capital city of the State of Oromia is Addis Ababa also known as Finfinne. Currently the state consists of List of districts in the Oromia ...
. The regional state borders the Ethiopian states of
Afar
Afar
and
Oromia Oromia ( om, Oromiyaa) is a regional state A regional state or a regionalised unitary state, is a term used to denote a type of state that is formally unitary but where a high degree of political power has been highly decentralised to regiona ...
and the chartered city
Dire Dawa Dire Dawa ( am, ድሬዳዋ, om, Dirre Dhawaa, lit. "Place of Remedy", so, Diridhaba, Diridhabe, meaning "where Dir Dir, dir, or DIR may refer to: Acronyms * ''De Imperatoribus Romanis'', an online biographical encyclopedia of the ...
(Dire Dhawa) to the west, as well as
Djibouti Djibouti, ar, جيبوتي ', french: link=no, Djibouti, so, Jabuuti officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Somaliland in the south, Ethiopia in the southwest, Eritrea in the no ...

Djibouti
and
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
to the north,
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya 𐒍𐒖𐒇𐒂𐒖 𐒋𐒘𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒒𐒕𐒖), also known as Far Soomaali (𐒍𐒖𐒇 𐒘𐒝𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒘, "Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah ...

Somalia
to the east and south; and
Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, Kiswahili, the national language of Kenya ...

Kenya
to the southwest.
Jijiga Jijiga (, am, ጅጅጋ) is a city in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. It became the capital of the Somali Regional State in 1995 after it was moved from Godey. Located in the Fafan Zone with 60 km (37 mi) west of the border with ...

Jijiga
is the capital of the Somali Region. The capital was formerly
Gode Gode ( so, Godey, am, ጎዴ) is a city in the Somali Region The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is a Reg ...

Gode
, until Jijiga became the capital in 1995 on account of political considerations. The Somali regional government is composed of the executive branch, led by the President; the legislative branch, which comprises the State Council; and the judicial branch, which is led by the State Supreme Court.


Overview

The Somali Region formed a large part of the pre-1995 province of
Hararghe Hararghe ( am, ሐረርጌ ''Harärge''; Harari: ሐረርጌይ ''Harärgeyi'', Oromo: Harargee, so, Xararge) was a province of eastern Ethiopia with its capital in Harar Harar ( amh, ሐረር; Gē "the City", om, Harar, ar, هرر) is ...
. The population is predominantly
Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, D ...
, and there have been attempts to incorporate the area into a
Greater Somalia Greater Somalia ( so, Soomaaliweyn 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒓𐒗𐒕𐒒, ar, الصومال الكبرى ''As-Sūmal al-Kubra'') is a concept to unite all ethnic Somalis comprising the regions in or near the Horn of Africa The Horn of Afr ...

Greater Somalia
. In the 1970s, Somalia, supported by the United States, invaded Ethiopia, igniting the
Ogaden War The Ogaden War, or the Ethio-Somali War (), was a military conflict fought between Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''F ...
, which Somalia lost due to timely military intervention from the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
and its ally
Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ...

Cuba
. Despite this defeat, local groups still tried either to become part of Somalia or independent. The 2007
Abole oil field raid The raid on Abole oil exploration facility occurred in the early morning of April 24, 2007, when gunmen of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) attacked the oil exploration facility of Zhongyuan Petroleum Exploration Bureau (ZPEB), a subsidi ...
, in which 72 Chinese and Ethiopian oilfield workers were killed, has led to a series of military reprisals against the rebel group ONLF
Ogaden National Liberation Front The Ogaden National Liberation Front ( abbreviated ONLF, so, Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeeniya; ar, الجبهة الوطنية لتحرير أوجادين) is a grass roots social and political movement, which was founded in 1984, in ord ...
. Until its first-ever district elections in February 2004, Zonal and
woreda Districts of Ethiopia, also called woreda ( am, ወረዳ; om, Aanaalee (plural), Aanaa (singular)), are the third-level of the administrative division of Ethiopia – after ''zones Zone or The Zone may refer to: Places Climate and altitude zo ...
administrators and village chairmen were appointed by the Regional government. Senior politicians at the Regional level nominated their clients to the local government positions. In the 2004 local elections, each woreda elected a council including a spokesman, vice-spokesman, administrator, and vice-administrator. These councils have the responsibility of managing budgets and development activities within their respective districts.


