HOME

TheInfoList




A sixth form college is an educational institution, where students aged 16 to 19 typically study for advanced school-level qualifications, such as
A Levels#REDIRECT A-Level The A Level (Advanced Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education, as well as a school leaving qualification offered by the educational bodies in the United Kingdom and the ...
,
Business and Technology Education Council The Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC) is a provider of secondary Secondary is an adjective meaning "second" or "second hand". It may refer to: * Secondary (chemistry), term used in organic chemistry to classify various types of co ...
(BTEC) and the
International Baccalaureate Diploma The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) is a two-year educational programme primarily aimed at 16-to-19-year-olds in 140 countries around the world. The programme provides an internationally accepted qualification for entry int ...
, or school-level qualifications such as
General Certificate of Secondary Education The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification in a particular subject, taken in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders ...
(GCSE) examinations. In Singapore and India, this is known as a
junior college A junior college (sometimes referred to colloquially as a juco or JuCo) is a post-secondary Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of f ...
. The municipal government of the city of Paris uses the phrase 'sixth form college' as the English name for a
lycée In France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and Overseas France, several overseas regions and territori ...

lycée
. In England and the Caribbean, education is currently compulsory until the end of Year 13, the school year in which the pupil turns 18.Previously in England, education was compulsory only until Year 11 before August 2013 and until year 12 between August 2013 and 2015.Education and Skills Act 2008
Office of Public Sector Information.
In the English state educational system, pupils may either stay at a secondary school with an attached
sixth form In the education systems of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east ...
, transfer to a local sixth form college, or go to a more vocational
further education college Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a s ...
, although in some places there may in practice be little choice which of these options can be taken. Some places only provide
tertiary collegeIn England and Wales, a tertiary college is a type of further education (FE) college that offers both academic and vocational courses to both youngsters and adults, combining the main functions of an FE college and a sixth form college. Unlike a si ...
s, a "combination" between sixth form and further education colleges. In the independent sector, sixth forms are an integral part of secondary schools ( public schools), and there is also a number of smaller-scale independent sixth form colleges. In Wales, education is only compulsory until the end of year 11. Students at sixth form college typically study for two years (known as Years 12 and 13 – Years 13 and 14 in Northern Ireland – or lower sixth and upper sixth). Some students sit AS
examination Examination may refer to: * Physical examination, a medical procedure * Questioning and more specific forms thereof, for example in law: ** Cross-examination ** Direct examination * Test (assessment), informally "exam", "exams", "evaluation" ** Civ ...
s at the end of the first year, and
A-level#REDIRECT A-Level The A Level (Advanced Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education, as well as a school leaving qualification offered by the educational bodies in the United Kingdom and the ...
examinations at the end of the second. These exams are called C.A.P.E. (Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examination) in the Caribbean. In addition, in recent years a variety of
vocational A vocation () is an job, occupation to which a person is especially drawn or for which they are suited, trained, or qualified. People can be given information about a new occupation through student orientation. Though now often used in non-religi ...
courses have been added to the curriculum. There are currently over 90 sixth form colleges in
England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east and the to the south. The country cover ...

England
and
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...

Wales
. Most of these perform extremely well in national examination league tables. In addition, they offer a broader range of courses at a lower cost per student than most school sixth forms. In a few areas, authorities run sixth form schools which function like sixth form colleges but are completely under the control of the local education authorities. Unlike further education colleges, sixth form colleges rarely accept part-time students or run evening classes, although one boarding sixth form college exists,
Peter Symonds College Peter Symonds College is a sixth form college Shrewsbury Sixth Form College in Shropshire A sixth form college is an educational institution, where students aged 16 to 19 typically study for advanced school-level qualifications, such as GCE Ad ...

Peter Symonds College
, which takes
Falkland Islands The Falkland Islands (; es, Islas Malvinas, ) are an archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece ...

Falkland Islands
students for sixth form.


Brunei

There are a few schools in
Brunei Brunei ( ; ), officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace ( ms, Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi alphabet, Jawi: ), is a sovereign state, country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coa ...

