Simon Schwartzman (born July 1939 in
Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte (, ; "Beautiful Horizon") is the List of largest cities in Brazil, sixth-largest city in Brazil, with a population around 2.7 million and with a metropolitan area of 12.7 million people. It is the List of cities in South Americ ...

Belo Horizonte
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 mill ...

) is a Brazilian
social scientist Social science is the branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist o ...

social scientist
. He has published extensively, with many books, book chapters and academic articles in the areas of
comparative politics Comparative politics is a field in political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also sp ...
sociology of science Sociology is a social science Social science is the branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of ...
social policy Social policy is a plan or action of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine' ...
, and
education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion ...

. In 1996, Schwartzman was awarded the ''Grand Cross'' of the
Brazilian Order of Scientific Merit The National Order of Scientific Merit ( pt, Ordem Nacional do Mérito Científico) is an honor bestowed upon Brazilian and foreign personalities recognized for their scientific and technical contributions to the cause and development of science in ...
for his contributions to the cause and development of science in Brazil. In recent years, Schwartzman has written extensively on issues related to brain drain and brain circulation in the academic world, the Affirmative Action program in Brazilian higher education, and equity in education. He has been part of international teams of experts convened by
OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to st ...

The World Bank The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organization An international organization (also known as an international institution or intergovernmental organization) is a stable set of norms and rules meant to govern the b ...
to advise governments on higher education, science and technology policies.


Schwartzman received his BA in Sociology, Political Science and Public Administration from the Federal University of Minas Gerais. He received an MA in sociology from the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) in Santiago, Chile. He achieved his Doctor of Philosophy, Ph.D. in political science at the University of California, Berkeley.


He is a member of the Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Brazilian Academy of Sciences and associate researcher at the Institute for Studies in Economic Policy [Instituto de Estudos de Política Econômica / Casa das Garças - Rio de Janeiro. He was a professor of sociology and political science at the Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro, the University of São Paulo and the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Between 1994 and 1998 he was president of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) Schwartzman is or was also a member of the advisory boards of several institutions, including the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and The Edelstein Center for Social Research and of several journals, including ''Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences''; ''[Dados - Revista de Ciências Sociais'']; ''Education Policy Analysis Archives''; ''Science, Technology and Human Values''; ''Nova Economia'' and ''Teoria e Sociedad''.

Collected texts of Simon Schwartzman

Collected texts of Simon Schwartzman is a digital collection of Schwartzman's books at the Internet Archive. This collection contains over 900 books.

Select bibliography

''Where the book exists in multilingual editions, English information is given first.'' * Schwartzman, S. "Falso Mineiro: "Memórias da Política, Ciência, Educação e Sociedade". Rio de Janeiro, Intrínseca / História Real, 2021. * Schwartzman, S. and Edmar Bacha, José Murilo de Carvalho, Joaquim Falcão, Marcelo Trindade e Pedro Malan, "130 Anos: Em Busca da República. Rio de Janeiro, Editora Intrínseca, 2019. * Schwartzman, S. "Educação média profissional no Brasil: situação e caminhos". São Paulo: Fundação Santillana, 2016. * Schwartzman, S. (editor), "Higher Education in Latin America and the challenges of the 21st century", Springer / Editora da Unicamp, 2020. * Schwartzman, S. "A Educação Superior na América Latina e os Desafios do Século XXI", Editora Unicamp, 2015. * Schwartzman, S. and Rómulo Pinheiro, and Pundy Pillay. "Higher Education in the BRICS Countries - Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society. Dordrecht: Springer, 2015. * Schwartzman, S. "A Via Democrática -  Como o desenvolvimento econômico e social ocorre no Brasil". Rio de Janeiro, Campus - Elsevier. * Schwartzman, S. and C.M. Castro. ''Reforma da Educação Superior: uma visão crítica.'' Brasília: Funadesp, 2005. * Schwartzman, S. and Micheline Christophe. ''A sociedade do conhecimento e a educação tecnológica.'' Brasília: Senai - Departamento Nacional, 2005. * Schwartzman, S. and C. Brock, editors. ''The Challenges of Education in Brazil.'' Oxford: Symposium Books, 2004. (Brazilian edition: ''Os desafios da educação no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Nova.'' Fronteira, 2005.) * Schwartzman, S. ''Pobreza, exclusão social e modernidade: uma introdução ao mundo contempporâneo.'' São Paulo: Augurium Editora, 2004. * Schwartzman, S. ''As Causas da Pobreza.'' Rio de Janeiro: Editora FGV, 2004. * Schwartzman, S. and J.B.A.E. Oliveira. '' A Escola Vista por Dentro.'' Belo Horizonte: Alfa Educativa Editora, 2002. * Schwartzman, S. ''Trabalho Infantil no Brasil.'' Brasília: Organização Internacional do Trablho, 2001. * Schwartzman, S.''The Future of Education in Latin America and the Caribbean.'' Santiago: UNESCO - - Santiago, 2001. * Schwartzman, S. ''A Space for Science: The Development of the Scientific Community in Brazil.'' Pittsburgh: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991. (Brazilian 2nd edition: ''Um Espaço para a Ciência - a formação da comunidade científica no Brasil.'' Brasília: Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia, Centro de Estudos Estratégicos, 2001. 1st edition published in 1979.) * Schwartzman, S., H.M.B. Bomeny, and V.M.R. Costa. ''Tempos de Capanema.'' 2. ed. São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro: Editora Paz e Terra e Fundação Getúlio Vargas, 2000. (1st edition published in 1994.) * Schwartzman, S. ''A Redescoberta da Cultura''. São Paulo: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo, 1997. * Schwartzman, S. ''America Latina universidades en transición.'' Washington, DC: Organização dos Estados Americanos, 1996. * Schwartzman, S., E. Krieger, C.O. Bertero, and F. Galembeck, editors. ''Science and Technology in Brazil: a New Policy for a Global World.'' Rio de Janeiro: Editora da Fundação Getúlio Vargas, 1995. (Brazilian: ''Ciência e tecnologia no Brasil: uma nova política para um mundo global. Vol 2:. política industrial, mercado de trabalho e instituições de apoio.'' Rio de Janeiro: Editora da Fundação Getúlio Vargas, 1995.) 3 volumes. * Schwartzman, S. ''Bases do Autoritarismo Brasileiro.'' Rio de Janeiro: Editora Campus, 1982. * Schwartzman, S. ''Ciência, Universidade e Ideologia: A Política do Conhecimento.'' Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editores, 1980. * Schwartzman, S. ''São Paulo e o Estado Nacional.'' São Paulo: Difusão Européia do Livro, 1975.


External links

Simon Schwartzman's personal page/Academia Brasileira de Ciências/ Academic Curriculum
* https://archive.org/details/simonschwartzman / collected texts of Simon Schwartzman {{DEFAULTSORT:Schwartzman, Simon Brazilian sociologists 1939 births Living people Recipients of the Great Cross of the National Order of Scientific Merit (Brazil) Brazilian Jews