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is a Japanese
multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whethe ...
that designs and manufactures
electronic Electronic may refer to: *Electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. It uses active devices to control electron flow b ...
products, headquartered in Sakai-ku,
Sakai is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be ...

Sakai
,
Osaka Prefecture is a prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Th ...
. Since 2016 it has been majority owned by the
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
-based
Foxconn Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () or alias () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for a pa ...

Foxconn
Group. Sharp employs more than 50,000 people worldwide. The company was founded in September 1912 in
Tokyo Tokyo (Japanese language, Japanese: , ''Tōkyō'' ), historically known in the west as Tokio and officially the Tokyo Metropolis (, ''Tōkyō-to''), is capital of Japan, the capital and most populous Prefectures of Japan, prefecture of Japan ...

Tokyo
and takes its name from one of its founder's first Ever-Sharp
mechanical pencil A mechanical pencil, also clutch pencil, is a pencil A pencil is a writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the representation of a language with written symbols. Writing systems are not themselves human lang ...

mechanical pencil
, which was invented by
Tokuji Hayakawa was a Japanese businessman and the founder of Hayakawa Kinzoku Kōgyō (the present-day Sharp Corporation). He invented and patented the “Tokubijō” belt buckle in 1912 (a belt which can fasten without perforating) and invented the "Ever Ready ...
in 1915.


History


Early years 1912–1945

In 1912,
Tokuji Hayakawa was a Japanese businessman and the founder of Hayakawa Kinzoku Kōgyō (the present-day Sharp Corporation). He invented and patented the “Tokubijō” belt buckle in 1912 (a belt which can fasten without perforating) and invented the "Ever Ready ...
founded a metal workshop in Tokyo. The first of his many inventions was a snap buckle named 'Tokubijo'. Another of his inventions was the Ever-Sharp
mechanical pencil A mechanical pencil, also clutch pencil, is a pencil A pencil is a writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the representation of a language with written symbols. Writing systems are not themselves human lang ...

mechanical pencil
in 1915, from which the Sharp Corporation derived its name. After the pencil business was destroyed by the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the company relocated to
Osaka is a designated city in the Kansai region The or the , lies in the southern-central region of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , ...

Osaka
and began designing the first generation of Japanese radio sets. These went on sale in 1925. The company was established as "Hayakawa Metal Works" in 1924, in Tanabe-cho, Osaka. In 1942, the name was changed to "Hayakawa Electric Industry Company".


1945–1999

In 1953, Hayakawa Electric started producing the first Japan-made
TV set A Sony Wega CRT television set A television set or television receiver, more commonly called the television, TV, TV set, tube, telly, or tele, is a device that combines a tuner, display, and loudspeakers, for the purpose of viewing and hearing ...

TV set
s (the "Sharp TV3-14T"). In 1964, the company developed the world's first
transistor upright=1.4, gate Candi bentar, a typical Indonesian gate that is often found on the islands of Java">Indonesia.html" ;"title="Candi bentar, a typical Indonesia">Candi bentar, a typical Indonesian gate that is often found on the islands o ...

transistor
calculator An electronic calculator is typically a portable device used to perform s, ranging from basic to complex . The first calculator was created in the early 1960s. Pocket-sized devices became available in the 1970s, especially after the , the f ...

calculator
(the Sharp CS-10A), which was priced at JP
¥
¥
535,000 (US$1,400). It took Sharp several years to develop the product as they had no experience in making computing devices at the time. Two years later, in 1966, Sharp introduced its first
IC
IC
calculator using 145
Mitsubishi Electric , established on 15 January 1921, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Mul ...
-made bipolar ICs, priced at JP¥350,000 (about US$1000). Its first
LSI
LSI
calculator was introduced in 1969. This was the first pocketable calculator priced at less than JP¥100,000 (less than US$300), and turned out to be a popular item. Also in the same era the company introduced the first microwave oven with a turntable between 1964 and 1966. The company was renamed Sharp Corporation in 1970. Sharp produced the first
LCD A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic display device s, LED display and Vacuum fluorescent display, VF display, top to bottom. A display device is an output device for presentation ...
calculator in 1973. Sharp had a working relationship with
Nintendo is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. The company was founded in 1889 as by craftsman Fusajiro Yamauchi and originally produced handmade playing ca ...