Demographics

Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the
Central Statistical Agency The Central Statistical Agency (CSA; Amharic: ማዕከላዊ ስታቲስቲክስ ኤጀንሲ) is an agency of the government of Ethiopia designated to provide all surveys and censuses for that country used to monitor economic and social growth, ...
of Ethiopia (CSA), the Somali Region has a total population of 7,445,219, consisting of 3,472,490 men and 3,972,729 women; urban inhabitants number 1,489,044 or 20% of the population, a further 5,956,175 or 80% were pastoralists and farmers. With an estimated area of 327,068 square kilometers, this region has an estimated density of 20.9 people per square kilometer. For the entire region 1, 685,986 households were counted, which results in an average for the Region of 6.8 persons to a household, with urban households having on average 6 and rural households 6.5 people. Ethnic groups include
Somalis The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Africa who share a common ancestry, culture and history. The Somali language is the ...
(99.2%),
Amhara Amhara may refer to: * Amhara, Bihar, India * Amhara people, an ethnic group of Ethiopia * Amhara Province, a medieval province of Ethiopia * Amhara Region, an administrative region of modern Ethiopia * Amhara, a subdivision of the former Italian Ea ...
(0.06%),
Oromo
Oromo
(0.46%), foreign-born Somalis (0.20%) and Gurages (0.08%). The population was projected to be 11,748,998 in 2017. There are 8 refugee camps and 1 transit center, housing 212,967 refugees from Somalia, located in Somali Region. In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the region's population was reported to be 5,439,860, of which 2,875,996 were males and 2,563,864 were females. The urban residents of the Somali Region numbered 492,710 households, with an average of 6.6 persons per household; a high sex ratio of 120 males to 100 females was reported. The ethnic groups included Somalis (96.23%), Oromo (2.25%), Amhara (0.69%), and Gurages (0.14%). Somali was the working language and is predominantly spoken within the Region, spoken by 95.9% of the inhabitants. Other major languages included Oromo (2.24%),
Amharic Amharic ( or ; (Amharic: ), ', ) is an Ethiopian Semitic languages, Ethiopian Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic languages, Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. It is spoken as a first language by the Amhara pe ...
(0.92%), and Gurage (0.033%). 98.7% of the population were Muslim, 0.9% Orthodox Christian, and 0.3% are followers of other religions. According to the CSA, , 38.98% of the total population had access to safe drinking water, of whom 21.32% were rural inhabitants and 77.21% were urban. Values for other reported common indicators of the
standard of living Standard of living is the level of income, comforts and services available, generally applied to a society or location, rather than to an individual. Standard of living is relevant because it is considered to contribute to an individual's quality ...
for Somali include the following: 71.8% of the inhabitants fall into the lowest wealth quintile; adult literacy for men is 22% and for women 9.8%; and the Regional
infant mortality rate Infant mortality is the death of young children under the age of 1. This death toll is measured by the infant mortality rate (IMR), which is the probability of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births. The under-five mortalit ...
is 57 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, which is less than the nationwide average of 77; at least half of these deaths occurred in the infants’ first month of life. The region is home to almost all major Somali clan families. The Issa and
Gadabuursi The Gadabuursi (Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered ...
subclans of the
Dir Dir, dir, or DIR may refer to: Acronyms * ''De Imperatoribus Romanis'', an online biographical encyclopedia of the Roman emperors from 27 BC to 1453 AD * Detroit International Riverfront, an area of Detroit, Michigan in the United States * Develop ...
primarily inhabit the northern Sitti zone and the
Awbare Awbare (Amharic Amharic ( or ; (Amharic: ), ', ) is an Ethiopian Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian or Hamito-Semitic or Semi ...
woreda in zone. The
Habr Awal The Habr Awal ( so, Habar Awal, ar, هبر أول, Full Name: Abd al-Raḥmān ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad)''; is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family, and is further divided into eight sub-clans of whom the two largest and mo ...
