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cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
, a slip fielder (collectively, a ''slip cordon'' or ''the slips'') is placed behind the
batsman In cricket, batting is the act or skill of hitting the cricket ball, ball with a cricket bat, bat to score runs (cricket), runs and prevent the dismissal (cricket), loss of one's wicket. Any player who is currently batting is denoted as a batsm ...
on the
off side The off side is a particular half of the field in cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...
of the field. They are placed with the aim of
catching
catching
an edged ball which is beyond the
wicket-keeper The wicket-keeper in the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at e ...
's reach. Many teams employ two or three slips (numbered from the slip fielder closest to the wicket-keeper: first slip, second slip, etc.). A ''floating slip'' is sometimes employed, usually in limited over games, who patrols an area in the slip cordon that would ordinarily be occupied by more than one fielder. The slip cordon's distance from the batsman increases with the pace of the bowler; generally they will be marginally further away from the batsman than the wicket-keeper is. Because of the resulting geometry, spin bowlers generally have fewer slips in the cordon than a fast bowler would in an equivalent game situation. As fielding in the slips requires quick reflexes and sure hands, usually the most adept catchers in the team will make up the slip cordon. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen. Specialist slip fielders are sometimes called "slippers". The term ''slips'' is also used to refer to the area of the field where the slip cordon stands, or nth slip used specifically to refer to one slip fielder's position—e.g., a ball may be described as being edged through third slip if it goes where a third slip would otherwise have been.


Famous slip fielders

With the most catches in test cricket, former Indian captain
Rahul Dravid Rahul Sharad Dravid (; born 11 January 1973) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing te ...

Rahul Dravid
is considered one of the greatest slip fielders of all time.
Mark Waugh Mark Edward Waugh (born 2 June 1965) is an Australian cricket commentator and former international cricketer, who represented Australian cricket team, Australia in Test matches from early 1991 to late 2002, after previously making his One Day ...
would probably be considered the best of all time, with other brilliant exponents of the craft including
Brian Lara Brian Charles Lara, (born 2 May 1969) is a Trinidadian Trinidadians and Tobagonians, colloquially known as Trinis or Trinbagonians, are the people who are identified with the country of Trinidad and Tobago. The country is home to peopl ...
,
Sunil Gavaskar Sunil Manohar "Sunny" Gavaskar (Marathi pronunciation: uniːl ɡaːʋəskəɾ ; born 10 July 1949) is an Indian cricket commentator and former cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat ...
,
Shane Warne Shane Keith Warne (born 13 September 1969) is an Australian cricket commentator and former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are ...

Shane Warne
, Michael Clarke,
Sir Garfield Sobers Sir Garfield St Aubrun Sobers, AO, OCC (born 28 July 1936), also known as Gary or Garry Sobers, is a former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at ...
, Bobby Simpson,
Ian Chappell Ian Michael Chappell (born 26 September 1943) is a former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch wi ...
,
Jacques Kallis Jacques Henry Kallis (born 16 October 1975) is a South African cricket coach and former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of whic ...

Jacques Kallis
,
Brian McMillan Brian Mervin McMillan (born 22 December 1963) played 38 Test cricket, Test matches and 78 One Day Internationals for South Africa cricket team, South Africa from 1991 to 1998. He was rated by many as the best allrounder in the world in the mid-1 ...
, Mark Taylor,
Ricky Ponting Ricky Thomas Ponting (born 19 December 1974) is an Australian cricket coach, commentator, and former cricketer. Ponting was captain of the Australia national cricket team, Australian national team during its "golden era", between 2004 and 2011 ...

Ricky Ponting
,
VVS Laxman Vangipurapu Venkata Sai Laxman (; born 1 November 1974), known as VVS Laxman, is a former Indian international cricketer and a current cricket commentator and pundit. A right-hand batsman known for his elegant stroke play, Laxman played as a mid ...

VVS Laxman
,
Mahela Jayawardene Denagamage Praboth Mahela de Silva Jayawardene ( si, මහේල ජයවර්ධන; born 27 May 1977), usually known as Mahela Jayawardene, is a Sri Lankan cricket coach and former cricketer. Mahela Jayawardene made his Test cricket'' ...

Mahela Jayawardene
,
Stephen Fleming Stephen Paul Fleming (born 1 April 1973) is a former New Zealand cricket coach and former captain of the New Zealand national cricket team New is an adjective referring to something recently made, discovered, or created. New or NEW may refer ...
,
Younis Khan Mohammad Younis Khan ( ps, ; born 29 November 1977) is a Pakistani professional cricket coach and former cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ar ...
and
Matthew Hayden Matthew Lawrence Hayden (born 29 October 1971) is an Australian cricket commentator and former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the ...
,
Sir Ian Botham Ian Terence Botham, Baron Botham, (born 24 November 1955) is an English cricket commentator, member of the House of Lords and a former cricketer who has been chairman of Durham County Cricket Club since 2017. Hailed as one of the greatest all ...
.