Nintendo
during the 1980s, and was granted licensing rights for the manufacture and development of the
C1 NES TV The Sharp Nintendo Television (often described as the C1 NES TV and officially sold as the Game Television; originally released for Japanese markets as ) is a television produced by Sharp Corporation with a built-in licensed Nintendo Entertainment ...
(1983, later released in North America as the Sharp Nintendo Television), the
Twin Famicom The is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console that is designed to be connected to a display device, such as a television, and an external power source as to play video games. Home consoles are generally l ...
(1986), the Sharp
Famicom Titler The , also known as the , is a Nintendo is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto. The company was founded in 1889 as by craftsman Fusajiro Yamauchi and origina ...
(1989), and the
SF-1 SNES TV The (often described as the SF1 SNES TV) is a television set produced by Sharp Corporation with a built-in licensed Super Famicom. Released only to Japanese markets, the unit retailed in 1990 as a next generation successor to the 1983 Sharp Ninten ...
(1990). All of these units are considered collectors items on the secondary market. One of the company's main inventors of LCD calculators was Tadashi Sasaki. Sharp introduced low-cost microwave ovens affordable for residential use in the late 1970s. Sharp ventured into the high end stereo market in 1976 with the introduction of high end receivers, amplifiers, speakers, turntables and cassette players. The Optonica line as it was called, consisted of high quality and technically advanced components, that was expanded in 1979, to cover a broader selection of high end equipment. During this run, Sharp introduced digital technology to some of the Optonica products, along with the traditional analogue products, and offered a complete selection of models ranging from low power high end receivers to very powerful models. The line was again changed, in 1981, and moved mainly into digital high end, complete stereo systems with advanced technological features setting the trend towards the digital age. The line was discontinued after 1981, but the Optonica line was again re-introduced in the late 1980s for a high end line of television receivers and higher quality mass market audio products such as VCR's, surround sound receivers, CD cassette boom boxes, and portable cassette players.


2000–2012

Sharp's Mobile Communications Division created the world's first commercial
camera phone A camera phone is a mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunicati ...
, the
J-SH04 The J-SH04 was a mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunications de ...
, in Japan in 2000. Since 2000, Sharp heavily invested in LCD panel manufacturing plants: Kameyama in 2004, Sakai in 2009. The Sakai plant is still the only 10th generation LCD manufacturing plant on the globe and its best fit for production of 60-inch or larger panels. However, the 2008 financial crisis and strong Yen (especially against Won) significantly lowered world demand for Japanese LCD panels. Furthermore, the switch to digital TV broadcasting was virtually completed in Japan by the middle of 2011. Via Japanese government issued coupons for digital TV sets, consumers were encouraged to purchase digital TV sets until March 2011. This hit the Japanese LCD TV market, reducing it almost by half from 2010. All of those events strongly hit Sharp's LCD business. As the result, the Sakai LCD plant suffered a reduced operating rate until Q3 2012. In June 2005 Sharp produced the largest LCD television at the time, with a display of 65 inches. It went on sale in August 2005 in Japan. From 2005 to 2010 Sharp was the biggest mobile phone brand in Japan. Since then it has been constantly switching places through financial quarters against rivals
Fujitsu is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational information and communications technology equipment and services corporation, established in 1935 and headquartered in Tokyo. Fujitsu is the world's sixth-largest Information technology, I ...

Fujitsu
,
Apple An apple is an edible fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this fie ...
and
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
. Sharp acquired a controlling stake in
Pioneer Corporation commonly referred to as Pioneer, is a Japanese multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a ...
in 2007. At CES 2007, Sharp introduced a prototype largest LCD TV, with a screen size of 108 inches. In July 2008 Sharp announced that the model will go into production for the Japanese market. In 2008, Sharp collaborated with Emblaze Mobile on the ''Monolith'', “…an ambitious project to design the ultimate holistic mobile device". The project was never brought to market. Key software developers were later picked up by other companies. On 25 June 2009, Sharp and Pioneer agreed to form a joint venture comprising their optical businesses, called "Pioneer Digital Design and Manufacturing Corporation". In 2012 Sharp unveiled the largest production TV at the time, with a screen size of 80 inches. It is part of the Aquos range and went on sale in Japan at around JP¥950,000.


2012 – present

2012 was the 100th anniversary for Sharp but it announced the worst financial record in its history, with a loss of JP¥376 billion (US$4.7 billion) in April 2012. In September, Sharp announced job cuts. In 2014, Sharp was able to stem losses and deliver a positive net income for its first quarter results. In March 2012 the Taiwan-based electronics company Hon Hai, trading as
Foxconn Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () or alias () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for a pa ...

