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The Segusini (
Gaulish Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language The Celtic languages ( , ) are a Language family, group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic language, Proto-Celtic. They form a branch of the Indo-European languages, Indo-European langu ...
: *''Segusinoi'', 'those of Segusio') were a Gallic tribe dwelling around present-day
Susa Susa (; Cuneiform Cuneiform is a Logogram, logo-Syllabary, syllabic writing system, script that was used to write several languages of the Ancient Near East. The script was in active use from the early Bronze Age until the beginning of the ...
, in the
Alpes Cottiae The Alpes Cottiae (; English: 'Cottian Alps') were a small province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnationa ...
, during the
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's pa ...
.


Name

They are mentioned as ''Segosianō̃n'' (Σεγοσιανῶν)
Strabo Strabo''Strabo'' (meaning "squinty", as in strabismus Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object. The eye that is focused on an object can alternate. The condition may be pre ...

Strabo
(early 1st c. AD), as ''Segousianō̃n'' (Σεγουσιανῶν)
Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy (; grc-koi, Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, , ; la, Claudius Ptolemaeus; AD) was a mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes ...
(2nd c. AD), as ''Segusinorum'' on the Arch of Susa, and as ''Segusinae'' on an inscription., s.v. ''Segusini''. The
ethnonym An ethnonym (from the el, ἔθνος 'nation' and 'name') is a name A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a given ...
''Segusini'' (
Gaulish Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language The Celtic languages ( , ) are a Language family, group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic language, Proto-Celtic. They form a branch of the Indo-European languages, Indo-European langu ...
*''Segusinoi'') means 'the people of Segusio', itself from the root ''sego''- ('victory, force').


Geography

The Segusini dwelled in the valley of the Duria, around Segusio (modern
Susa Susa (; Cuneiform Cuneiform is a Logogram, logo-Syllabary, syllabic writing system, script that was used to write several languages of the Ancient Near East. The script was in active use from the early Bronze Age until the beginning of the ...
). Their territory was located east of the
Medulli The Medulli (Gaulish: ''Medulloi'') were a Gauls, Gallic tribe dwelling in the upper valley of Maurienne, around present-day Modane (Savoie), during the La Tène culture, Iron Age and Roman period. Name They are mentioned as ''Medullorum'' by Vi ...
and Belaci, south of the Acitavones, and east of the
Iemerii The Iemerii (Gaulish: *''Iemerioi'', 'the twins') were a Celto-Ligurian tribe dwelling in the Val Chisone (Cottian Alps) during the Iron Age Europe, Iron Age. Name They are mentioned as ''Iemeriorum'' on an inscription. The ethnic name ''Iemeri ...
and
Taurini The Taurini were a Celto-Ligurian tribe dwelling in the upper valley of the river Po River, Po, around present-day Turin, during the Iron Age Europe, Iron Age and the Roman period. Name They are mentioned as ''Taurĩnoí'' (Ταυρῖνοί) ...
., Map 17: Lugdunum. Their chief town, Segusio, controlled the route over Mont Genèvre and served as the gateway into the Italian Peninsula. Segusio possessed
Latin law ''Ius Italicum'' (Latin, Italian or Italic law) was a law in the early Roman Empire that allowed the Roman emperor, emperors to grant cities outside Italy the legal fiction that they were on Italian soil. This meant that the city would be governed ...
probably from the time of
Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles through ...

Augustus
(27 BC–14 AD) and was a ''
municipium Municipium (pl. municipia) is the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through t ...
'' from the time of
Nero Nero ( ; full name: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December AD 37 – 9 June AD 68) was the fifth emperor of Rome. He was Adoption in Ancient Rome, adopted by the Roman emperor Claudius at the age of 13 and s ...

Nero
(54–58 AD). It was conquered by in 312 AD.


History

They are attested on the Arch of Susa, erected by
Cottius Marcus Julius Cottius was king of the Celtic The words Celt and Celtic (also Keltic) may refer to: Ethno-linguistics *Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: ...
in 9–8 BC.


References


Primary sources

*


Bibliography

* * * * * {{Authority control Historical Celtic peoples Gauls Ancient peoples of Italy