''Shoplifters'' () is a 2018 Japanese drama film
directed, written and edited by Hirokazu Kore-eda
. Starring Lily Franky
and Sakura Ando
it is about a non-biological family that relies on shoplifting
to cope with a life of poverty.
Kore-eda wrote the screenplay contemplating what makes a family,
and inspired by reports on poverty and shoplifting in Japan.
Principal photography began in mid-December 2017.
''Shoplifters'' premiered on 13 May 2018 at the Cannes Film Festival
where it won the Palme d'Or
The film was released in Japan on 8 June 2018 and was a critical and commercial success. ''Shoplifters'' won three Mainichi Film Award
s, including Best Film
and the Asia Pacific Screen Award for Best Feature Film
and was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the Oscars
and the Golden Globes
In Tokyo, a group lives in poverty: Osamu, a day laborer
forced to leave his job after twisting his ankle; his wife Nobuyo, who works for an industrial laundry service; Aki, who works at a hostess club
; Shota, a young boy; and Hatsue, an elderly woman who owns the home and supports the group with her deceased husband's pension.
Osamu and Shota routinely shoplift goods, using a system of hand signals to communicate. Osamu tells Shota it is fine to steal things that have not been sold, as they do not belong to anyone. One cold night, they see Yuri, a neighborhood girl they regularly observe locked out on an apartment balcony. They bring her to their home, intending to only have her stay for dinner, but choose not to return her after finding evidence of abuse
Yuri bonds with her new family and learns to shoplift from Osamu and Shota. Osamu urges Shota to see him as his father and Yuri as his sister, but Shota is reluctant. The family learns on television that after almost two months police are investigating Yuri's disappearance, during which time her birth parents never reported her missing. The family cuts her hair, burns her old clothes, and gives her a new name: Lin.
Hatsue visits her husband's son from an affair, from whom she regularly receives money. The son and his wife are Aki's parents, who lie that their daughter is living in Australia. The family visits the beach and Hatsue expresses contentment that she will not die a lonely death. At home, she dies in her sleep. Osamu and Nobuyo bury her under the house and continue to collect her pension without reporting her death.
Osamu steals a purse from a car. Shota is uneasy, feeling this theft breaks their moral code. Shota recalls joining the family after Osamu and Nobuyo found him in a locked car. Increasingly guilt-ridden about teaching Yuri to steal, Shota interrupts her theft by stealing fruit from a grocery store in view of the staff. Cornered, he jumps from a bridge and breaks his leg.
Shota is hospitalised and detained. Osamu and Nobuyo attract the attention of the police and are caught after attempting to flee with Yuri and Aki. The authorities discover Yuri and the death of Hatsue and tell Shota that the family was going to abandon him. They inform Aki that Osamu and Nobuyo previously killed Nobuyo's abusive husband in a crime of passion
and that Hatsue was receiving money from Aki's parents.
Nobuyo takes the blame for the crimes and is sentenced to prison. Shota is placed in an orphanage. Osamu and Shota visit Nobuyo in prison, and she gives Shota details of the car they found him in so he can search for his birth parents. Shota stays overnight with Osamu against the orphanage's rules. Osamu confirms that the family intended to abandon him and that he can no longer be his father.
The next morning, as he is about to depart, Shota says that he allowed himself to be caught. Osamu chases Shota's bus; Shota looks back and finally acknowledges Osamu as his father. Yuri is returned to her birth parents, who continue to neglect her.
Director Hirokazu Kore-eda
said that he developed the story for ''Shoplifters'' when considering his earlier film ''Like Father, like Son
'', with the question "What makes a family?"
He had been considering a film exploring this question for 10 years before making ''Shoplifters''. Kore-eda described it as his "socially conscious" film. With this story, Kore-eda said he did not want the perspective to be from only a few individual characters, but to capture "the family within the society", a "wide point of view" in the vein of his 2004 film ''Nobody Knows
He set his story in Tokyo
and was also influenced by the Japanese Recession
including media reports of how people lived in poverty and of shoplifting.
To research the project, Kore-eda toured an orphanage and wrote a scene inspired by a girl there who read from ''Swimmy'' by Leo Lionni
. Kore-eda said,
and Sakura Ando
joined the cast before principal photography
began in mid-December 2017.
s Sasaki Miyu and Jyo Kairi were cast for their first film.