Foxconn
, agreed to acquire a 10% stake in Sharp Corporation for US$806 million, and to purchase up to 50 percent of the LCD displays produced at Sharp's plant in Sakai, Japan. In June 2012, Hon Hai chairman Terry Gou paid money for Sakai plant and got 50% ownership of the plant. However, since the announcement in March, Sharp's share price continued declining and reached JP¥192 on 3 August. Sharp deal's price was originally JP¥550 per share. Both companies agreed to renegotiate the share price, but they never came to an agreement. Sharp led the market share of mobile phones in the Japanese market in April 2012. Sharp reportedly held 3rd place in mobile phone market share in the Japanese market in May 2015. Sharp announced it accepted a US$100 million investment from Samsung in March 2013. In 2013 Sharp developed the most efficient solar cell, converting a record 44.4% of sunlight into electricity. In 2013, Sharp Corporation was the tenth-largest, by market share,
television manufacturer
television manufacturer
in the world. In Japan it has been a long-time leader. After years of huge losses in its overseas TV business, Sharp sold its Mexico TV factory to Chinese electronics manufacturer
Hisense Hisense Group is a Chinese multinational white goods and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List o ...

Hisense
for $23.7 million in July 2015. The sale includes rights to use the Sharp brand name and all its channel resources in North and South America, except Brazil. This meant that Sharp has exited the TV market in the Americas (except Brazil). It was a sign showing Sharp's rapid decline in that market, where it once was one of the leading manufacturers for
LCD A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic display device s, LED display and Vacuum fluorescent display, VF display, top to bottom. A display device is an output device for presentation ...
TVs a decade earlier. Sharp's television market share in North America was 4.6% in 2015. However Sharp remains the biggest television brand in the Japanese market. In October 2015 Sharp announced a smartphone that also works as a robot, called RoboHon. It would be sold in 2016 in Japan. Sharp began selling the world's first commercially available TV with a
8K resolution 8K resolution refers to an image or display resolution with a width of approximately 8,000 pixels. 8K UHD () is the highest resolution defined in the Rec. 2020 (UHDTV) standard. 8K display resolution is the successor to 4K resolution. TV manufa ...
in October 2015. The 85-inch LV-85001 model costs JP¥16 million (US$133,000). Japanese public broadcaster
NHK also called the Japan Broadcasting Corporation and shortened from ''Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai'', is a Japanese government-owned public broadcaster Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunicatio ...

NHK
will have test broadcasts at 8K starting 2016, with regular services expected by the time of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. On 25 February 2016,
Foxconn Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () or alias () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for a pa ...

Foxconn
announced its intent to acquire a 66% controlling stake in Sharp for 700 billion yen (US$6.24 billion). However, the deal was briefly delayed due to unforeseen financial liabilities; on 30 March 2016, Foxconn announced that it had agreed to pay US$3.5 billion for the stake instead, Foxconn wished to use the purchase to expand into direct-to-consumer product sales rather than serving as a
contract manufacturer A contract manufacturer (CM) is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products (in which case it is a turnkey supplier). It is a form of outsourcing Outsourcing is an agreement in which one company hires another company to be ...
. In September 2016 Sharp unveiled the Sharp INTELLOS Automated Unmanned Ground Vehicle (A-UGV) at the ASIS International 62nd Annual Seminar and Exhibits (ASIS 2016) in Orlando, Florida. In March 2017, Demolition of Sharp's former headquarters began. On 28 April 2017, Sharp turned its first operating profit in three years, citing the restructuring efforts by Foxconn. In June 2017, Sharp sued its Chinese licensee
Hisense Hisense Group is a Chinese multinational white goods and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List o ...

Hisense
for damaging the reputation of its brand, seeking an exit from its licensing agreement. Sharp accused the company of producing "shoddily manufactured" televisions under the Sharp name, including products they believed were in violation of U.S. safety standards for
electromagnetic radiation In physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, space and time, and the related entities of energy and force. ...

electromagnetic radiation
, and the subject of deceptive advertising over their quality. Hisense denied that it engaged in these practices, and stated that it planned to defend itself in court and "will continue to manufacture and sell quality televisions under the Sharp licensed brands." In February 2018, Sharp dropped the lawsuit against Hisense. In 2019 Sharp re-acquired its own brand for use on TV's in the US market. In March 2020, in response to the
coronavirus pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavi ...

coronavirus pandemic
, Sharp announced it would use a TV factory with high-end clean rooms to manufacture surgical masks. Sharp acquired the remaining shares of Dynabook from
Toshiba is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sovereign st ...
in August 2020, making Dynabook a wholly owned subsidiary of Sharp. Sharp had first purchased Dynabook from Toshiba in 2018.


