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sco, Scots Govrenment , image = Scottish Government Logo.svg , image_size = 275px , date_established = , country =
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...

Scotland
, address =
St Andrew's House St. Andrew's House (SAH), on the southern flank of Calton Hill Calton Hill () is a hill in central Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, ...

St Andrew's House

2 Regent Road
Edinburgh
EH1 3DG , leader_title = First Minister , appointed = First Minister approved by
Parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of ...

Parliament
, ceremonially appointed by the
monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role tha ...
, budget = £40.3 billion (2018/19) , main_organ =
Scottish Cabinet sco, Scots Govrenment , border = , image = Scottish Government Logo.svg , image_size = 275px , date = , country = Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the Un ...
, responsible =
Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba ; : ''Scots Pairlament'') is the , legislature of . Located in the area of the capital city, , it is frequently referred to by the Holyrood. The Parliament is a democratically elected body ...

Scottish Parliament
, url = The Scottish Government ( gd, Riaghaltas na h-Alba, ) is the
devolved government Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a Subnational administrative division, subnational level, such as a regional or local government, local level. It is a form of ad ...
of
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...

Scotland
. It was formed in 1999 as the Scottish Executive following the 1997 referendum on Scottish devolution. The Scottish Government consists of the Scottish Ministers, which is used to describe their collective legal functions. The Scottish Government is accountable to the
Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba ; : ''Scots Pairlament'') is the , legislature of . Located in the area of the capital city, , it is frequently referred to by the Holyrood. The Parliament is a democratically elected body ...

Scottish Parliament
, which was also created by the
Scotland Act 1998 The Scotland Act 1998 (c. 46) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the of the , the and the . It alone possesses and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the U ...
with the first minister appointed by the
monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role tha ...
following a proposal by the Parliament. The responsibilities of the Scottish Parliament fall over matters that are not reserved in law to the
Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
. Ministers are appointed by the first minister with the approval of the Scottish Parliament and the monarch from among the members of the Parliament. The Scotland Act 1998 makes provision for ministers and junior ministers, referred to by the current administration as Cabinet secretaries and ministers, in addition to two law officers: the
lord advocate , body = , insignia = Crest of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg , insigniasize = 110px , image = File:Lord Advocate James Wolffe (26789821493).jpg , incumbent = The Rt Hon. James Wolffe QC , incumbentsince = J ...
and
solicitor general for Scotland , body = , insignia = Crest of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg , insigniasize = 110px , image = File:Solicitor General Alison Di Rollo (27121243080).jpg , incumbent = Alison Di Rollo , incumbentsince = June 2016 , departm ...
. Collectively the Scottish Ministers and the
Civil Service The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leader ...
staff that support the Scottish Government are formally referred to as the Scottish Administration.


History

In 1885, many domestic policy functions relating to Scotland were brought into responsibilities of a
Scottish Office The Scottish Office was a department of the United Kingdom Government The Government of the United Kingdom, domestically referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern I ...
, a department of the Government of the United Kingdom which was headed by a Secretary for Scotland, later the
Secretary of State for Scotland The secretary of state for Scotland ( gd, Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba; sco, Secretar o State fir Scotland), also referred to as the Scotland secretary, is a Secretary of State (United Kingdom), secretary of state in the Government of the Unite ...
. Following the 1997 referendum on devolution, many of the functions of the Secretary of State for Scotland were transferred to the Scottish Ministers, accountable to a devolved Scottish Parliament. The first Scottish Executive was formed by First Minister Donald Dewar, a coalition between the
Scottish Labour Party Scottish Labour ( gd, Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba, sco, Scots Labour; officially the Scottish Labour Party) is a Social democracy, social democratic political party in Scotland. It is an autonomous section of the UK Labour Party (UK), Labo ...
and the
Scottish Liberal Democrats The Scottish Liberal Democrats ( gd, Pàrtaidh Libearal Deamocratach na h-Alba; sco, Scots Liberal Democrats) are a liberal, federalist political party in Scotland, a part of the United Kingdom Liberal Democrats. The party currently holds 5 o ...
. During this period, ministerial appointees were divided into ministers and deputy ministers. The Labour-Liberal Democrat coalition continued under subsequent First Ministers
Henry McLeish Henry Baird McLeish (born 15 June 1948) is a Scottish politician, author and academic who served as First Minister of Scotland The first minister of Scotland ( sco, heid meinister o Scotland; gd, prìo ...