Brunei
providing
sixth form In the education systems of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east ...
education. Five of them are dedicated sixth form colleges, with four located in
Brunei-Muara District ) , leader_name = Awang Misle bin Haji Abdul Karim , leader_title1 = Deputy District Officer(''Timbalan Ketua Pegawai Daerah'') , leader_name1 = Awang Mohamad Yassin bin Haji Ahmed , total_type = Brun ...
and one in
Tutong District Tutong District () or simply Tutong is one of the four districts of Brunei District, Districts () are the principal Administrative divisions of Brunei, administrative divisions of Brunei. The country is divided into four districts, consisting ...
. Belait has yet to have its own sixth form centre and sixth form education is presently housed in Sayyidina Ali Secondary School, sharing facilities with the secondary education. There is no sixth form education in
Temburong) , leader_name = Pengiran Muhammad Ameer Mubaarak bin Pengiran Haji Hashim , leader_title2 = Deputy District Officer(''Timbalan Ketua Pegawai Daerah'') , leader_name2 = - , area_total_km2 ...
– prospective students go to sixth form colleges in Brunei-Muara where they may stay in dormitories. Almost all sixth form schools are government schools. Five of them provide education leading up to Brunei-Cambridge GCE A Level qualification.
Jerudong International School Jerudong International School (Abbreviation, Abbrev: ) is a co-educational, boarding and day school in Brunei, Southeast Asia. It has over 1680 students - of which around 200 are boarding students. Less than 50% of its student body are Bruneians, ...
is a non-government school which has sixth form education and its A Level is independent of those offered by its counterpart. Along with
International School Brunei International School Brunei (ISB) is an international school An international school is a school A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "p ...
which offers the program
International Baccalaureate Diploma The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) is a two-year educational programme primarily aimed at 16-to-19-year-olds in 140 countries around the world. The programme provides an internationally accepted qualification for entry int ...
instead of A Levels after the completion of
International General Certificate of Secondary Education The International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) is an English language English is a of the , originally spoken by the inhabitants of . It is named after the , one of the ancient that migrated from , a peninsula on ...
in their lower secondary year. Another school,
Hassanal Bolkiah Boys' Arabic Secondary School Hassanal Bolkiah Boys' Arabic Secondary School (, abbreviated as ''SMALHB''; ) is a government Madrasa, Arabic religious school located in Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei. It is the only institution providing the equivalent of Sixth form ...
, is a government sixth form centre for students in the specialised Arabic stream. Instead of A Level subjects, students generally learn subjects pertaining to Islamic knowledge in Arabic medium. The schooling culminates in the sitting of ''Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Ugama Brunei (STPUB)'', translatable as the Higher Certificate of Brunei Religious Education. They may then proceed to Islamic universities, locally or abroad such as
Al-Azhar University Al-Azhar University ( ; ar, 1=جامعة الأزهر (الشريف), , "the (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital and larges ...
.


Caribbean

In the English-speaking Caribbean, there are many sixth form colleges, usually attached to secondary schools. Students must usually attain a grade A-C in 1–3 in the
Caribbean Examinations Council The Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) is an examination board in the Caribbean. It was established in 1972 under agreement by the participating governments in the Caribbean Community to conduct such examinations as it may think appropriate a ...
(C.X.C) CSEC examinations before proceeding onto the sixth form to sit the CAPE examinations. Students that fail these exams are not accepted into the sixth form program and can do either: courses in other further education facilities, or begin work with high school degrees.


United Kingdom


England

The first comprehensive intake sixth form college in
England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east and the to the south. The country cover ...

England
was established in 1966 in Luton, Bedfordshire;
Luton Sixth Form College Luton () is a large town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. O ...
took its first intake of students in September that year. Since then sixth form colleges have spread across England and have proved popular with students, their parents, and other groups in the community. By the start of 1976, 22 non-metropolitan counties had sixth forms, totalling 68 colleges; three of these counties had
tertiary collegeIn England and Wales, a tertiary college is a type of further education (FE) college that offers both academic and vocational courses to both youngsters and adults, combining the main functions of an FE college and a sixth form college. Unlike a si ...
s. From 1991, sixth form colleges were permitted to provide some vocational courses approved by BTEC. Until 1992, these colleges were controlled and funded by local education authorities (LEAs), but the
Further and Higher Education Act 1992 The Further and Higher Education Act 1992 made changes in the funding and administration of further education and higher education within England and Wales, with consequential effects on associated matters in Scotland which had previously been go ...
transferred all institutions within the sector to the
Further Education Funding Council for EnglandThe Further Education Funding Council for England (FEFC) was a non-departmental public body of the Department for Education and Skills (United Kingdom), Department for Education and Skills which distributed funding to Further Education and Sixth Form ...
(FEFC), a national agency with strategic responsibility for the operation of general further education (FE) colleges. This effectively made them legislatively indistinguishable from further education colleges. Later the FEFC's functions were taken over by the
Learning and Skills Council The Learning and Skills Council (LSC) was a non-departmental public body In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' ...
(LSC), a reorganisation that included changes in the funding and supervision of sixth form colleges. These colleges take responsibility for their own employment, pensions and pay arrangements with the support and advice of the Sixth Form Colleges' Association (SFCA, formerly SFCF). The SFCA is made up of representative principals from SFCs across the UK. The SFCA sets up several committees to deliver its range of support services for SFCs as well as facilitating lobbying work with the central government. Colleges for the most part do not charge full-time daytime students; however, adult students (most of whom attend evening classes) may have to pay a fee (for examinations, tutors' time and other costs). There are also some sixth form colleges in the independent sector, specialising in A levels for which fees are paid; these are unconnected with the SFCA.
Ofsted The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills (Ofsted) is a non-ministerial department Non-ministerial government departments (NMGDs) are a type of department of the Government of the United Kingdom that deal with matte ...
statistics from 2006/2007 show that sixth form colleges have a higher amount of "Outstanding" judgments compared to school sixth forms and further education colleges.https://dera.ioe.ac.uk/9256/1/A%20comparison%20of%20the%20effectiveness%20of%20level%203%20provision%20in%2025%20post-16%20providers.pdf