Gully

The gully fielder is an extension of the line of slips and fields almost square to the batsman; gully is also the name given to that area of the field. A fielder standing at gully would be standing on the imaginary straight line that extends from the on-side corner of batsman's
popping crease In the sport of cricket, the crease is a certain area demarcated by white lines painted or chalked on the field of play, and pursuant to the rules of cricket they help determine legal play in different ways for the fielding and batting side. They ...
to middle stump towards the slip cordon. The position of ''gully'' was invented in the 1880s by Arthur Jones, who later became England captain, at
Bedford Modern School Bedford Modern School (often called BMS) is a Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference The Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) is an association of the head teacher A head teacher, head instructor, headmaster, headmistre ...
in
Bedford Bedford is a historic market Market may refer to: *Market (economics) *Market economy *Marketplace, a physical marketplace or public market Geography *Märket, an island shared by Finland and Sweden Art, entertainment, and media Films *M ...

Bedford
. It was quickly adopted by EHD Sewell at
Bedford School :''Bedford School is not to be confused with Bedford Girls' School Bedford Girls' School (BGS) is an Independent school (UK), independent school for girls which opened in September 2010 located in Bedford, in the English county of Bedfordshire. ...
and then gained in popularity thereafter.


Off theory

Enticing the batsman to edge and hit a catch to the wicket-keeper or slips is the standard wicket-taking tactic in
off theory Off theory is a tactic in the of . The term ''off theory'' is somewhat archaic and seldom used any more, but the basic tactic still plays a part in modern cricket. Off theory involves concentrating the line of the bowling attack just outside the ...
. To do so, the bowler tries to make the ball deviate off its expected line away from the batsman's body on the off-side.
Outswinger An outswinger is a type of delivery in the sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants an ...
s or
leg cutter frame, Leg-cutter grip for a right handed bowler A leg cutter is a type of delivery (cricket), delivery in the sport of cricket. It is bowling (cricket), bowled by fast bowling, fast bowlers. A bowler releases a normal spin delivery with the wri ...
s, or the standard
leg spinner . Image:slow left arm small.gif, A leg spin or leg break delivery bowled from around the wicket. Leg spin is a type of cricket.html"_;"title="spin_bowling_in_cricket">spin_bowling_in_cricket._A_leg_spinner_bowls_right-arm_with_a_wrist_spin_act ...
are delivery types that have this effect. Unsurprisingly, bowlers bowling these deliveries effectively generally have larger slip cordons than those who are not. On occasion, four or five slips are called for.
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
used seven slips in the first
Test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment), an educational assessment intended to measure the respondents' knowledge or other abilities Arts and entertainment * Test (2013 film), ''Test'' (2013 film), an American film * Test ( ...
against
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
in
Jamaica Jamaica (; ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or ...

Jamaica
in 2004;
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
went further and used the maximum of nine slips against
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individ ...
's lower order batsmen in a
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
in 2001 (the two non-slips fieldsmen in this example were the wicket-keeper and the bowler).


Leg slip

A fielder in the equivalent position on the
on side The leg side, or on side, is defined to be a particular half of the field used to play the sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skill ...
of the wicket-keeper is known as a leg slip; this is considerably less common than the off-side slip, and for a team to employ more than one leg slip is highly unusual. It is illegal, under Law 41.5, to have more than two fielders in the area between square leg and long stop, to prevent the fielding team from making use of
bodyline Bodyline, also known as fast leg theory bowling, was a cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in whic ...

bodyline
tactics. Writing in ''
The Cricketers of My Time ''The Cricketers of My Time'' is a memoir of cricket, nominally written by the former Hambledon Club, Hambledon cricketer John Nyren about the players of the late 18th century, most of whom he knew personally. Nyren, who had no recognised literary ...
'' (1833),
John Nyren John Nyren (15 December 1764 – 30 June 1837) was an English cricketer and author. Nyren made 16 known appearances in first-class cricket from 1787 to 1817. He achieved lasting fame as the author of ''The Cricketers of My Time'', which was first ...
of Hambledon hints at the origin of the word "slips" when he describes the function of a long stop as a fielder who is required to cover any slips from the bat, both to the leg and the off-side.


References

*''The Cricket Captains of England'' by
Alan Gibson Norman Alan Stewart Gibson (28 May 1923 – 10 April 1997) was an English journalist, writer and radio broadcaster, best known for his work in connection with cricket, though he also sometimes covered Football (soccer), football and rugby union. ...
, {{Cricket positions Fielding (cricket) Cricket terminology Partial squatting position