Henry McLeish
and
Jack McConnell Jack Wilson McConnell, Baron McConnell of Glenscorrodale, (born 30 June 1960) is a Scottish politician and a Scottish Labour, Labour life peer in the House of Lords, who served as the 3rd First Minister of Scotland from 2001 to 2007 Scottish ...

Jack McConnell
. Following the
2007 Scottish Parliament election The 2007 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the Scottish Parliament. It was the third general election A general election is a political voting election where generally all or most members of a give ...
,
Alex Salmond Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond (; born 31 December 1954) is a Scottish politician serving as leader of the Alba Party The Alba Party is a Scottish nationalism, Scottish nationalist and Scottish independence, pro-independence political part ...

Alex Salmond
headed a
Scottish National Party The Scottish National Party (SNP; sco, Scots National Pairty, gd, Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba ) is a Scottish nationalist Scottish nationalism promotes the idea that the Scottish people form a cohesive nation and Scottish national iden ...
administration until his resignation in 2014 and the appointment of his former Deputy First Minister
Nicola Sturgeon Nicola Ferguson Sturgeon (born 19 July 1970) is a Scottish politician serving as First Minister of Scotland and Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) since 2014. She is the first woman to hold either position. She has been a member of t ...

Nicola Sturgeon
. Since 2007, the Scottish Executive had used the name Scottish Government. The change of name was later recognised in law by the
Scotland Act 2012 The Scotland Act 2012 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, politi ...
. In 2001, former First Minister Henry McLeish had proposed such a change, but experienced some opposition. At the same time that the Scottish Government began to use its new name, a new emblem was adopted. It replaced the use of a version of the
Royal Arms (God and my right) , orders = Order of the Garter , other_elements = , earlier_versions = ''#History, see below'' , use = On all Act of Parliament, Acts of Parliament; the cover of all British passport, UK passports; var ...

Royal Arms
with the
Flag of Scotland The flag of Scotland ( gd, bratach na h-Alba; sco, Banner o Scotland, also known as St Andrew's Cross or the Saltire) is the national flag A national flag is a flag that represents and symbolizes a given nation. It is Fly (flag), flown by ...

Flag of Scotland
.


The Scottish Ministers

The Scottish Government is led by the
First Minister of Scotland The first minister of Scotland ( sco, heid meinister o Scotland; gd, prìomh mhinistear na h-Alba ) is the leader of the Scottish Government The Scottish Government ( gd, Riaghaltas na h-Alba, ) is the ...
and consists of additional Scottish Ministers and the law officers. The
Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba ; : ''Scots Pairlament'') is the , legislature of . Located in the area of the capital city, , it is frequently referred to by the Holyrood. The Parliament is a democratically elected body ...

Scottish Parliament
nominates one of its members to be appointed as First Minister by the
Queen Queen may refer to: Monarchy * Queen regnant, a female monarch of a Kingdom ** List of queens regnant * Queen consort, the wife of a reigning king * Queen dowager, the widow of a king * Queen mother, a queen dowager who is the mother of a reigni ...
. The First Minister appoints additional Ministers to a variety of ministerial portfolios. More senior ministers, known as Cabinet Secretaries, collectively form a
cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transparent glass sheets or transparent polycarbonate sheets * Filing ...
with the First Minister. The Scottish law officers, the
Lord Advocate , body = , insignia = Crest of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg , insigniasize = 110px , image = File:Lord Advocate James Wolffe (26789821493).jpg , incumbent = The Rt Hon. James Wolffe QC , incumbentsince = J ...
and
Solicitor A solicitor is a legal practitioner A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate An advocate is a professional in the field of law. Different countries' legal systems use the term with somewhat differing meanings. ...
, can be appointed without being a member of the Scottish Parliament, however, they are subject to Parliament's approval and scrutiny. Law officers are also appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of the first minister.


