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Sandwell is a
metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of districts of England, local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as ...
of the
West MidlandsWest Midlands may refer to: Places * West Midlands (region), a region of the United Kingdom **West Midlands (county), the metropolitan county in the West Midlands region ** West Midlands conurbation, the large conurbation in the West Midlands region ...
county in
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
. The borough is named after the
Sandwell Priory Sandwell Priory was a small medieval Benedictine monastery, near West Bromwich, then part of Staffordshire, England. It was founded in the late 12th century by a local landowner and was only modestly endowed. It had a fairly turbulent history and s ...
, and spans a densely populated part of the
West Midlands conurbation The West Midlands conurbation is the large conurbation that includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton and the towns of Sutton Coldfield, Dudley, Walsall, West Bromwich, Solihull, Stourbridge and Halesowen in the England, English West M ...
. According to
Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council was created in 1974 to administer the newly formed Sandwell, Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, in the West Midlands (county), West Midlands county of England. The council offices are located at the Council ...
, the borough comprises the six amalgamated towns of Oldbury,
Rowley Regis Rowley Regis ( ) is a town and former municipal borough in Sandwell in the county of the West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. It encompasses the Sandwell council wards of Blackheath, West Midlands, Blackheath, Cradley Heath & Old Hill ...
,
Smethwick Smethwick () is an industrial town in Sandwell, West Midlands, England, historically in Staffordshire. It lies four miles west of Birmingham city centre, and borders West Bromwich and Oldbury, West Midlands, Oldbury to the north and west. Forme ...
,
Tipton Tipton is an industrial town in the West MidlandsWest Midlands may refer to: Places * West Midlands (region), a region of the United Kingdom **West Midlands (county), the metropolitan county in the West Midlands region ** West Midlands conurbatio ...
,
Wednesbury Wednesbury () is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collec ...
, and
West Bromwich West Bromwich ( ) is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. Historic counties of England, Historically part of Staffordshire, it is northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area ...
, although these places consist of numerous smaller settlements and localities. Sandwell's Strategic Town Centre is designated as West Bromwich, the largest town in the borough, while Sandwell Council House (the headquarters of the local authority) is situated in Oldbury. In 2019 Sandwell was ranked 12th most deprived of England's 317 boroughs. Bordering Sandwell is the
City of Birmingham Birmingham ( ) is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. It is the second-largest city, urban area and ESPON metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom, metropoli ...

City of Birmingham
to the east, the
Metropolitan Borough of Dudley The Metropolitan Borough of Dudley is a metropolitan borough of West Midlands (county), West Midlands in England. It was created in 1974 following the Local Government Act 1972, through a merger of the existing County Borough of Dudley, Dudley ...
to the south and west, the
Metropolitan Borough of Walsall The Metropolitan Borough of Walsall is a metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of districts of England, local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Govern ...
to the north, and the
City of Wolverhampton Wolverhampton () is a City status in the United Kingdom, city, metropolitan borough, and administrative centre in the West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. At the 2011 census, it had a population of 249,470.
to the north-west. Spanning the borough are the parliamentary constituencies of West Bromwich West, West Bromwich East, Warley, and part of Halesowen and Rowley Regis, which crosses into the Dudley borough. At the 2011 census, the borough had a population of 309,000 and an area of .


History and culture

The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell was formed on 1 April 1974 as an
amalgamation Amalgamation is the process of combining or uniting multiple entities into one form. Amalgamation, amalgam, and other derivatives may refer to: Mathematics and science * Amalgam (chemistry) An amalgam is an alloy of mercury with another meta ...
of the
county borough County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity A polity is an identifiabl ...
s of Warley (
ceremonially
ceremonially
within
Worcestershire
Worcestershire
) and
West Bromwich West Bromwich ( ) is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. Historic counties of England, Historically part of Staffordshire, it is northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area ...
(ceremonially within
Staffordshire Staffordshire (; postal abbreviation Staffs.) is a landlocked Counties of England, county in the West Midlands (region), West Midlands of England. It borders Cheshire to the northwest, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to ...