,
Garhajis The Garhajis ( so, Garxajis, ar, غرحجس , Full Name: ''Al-Qādhī Ismā'īl ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') historically known as the Habar Gerhajis () is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family. They are the traditional holders ...
,
Habr Je'lo The Habr Je’lo, historically known as the Habr Toljaala ( so, Habar Jeclo, ar, هبر جعلو , Full Name: ''Mūsa ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family. The Habr Je'lo played a prominent role ...
and
Arap The Arap or Arab ( so, Arab, ar, أرب, Full Name: ''Muḥammad ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') clan is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family and is the twin of Garhajis (Ismail), according to the clan genealogy. The Arap predominan ...
clans of the
Isaaq The Isaaq (also Isaq, Ishaak, Isaac) ( so, Reer Sheekh Isxaaq, ar, بني إسحاق, Banī Isḥāq) is a Somali clan. It is one of the major Somali clans in the Horn of Africa, with a large and densely populated traditional territory. Perry ...
clan family inhabit the northern part of the region bordering Somaliland, with the
Habr Awal The Habr Awal ( so, Habar Awal, ar, هبر أول, Full Name: Abd al-Raḥmān ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad)''; is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family, and is further divided into eight sub-clans of whom the two largest and mo ...
making up the majority in Harshin woreda as well as making up a significant portion of the population of the Kebribeyah woreda, as well as the lucrative border town of Tog Wajaale. The
Garhajis The Garhajis ( so, Garxajis, ar, غرحجس , Full Name: ''Al-Qādhī Ismā'īl ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') historically known as the Habar Gerhajis () is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family. They are the traditional holders ...
and
Habr Je'lo The Habr Je’lo, historically known as the Habr Toljaala ( so, Habar Jeclo, ar, هبر جعلو , Full Name: ''Mūsa ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family. The Habr Je'lo played a prominent role ...
make up the majority of Awaare and Misrak Gashamo woredas in Jarar zone with a significant presence in the Danot woreda. Subclans of the
Hawiye The Hawiye ( so, Hawiye, ar, بنو هوية, it, Haouia, en, Hawiye) is a one of the largest Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic ...
inhabit the western and southern areas of the region, with the Degodia being the majority in Liben and also having a large presence in Afder, Dollo, Jarar and other zones. Karanle and
Sheekhaal The Sheekhaal (var. Sheikhaal ( ar, شيخال), also known as Fiqi Omar, is a Somali clan. They inhabit Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa ...
are present in the western areas bordering the
Oromia Oromia ( om, Oromiyaa) is a regional state A regional state or a regionalised unitary state, is a term used to denote a type of state that is formally unitary but where a high degree of political power has been highly decentralised to region ...
region and the
Hawadle The Hawadle or Xawaadle ( so, Xawaadle, ar, حوادله, it, Auadleh) are a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of ...
and
Habar Gidir The Habar Gidir (Somali: Habar Gidir, Arabic: هبر جدير) is a major subclan of the Hawiye The Hawiye ( so, Hawiye, ar, بنو هوية, it, Haouia, en, Hawiye) is a major Somali clan. Members of this clan traditionally inhabit centra ...
subclans are present in the Shabelle zone. The closely related
Samaale Samaale, also spelled Samali or Samale ( so, Samaale) is traditionally considered to be the oldest common forefather of several major Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushi ...
subclan of Garre are also present in the Liben zone. Various subclans of the
Darod The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the H ...
clan family primarily inhabit the central and eastern parts of the region, with the
Ogaden Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled ''Ogadēn''; so, Ogaadeen, am, ውጋዴን) is one of the historical names given to the modern Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, የሶማሌ ክልል, a ...
and Jidwaq inhabiting the interior as well as the major towns of
Jijiga Jijiga (, am, ጅጅጋ) is a city in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. It became the capital of the Somali Regional State in 1995 after it was moved from Godey. Located in the Fafan Zone with 60 km (37 mi) west of the border with ...