Cabinet

The Scottish Cabinet collectively takes responsibility for policy coordination within the Scottish Government. It is supported by Cabinet Secretariat, based at
St Andrew's House St. Andrew's House (SAH), on the southern flank of Calton Hill Calton Hill () is a hill in central Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, ...

St Andrew's House
. While the Scottish Parliament is in session, Cabinet meets weekly. Normally meetings are held on Tuesday afternoons in
Bute House Bute House (Gaelic Gaelic is an adjective that means "pertaining to the Gaels". As a noun it refers to the group of languages spoken by the Gaels, or to any one of the languages individually. Gaelic languages are spoken in Ireland, Scotland ...

Bute House
, the
official residence An official residence is the House, residence of nation's head of state, head of government, governor, Clergy, religious leader, leaders of international organizations, or other senior figure. It may be the same place where they conduct their work ...
of the First Minister. Members of the Scottish Cabinet receive blue despatch boxes for their use while in office. There are currently two sub-committees of cabinet: * Cabinet Sub-Committee on
Legislation Legislation is the process or product of enrolled bill, enrolling, enactment of a bill, enacting, or promulgation, promulgating law by a legislature, parliament, or analogous Government, governing body. Before an item of legislation becomes law ...
* (SGoRR) Cabinet Sub-Committee The current members of the Scottish Government's Cabinet are:


Junior Scottish Ministers

Junior Scottish Ministers, who take the title of Minister, are also appointed to the Scottish Government. Each junior minister has oversight by a particular Cabinet Secretary. The current Junior Scottish Ministers are:


The Law Officers

The current law officers are:


Responsibilities

The responsibilities of the Scottish Ministers broadly follow those of the Scottish Parliament provided for in the
Scotland Act 1998 The Scotland Act 1998 (c. 46) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the of the , the and the . It alone possesses and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the U ...
and subsequent UK legislation. Where pre-devolution legislation of the UK Parliament provided that certain functions could be performed by UK Government ministers, these functions were transferred to the Scottish Ministers if they were within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament. The 1998 Act also provided for orders to be made allowing Scottish Ministers to exercise powers of UK Government ministers in areas that remain reserved to the
Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
. Equally the Act allows for the Scottish Ministers to transfer functions to the UK Government ministers, or for particular "agency arrangements". This executive devolution means that the powers of the Scottish Ministers and the Scottish Parliament are not identical. The most prominent reserved matters that remain under the exclusive control of the
Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
are: *The Constitution –
Acts of UnionAct of Union may refer to: In Great Britain and Ireland * Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542, passed during the reign of King Henry VIII to make Wales a part of the Kingdom of England (These laws are often referred to in the plural as the "Acts of Un ...
,
The Crown The Crown is the state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...
, Devolution Settlement *
Foreign Policy ''Foreign Policy'' is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy. It produces content daily on its website, and in six print issues annually. ''Foreign Poli ...
*
National Security National security or national defence is the security Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential Potential generally refers to a currently unrealized ability. The term is used in a wide variety of fields, from physics ...
and
Defence Defense or defence may refer to: Tactical, martial, and political acts or groups * Defense (military) A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is ty ...
*
Economic policy The economic policy of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly ...
*
Immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ident ...
&
Nationality Nationality is a legal identification of a person in international law International law, also known as public international law and law of nations, is the set of rules, norms, and standards generally recognized as binding between nation ...
*
Trade Trade involves the transfer of goods from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of r ...
and industry *
Energy In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regula ...
*Most aspects of
Social Security Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
*
Civil Service The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leader ...
*
Consumer rights Consumer protection is the practice of safeguarding buyers of goods and services, and the public, against unfair practices in the marketplace. Consumer protection measures are often established by law. Such laws are intended to prevent businesses ...
*
International Development International development or global development is a broad concept denoting the idea that societies and countries have differing levels of economic An economy (; ) is an area of the production Production may be: Economics and business * P ...
*
Copyright Copyright is a type of intellectual property Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property Property is a system of rights that gives people legal control of valuable things, and also refers to the valuable things themselves. ...
*Telecommunications and
Postal services The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letter (message), letters, and parcel (package), parcels. A postal service can be private or public, though many governments place restrictions on private systems. Since the mid ...