Staffordshire
), under the
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
. Warley had been formed in 1966 by a merger of the
county borough County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity A polity is an identifiabl ...
of Smethwick with the
municipal borough Municipal boroughs were a type of local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action c ...
s of Rowley Regis and Oldbury; at the same time, West Bromwich had absorbed the boroughs of Tipton and Wednesbury. For its first 12 years of existence, Sandwell had a two-tier system of local government; Sandwell Council shared power with the
West Midlands County Council The West Midlands County Council (WMCC) was, from 1974 to 1986, the upper-tier administrative body for the West Midlands (county), West Midlands county, a metropolitan county in England. History The WMCC existed for a total of twelve years. It w ...
. In 1986 the county council was abolished, and Sandwell effectively became a
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that s ...
. The borough is divided into 24 Wards and is represented by 72 ward
councillor A councillor is a member of a local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic disciplin ...

councillor
s on the borough council. The borough was named after Sandwell Priory, the ruins of which are located in
Sandwell Valley Sandwell Valley is an area of green belt A green belt is a policy and land use zone designation used in land use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land Land is the solid surface of the Earth that is no ...
. The local council has considered changing its name in the past over confusion outside the West Midlands as to the whereabouts of the borough, and in June 2002 a survey of borough residents was carried out. Sixty-five percent of those surveyed favoured retaining the name Sandwell. Landmarks and attractions in Sandwell include
Wednesbury Museum and Art Gallery Wednesbury Museum and Art Gallery is a purpose-built Victorian era, Victorian art gallery in Wednesbury in the West Midlands of England. It is notable for its Ruskin Pottery collection and for hosting the first public display of the Stuckism art mo ...

Wednesbury Museum and Art Gallery
, Bishop Asbury Cottage, West Bromwich Manor House, Oak House, West Bromwich, and
Sandwell Valley Country Park Sandwell Valley Country Park is a country park, run by Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council, in Sandwell Valley, on the River Tame, West Midlands, River Tame in the middle of the urban conurbation between Birmingham and West Bromwich in West Midla ...
. It is also the home of
West Bromwich Albion F.C. West Bromwich Albion Football Club (), commonly referred to as West Brom, is an English professional football Football is a family of team sport A team is a roup_(disambiguation),_group_of_individuals_(human_or_non-human)_working__...
. Sandwell_used_to_be_a_popular_hotspot_for_car_cruising._In_2015_a_High_Court_order_was_introduced_to_ban_car_cruising_in_the_area._An_extension_has_been_secured_to_run_until_at_least_2021.


_Politics

Since_the_2021_Sandwell_Metropolitan_Borough_Council_election.html" ;"title="car_cruising.html" ;"title="roup (disambiguation), group of individuals (human or non-human) working ...
. Sandwell used to be a popular hotspot for car cruising">roup (disambiguation), group of individuals (human or non-human) working ...
. Sandwell used to be a popular hotspot for car cruising. In 2015 a High Court order was introduced to ban car cruising in the area. An extension has been secured to run until at least 2021.


Politics

Since the 2021 Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council election">council election in 2021, the political composition of the council has been as follows: From the borough's creation in 1974 until 2010, all Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), Members of Parliament (MPs) within its boundaries were Labour. However, in the 2010 United Kingdom general election, 2010 general election, Conservative party candidate James Morris (British politician), James Morris was elected to the Halesowen and Rowley Regis seat which incorporates the Sandwell communities of
Rowley Regis Rowley Regis ( ) is a town and former municipal borough in Sandwell in the county of the West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. It encompasses the Sandwell council wards of Blackheath, West Midlands, Blackheath, Cradley Heath & Old Hill ...
, Blackheath, West Midlands, Blackheath and Cradley Heath, and the neighbouring area of Halesowen which is situated within Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, Dudley's borders. This was the very first time any part of Sandwell had elected a Conservative MP – or indeed an MP from any party other than Labour. In the December 2019 general election, however, Conservative candidates Nicola Richards and Shaun Bailey (West Bromwich MP), Shaun Bailey were elected to represent West Bromwich East and West Bromwich West respectively. This was the first time since the borough's creation that
West Bromwich West Bromwich ( ) is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. Historic counties of England, Historically part of Staffordshire, it is northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area ...
has returned any Conservative MPs to Parliament, and the first time that a constituency fully within the boundaries of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council has been represented by a Tory MP. The election of both Richards and Bailey has been marked as a significant milestone in the political history of the borough and marked the end to decades of control by Labour MPs.


