HOME

TheInfoList




The Shannon Estuary ( gle, Inbhear na Sionainne) is a large
estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime envir ...

estuary
where the
River Shannon The River Shannon ( ga, Abhainn na Sionainne, ', '), at in length, is the longest river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows i ...
flows into the
Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The estuary has
Limerick Limerick ( ; ga, Luimneach ) is a city in County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chamber ...

Limerick
City at its head and its seaward limits are marked by
Loop Head Loop Head (), is a headland on the north side of the mouth of the River Shannon, in County Clare in the west of Republic of Ireland, Ireland. Loop Head is marked by a prominent lighthouse. The opposite headland on the south side of the Shannon i ...
to the north and
Kerry HeadImage:Kerry Head.jpg, Kerry Head Kerry Head is a headland located in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland, Ireland that stretches into the Atlantic Ocean just north of Banna Strand. On the southern edge of the headland sits Ballyheigue. Kerry Head sep ...

Kerry Head
to the south. The estuary defines the main boundary between
County Kerry County Kerry ( gle, Contae Chiarraí) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers ...

County Kerry
/
County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers ...
to the south and
County Clare County Clare ( ga, Contae an Chláir) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers ...
to the north. The length of the Shannon Estuary is . The Lower River Shannon
Special Area of Conservation A Special Area of Conservation (SAC) is defined in the European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of ...
(SAC) incorporates the estuary and is in length, running from Killaloe to Loop Head. The Shannon has a high
tidal range Tidal range is the height difference between high tide High Tide may refer to: * High tide, the state of tide when the water rises to its highest level Film and television * High Tide (1947 film), ''High Tide'' (1947 film), an American film noi ...
, up to around at Limerick docks, such that the estuary has been considered for tidal power schemes, despite occasionally experiencing a
tidal bore Tidal is the adjectival form of tide Tides are the rise and fall of sea level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average In colloquial, ordinary language, an average is a single number taken as representative of ...

tidal bore
. In the second half of the 19th century about 65 km² of the estuary's lowlands have been embanked and reclaimed, largely for agricultural purposes.


Aircraft

In the late 1930s, transatlantic air traffic was dominated by
flying boat A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing of Ryanair makes a smoky landing at Bristol Airport (2016) lands on a moving trailer as part of an airshow. ...

flying boat
s, and a flying boat terminal was located at
Foynes Foynes (; ) is a town and major port in County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dic ...
on the south side of the Shannon Estuary. However, it was realised that developing technology would require a permanent
runway According to the International Civil Aviation Organization The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized and funding agency of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organ ...

runway
and airport. In 1936, the
government of Ireland The Government of Ireland ( ga, Rialtas na hÉireann) is the cabinet (government), cabinet that exercises executive (government), executive authority in Republic of Ireland, Ireland. The Constitution of Ireland vests executive authority in a gove ...
confirmed that it would develop a 3.1 km² site at Rineanna for the country's first transatlantic airport. The land on which the airport was to be built was
bog A bog or bogland is a wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. These biotic and abiotic components are lin ...

bog
, and on 8 October 1936 work began to drain the land. By 1942 a serviceable airport had been established and was named
Shannon Airport Shannon Airport ( ga, Aerfort na Sionainne) is an international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to pa ...
. From then, passengers were moved from the flying boats in Foynes to the land planes based in Shannon Airport. By 1945 the existing runways at Shannon were extended to allow
transatlantic flight A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphere of Earth, air. It counters the force of gravity by using either Buoyancy, static lift or by usin ...
s to land, completely bypassing the need for Foynes.


Port

Shannon Foynes Port Company is the port authority for the entire estuary. It owns facilities at Foynes Dock,
Limerick City Limerick ( ; ga, Luimneach ) is a city in County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a Counties of Ireland, county in Republic of Ireland, Ireland. It is located in the Provinces of Ireland, province of Munster, and is also ...