Postal services
*Broadcasting * Reserved taxes *
Currency A currency, "in circulation", from la, currens, -entis, literally meaning "running" or "traversing" in the most specific sense is money Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services ...
*
Pensions A pension (, from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the ...
This left a number of major matters that were devolved under the Scotland Act 1998, including: *
Healthcare Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health, according to the , is "a state of complete physical, and social and not merely the absence of and ".. (2006)''Constitution of the World Health Organization''– ''Basic Docume ...
*
Education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion ...
*
Justice Justice, in its broadest sense, is the principle that people receive that which they deserve, with the interpretation of what then constitutes "deserving" being impacted upon by numerous fields, with many differing viewpoints and perspectives, ...
*Most aspects of
transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and ...
*
Environment Environment most often refers to: __NOTOC__ * Natural environment, all living and non-living things occurring naturally * Biophysical environment, the physical and biological factors along with their chemical interactions that affect an organism or ...
*
Policing The police are a constituted body of persons A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously making sense of things, applying logic Logic ...
*Rural Affairs *Housing Subsequently, the Scotland Acts of 2012 and 2016 transferred powers over: * Some taxation powers – Full control of
Income Tax An income tax is a tax A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelate ...
on income earned through employment,
Land and Buildings Transaction Tax Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT) is a property tax A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property. In the OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisat ...
,
Landfill Tax#REDIRECT landfill tax A landfill tax or levy is a form of tax that is applied in some countries to increase the cost of landfill. The tax is typically levied in units of currency per unit of weight or volume (£/t, €/t, $/yard³). The tax is in a ...
* Drink driving limits * Scottish Parliament & local authority elections *Some social Security powers * Crown Estate of Scotland The members of the government have substantial influence over
legislation Legislation is the process or product of enrolled bill, enrolling, enactment of a bill, enacting, or promulgation, promulgating law by a legislature, parliament, or analogous Government, governing body. Before an item of legislation becomes law ...
in Scotland, putting forward the majority of bills that are successful in becoming Acts of the Scottish Parliament.


The Scottish Government

In addition to the Scottish Ministers, the Scottish Government is supported by a number of officials drawn from the UK Civil Service. They are collectively referred to as the Scottish Administration in the Scotland Act 1998. According to 2012 reports, there are 16,000 civil servants working in core Scottish Government directorates and agencies. The civil service is a matter
reserved Reserved is a Poland, Polish clothing store chain, part of LPP (company), LPP, which has more than 1,700 stores located in 20 countries. History The LPP company was established in 1989 and the first stores under the Reserved fashion brand were ...
to the
British parliament The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
at Westminster (rather than
devolved Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government A central government is the government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), st ...
to ): Scottish Government civil servants work within the rules and customs of Her Majesty's Civil Service, but serve the devolved administration rather than
British government ga, Rialtas na Ríochta Aontaithe sco, Govrenment o the Unitit Kinrick , image = HM Government logo.svg , image_size=220px, date_established = , state = United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, comm ...
.


Permanent Secretary

The is the Scottish Government's most senior civil servant. She leads the administration's strategic board as well as directly supporting the First Minister and cabinet and is the accountable officer with responsibility to ensure that the government's money and resources are used effectively and properly. The current permanent secretary is
Leslie Evans Leslie Evans (born 11 December 1958) is the Permanent Secretary to the Scottish Government. In this role, Evans is the principal policy adviser to the First Minister and Secretary to the Scottish Cabinet. Evans is the senior civil servant The ...

Leslie Evans
, who assumed the post in July 2015. The Permanent Secretary is a member of the UK Civil Service, and therefore takes part in the UK-wide Permanent Secretaries Management Group under the
Cabinet Secretary#REDIRECT Cabinet secretary#REDIRECT Cabinet secretary {{Redirect category shell, {{R from move {{R from miscapitalization ...
{{Redirect category shell, {{R from move {{R from miscapitalization ...
who performs a number of similar functions in relation to the UK Government. The Scottish Government's Permanent Secretary is responsible to the Scottish Ministers in terms of policy.


