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Saratoga National Historical Park is a United States
National Historical Park National Historic Site (NHS) is a designation for an officially recognized area of national historic significance in the United States. An NHS usually contains a single historical feature directly associated with its subject. A related but separat ...
located in the Town of Stillwater in eastern
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
, north of
Albany Albany, derived from the Gaelic name for Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the C ...
. The park preserves the site of the
Battles of Saratoga The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign The Saratoga campaign in 1777 was an attempt by the British high command for North America to gain military control of the strategically impo ...
.


Description

The park preserves the site of the
Battles of Saratoga The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign The Saratoga campaign in 1777 was an attempt by the British high command for North America to gain military control of the strategically impo ...
, the first significant American military victory of the
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from Thirteen Colonies, thirteen American colonies of British America in Continental Congress ...
. Here in 1777, American forces met, defeated, and forced a major
British army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' us ...
to surrender, an event which led France to recognize the independence of the United States, and enter the war as a decisive military ally of the struggling Americans. First authorized as a
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
state historic preserve in 1927 on the sesquicentennial of the Battles, the Battlefield was made part of the
National Park System The National Park Service (NPS) is an List of federal agencies in the United States, agency of the United States government that manages all List of areas in the United States National Park System, national parks, most National monument (United ...
in 1938 when Saratoga National Historical Park was authorized by the
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
. The Visitors Center offers a 20-minute orientation film,
fiber-optic An optical fiber (or fibre in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codificati ...

fiber-optic
light map, timeline and artifact displays. A brochure is available for a self-guided tour of sites in the battlefield in Stillwater. General
Philip Schuyler Philip John Schuyler (; November 18, 1804) was an American general in the Revolutionary WarRevolutionary War(s) may refer to: * American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 of its North American col ...

Philip Schuyler
's Schuyler House is located north in
Schuylerville Schuylerville () is a Administrative divisions of New York#Village, village in Saratoga County, New York, Saratoga County, New York (state), New York, United States. The village is located in the northeastern part of the Saratoga, New York, Town ...
. It is a restored house museum open by tour. The
Saratoga Battle Monument The Saratoga Battle Monument is a granite obelisk located in the village of Victory, Saratoga County, New York. The monument commemorates what is called the "Turning Point" of the American Revolution—the surrender of British forces led by Genera ...
is in the nearby village of
Victory The term victory (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the pow ...
. The park is located on the upper
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
southeast of Saratoga Springs. It contains the famous
Boot Monument The Boot Monument is an American Revolutionary War memorial located in Saratoga National Historical Park, New York (state), New York. It commemorates Major General Benedict Arnold's service at the Battles of Saratoga in the Continental Army, but d ...
to
Benedict Arnold Benedict Arnold (Brandt (1994), p. 414 June 1801) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America ...

Benedict Arnold
, the only
war memorial A war memorial is a building, monument, statue, or other edifice to celebrate a war or victory, or (predominating in modern times) to commemorate those who died or were injured in a war. Symbolism Historical usage It has ...

war memorial
in the United States that does not bear the name of its honoree. The memorial was donated by
John Watts de Peyster #REDIRECT John Watts de Peyster John Watts de Peyster, Sr. (March 9, 1821 – May 4, 1907) was an author on the art of war, philanthropist, and the Adjutant General of New York.Allaben, p. 205 He served in the New York State Militia during the Mexi ...
, a former
major general Major general (abbreviated MG, maj. gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparent confusion of a lie ...

major general
for the
New York State Militia The New York Guard (NYG) is the State Defense Force, state defense force of New York State, also called The New York State Military Reserve. Originally called the New York State Militia it can trace its lineage back to the American Revolution and ...

New York State Militia
during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
who wrote several military histories about the Battle of Saratoga.


Nearby Battles of Saratoga locations not included in the SNHP

The Marshall House, on the National Register of Historic Places, lies north of the main entrance to the park on U.S. Route 4 and New York State Route 32, NY 32 north of the village of Schuylerville. It was made famous by Frederika Charlotte Riedesel, Baroness Frederika Riedesel in her ''Letters and Journals relating to the War of the American Revolution, and the Capture of the Hessian (soldiers), German Troops at Saratoga''. This house was built in 1770–1773. During the closing days of the Battles of Saratoga, Baroness Riedesel sheltered there together with the wives of officers of the British army and wounded personnel. Her account of the travails of those around her, her keen insight into the personalities of the principal officers of both the British and American armies and her devotion to her husband in peril have led some commentators to name her as the first woman war correspondent. The Marshall House was bombarded by the Americans who supposed it an enemy headquarters. Within are conserved cannonballs and other reminders of the ordeal suffered by those who took refuge there. The Marshall House is the sole surviving structure in the battles' area. The property is privately owned.


Gallery

Image:Saratoga Battlefied.jpg, View of the battlefield Image:15 23 0804 saratoga.jpg, Trophy Cannon from the Battle of Saratoga Image:GeneralSchylerHouse.JPG, General
Philip Schuyler Philip John Schuyler (; November 18, 1804) was an American general in the Revolutionary WarRevolutionary War(s) may refer to: * American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 of its North American col ...

Philip Schuyler
House Image:Saratoga-tower.jpg, Masonic Saratoga Monument Image:15 23 0769 saratoga.jpg, View from middle level of monument Image:15 23 0778 saratoga.jpg, View from top of monument Image:15 23 0786 saratoga.jpg, View from top of monument


References


Further reading

* Lossing, Benson J.
Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution, I
'. 1850. * Stone, William L., translator.
Letters and Journals relating to the War of the American Revolution, and the Capture of the German Troops at Saratoga, by Mrs. General Riedesel
'. Joel Munsell, Albany, N.Y., 1867.


External links


National Park Service: Saratoga National Historical Park
*[http://www.themarshallhouse.org/ The Marshall House website] {{authority control American Revolutionary War sites National Historical Parks of the United States New York (state) in the American Revolution Parks on the National Register of Historic Places in New York (state) Historic house museums in New York (state) History museums in New York (state) Museums in Saratoga County, New York Protected areas established in 1938 American Revolutionary War museums in New York (state) National Park Service areas in New York (state) National parks of the Appalachians Parks in Saratoga County, New York Champlain Valley National Heritage Area Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area 1938 establishments in New York (state) National Register of Historic Places in Saratoga County, New York American Revolution on the National Register of Historic Places