Wards

The Sandwell Borough is divided into 24 Wards of the United Kingdom, electoral wards, with each one represented by 3 councillors on the borough council:


Education

Sandwell is home to nearly 100 primary schools, 25 secondary schools, 4 special schools and 1 college. The sole Further education, further education college in the borough, Sandwell College was opened in September 1986 following the merger of Warley College and West Bromwich College. It was originally based in the old Warley College buildings on Pound Road, Oldbury, and the West Bromwich College buildings on West Bromwich High Street, as well as a building in Smethwick town centre, but moved into a new single site campus in West Bromwich town centre in September 2012. In 2004, a debt-ridden Sandwell College was subject to a police investigation.


Localities

Localities in the borough include: *Warley, West Midlands, Warley **Cradley Heath ***Old Hill ** Oldbury ***Brandhall ***Langley Green, Sandwell, Langley Green ***Oakham, West Midlands, Oakham ***Rood End **
Smethwick Smethwick () is an industrial town in Sandwell, West Midlands, England, historically in Staffordshire. It lies four miles west of Birmingham city centre, and borders West Bromwich and Oldbury, West Midlands, Oldbury to the north and west. Forme ...
***Albion Estate ***Bearwood, West Midlands, Bearwood ***Cape Hill ***Londonderry, West Midlands, Londonderry ***Uplands, West Midlands, Uplands ***West Smethwick ***Black Patch & Soho **
Rowley Regis Rowley Regis ( ) is a town and former municipal borough in Sandwell in the county of the West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. It encompasses the Sandwell council wards of Blackheath, West Midlands, Blackheath, Cradley Heath & Old Hill ...
***Blackheath, West Midlands, Blackheath, *
West Bromwich West Bromwich ( ) is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. Historic counties of England, Historically part of Staffordshire, it is northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area ...
***Charlemont and Grove Vale ***Great Barr (although some areas are part of Birmingham and Walsall) ***Guns Village ***Hamstead, West Midlands, Hamstead ***Hill Top, West Bromwich, Hill Top ***Newton, West Midlands, Newton ***Stone Cross, West Midlands, Stone Cross ***Yew Tree, West Bromwich, Yew Tree ***Greets Green ***Hateley Heath **
Wednesbury Wednesbury () is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collec ...
***Friar Park (Wednesbury), Friar Park **
Tipton Tipton is an industrial town in the West MidlandsWest Midlands may refer to: Places * West Midlands (region), a region of the United Kingdom **West Midlands (county), the metropolitan county in the West Midlands region ** West Midlands conurbatio ...
***Dudley Port ***Great Bridge, West Midlands, Great Bridge ***Horseley Heath ***Ocker Hill ***Princes End ***Summer Hill, West Midlands, Summer Hill ***Tividale


Local places of interest

*The Public, West Bromwich *Sandwell Aquatics Centre *
Sandwell Priory Sandwell Priory was a small medieval Benedictine monastery, near West Bromwich, then part of Staffordshire, England. It was founded in the late 12th century by a local landowner and was only modestly endowed. It had a fairly turbulent history and s ...
*
Sandwell Valley Sandwell Valley is an area of green belt A green belt is a policy and land use zone designation used in land use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land Land is the solid surface of the Earth that is no ...
*
Sandwell Valley Country Park Sandwell Valley Country Park is a country park, run by Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council, in Sandwell Valley, on the River Tame, West Midlands, River Tame in the middle of the urban conurbation between Birmingham and West Bromwich in West Midla ...
*RSPB Sandwell Valley *Sheepwash Urban Park *The Hawthorns *Sandwell General Hospital *Sandwell College *Holly Lodge High School
Warley Woods


Twin towns and cities

Sandwell is twinned with: * Le Blanc Mesnil, France * Amritsar, India * Zalau, Romania


See also

*Wednesbury Central railway station *Wednesbury bus station *Wednesbury Town railway station *Healthcare in West Midlands


References


External links


Sandwell MBCResearch SandwellSandwell Trends – a Local Intelligence System for SandwellSandwell Building Schools for the FutureSandwell Lions Club
{{Authority control Sandwell, Metropolitan boroughs of the West Midlands (county) NUTS 3 statistical regions of the United Kingdom Black Country Local Enterprise Partnership