Products

Core technologies and products include: LCD panels,
solar panel A solar cell panel, solar electric panel, photo-voltaic (PV) module or just solar panel is an assembly of photo-voltaic cells mounted in a framework for installation. Solar panels use sunlight Sunlight is a portion of the given off by ...
s,
mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the tra ...

mobile phone
s, audio-visual entertainment equipment,
video projector A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system. Video projectors use a very bright Ultra-high-performance lamp (a special mercury arc lamp) ...
s, Multi-Function Printing Devices,
microwave oven A microwave oven (commonly referred to as a microwave) is an electric oven upA double oven A ceramic oven An oven is a tool A tool is an object that can extend an individual's ability to modify features of the surrounding environment. ...

microwave oven
s,
air conditioner Air conditioning (also A/C, air conditioner) is the process of removing heat and controlling the humidity Humidity is the concentration of water vapour (99.9839 °C) , - , Boiling point , , - , specific gas constant , 461.5 ...

air conditioner
s,
air purifier An air purifier or air cleaner is a device which removes contaminants from the air in a room to improve indoor air quality. These devices are commonly marketed as being beneficial to allergy sufferers and asthmatics, and at reducing or eliminating ...

air purifier
s,
cash register 300px, Antique crank-operated cash register A cash register or till or automated money handling system is a mechanical or electronic device for registering and calculating transactions at a point of sale The point of sale (POS) or point of p ...
s,
CMOS Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS, pronounced "see-moss"), also known as complementary-symmetry metal–oxide–semiconductor (COS-MOS), is a type of metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor The metal–oxide–se ...
and CCD sensors, and
flash memory Flash memory is an electronic Electronic may refer to: *Electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. It uses act ...
. The first commercial
camera phone A camera phone is a mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunicati ...
was also made by Sharp for the Japanese market in November 2000. Recent products include the ViewCam, the Ultra-Lite notebook PC, the
Zaurus The Sharp Zaurus is the name of a series of personal digital assistant#REDIRECT Personal digital assistant The Palm TX A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a per ...

Zaurus
personal digital assistant#REDIRECT Personal digital assistant The Palm TX A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager. PDAs have been mostly displaced by the widesprea ...
, Sidekick 3, and the
AQUOS The Sharp Aquos is a product brand name for LCD television Liquid-crystal-display televisions (LCD TVs) are television set A Sony Wega CRT television set A television set or television receiver, more commonly called a television, TV, TV s ...
flat screen
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...

television
. Sharp manufactures consumer electronic products, including
LCD televisions Liquid-crystal-display televisions (LCD TVs) are television set A Sony Wega CRT television set A television set or television receiver, more commonly called a television, TV, TV set, telly, or tele, is a device that combines a tuner, display, ...
, sold under the
Aquos The Sharp Aquos is a product brand name for LCD television Liquid-crystal-display televisions (LCD TVs) are television set A Sony Wega CRT television set A television set or television receiver, more commonly called a television, TV, TV s ...
brand,
mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the tra ...

mobile phone
s,
microwave ovens A microwave oven (commonly referred to as a microwave) is an electric oven that heats and cooks food by exposing it to electromagnetic spectrum, electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range. This induces Dipole#Molecular dipoles, ...

microwave ovens
,
Home cinema Home cinema, also called home theaters or theater rooms, are home entertainment audio-visual systems that seek to reproduce a movie theater . The picture the projector is displaying is the 1997 Universal Pictures Universal Pictures (le ...
and audio systems, systems, and
calculator An electronic calculator is typically a portable device used to perform s, ranging from basic to complex . The first calculator was created in the early 1960s. Pocket-sized devices became available in the 1970s, especially after the , the f ...

calculator
s. For the business market, Sharp also produces
projectors 200px, Acer projector, 2012 A projector or image projector is an optical Optics is the branch of physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), physikḗ (epistḗmē), knowledge of nature, from ''phýsis'' 'nature'), ...
and monitors and a variety of
photocopier A photocopier (also known as a copier or copy machine, and formerly a Genericised trade mark, Xerox Machine) is a machine that makes copies of documents and other visual images onto paper or plastic film quickly and cheaply. Most modern photocopi ...
s and
Laser Printer Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process. It produces high-quality text and graphics (and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly passing a laser beam back and forth over a negatively Electric charge, charged cylinder call ...