Jijiga
,
Gode Gode ( so, Godey, am, ጎዴ) is a city in the Somali Region The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is a Reg ...

Gode
, Kebridehar. The
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...

Harti
as well as the
Leelkase The Leelkase or LailkaseUnited Nations Security CouncilLetter dated 21 November 2006 from the Chairman of the Security Council Committee... p. 20 or Lelkase ( so, Laylkase, ar, ليلكسة) (''Hussein bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al J ...
clans inhabit the Dollo zone where they make up the majority while the
Marehan The Marehan ( so, Mareexaan, ar, مريحان, ''Marehan bin Ahmed bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al Jaberti'') is a Somali clan family, part of one of the largest Somali clan-families — the Darod. The clan is one of the largest con ...
clan inhabit the
Shilavo Shilavo ( so, Shilaabo; also spelled "Scilave", "Shelabo") is a town in eastern Ethiopia, in the Korahe Zone of the Somali Region. It is the administrative center of Shilavo (woreda), Shilavo woreda. History Somali military units supported the W ...
woreda and the Liben zone.


Languages

Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, D ...
was spoken by 99.92% of the inhabitants. Other minority languages included Oromo (0.7%), and
Amharic Amharic ( or ; (Amharic: ), ', ) is an Ethiopian Semitic languages, Ethiopian Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic languages, Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. It is spoken as a first language by the Amhara pe ...
(0.1%).


Religion

Sunni
Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or ex ...
accounts for 99.4% of the population, 0.50%
Orthodox Christian Orthodox, Orthodoxy, or Orthodoxism may refer to: Religion * Orthodoxy, adherence to accepted norms, more specifically adherence to creeds, especially within Christianity and Judaism, but also less commonly in non-Abrahamic religions like Neo-pag ...
, and 0.10% are followers of all other religions.


Agriculture

The CSA of Ethiopia estimated in 2005 that farmers in the Somali Region had a total of 1, 459,720 cattle (representing 10.19%% of Ethiopia's total cattle), 1,463,000 sheep (20.66%), 1,650,970 goats (50.02%), 1,291,550 donkey (30.66%), 5,3165,260 camels (96.2%), 154,670 poultry of all species (0.5%), and 5,330 beehives (0.12%). For nomadic inhabitants, the CSA provided two sets of estimates, one based on aerial surveys and the other on more conventional methodology:


Transportation


Ground travel

West from
Addis Ababa Addis Ababa ( am, አዲስ አበባ ' , "new flower"), also known as Finfinne ( om, Finfinne "natural spring") and Sheger ( ', ), is the and largest city of . According to the 2007 census, the city has a population of 2,739,551 inhabitants. ...

Addis Ababa
, Awash 572 km via
Harar Harar ( amh, ሐረር; Gē "the City", om, Harar, ar, هرر) is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia. It is known in Arabic as the City of Wali, Saints ( ar, مدينة الأَوْلِيَاء). Harar is the capital of the East Hararghe Zone ...

Harar
and
Jijiga Jijiga (, am, ጅጅጋ) is a city in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. It became the capital of the Somali Regional State in 1995 after it was moved from Godey. Located in the Fafan Zone with 60 km (37 mi) west of the border with ...

Jijiga
to


Air travel

Somali Regional State has 3 international airport and 2 commercial airports. The international airports are Jijiga Airport,
Gode Airport Gode Airport, also known as Ugas Mirad Airport , is an airport in Gode Gode ( so, Godey, am, ጎዴ) is a city in the Somali Region of Ethiopia Ethiopia (; am, ኢትዮጵያ, , aa, Itiyoophiyaa, gez, ኢትዮጵያ, om , Itooph ...
, and Kabri Dar Airport, The 2 commercial airports are
Dolo Airport Dolo Airport is an airport serving Dolo, Ethiopia, Dolo in Ethiopia. Airport was constructed between 2009 and 2012, and supports UNHCR refugee operations in the area. Airlines and destinations Passenger See also *Transport in Ethiopia * Refe ...
, and Shilavo Airport.


Government


Executive branch

The executive branch is headed by the President of Somali Regional State. The current
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
is Mustafa Muhummed Omer (Cagjar), elected on 22 August 2018. A Vice President of Somali Region succeeds the president in the event of any removal from office, and performs any duties assigned by the president. The current vice president is Adam Farah Ibrahim. The other offices in the executive branch cabinet are the Regional Health Bureau, Educational Bureau, and 18 other officials.


List of presidents of Somali Region


Judicial branch

There are three levels of the Somali region
judiciary The judiciary (also known as the judicial system, judicature, judicial branch, judiciative branch, and court or judiciary system) is the system of court A court is any person or institution, often as a government A government i ...
. The lowest level is the court of common pleas: each woreda maintains its own constitutionally mandated court of common pleas, which maintain jurisdiction over all justiciable matters. The intermediate-level court system is the district court system. Four courts of appeals exist, each retaining jurisdiction over appeals from common pleas, municipal, and county courts in an administrative zone. A case heard in this system is decided by a three-judge panel, and each judge is elected. The highest-ranking court, the Somali Supreme Court, is Somali's "court of last resort". A Seven-justice panel composes the court, which, by its own discretion, hears appeals from the courts of appeals, and retains original jurisdiction over limited matters. The chief judge is called the Chief of Soamli Supreme Court Abdullahi Saed Omar.


