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Schuylerville () is a
village A village is a clustered human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena ...

village
in
Saratoga County Saratoga County is a County (United States), county in the U.S. state of New York (state), New York. As of the 2019 U.S. Census estimate, the county's population was 229,863, representing a 4.7% increase from the 2010 United States Census, 2010 po ...
,
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
, United States. The village is located in the northeastern part of the Town of Saratoga, east of
Saratoga Springs Saratoga Springs is a Administrative divisions of New York#City, city in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 28,491 at the United States Census 2020, 2020 census. The name reflects the presence of mineral springs in the ...
. The Village of Victory is adjacent to Schuylerville to the southwest and the Hudson River forms the village's eastern border. The population was 1,386 at the 2010 census. The village was incorporated in 1831 and is named after the
Schuyler family The Schuyler family was a prominent Dutch family in New York and New Jersey in the 18th and 19th centuries, whose descendants played a critical role in the formation of the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commo ...
, a prominent family of Dutch descent in colonial America. Schuylerville was the site of the surrender of the British Army under General
John Burgoyne General A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines Marines or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate on Littoral Zone, littoral ...

John Burgoyne
, following the
Battles of Saratoga The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign The Saratoga campaign in 1777 was an attempt by the British high command for North America to gain military control of the strategically impo ...
(1777) in the nearby Town of Stillwater. Schuylerville contains several historic buildings, including the
General Schuyler House The Schuyler House or General Schuyler House was built in November 1777 over 29 days for General Philip Schuyler (later Senator Schuyler, and Alexander Hamilton's father-in-law). It is now part of Saratoga National Historical Park (located 8 miles ...
, part of the Saratoga National Historical Park, and
Old Saratoga Reformed Church Old Saratoga Reformed Church is a historic building at the junction of Burgoyne and Pearl Streets in Schuylerville, New York, Schuylerville, Saratoga County, New York. It is part of the Reformed Church in America and was built in 1857 in the Gree ...
. The schools of the Schuylerville Central School District are located in the village, as are the offices of the Town of Saratoga. The village is served by a public library, Fort Hardy Park, a visitor's center, Schuyler Hose Company volunteer fire department and several churches. Village government consists of a mayor and four trustees. Nearby cultural attractions include the
Saratoga Performing Arts Center Saratoga Performing Arts Center (SPAC) is a large amphitheatre An amphitheatre (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language va ...
,
Saratoga Race Course Saratoga Race Course is a Thoroughbred horse racing track located on Union Avenue in Saratoga Springs, New York, Saratoga Springs, New York (state), New York, United States. Opened in 1863, it is often considered to be the oldest major sporting v ...

Saratoga Race Course
,
Saratoga National Historical Park Saratoga National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located in the Town of Stillwater, New York, Stillwater in eastern New York (state), New York, north of Albany, New York, Albany. The park preserves the site of the B ...

Saratoga National Historical Park
and
Glens Falls Civic Center Cool Insuring Arena (originally called Glens Falls Civic Center) is a 4,794-seat multi-purpose arena located in downtown Glens Falls, New York, that currently serves as the home of the Adirondack Thunder of the ECHL. Built in 1979, it was originall ...
.
Skidmore College Skidmore College is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two de ...
,
SUNY Empire State College Empire State College (SUNY Empire or Empire) is a public university headquartered in Saratoga Springs, New York. It is part of the State University of New York (SUNY) system. Empire State College is a multi-site institution offering associate ...
and
Adirondack Community College SUNY Adirondack is a Public college, public community college in Queensbury, New York. It serves residents in Warren County, New York, Warren, Washington County, New York, Washington and northern Saratoga County, New York, Saratoga counties in Ne ...
are also nearby.