Laser Printer
s, in addition to electronic
cash register 300px, Antique crank-operated cash register A cash register or till or automated money handling system is a mechanical or electronic device for registering and calculating transactions at a point of sale The point of sale (POS) or point of p ...
s and Point of sale technologies. For the private security industry, Sharp produces an Automated Unmanned Ground Vehicle (A-UGV) named INTELLOS, which utilizes a navigation surveillance platform also developed by Sharp. The system combines automation, mobility, and a variety of monitoring and detection capabilities to extend the impact of a traditional security force.
Sharp Solar Sharp Solar, a subsidiary of Sharp Electronics, is a solar energy products company owned by Sharp Corporation and based in Osaka, Japan. Products The company produces thin film modules and mono and poly-crystalline silicon solar cells. Sharp's p ...
is a supplier of silicon
photovoltaic Photovoltaics (PV) is the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry. The photovoltaic effect is commercia ...

photovoltaic
(PV) solar cells, and offers a solar TV. In Q1 2010 the company made the highest revenues from production of solar PV systems. For the corporate meeting room market, Sharp was the first company to bring th
Windows collaboration display
to market, which is a 70inch interactive display with built-in unified communication equipment and an IoT sensor hub for measuring environmental room conditions. Th

is conceived to be seamlessly compatible with Microsoft's Office productivity products, as well as make use of the Microsoft Azure cloud services with the IoT sensor hub generated data.


Operations


Japan

Net sales for the year 2003 were $16.8 billion. The corporation employs 46,600 staff, of which around half live outside Japan. It operates from 64 bases in 30 countries and its products are distributed in 164 countries worldwide. Many of its regional subsidiaries trade under the name Sharp Electronics. Sharp was among the Top 100 Spenders in a list published by the
IEEE Spectrum ''IEEE Spectrum'' is a magazine edited by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The IEEE's description of it is: ''IEEE Spectrum'' began publishing in January 1964 as a successor to ''Electrical Engineering''. It contains peer ...
magazine in 2002. Sharp's headquarters are at 1 Takumi-chō, Sakai-ku, Sakai, Japan. Until the relocation to Sakai in 2016, the headquarters were in
Abeno-ku, Osaka is one of 24 wards of Osaka is a designated city in the Kansai region The or the , lies in the southern-central region of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep ...
where Hayakawa restarted the business in the 1920s.


Europe

In 2007 Sharp opened a LCD manufacturing plant in Poland. The plant initially manufactured LCD modules using LCD panels imported from Sharp Japan. In September 2014, Sharp announced that Slovakian electronics company UMC (''Universal Media Corporation /Slovakia/ s.r.o.'') was acquiring an exclusive brand licence from Sharp and its European television and audio business UMC will also acquire Sharp's Polish factory. As part of the deal, Sharp will support the design and development of televisions sold by UMC under the Sharp brand. The same month, Sharp also announced a tie-up with Vestel in Europe for white goods.
Vestel Vestel is a Turkey, Turkish home and professional appliances manufacturing company consisting of 18 companies specialised in electronics, major appliances and information technology. Vestel's headquarters and production plant are located in Manisa, ...
will sell Sharp-branded white goods (except air conditioners), such as refrigerators and microwave ovens manufactured by Sharp in Thailand and China. Sharp will also license its brand name to Vestel for volume home appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines and ovens. Sharp's remaining European business will then focus on the business-to-business sector including multi-function printers and energy solutions. In 2017 Sharp acquired a majority (56.7%) shareholding in Skytec UMC, which included the UMC Poland factory.


Factories

*Poland : ''Sharp Manufacturing Poland Sp. z o.o.'', in
Toruń )'' , image_skyline = Toruń2017.jpg , imagesize = 250px , image_caption = , image_flag = Flag of Toruń (colors).svg , image_shield = POL Toruń COA.svg , nickname = City of Angels, Toruń gingerbread, ...