Scotland

Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...

Scotland
does not, in general, have separate sixth form colleges (or, indeed, the same concept of the terminal two years of secondary education as being distinct from the other time spent there); as such, Scottish students who opt to remain in full-time education will typically remain in the same school for fifth and sixth year (the equivalent to the English lower- and upper-sixth forms), studying
Higher Grade In the Scottish secondary education system, the Higher () is one of the national school-leaving certificate exams and university entrance qualifications of the Scottish Qualifications Certificate (SQC) offered by the Scottish Qualifications Au ...
and
Advanced Higher The Advanced Higher is an optional qualification which forms part of the Scottish secondary education system brought in to replace the Certificate of Sixth Year Studies (CSYS). The first certification of Advanced Higher was in 2001. It is normally t ...
qualifications. Higher Grade qualifications can be taken in both the fifth and sixth years.


Wales

In
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...

Wales
, sixth form education falls under the remit of the
Senedd The Senedd (; ), officially known as the Welsh Parliament in English language, English and () in Welsh language, Welsh, is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved, unicameral legislature of Wales. A democratically elected body, it makes ...

Senedd
(the Welsh Parliament), and sixth form colleges are sources of further education alongside FE colleges and sixth forms integrated into secondary schools. They typically offer the
Welsh Baccalaureate The Welsh Baccalaureate or Welsh Bacc ( cy, Bagloriaeth Cymru), is an educational qualification delivered in secondary schools and colleges across Wales. The Welsh Government says that it gives broader experiences than traditional learning prog ...
and
Key Skills The Key Skills Qualification is a frequently required component of 14-20 education in England, Northern Ireland and Wales. The aim of Key Skills is to encourage learners to develop and demonstrate their skills as well as learn how to select and appl ...
qualifications.


See also

*
College A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in rel ...
or
CEGEP A CEGEP ( or ; ), also written cégep, CÉGEP and cegep, is a Public school (government funded), publicly funded College education in Quebec, college providing technical, academic, vocational or a mix of programs; they are exclusive to the provi ...
(an equivalent in the Canadian province of
Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...

Quebec
) *
Junior College A junior college (sometimes referred to colloquially as a juco or JuCo) is a post-secondary Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of ...
(the equivalent in the Indian Education System) *
Junior College A junior college (sometimes referred to colloquially as a juco or JuCo) is a post-secondary Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of ...
in Singapore * Sixth form colleges in Hong Kong * Sixth form colleges in the United Kingdom *
Senior Secondary College
Senior Secondary College
(an equivalent in
Tasmania Tasmania (), abbreviated as TAS, is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atol ...
) *
United World Colleges UWC (or the United World Colleges) is a global network of schools and educational programmes with the shared mission of “making education a force to unite people, nations and cultures for peace and a sustainable future”. The organization was f ...
(International Baccalaureate university preparatory 2-year schools with deliberate multinational enrolment)


Notes


References

{{Education in the United Kingdom
Sixth form college A sixth form college is an educational institution, where students aged 16 to 19 typically study for advanced school-level qualifications, such as A Levels#REDIRECT A-Level The A Level (Advanced Level) is a subject-based qualification conferre ...
High schools and secondary schools