Directorates

The Scottish Government is divided into 49 directorates which execute government policy in specified areas. Unlike in the
British government ga, Rialtas na Ríochta Aontaithe sco, Govrenment o the Unitit Kinrick , image = HM Government logo.svg , image_size=220px, date_established = , state = United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, comm ...
, senior ministers do not lead government departments and have no direct role in the operation of the directorates. The directorates are grouped together into seven "Directorates General", each run by a senior civil servant who is titled a "Director-General". As of May 2021, there are seven Directorates General: * Communities Directorates * Constitution and External Affairs Directorates * Corporate Directorates * Economy Directorates * Education and Justice Directorates *
Health and Social Care Directorates Health, according to the World Health Organization, is "a state of complete physical, Mental health, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity".World Health Organization. (2006)''Constitution of the World H ...
* Scottish Exchequer Directorates Supporting these directorates are a variety of other corporate service teams and professional groups. The
Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is the independent public prosecution service for Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the ...
serves as an independent prosecution service in Scotland, and is a ministerial department of the Scottish Government. It is headed by the
Lord Advocate , body = , insignia = Crest of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg , insigniasize = 110px , image = File:Lord Advocate James Wolffe (26789821493).jpg , incumbent = The Rt Hon. James Wolffe QC , incumbentsince = J ...
, who is responsible for prosecution, along with the procurators fiscal, under
Scots law Scots law () is the legal system The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems A system is a group of interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified ...
.


Strategic Board

The strategic board is composed of the permanent secretary, the seven directors-general, two chief advisers (scientific and economic) and four non-executive directors. The board is responsible for providing support to the government through the permanent secretary, and is the executive of the Scottish civil service.


Executive Agencies

To deliver its work, there are 9
executive agencies An executive agency is a part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate, to carry out some part of the executive functions of the United Kingdom government The Government of the United Kingdom, dom ...
established by ministers as part of government departments, or as departments in their own right, to carry out a discrete area of work. These include, for example, the
Scottish Prison Service The Scottish Prison Service (SPS) is an executive agency An executive agency is a part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate, to carry out some part of the executive functions of the United Kingdo ...
and
Transport Scotland Transport Scotland ( gd, Còmhdhail Alba) is the national transport Transport (commonly used in the U.K.), or transportation (used in the U.S.), is the Motion, movement of humans, animals and cargo, goods from one location to another. In o ...
. Executive agencies are staffed by civil servants. There are two non-ministerial departments that form part of the Scottish administration, and therefore the devolved administration, but answer directly to the Scottish Parliament rather than to ministers: these are the
General Register Office for Scotland The General Register Office for Scotland (GROS) ( gd, Oifis Choitcheann a' Chlàraidh na h-Alba) was a non-ministerial directorate of the Scottish Government sco, Scots Govrenment , border = , image = Scottish Governmen ...
and the
Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator The Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government with responsibility for the regulation of Charitable organisation, charities in Scotland. OSCR is the independent regulator and registrar for more t ...
.


Public Bodies

The Scottish Government is also responsible for a large number of
non-departmental public bodies In the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied by the Cabinet Office, HM Treasury, Treasury, the Scottish Government and the Northern Ireland Executive to public sector organisations that have a role in the p ...
. These include executive NDPBs (e.g.
Scottish Enterprise Scottish Enterprise is a non-departmental public body In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use ...
); advisory NDPBs (e.g. the
Scottish Law Commission The Scottish Law Commission is an advisory non-departmental public body (Scotland), non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government. It was established in 1965 to keep Scots law under review and recommend necessary reforms to improve, sim ...
);
tribunal A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington Samuel Phillips Huntington (April 18, 1927 – December 24, 2008) was an American political scientist, adviser and academic. He spent ...