History

Inhabited by
Native Americans Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
as late as 820 A.D., the region was eventually settled by Dutch settlers from
Albany Albany, derived from the Gaelic name for Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the C ...
in 1691, who called the region Fort Saratoga. These settlers included the influential Schuyler family. Conflicts occurred among the French, Mohawk, Mohican, Dutch, and English peoples. The peace of 1763 between France and England resulted in this area being available for settlement. Homes and mills were built by European Americans, including General Phillip Schuyler's flax mill in 1767 (the first of its kind in the American colonies). The community that developed near the fort was originally called "Saratoga", but was partly destroyed by the French and their Native allies in 1745 during
King George's War King George's War (1744–1748) is the name given to the military operations in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention r ...
. The
Old Saratoga Reformed Church Old Saratoga Reformed Church is a historic building at the junction of Burgoyne and Pearl Streets in Schuylerville, New York, Schuylerville, Saratoga County, New York. It is part of the Reformed Church in America and was built in 1857 in the Gree ...
was organized in 1770. It was used as a hospital during the
Revolutionary WarRevolutionary War(s) may refer to: * American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 of its North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America * French Revolution ...
.


Revolutionary War

In 1777, the British Army under General tarkcrossed the Hudson River, one-half mile north of Schuylerville (known then as Saratoga) on their campaign from Canada to Albany in an attempt to end the American Revolution by splitting the colonies in two. The British marched south approximately nine miles to Bemis Heights, near present-day Stillwater, where American troops engaged them in the two
Battles of Saratoga The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign The Saratoga campaign in 1777 was an attempt by the British high command for North America to gain military control of the strategically impo ...
, the first on September 19 and the second on October 7, 1777. The British advance was stopped by the American forces, and the British retreated back northward to an encampment along Fish Creek, just outside the village. The
Saratoga Battle Monument The Saratoga Battle Monument is a granite obelisk located in the village of Victory, Saratoga County, New York. The monument commemorates what is called the "Turning Point" of the American Revolution—the surrender of British forces led by Genera ...
in the Village of Victory is located near the site of the British encampment. American forces blocked further British retreat and surrounded the encampment. With winter approaching and no hope of escape, the British were forced to surrender. On October 17, 1777, General Burgoyne surrendered his army to American General
Horatio Gates Horatio Lloyd Gates (July 26, 1727April 10, 1806) was a British-born American army officer who served as a general in the Continental Army The Continental Army was the army of the Thirteen Colonies and the Revolutionary-era United States ...

Horatio Gates
, marking the turning point of the American Revolution. The British laid down their arms in what is now Fort Hardy Park in the Village of Schuylerville. The American victory at Saratoga was enough to convince France to throw their support to the American cause, and Spain eventually followed France's lead.


Historic sites

The Schuyler House, the Bullard Block,
Old Saratoga Reformed Church Old Saratoga Reformed Church is a historic building at the junction of Burgoyne and Pearl Streets in Schuylerville, New York, Schuylerville, Saratoga County, New York. It is part of the Reformed Church in America and was built in 1857 in the Gree ...
, and St. Stephen's Episcopal Church are listed on the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
. The Marshall House is listed as a significant
Revolutionary WarRevolutionary War(s) may refer to: * American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 of its North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America * French Revolution ...
historic site and is the sole surviving building from the time of the Battles of Saratoga. The Marshall House lies one mile north of the village center on US Highway 4 and NY Highway 32. It was made famous by the publication of Baroness Frederika Riedesel's ''Letters and Journals relating to the War of the American Revolution and the Capture of the
German Troops German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language * Germanic peoples * Ger ...
at Saratoga.'' This house was built in 1770-1773. During the closing days of the Battles of Saratoga, Baroness Riedesel with her three infant daughters sheltered there, together with the wives of British army officers and wounded personnel. Her account of the travails of those around her, her keen insight into the personalities of the principal officers of both the British and American armies, and her devotion to her husband in peril have led some commentators to name her as the first woman
war correspondent A war correspondent is a journalist A journalist is an individual trained to collect/gather information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and disseminates it to the public. The act or process mainly done ...
. The Marshall House was bombarded by the Americans, who assumed it to be an enemy headquarters. Within are conserved cannonballs and other reminders of the ordeal suffered by those who took refuge there. The stone cellar, made famous by the baroness, is largely unchanged. The Marshall House is the sole remaining witness building to the Battles of Saratoga. The owners welcome visitors by appointment.