Legislative branch

The State Council, which is the highest administrative body of the state, is made up of 269 members.


National politics

Somali is represented by * 6 representatives in The
House of Federation The House of Federation (Amharic Amharic ( or ; (Amharic: ), ', ) is an Ethiopian Semitic language, which is a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian or Hamit ...
( upper chamber) and * 24 representatives in The
House of Peoples' Representatives The House of Peoples' Representatives ( am, የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት, Ye-Hizib Tewekayochi Mikir Bēt) is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ont ...
(
lower chamber A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature divided into two separate Deliberative assembly, assemblies, chambers, or houses, known as a bicameral legislature. Bicameralism is disti ...
)


Administrative zones

Like other Regions in Ethiopia, Somali Region is subdivided into eleven administrative zones and Six Special administrative zones: * Afder Zone * Dollo Zone (formerly Warder) * Erer Zone *
Fafan Zone Fafan ( so, Faafan) is one of nine zones of the Somali Region in Ethiopia. It was previously known as the Jijiga zone, so named after its largest city, Jijiga. Other towns and cities in this zone include Harshin, Kebribayah City, Kebri bayah Woreda, ...

Fafan Zone
(formerly Jigjiga) * Jarar Zone (formerly Degehabur) *
Korahe Zone Korahe ( so, Qoraxeey) is one of eleven Zones of the Somali Region The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is ...
*
Liben Zone Liben zone ( so, Daawa) is one of the nine zones of the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Daawa is bordered on the south by Kenya, on the northwest by the Oromia Region, on the northeast by Afder Zone, Afder, and on the southeast by Somalia's federal stat ...
* Nogob Zone (formerly Fiq) *
Shabelle Zone Shabelle is one of nine Zones of the Somali Region The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is a regional state ...
(formerly Godey) *
Sitti Zone Sitti Zone ( so, Gobolka Sitti), formerly known as Shinile' is one of the nine List of zones of Ethiopia, zones of the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Located at the northwestern point of the Somali Region and stretching across the savanna north of ...
(formerly Shinile) * Degehabur Special Zone (special zone) * (special zone) * Harawo Special Zone (special zone) * Kebri Beyah Special Zone (special zone) * Tog Wajale Special Zone (special zone) The zones are themselves subdivided into List of districts in the Somali Region, districts.


See also

*
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a in the . It shares borders with and to the north, to the northeast, to the east, to the south, to the west and to the . Ethiopia has a total area of and over ...

Ethiopia
* List of airports in Ethiopia *Afar-Somali clashes


References


Further reading

* Tobias Hagmann, "Beyond clannishness and colonialism: understanding political disorder in Ethiopia's Somali Region, 1991- 2004", ''Journal of Modern African Studies'', 43 (2005), 509–536. * Abdi Ismail Samatar (2004): "Ethiopian Federalism: Autonomy versus Control in the Somali Region". ''Third World Quarterly'', Vol. 25/6 * John Markakis (1996): "The Somali in Ethiopia". ''Review of African Political Economy'', Vol. 23, No. 70, pp. 567–570 * John Markakis (1994): "Briefing: Somalia in the New Political Order of Ethiopia". ''Review of African Political Economy'', Vol. 21, No. 59 pp. 71–79


External links


Map of Somali Region at UN-OCHAMap of Somali Region at DPPA of Ethiopia
(PDF file)


Official Website of Ogaden-Somali region of Ethiopia"Ethiopia: Rains pound Somali region as death toll rises" - UN IRIN"Floods plague Horn of Africa, wash away refugee shelters" - UN News
{{Coord, 7.4387305, N, 44.2968750, E, source:nlwiki_region:ET_scale:3200000, format=dms, display=title Somali Region, 1994 establishments in Ethiopia Regions of Ethiopia Somali-speaking countries and territories States and territories established in 1992