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A screwdriver is a popular alcoholic
highball A highball is a mixed alcoholic drink composed of an alcoholic base spirit Spirit may refer to: *Spirit (animating force) In folk belief, spirit is the vitalism , vital principle or animating force within all life , living things. As rec ...
drink made with
orange juice Orange juice is a liquid extract of the orange Orange most often refers to: *Orange (colour), occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum *Orange (fruit), the fruit of the tree species '' Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' ** Orange blosso ...

orange juice
and
vodka Vodka ( pl, wódka , russian: водка , sv, vodka ) is a clear distilled alcoholic beverage. Different varieties originated in Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is div ...

vodka
. In the UK, it is referred to as a "vodka and orange". While the basic drink is simply the two ingredients, there are many
variations Variation or Variations may refer to: Science and mathematics * Variation (astronomy) In astronomy, the variation of the Moon is one of the principal perturbation (astronomy), perturbations in the motion of the Moon. Discovery The variation ...
. Many of the variations have different names in different parts of the world.


History

The drink originated during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, when Americans in China and Turkey mixed
neutral spirits Rectified spirit, also known as neutral spirits, rectified alcohol, or ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin, is highly concentrated ethanol Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is an organ ...
with orange juice. The origin of the name "screwdriver" is less clear, but the name appeared in
Ankara, Turkey Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the list of national capitals, capital of Turkey. Located in the Central Anatolia Region, central part of Anatolia, the city has a population of 4.5 million in its urban centre and over 5 ...

Ankara, Turkey
in 1943 and later in
Istanbul ) , postal_code_type = Postal code A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes ...

Istanbul
. Variations on the recipe were present in 1948 in Turkey and also called screwdrivers, such as a mixture of one-third vodka and two-thirds gin, and another recipe adding gin, cognac, bitters, and other ingredients to orange juice and vodka. An unattributed but popular story for the name is that the Americans lacked a spoon and instead used a screwdriver as a stirring stick. Starting mid-1950, vodka rose rapidly in popularity in America, and mixed drinks such as the screwdriver rose with it. Advertising campaigns in the 1950s and 1960s by vodka brands such as
Smirnoff Smirnoff (; ) is a brand of vodka owned and produced by the United Kingdom, British company Diageo. The Smirnoff brand began with a vodka Distillation, distillery founded in Moscow by Pyotr Arsenievich Smirnov (1831–1898). It is distributed in ...

Smirnoff
cemented the screwdriver as a vodka favorite.


Variations

The screwdriver served as the foundation of the . A screwdriver with two parts of sloe gin, one part of
Southern Comfort Southern Comfort (often abbreviated SoCo) is an American, naturally fruit-flavored, whiskey Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an at ...

Southern Comfort
, and filled with orange juice is a "Slow Comfortable Screw". A screwdriver with one part of sloe gin, one part of Southern Comfort, one part Galliano, and filled with orange juice is a "Slow Comfortable Screw Up Against The Wall". A screwdriver with one part of sloe gin, one part of Southern Comfort, one part Galliano, one part tequila, and filled with orange juice is a "Slow Comfortable Screw Up Against The Wall Mexican Style". A "Virgin Screwdriver" is a
mocktail A non-alcoholic mixed drink (also known as virgin cocktail, boneless cocktail, temperance drink, or mocktail) is a cocktail-style beverage made without alcoholic ingredients. Cocktails rose in popularity during the 1980s, and became increasingly ...
(non-alcoholic version), usually made with orange juice and
tonic water Tonic water (or Indian tonic water) is a carbonated soft drink A soft drink (see #Terminology, § Terminology for other names) is a drink that usually contains carbonated water (although some vitamin waters and lemonades are not carbonated ...

tonic water
. A screwdriver with
apple juice Apple juice is a juice, fruit juice made by the Maceration (food), maceration and pressing of an apple. The resulting expelled juice may be further treated by enzymatic and centrifugal clarification to remove the starch and pectin, which holds fi ...

apple juice
instead of orange juice is an "
Anita Bryant Anita Jane Bryant (born March 25, 1940) is an American singer and anti-gay rights activist. She scored four Top 40 hits in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including " Paper Roses" that reached No. 5 on the charts. She is also ...
Cocktail". Bryant was an American singer and spokeswoman for the Florida Citrus Commission during the 1960s and 1970s. Starting in 1977, she became an anti-gay rights activist. Because Bryant promoted orange juice, the gay community retaliated by boycotting it. Gay bars across North America stopped serving screwdrivers and invented this cocktail to replace it. The sales and proceeds of the cocktail went to gay rights activists and helped fund their work against Bryant. The campaign was ultimately successful as Bryant's activism damaged her musical and business career. Her contract with the Florida Citrus Commission was left to expire in 1980 after they stated she was "worn out" as a spokesperson.


References


External links


Drinknation.com: Screwdriver variations
{{DEFAULTSORT:Screwdriver (Cocktail) Cocktails with vodka Cocktails with orange juice