Toruń
, Poland (Europe) *Indonesia : Sharp also has a refrigerator manufacturing facility in
Karawang Karawang (Kota Karawang or Karawang Kota) is the capital of the Karawang Regency of West Java, Indonesia. It is 32 miles east of Jakarta. Karawang is known as a major rice production source in West Java. Karawang is also known for automobile man ...
, Indonesia, established 2014. *Malaysia : Sharp has an export-only Television factory at the HICOM Industrial Park in
Shah Alam Shah Alam () is a city and the state capital Below is an index of pages containing lists of capital cities A capital or capital city is the municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal co ...

Shah Alam
, Selangor. This plant manufactures television sets for export only to North America. Sharp also has two domestic appliances plant - the
Batu Pahat The Batu Pahat District is a district in the state of Johor Johor (; ), also spelled as Johore, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Depar ...

Batu Pahat
plant in Johor that manufactures audio-visual Equipment like television sets and Blu-Ray players, and the
Sungai Petani Sungai Petani (abbreviated ''Sg. Petani'' or ''SP''; Chinese: 双溪大年; Tamil: சுங்கை பட்டாணி) is a town in Kuala Muda District, Kedah, Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia. The federation, ...
plant in Kedah that manufactures radios as well as kitchen appliances like blenders and rice cookers. Formerly there was a plant in
Petaling Jaya ) , website = , image_skyline = , image_caption = ''From top, left to right:Skyline of Petaling Jaya, the 1 Utama Mall integrated with Bandar Utama Station, the Kota Darul Ehsan arch, the Petaling Ja ...
that manufactured television sets, VCRs, microwave ovens, washing machines and refrigerators, this plant was hit badly by the
1997 Asian financial crisis The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia and Southeast Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion. The crisis started in Thailand (kno ...
and shut down as Sharp moved the productions of the appliances to either Batu Pahat (TVs and VCRs) or Sungai Petani (microwave ovens), or out of the country altogether (refrigerators and washing machines) in a bid to reduce operating costs. *(former) Mexico : LCD plant (''Sharp Electrónica Mexico S.A. de C.V.'' SEMEX) - established as a color CRT TV plant in 1997; began LCD production in 2003; a second LCD plant on site was opened in 2007. The facility and rights to use the Sharp brand on TVs in North America was sold to
Hisense Hisense Group is a Chinese multinational white goods and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List o ...

Hisense
in 2015.


Antitrust law violations


United States

On November 8th 2008, the
United States Department of Justice The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a of the government tasked with the enforcement of federal and in the United States. It is equivalent to the or of other countries. The department is h ...
announced that Sharp had agreed to pay $120 million (United States Dollar) as a criminal fine. According to the announcement, Sharp participated in conspiracies to fix the price of TFT
LCD A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic display device s, LED display and Vacuum fluorescent display, VF display, top to bottom. A display device is an output device for presentation ...

LCD
panel for Dell's computer monitors and laptops (2001–2005),
Motorola Motorola, Inc. () was an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational sta ...

Motorola
's
Razr The Motorola Razr (styled RAZR, pronounced like "razor"; codenamed Siliqua) was a series of mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or jus ...
phones (2005–2006) and Apple's
iPod The iPod is a line of portable media player A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic ( analog or digital) equipment ...

iPod
(2005–2006).


Japan

On December 18th 2008, Japan Fair Trade Commission ordered Sharp to pay JP¥261 million (US$3 million) as criminal fine. According to the order, Sharp and Hitachi Display participated in the conspiracies to keep the price for TFT
LCD A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic display device s, LED display and Vacuum fluorescent display, VF display, top to bottom. A display device is an output device for presentation ...

LCD
panels for Nintendo DS and DS-Lite. The fine for Hitachi Displays was waived by JFTC leniency program. However, Sharp disagreed with the JFTC order and announced it would begin an appeals procedure against it on 2 February 2009. On 31 July 2013, the JFTC dismissed Sharp's appeal.


Environmental record

In November 2011 Sharp was ranked in 11th place by
Greenpeace Greenpeace is an independent global campaigning network. The network comprises 26 independent national/regional organisations in over 55 countries across Europe, the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific, as well as a co-ordinating body, Green ...

Greenpeace
's re-launched Guide to Greener Electronics that ranks 15 electronics manufacturers according to their policies and practices to reduce their impact on the climate, produce greener products, and make their operations more sustainable.
Greenpeace Greenpeace is an independent global campaigning network. The network comprises 26 independent national/regional organisations in over 55 countries across Europe, the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific, as well as a co-ordinating body, Green ...