, Chizuru Ikewaki
and Yūki Yamada
joined the cast in February. It was also one of the last films Kirin Kiki
appeared in before her death in 2018.
Production began in December 2017, with Fuji Television Network
, Gaga, and AOI Pro producing.
Cinematographer Kondo Ryuto used 35 mm film
with an Arricam
ST, aware 35 mm was a preference of Kore-eda's and also seeking the right texture and grain
for the story.
With Gaga Corporation as its distributor,
the film was selected to screen at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival
, where it went on to win the Palme d'Or
. In Japan, it was scheduled for release on 8 June 2018.
also obtained the rights to distribute the film in North America. On 23 May 2018, Thunderbird Releasing
acquired the UK distribution rights, while Road Pictures secured the rights to distribute it in China.
The film grossed () in Japan by the end of 2018, making it the fourth highest-grossing domestic film of the year
and the second highest-grossing Japanese live-action film
of the year (after ''Code Blue
In China, the film grossed ,
in what ''The Hollywood Reporter
'' called "an unprecedentedly strong performance for an imported pure arthouse drama". ''Shoplifters'' also grossed $3,313,513 in the United States and Canada, and $17,398,743 in other territories, for a worldwide total of .
This makes it the most successful commercially of the five nominees for the 2019 Academy Award
for Best International Film.
In its tenth weekend of release in the United States and Canada, following its Oscar nomination, the film made $190,000 from 114 theaters, for a running total of $2.5 million up until then.
On review aggregator
website Rotten Tomatoes
, the film holds an approval rating 99% based on 226 reviews, with an average rating of 8.80/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Understated yet ultimately deeply affecting, ''Shoplifters'' adds another powerful chapter to director Hirokazu Kore-eda
's richly humanistic filmography." On Metacritic
, the film has a weighted average score of 93 out of 100, based on 40 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". ''Shoplifters'' was also listed on numerous critics' top ten lists for 2018.
of ''The Guardian
'' gave ''Shoplifters'' 4/5 stars, declaring it a "rich, satisfying film",
but subsequently upgraded this to a 5/5 star review upon second viewing.
''The Guardian'' later ranked the film 15th in its Best Films of the 21st Century list. ''The Hollywood Reporter
'' critic Deborah Young called it "bittersweet" as it "contrasts the frigid emotions of socially correct behavior with the warmth and happiness of a dishonest lower-class family". Robbie Collin of ''The Daily Telegraph
'' awarded it five stars, hailing it as an "outstanding domestic drama, crafted by Kore-eda with crystalline insight and an unsparing emotional acuity".
'', David Ehrlich gave it a grade of "A–" and wrote the film "stings" with "the loneliness of not belonging to anyone, and the messiness of sticking together". ''TheWrap
''s Ben Croll declared it Kore-eda's "richest film to date". In ''Time Out
'', Geoff Andrew gave it four stars and saluted Kore-eda as "a modern-day Ozu
''s Maggie Lee also compared it to ''Oliver Twist
'' by Charles Dickens
Lily Franky's character Osamu was likewise compared to Dickens' character Fagin
In Japan, ''The Japan Times
'' gave ''Shoplifters'' five stars, writing "The cheers are entirely deserved" and credited it for an "outwardly naturalistic" style.
The film competed at the Cannes Film Festival,
where it won the Palme d'Or
on 19 May.
It was the first Japanese Palme d'Or-winner since ''The Eel
'' in 1997. Jury president Cate Blanchett
explained the decision: "We were completely bowled over by ''Shoplifters''. How intermeshed the performances were with the directorial vision".
In July 2018, ''Shoplifters'' also won Best International Film at the Munich Film Festival
, with the jury citing it by stating it "opens up new possibilities and ultimately offers ..
In August, ''Shoplifters'' was selected as the Japanese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film
at the 91st Academy Awards
It made the December shortlist in 2018,
before being nominated for the Academy Award in January 2019.
* List of submissions to the 91st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
* List of Japanese submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Category:2018 drama films
Category:Japanese drama films
Category:Films about families
Category:Films about missing people
Category:Films about poverty
Category:Films about theft
Category:Films directed by Hirokazu Kore-eda
Category:Films set in Tokyo
Category:Palme d'Or winners
Category:Best Foreign Film César Award winners
Category:Best Foreign Film Guldbagge Award winners
Category:Asian Film Award for Best Film winners