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Sementivae, also known as Feriae Sementivae or Sementina dies (in the country called Paganalia), was a
Roman festival Festivals in ancient Rome were a very important part of Roman religious life during both the Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, ...
of
sowing Sowing is the process of planting. An area or object that has had seeds planted in it will be described as a sowed area. Plants which are usually sown Among the major field crops, oats, wheat, and rye are sown, grasses and legumes are seed ...

sowing
. It was a type of ''
feriae conceptivae Festivals in ancient Rome were a very important part of religion in ancient Rome, Roman religious life during both the Roman Republic, Republican and Roman Empire, Imperial eras, and one of the primary features of the Roman calendar. ''Feriae ...
'' r ''conceptae'' These free days were held every year, but not on certain or fixed days, the time being every year appointed by the magistrates or priests (''quotannis a magistratibus vel sacerdotibus concipiuntur''). It was held in honor of
Ceres Ceres most commonly refers to: * Ceres (dwarf planet) Ceres (; minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the smallest recognized dwarf planet, the closest dwarf planet to the Sun, and the List of notable asteroids, largest object in the main astero ...
(the goddess of agriculture) and Tellus (Mother Earth). The initial half of the event was a festival in honor of Tellus which ran from January 24 through January 26. The festival honoring Ceres occurred one week later, starting February 2. The ''Sementina dies'' were kept in seed-time at Rome for the purpose of praying for a good crop; it lasted only for one day, which was fixed by the pontiffs. At the same time the Paganalia were observed in the country.Merkel,
Ovid Pūblius Ovidius Nāsō (; 20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known in English as Ovid ( ), was a Augustan literature (ancient Rome), Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus. He was a contemporary of the older Virgil and Horace, with whom ...

Ovid
, ''On the Roman Calendar,'' p. clv.


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References

* ''This entry incorporates public domain text originally from'' (eds. William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin), ''Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities'', Albemarle Street, London. John Murray. 1890. Ancient Roman festivals January observances February observances {{reli-festival-stub