Greenpeace
summarizes the corporation's environmental record thus: "Sharp supports a new renewable energy law in Japan but scores poor on all
sustainable Sustainability is the capacity to endure in a relatively ongoing way across various domains of life. In the 21st century The 21st (twenty-first) century is the current century in the '' Anno Domini'' era or Common Era, in accordance with the ...

sustainable
operations criteria". Sharp scored 3/10 and received most of its points on the Products criteria where the company was praised for the energy efficiency of its products with all of its TVs meeting the latest Energy Star standard. It also gained some points for having a relative long term target to reduce CO2 emissions by two percent (per production unit) compared to the previous year, yet sets out no clear target for absolute reductions. The company was also praised for its public support for a clean energy policy, after advocating the Japanese Government to increase the use of renewable energy. Sharp scored the fewest points in the guide in the Sustainable Operations category, scoring no points for chemical management due to not communicating commitments made on phasing out hazardous substances in its supply chain. The guide also notes that Sharp had lacked any initiative to address the issue of
conflict minerals Conflict resources are natural resource , Malaysia is an example of undisturbed natural resource. Waterfalls provide spring water for humans, animals and plants for survival and also habitat for marine organisms. The water current can be used t ...
and the exclusion of paper sourced from suppliers involved in
illegal logging Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corruption, corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission, o ...

illegal logging
or deforestation.


Sponsorships

Sharp was the principal sponsor of
Manchester United Football Club Manchester United Football Club is a professional association football, football club based in Old Trafford (area), Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football league sys ...
from 1983 until 2000, in one of the lengthiest and most lucrative sponsorship deals in
English football Association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a sphere, spherical Ball (association football), ball between two teams of 11 football player, players. It is played b ...
. Sharp's
logo A logo (abbreviation of logotype; ) is a graphic Graphics () are visual The visual system comprises the sensory organ A sense is a biological system A biological system is a complex network which connects several biologically rel ...

logo
was on the front of United's shirts over these 17 years, during which the team won seven
Premier League The Premier League, often referred to as the English Premier League or the EPL (legal name: The Football Association Premier League Limited), is the top level of the English football league system The English football league system, als ...
titles, five
FA Cup The Football Association Challenge Cup, more commonly known as the FA Cup, is an annual knockout A knockout (abbreviated to KO or K.O.) is a fight-ending, winning criterion in several full-contact Contact sports are sports that emphasize ...

FA Cup
s, one
Football League Cup The EFL Cup (referred to historically, and colloquially, as the League Cup), currently known as the Carabao The carabao ( es, Carabao; tgl, kalabaw) is a domestic swamp-type water buffalo The water buffalo (''Bubalus bubalis''), also c ...
, one
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was a European association football, football club competition contested annually by the winners of domestic cup competitions. The cup was, chronologically, the second seasonal inter-European club competition organised ...
, and one
UEFA Champions League The UEFA Champions League (abbreviated as UCL) is an annual club competition organised by the (UEFA) and contested by , deciding the competition winners through a round robin group stage to qualify for a double-legged knockout format, and a ...
title. During 2002/03 and 2003/04 seasons, Sharp was sponsor on
Red Star Belgrade Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda ( sr-Cyrl, Фудбалски клуб Црвена звезда, lit=Red Star Football Club), better known simply as Crvena zvezda (, ) or, internationally, as Red Star Belgrade, is a Serbia Serbia (, ; sr, ...
shirts during their campaign in
UEFA Cup A cup is an open-top container box. File:Railroad car with container loads.jpg, A Flatcar#Spine car, spine car with a 20 ft tank container and an open-top 20 ft intermodal container, intermodal shipping container with canvas cover. A ...
and
UEFA Champions League The UEFA Champions League (abbreviated as UCL) is an annual club competition organised by the (UEFA) and contested by , deciding the competition winners through a round robin group stage to qualify for a double-legged knockout format, and a ...
. From 2001 to 2003, Sharp was the main shirt sponsor of
Inverness Caledonian Thistle F.C. Inverness Caledonian Thistle Football Club, commonly known as Caley Thistle, is a professional football club based in Inverness, Scotland. The team currently competes in the Scottish Championship, the second tier of the Scottish Professional ...
in the SFL In June 2012, Sharp became name sponsor of a
UCI World Tour The UCI WorldTour (2009–2010: ''UCI World Ranking'') is the premier men's elite road cycling tour, sitting above the various regional UCI Continental Circuits. It refers to both the tour of 38 events and, until 2019, an annual ranking system ...
cycling team, which thereupon became known as Garmin-Sharp. In September 2016, Sharp (in conjunction with Altodigital) signed a partnership with Stoke City F.C. for 2 years as an Official Platinum Partner.


