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Susa ( lat, Segusio, french: Suse, frp, Suisa) is a town and ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public services: Civil registry, registry of births a ...
'' in the Metropolitan City of Turin,
Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , demographics1_title2 ...
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
. In the middle of
Susa Valley The Susa Valley ( it, Val di Susa; pms, Valsusa; french: Val de Suse; oc, Val d'Ors) is a valley in the Metropolitan City of Turin The Metropolitan City of Turin ( it, Città metropolitana di Torino) is a Metropolitan cities of Italy, metropo ...
, it is situated on at the confluence of the
Cenischia The Cenischia (; french: Cenise, ) is a mountain torrent (stream), torrent which straddles the south-west France, French Departments of France, department of Savoie and the north-west Italy, Italian Metropolitan City of Turin, in Piedmont. Part of ...
with the
Dora Riparia The Dora Riparia (; pms, Dòira Rivaira; french: Doire Ripaire or ''Doire''; la, Duria minor) is an alpine river, a left-hand tributary of the Po (river), Po. It is long (of which 5 km in France), with a drainage basin. It originates in ...
, a tributary of the
Po River The Po ( , ; la, Padus or ; grc, Πάδος, Pádos, or , ; Ancient Ligurian: or ) is the longest river in Italy. It is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy starting from the Cottian Alps; it, Alpi Cozie , photo=Monviso_Cottian ...
, at the foot of the
Cottian Alps The Cottian Alps (; french: Alpes Cottiennes ; it, Alpi Cozie ) are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between France (Hautes-Alpes and Savoie) and Italy (Piedmont). The Fréjus Road Tunnel and Fréjus Rai ...
, 51 km (32 mi) west of
Turin Turin ( , Piedmontese Piedmontese (autonym: or , in it, piemontese) is a language spoken by some 700,000 people mostly in Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = ...

Turin
.


History

Susa ( la, Segusio) was founded by the
Gauls The Gauls ( la, Galli; grc, Γαλάται, ''Galátai'') were a group of Celtic The words Celt and Celtic (also Keltic) may refer to: Ethno-linguistics *Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS ...
. It was the capital of the
Segusini The Segusini (Gaulish Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language The Celtic languages ( , ) are a Language family, group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic language, Proto-Celtic. They form a branch of the Indo-European languag ...
(also known as Cottii). In the late 1st century BC it became voluntarily part of the
Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post-Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of governme ...
. Remains of the Roman city have been found in the excavations of the central square, the Piazza Savoia. Susa was the capital of the province of
Alpes Cottiae The Alpes Cottiae (; English: 'Cottian Alps') were a small province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnationa ...
. According to the medieval historian
Rodulfus Glaber Rodulfus, or Raoul Glaber (which means "the Smooth" or "the Bald", 985–1047) was an 11th century Benedictine The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict ( la, Ordo Sancti Benedicti, abbreviated as OSB), are a Christian monasti ...
, Susa was "the oldest of Alpine towns". In the Middle and Modern ages, Susa remained important as a hub of roads connecting southern France to Italy. Taking part of the county or
march of Turin The March or Marquisate of Turin ( it, marca di Torino) was a territory of Kingdom of Italy (HRE), medieval Italy from the mid-10th century, when it was established as the Arduinic March ( la, marca Arduinica). It comprised several counties in Piedm ...
(sometimes "march of Susa"). In 1167, Holy Roman Empress Beatrice hid herself at Susa after being attacked, disguised as a horse servant, until 1168. In 1174
Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa (1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick I (german: Friedrich I, it, Federico I), was the Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator Romanorum ...

Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
pillaged Susa in revenge.
Henry of Segusio Henry of Segusio, usually called Hostiensis, (c. 1200 – 6 or 7 November 1271) was an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the people of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubb ...
, usually called Hostiensis, (c. 1200 – 1271) an Italian canonist of the thirteenth century, was born in the city. During the
Napoleonic Napoleon Bonaparte ; co, Napulione Buonaparte. (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led Napoleon Bonaparte's battle ...

Napoleonic
era a new road, the Via Napoleonica, was built. The city's role as a communications hub has been confirmed recently by a nationwide dispute over the construction of the proposed Turin-Lyon high-speed rail link (TAV) to France.


Main sights

*
Susa Cathedral , fullname = Cathedral of Saint Justus it, Cattedrale di San Giusto , other name = , native_name = , native_name_lang = , image = Susa Dom.jpg , imagesize = 250px , ...
( it, Cattedrale di San Giusto) (1029). *The triumphal
Arch of Augustus The Arch of Augustus may mean the triumphal arch of Augustus at any of the following sites: *Arch of Augustus (Aosta) *Arch of Augustus (Fano) *Arch of Augustus (Rimini) *Arch of Augustus, Rome *Arch of Augustus (Susa) *Etruscan Arch at Perugia {{ ...
, erected by a Romanized Sugusian chief to
Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles through ...

Augustus
in 8 BC. *The Roman Amphitheater. *Castle of Marquise Adelaide. It is likely located in the same site of the ancient Roman ''Praetorium''. *Archaeological area of Piazza Savoia.


Twin cities

* Barnstaple, Barnstaple, United Kingdom * Briançon, Briançon, France * Paola, Calabria, Paola, Italy


See also

*Val di Susa *Treno Alta Velocità *Roman Catholic Diocese of Susa *Treaty of Susa


Sources


External links

*
Cities and towns in Piedmont Hilltowns in Piedmont Castles in Italy {{Turin-geo-stub