tribunal
s (e.g. the Children's Panel and Additional Support Needs Tribunals for Scotland); and nationalised industries (e.g.
Scottish Water Scottish Water is a statutory corporation that provides water and sanitary sewer, sewerage services across Scotland. It is accountable to the public through the Scottish Government. Operations Scottish Water provides drinking water to 2.46 millio ...
). These are staffed by public servants, rather than civil servants. The Scottish Government is also responsible for some other public bodies that are not classed as non-departmental public bodies, such as NHS Boards, Visiting Committees for Scottish Penal Establishments or
HM Chief Inspector of Constabulary for Scotland Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary in Scotland (HMICS) is a public body (Scotland), public body of the Scottish Government and reports to the Scottish Parliament. It has statutory responsibility for the inspection of the effectiveness and ...
.


Offices

The headquarters building of the Scottish Government is
St Andrew's House St. Andrew's House (SAH), on the southern flank of Calton Hill Calton Hill () is a hill in central Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, ...

St Andrew's House
, which is located on
Calton Hill Calton Hill () is a hill in central Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian ...

Calton Hill
in Edinburgh. Some other government directorates are based at Victoria Quay and Saughton House in Edinburgh, and Atlantic Quay in Glasgow. The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service has its head offices, and the Lord Advocate's Chambers, at Chambers Street in central Edinburgh. There are numerous other Edinburgh properties occupied by the Scottish Government. Both the Scottish Fiscal Commission and the
Scottish Human Rights Commission The Scottish Human Rights Commission (SHRC) is the national human rights institutionA national human rights institution (NHRI) or national human rights commission (NHRC) is an independent institution bestowed with the responsibility to broadly pro ...
are based in the old Governor's House on the site of the former Calton Gaol, next door to St. Andrew's House on Regent Road. The Government Car Service for Scotland also has its Edinburgh offices on Bonnington Road, in Leith. Other offices are scattered around central Edinburgh, including
Bute House Bute House (Gaelic Gaelic is an adjective that means "pertaining to the Gaels". As a noun it refers to the group of languages spoken by the Gaels, or to any one of the languages individually. Gaelic languages are spoken in Ireland, Scotland ...

Bute House
on Charlotte Square, the official residence of the first minister. All Ministers and officials have access to Scotland House at Victoria Embankment in London, when necessary. Dover House on Whitehall is now used by the Scotland Office and the devolved Scottish Ministers no longer use it. The Scottish Government also operates local offices and specialist facilities around Scotland, for example those used by Rural Payments & Services and Marine Scotland#Locations and Assets, Marine Scotland. StAndrewsHouse-Edinburgh.jpg,
St Andrew's House St. Andrew's House (SAH), on the southern flank of Calton Hill Calton Hill () is a hill in central Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, ...

St Andrew's House
The Scottish Government.JPG, Victoria Quay Bute House, Charlotte Square Edinburgh.JPG,
Bute House Bute House (Gaelic Gaelic is an adjective that means "pertaining to the Gaels". As a noun it refers to the group of languages spoken by the Gaels, or to any one of the languages individually. Gaelic languages are spoken in Ireland, Scotland ...

Bute House


International offices

The Scottish Government has a European Union representative office, located at Rond-Point Robert Schuman in Brussels, Belgium, which forms a part of the United Kingdom Permanent Representation to the European Union. The Scottish Government also maintains offices within the British Embassy in Washington, D.C., as well as the British Embassy in Berlin and has accredited representatives within the British Embassy in Beijing.


See also

* Joint Ministerial Committee * Local income tax * Council of Economic Advisers (Scotland) * Scottish Broadcasting Commission * Scottish Social Attitudes Survey * 2014 Scottish independence referendum * Scotland Act 2016 * History of Scottish devolution * Welsh Government * United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union * Government spending in the United Kingdom * Revenue Scotland


References


External links

* {{Authority control Scottish Government, Political office-holders in Scotland 1999 establishments in Scotland 2000s in Scotland 2010s in Scotland Government of the United Kingdom by country Scottish devolution Lists of government ministers of Scotland Organisations based in Edinburgh Scottish Parliament