Product gallery

Sharp_5P-37G_wiki.jpg, Sharp 5P-37G boombox Sharp PC-1251 Tietokonemuseo.jpg,
Sharp PC-1251 The Sharp PC-1251 was a small pocket computer that was also marketed as the Tandy Computers, Tandy or TRS-80 Tandy Pocket Computer, Pocket Computer PC-3. It was created by Sharp Corporation in 1982.http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp? ...
pocket computer A pocket computer was a 1980s-era user programmable calculator-sized computer that had fewer screen lines, Some had only one line and often fewer characters per line, than the Pocket-sized computers introduced beginning in 1989. Manufacturers i ...
Sharp Scientific Calculator.jpg, Sharp EL-546R scientific
calculator An electronic calculator is typically a portable device used to perform s, ranging from basic to complex . The first calculator was created in the early 1960s. Pocket-sized devices became available in the 1970s, especially after the , the f ...

calculator
Sharp CD-S400.JPG, Sharp CD-S400 Hi-Fi stereo system Sharp PC 1251.jpg,
Sharp PC-1251 The Sharp PC-1251 was a small pocket computer that was also marketed as the Tandy Computers, Tandy or TRS-80 Tandy Pocket Computer, Pocket Computer PC-3. It was created by Sharp Corporation in 1982.http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp? ...
pocket computer Sharp PC-E220 (brighter).jpg, pocket computer Sharp C1 NES TV 14C-C1F.png, Sharp 14C-C1R television Sharp-Twin-Famicom-Console.jpg, Sharp
Twin Famicom The is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console that is designed to be connected to a display device, such as a television, and an external power source as to play video games. Home consoles are generally l ...
licensed game console for Japanese market (1986) X68000ACE-HD.JPG,
X68000 The is a home computer created by Sharp Corporation, first released in 1987 and sold only in Japan. The first model features a 10 Megahertz, MHz Motorola 68000 Central processing unit, CPU (hence the name), 1 Megabytes, MB of Random Access ...
ACE-HD desktop computer for Japanese market (1988) Vodafone 905SH by SHARP.jpg, Sharp 905SH
mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the tra ...

mobile phone
for Japanese market (2006) Sharp TV VCR combo 20031009.jpg, Sharp TV/ VCR combo SH-12C 001.jpg, Sharp AQUOS SH-12C mobile phone for Japanese market (2011) Sharp I5352SA 1.jpg, Sharp I5352SA in QIP


Slogans

* "New Life Now" (Japan only, 1970s–1985) * "New Life People" (Japan only, 1985–1988) * "From Sharp Minds Come Sharp Products" (1980s) * "Serikan Hidup Anda" (Malaysia only, 1980s–1990s) * "Pertama & Satu-Satunya di Indonesia" (English: The First and Only in Indonesia, Indonesia only, 1997–2002) * "Pertama & Satu-Satunya di Dunia" (English: The First and Only in the World, Indonesia only, 1997–2002) * "Be Sharp" (2002–2016) * "Be Original" (2016–present)


See also

*
X68000 The is a home computer created by Sharp Corporation, first released in 1987 and sold only in Japan. The first model features a 10 Megahertz, MHz Motorola 68000 Central processing unit, CPU (hence the name), 1 Megabytes, MB of Random Access ...


References


External links

* {{Authority control Japanese companies established in 1912 Companies based in Osaka Prefecture Companies listed on the Nagoya Stock Exchange Companies listed on the Osaka Exchange Companies listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange Consumer electronics brands Defense companies of Japan Display technology companies Electronic calculator companies Electronics companies established in 1912 Electronics companies of Japan Foxconn Home appliance brands Home appliance manufacturers of Japan
Japanese brandsJapanese brands: Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat ...
Manufacturing companies established in 1912 Mobile phone manufacturers Multinational companies headquartered in Japan Point of sale companies Portable audio player manufacturers Semiconductor companies of Japan Solar energy companies of Japan Video equipment manufacturers 2016 mergers and acquisitions Japanese subsidiaries of foreign companies Pump manufacturers