Geography

According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the village has a total area of , of which is land and (10.34%) is water. The village is on the west bank of the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
, which defines the county line of
Washington County Washington County is the name of 30 counties and one parish in the United States of America, all named after George Washington, revolutionary war general and first President of the United States. It is the most common county name in the United Stat ...
. U.S. Route 4 and
NY Route 29 New York State Route 29 (NY 29) is a state highway extending for across the eastern portion of the U.S. state of New York (state), New York. The western terminus of the route is at New York State Route 28, NY 28 and New York State ...
intersect in the community. NY Route 32 is conjoined with US-4 in the village.


Demographics

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
of 2010, 1,386 people, 593 households, and 356 families were residing in the village. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was 2,622.5 people per square mile (1012.4/km2). The 663 housing units averaged 1,254.5 per square mile (484.3/km2). The
racial makeup A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations. By ...
of the village was 96.4% White, 1.2% African American, 0.9% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.3% of the population. Of the 593 households, 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40% were not families. About 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31, and the average family size was 2.91. In the village, the population was distributed as 25.1% under the age of 20, 22.7% from 20 to 34, 22.2% from 35 to 49, 16.6% from 50 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.1 years. According to the 2009-2013 American Community Survey Five-year Estimates, the median income for a household in the village was $55,284, and the median income for a family was $67,768. Males had a median income of $50,625 versus $32,629 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the village was $24,157. About 7.8% of families and 12% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over. In the March 25, 1990, issue of ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', writer
James Howard Kunstler James Howard Kunstler (born October 19, 1948) is an American author, social critic, public speaker, and blogger. He is best known for his books ''The Geography of Nowhere'' (1994), a history of American suburbia and urban development, ''The Long ...
published a piece entitled "Schuylerville Stands Still". He portrayed Schuylerville as an example of rural "rot and disrepair", citing unemployment, broken sidewalks, and dented cans at Mini Mart, a local mini market. Residents reacted negatively to his feature. Kunstler also used Schuylerville as an example of a town in decline in a chapter titled "The loss of community" in his 1993 book, '' The Geography of Nowhere''.


Environmental concerns

Since the late 20th century, much debate has arisen about dredging the Hudson River in the area bordering the east side of the Village of Schuylerville. The
General Electric General Electric Company (GE) is an American Multinational corporation, multinational Conglomerate (company), conglomerate incorporated in New York State and headquartered in Boston. Until 2021, the company operated through GE Aviation, aviat ...
(GE) transformer plant dumped PCBs upstream in
Hudson Falls
Hudson Falls
from 1947 to 1977. GE and the
United States Environmental Protection Agency The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an Independent agencies of the United States government, independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters. President Richard Nixon pro ...
have come to an agreement in which GE is responsible for dredging a stretch of the river. The first part of the dredging will end in Schuylerville. In a press release from the EPA dated February 8, 2007, the EPA announced that the dredging would not start until 2009 because of various project complications. The debate over dredging the Hudson River created tension within the community from the mid- to late 1990s to about 2003. The debate was heated for some time, with some residents skeptical as to whether dredging will make the problem better or worse. This is said to be the largest
Superfund The United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, stat ...
project in the United States.


See also

* Gerald B. H. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery


References


Further reading


A Brief History of Schuylerville
The Turning Point Parade & Festival

* [https://archive.org/details/lettersjournalsr00ried Stone, William L., translator. ''Letters and Journals relating to the War of the American Revolution, and the Capture of the German Troops at Saratoga, by Mrs. General Riedesel.'' Joel Munsell, Albany, N. Y., 1867.] * ''Old Saratoga and The Burgoyne Campaign", by William S. Ostrander, Schuylerville, N. Y., 1897. * ''The Baroness and the General'', by Louise Hall Tharp, Little, Brown and Company, Boston/Toronto, 1962. * ''Baroness von Riedesel and the American Revolution'', Marvin L. Brown, JR., The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1965.


External links


Village of Schuylerville website

The Marshall House website

Schuylerville Turning Point Newspaper
{{authority control Villages in New York (state) Schuyler family New York (state) populated places on the Hudson River Villages in Saratoga County, New York