Limerick City
and at airport jetty. It provides marine services, including
pilotage Piloting (on water) or pilotage (in the air, also British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substant ...
and
towage
towage
to privately owned facilities at Moneypoint, Tarbert Island and Aughinish. The maritime history of the estuary is catalogued and on display in exhibits at the Maritime Section of the Foynes Flying Boat Museum


Sustainable exploitation

The Shannon Estuary is an immensely important asset and one of the most valuable natural resources in Ireland and the Mid-West Region in particular – the fringe lands and the marine area both provide space and location for development, activities and opportunities to progress economic, social and environmental growth within the Region. Recent initiatives, such as the Strategic Integrated Framework Plan (SIFP) for the Shannon Estuary 2013-2020, aim to provide an inter-jurisdictional land and marine based framework plan to guide the future development and management of the Shannon Estuary. It was commissioned in 2011 by Clare County Council, Kerry County Council, Limerick City and County Councils, Shannon Development and the Shannon Foynes Port Company. The project is being overseen by a multi-agency steering group composed of the above and other key stakeholders with an interest in the Estuary. Calculations of
tidal power#REDIRECT Tidal power Tidal power or tidal energy is harnessed by converting energy from tide (U.S.), low tide occurs roughly at moonrise and high tide with a high Moon, corresponding to the simple gravity model of two tidal bulges; at most ...
show that 111-367 GWh/year could be extracted from the estuary, compared to 2.6 TWh/year for the island.


Biology

Zoology:
Bottlenose dolphin Bottlenose dolphins are in the genus ''Tursiops.'' They are the most common members of the family Delphinidae, the family of oceanic dolphin, dolphins. molecular biology, Molecular studies show the genus contains three species: the common bott ...

Bottlenose dolphin
s (''Tursiops truncatus'') (Montagu 1821) are seen in the estuary.


Fishing

An
eel Eels are ray-finned fish Actinopterygii ( New Latin ('having rays') + Greek ( 'wing, fins')), members of which are known as ray-finned fishes, is a clade A clade (; from grc, , ''klados'', "branch"), also known as a monophyletic gro ...
trap and transport scheme is in force on the River Shannon as part of a management programme instigated following the discovery of reducing eel numbers on the River Shannon. The scheme ensures safe passage for young eels between
Killaloe Bridge Killaloe Bridge is a road bridge over the River Shannon between Ballina, County Tipperary, Ballina in County Tipperary and Killaloe, County Clare in Republic of Ireland, Ireland. The eighteenth-century bridge with thirteen arches includes a liftin ...
and the Shannon estuary. Though the Shannon estuary fishing industry is now depleted, at one time it provided employment for hundreds of men along its length. At
Limerick Limerick ( ; ga, Luimneach ) is a city in County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chamber ...

Limerick
, fishermen based on Clancy's Strand used the Gandelow to catch
Salmon Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish Actinopterygii ( New Latin ('having rays') + Greek ( 'wing, fins')), members of which are known as ray-finned fishes, is a clade A clade (; from grc, , ''klados'', ...

Salmon
. In the 1920s the construction of a dam at
Ardnacrusha Ardnacrusha ( ga, Ard na Croise) is a village in County Clare County Clare ( ga, Contae an Chláir) is a county in Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North ...

Ardnacrusha
severely impacted salmon breeding and that, and the introduction of quotas, had by the 1950s caused salmon fishing to cease. However, recreational fishing still goes on. Further down the estuary at
Kilrush Kilrush () is a coastal town in County Clare County Clare ( ga, Contae an Chláir) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chamber ...

Kilrush
the
Currach A currach (, ) is a type of Irish boat with a wooden frame, over which leather, animal skins or hides were once stretched, though now canvas is more usual. It is sometimes anglicised as "curragh". The construction and design of the currach ar ...

Currach
was used to catch
Herring Herring are forage fish Forage fish, also called prey fish or bait fish, are small pelagic fish which are preyed on by larger predators for food. Predators include other larger fish, seabirds and marine mammals. Typical ocean forage fish fee ...

Herring
as well as drift netting for salmon.


See also

* Deer Island (Ireland) *
Foynes Foynes (; ) is a town and major port in County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dic ...
*
River Fergus The River Fergus ( ga, An Forghas) is a river within the Shannon River Basin The Shannon River Basin consists of the area containing Ireland, Ireland's longest river, the River Shannon, and all of its tributaries and lakes. The official Ordnan ...
*
Shannon Airport Shannon Airport ( ga, Aerfort na Sionainne) is an international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to pa ...
*
Wild Atlantic Way The Wild Atlantic Way ( ga, Slí an Atlantaigh Fhiáin) is a Scenic route, tourism trail on the west coast, and on parts of the north and south coasts, of Ireland. The 2,500 km (1,553 mile) driving route passes through nine Counties of Irel ...


External links


Shannon Cruises- boating on the river that flows into the Estuary

Shannon Foynes Port Company

Shannon Airport


References

* http://europeaneel.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/chapter-2-study-area.pdf {{coord, 52, 35, N, 9, 18, W, type:waterbody_region:IE, display=title Estuaries of Ireland Rivers of County Limerick River Shannon